Research records are a type of record with a range of controversies over the core elements of management, such as the definition and scope of research records, and who manages research records, despite the critical need for their management. Research records have been neglected in blind spots because it is difficult to manage them, but if well managed, they are evaluated as records with a highly potential value that can be used infinitely later. In particular, government-funded research institutes, as both research institutes and public institutions, take responsibility for systematic management of these research records. Therefore, as this study noted the necessity of research records appraisal for the systematic management of research records in government-funded research institutes, and conducted interviews with 11 records managers working at government-funded research institutes in Korea, the current status of research records management and appraisal of government-funded research institutes was identified. As a result, improvement measures for research records appraisal was suggested as follows. First of all, in the light of the current public records appraisal system, there is a problem of effectiveness in applying it to the research record appraisal system as it is. Therefore, this study suggested that an appraisal system appropriate for research records was needed, and proposed plans for improving the research records appraisal system in terms of purposes, authority, methods, time point, tools and criteria for appraisal.