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pISSN : 1229-7941 / eISSN : 2671-7891

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2017, Vol., No.54

  • 1.

    Disorder as Original Order : Theoretical Discourses of the Principle of Original Order for Personal Records

    Donghee Sinn | Kim Youseung | Ryu, Ban-Dee and 6other persons | 2017, (54) | pp.5~44 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study investigates the theoretical discourses about the principle of original order. It reviews the literature about the theory in the context of personal and family papers. The authors examine the practical application of the principle of original order in the case of the No Gun Ri archives. No Gun Ri collections started with the records that the Chung family’s have accumulated and created. Without an understanding of the Chung family papers, it is extremely difficult to identify a way to arrange No Gun Ri reords. This paper analyzes the meaning and interpretation of the principle of original order to find a way to apply it to the No Gun Ri records.
  • 2.

    Record, Information, Knowledge: A Preliminary Study for Knowledge & Information Resources of Records

    Kim Myoung-hun | 2017, (54) | pp.45~79 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This paper examines the significance of records as knowledge information resources that are illuminated by the electronic record environment nowadays based on existing research results and examples. As the production mode of records changes, it is possible to avoid the tendency to prioritize historical and cultural values when keeping records. In addition, according to the change of the operating mode and the work pattern of an organization, the value of knowledge information resource is also important. For this purpose, this paper reviews the recent changes in the work environment in Chapter 2 and then examines attributes not only as evidence but also as information. Based on these discussions, the paper explores the relationship between the records and the information that has been discussed in western academic circles since the 1980s in Chapter 3. With this, it also analyzes the correlation between record management and knowledge management. In Chapter 4, it reviews recent trends to link records management and knowledge management in Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States. In addition to the current state of public records management in Korea, this paper presents the direction of institutional improvement in three aspects.
  • 3.

    Improving Archival Descriptive Standard Based on the Analysis of the Reviews by Archival Communities on Ric-CM Draft

    Park Ziyoung | 2017, (54) | pp.81~109 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    This study suggests an analysis of the reviews provided by international archival professionals on the RiC-CM draft published by ICA EGAD. Some implications for the Korean archival management environment were also suggested. Some professional reviews were accessible through the internet. Italian archival professionals held workshops at various levels for the analysis and discussion of the draft. Duranti, the project director of InterPARES, also gave opinions about the draft in cluding the perspective of digital preservation. In the review of Artefactual, the draft was discussed in terms of system implementation. Reed, the director of Recordkeeping Innovation, also gave a feedback based on the record management experiences in Australia. Some implications can be suggested based on these professional opinions. First, we should try to build a test bed for the adoption of RiC to archival description in the Korean environment. Second, a minimum level of data elements that can secure authenticity and integrity will also be needed. Third and lastly, rich authority data for agents and functions related to archival records and records groups are essential to take full advantage of the standard.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Current Preservation and Management of the Korean B and C War Criminal Records in Japan

    Kunugi Ena | Young Hak LEE | 2017, (54) | pp.111~150 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This paper examines the current situation of sources on Korean Class B and C war criminals attached as civilians to the Japanese military during the Asian Pacific War charged with cruelly treating Allied POWs in Japanese POW camps, and also explores the possibility of a joint Korean-Japanese archive of these sources. The Japanese government agreed to the judgement of war crimes by accepting the terms of the Potsdam Declaration, and the Allied troops carried out the judgement of Class B and C war crimes in each region of Asia and the International Military Tribunal for the Far East (also known as the Tokyo Trials). However, many non-Japanese such as Koreans and Taiwanese from the Japanese colonies were prosecuted for war crimes. The issues of reparations and restoring their reputations were ignored by both the Korean and Japanese governments, and public access to their records restricted. Most records on Korean Class B and C war criminals were transferred from each ministry to the National Archives of Japan. The majority are copies of the judgements of war crimes by the Allied nations or records prepared for the erasure of Japanese war crimes after each department operated independently of the Japanese government. In the case of the Diplomatic Archives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, such records focused mostly on their war crimes and the transfer of B and C war criminals within Japan and the diplomatic situation. In the case of Korea and Taiwan, these records were related to the negotiations on the repatriation of Class B and C war criminals. In addition, the purpose of founding of the Japan Center for Asian Historical Records and its activities demonstrate its tremendous utility as a facility for building a joint Korea-Japan colonial archive. Thus, the current flaws of the Japan Center for Asian Historical Records should be improved on in order to build a such a joint archive in the future.
  • 5.

    A Study of Next-generation Electronic Records Management Redesign

    Ju Hyun Mi | YIM JIN HEE | 2017, (54) | pp.151~178 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to identify the problems of electronic records management in the records management field and to develop a new electronic records management system that can cope with the rapidly changing records production and management environment, which is rapidly changing because of the introduction of new IT. It is time to design the next-generation records management system in all areas of process, system, and infrastructure to meet the new government record management innovation. In this point of view, the right value and direction of the next-generation records management system are determined, and the problems of the process, system, and infrastructure are identified and settled.
  • 6.

    History and Archives: Colleagues or Strangers?

    Oh Hang Nyeong | 2017, (54) | pp.179~210 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    By redefining the concept of history, my colleagues and I have reformed our department in terms of curriculum and faculty members. This paper is a report of some of the conclusions that we have obtained from this procedure. Despite a long relationship, two disciplines do not seem to match or complement each other in the Korean education system. We believe that this is due to the fact that the Department of Korean History has focused on “national history (NH).” By conferring a privilege on NH, persons, families, societies, regions, and others were removed from NH. To make matters worse, a biased view that history is just an interpretation has prevailed, and the empiricism of history was weakened, which brought about an indifference in keeping records and archives. In East Asia, “history” means both modern history and archives. The concern about the authenticity of records did not come from H. Jenkinson or L. Duranti, and not even from the electronic environment or the Public Records Act of 1998. Key concepts such as records, documents-archives, manuscripts, authenticity, compilation-appraisal, arrangement, and description are different from their signifiant but are same or similar to their signifié. In case of “provenance” and “original order,” they are used in education and practice in the traditional archives. History includes the recording, archiving, and the story or historiography of an event. In this context, the Department of Korean History should contain a more archives-oriented curriculum and select an archival-trained faculty. On the other hand, the department has accumulated long-term experience with appraisal and description of records; thus, archival science should absorb the criticism of the material. History will be shaken without the help of archives, while archives will lose their root without history. We are at the point in which we need to be reminded why we want to be a historian or an archivist, and for this, the more colleagues, the better.
  • 7.

    Application of 4th Industrial Revolution Technology to Records Management

    Dae-Jin An | YIM JIN HEE | 2017, (54) | pp.211~248 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    This study examined ways to improve records management by using the new technology of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. To do this, we selected four technologies that have a huge impact on the production and management of records such as cloud, big data, artificial intelligence, and the Internet of Things. We tested these technologies and summarized their concepts, characteristics, and applications. The characteristics of the changed production records were analyzed by each technology. Because of new technology, the production of records has rapidly increased and the types of records have become diverse. With this, there is also a need for solutions to explain the quality of data and the context of production. To effectively introduce each technology into records management, a roadmap should be designed by classifying which technology should be applied immediately and which should be applied later depending on the maturity of the technology. To cope with changes in the characteristics of production records, a flexible data structure must be produced in a standardized format. Public authorities should also be able to procure Software as a Service (SaaS) products and use digital technology to improve the quality of public services.
  • 8.

    The Stakeholder Interview of Participatory Digital Archives for Social Memory

    Park, Jinkyung | Kim Youseung | 2017, (54) | pp.249~287 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study discusses the theoretical analysis of the concept of social memory and participatory digital archives, and argues the various problems of participatory digital archives based on the analysis of individual experiences and perceptions through interviews with stakeholders including users and operators. As a theoretical study, it analyzes related precedent studies and explores the complementary concepts of social memory and participatory digital archives. Based on the discussion, the study understands social memory as a defined and generated memory through the interaction of the social environment encompassing politics, socio-culture and the internal relations of the community. Furthermore, it understands the participatory digital archive as a digital space in which the community, the voluntary participation of users, and the support of professional groups intertwine. The memories and records of this interaction are then stored, preserved, shared, spread, and reproduced. Through stakeholder interviews, the study analyzes the perceptions of users and operators regarding participation, policy, and service, and identified the various problems with participatory digital archives.
  • 9.

    Challenges and Directions for Reforming Public Records and Archives Act in Korea

    Hyun, Moonsoo | 2017, (54) | pp.289~310 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to propose task areas which have to be discussed for reforming of the Public Records and Archives Act in Korea. For drawing the task areas, it analysed the pending issues mainly presented in the policy forums co-hosted by Korean Society of Archival Studies and Korean Association of Records Managers and Archivists, and examined researches providing tasks of revising of the law or rebuilding public records policies related in digital records management. The 4 task areas were identified, which were the exhaustive documentation of the public agencies’ activities, the reexamination of the appraisal systems for public records and archives, the transition into the 2nd generation-digital records management, and the redefinition of roles and responsibilities of the records/archival institutions. Then it placed the issues into the 4 areas, and proposed some suggestions for further discussions in each tasks. Reminding that the task areas proposed in this study are not comprehensive, further suggestions and arguments will be expected for reforming the Public Records and Archives Act.