The institution, which was temporarily run, has not registered and has neglected records due to its temporality. In this regard, many related experts have pointed out their risk of loss. Therefore, the objective of this study is to analyze the problems of the temporary institution’s records management system by investigating the current situation, and to suggest solutions, thereby arousing the necessity of managing the records produced by dissolved agencies. To specifically review this, first, this paper analyzes the records management system of abolished institutions, focusing on the working environment, related laws, and guidelines. Moreover, it indicates the problem with regard to the effectiveness of legal systems, the lack of professionalism and infrastructure for records management services in temporary agencies, and National Archives of Korea’s passive response. With regard to these problems, there are some solutions presented such as the complementation of related laws and guidelines, the strengthening of professionalism in relevant agencies in relation to managing records properly, and the establishment of cooperative networks between related institutions.