The purpose of this study is to promote future research and practical application in the field of records systems by informing the revision of the ISO 16175 standard set and analyzing its main contents, which was widely used as a record management functional requirements. Based on the experience of participating in the developing process of this International Standard since 2015, this study analyzed the context and process of revision, and the main contents of the standard, and sought to draw limited implications and proposed follow-up researches connected to the practice of the Korean records systems. The previous ISO 16175 sets had been produced as ISO 16175-1, 2, 3 in 2010-2011, and which were restructured and revised into new ISO 16175-1, 2 in 2020 in line with the revision of ISO 15489 and changes in the digital environment. Main title of the International Standard is processes and functional requirements for software for managing records, and Part I provides high-level functional requirements and associated guidance for applications that manage digital records, Part II provides guidance for selecting, designing, implementing and maintaining software for managing records. This standard assumes that the records system does not necessarily have to be a single system or software solely for records management and that it should be able to perform record management function in any forms.
The purpose of this study is to investigate the transformation of archival appraisal theories in the digital environment. It is clear that the archival appraisal in the degital information technology era, characterized by the mass production of data type records on the information infrastructure will be fundamentally different from before. As the meaning of selecting in appraisal will be reduced, the existing archival appraisal theories need to be reviewed again. We can expect the decentralization of appraising centered on the national archives, considering the social proliferation of digital information technology. Meanwhile, expertise in archival appraisal will also be changed to a new professional acceptance model for digital technology. Digital technology will give us opportunities for a paradigm shift that may be difficult to understand with existing thinking of archival appraisal.
In the era of big data, analyzing not only structured data but also unstructured data is emerging as an important task. Official documents produced by government agencies are also subject to big data analysis as large text-based unstructured data. From the perspective of internal work efficiency, knowledge management, records management, etc, it is necessary to analyze big data of public documents to derive useful implications. However, since many of the public documents currently held by public institutions are not in open format, a pre-processing process of extracting text from a bitstream is required for big data analysis. In addition, since contextual metadata is not sufficiently stored in the document file, separate efforts to secure metadata are required for high-quality analysis. In conclusion, the current official documents have a low level of machine readability, so big data analysis becomes expensive.
The study aims to analyze the records management reference tables currently being utilized and to provide directions on how should be redesigned in the future to operate as a appraisal tool for national archives. From the perspective of "what records should be the national archives", it was intended to analyze the records management reference tables, particularly in the environmental public authorities, and to propose future improvements.
The main focus of the analysis is on appraising records that need to be preserved as national archives, and therefore, prior to analysis of the tables, it examines whether the archival selection criteria are clearly presented. Subsequently, the study is conducted how to implement this criteria through the records management reference table of each agency and how its implementation system will be constructed. The analysis will be focused on Ministry of Environment’s records management reference table and records schedules or appraisal/selection tools of the central and federal institutions that perform environmental functions in U.S., Australia, and UK.
This study examined the record destruction problem systematically implemented by the Japanese colonial rule during the wartime period, centering on the persistence of the remaining records of GovernmentGeneral of Chosen.
It became clearer to recognize the historical probabilities that the decisions made by the Japanese cabinet were carried out on official documents in the same way throughout the empire, including mainland Japan and colonies. It was also confirmed that a system for disposing of records, such as reduction and organization of public documents, and recycling of paper resources, has already been established against the backdrop of the situation where the war spread and the war situation worsened after the late 1930s.
In addition, it was attempted to extract the types and characteristics of documents discarded by the Japanese colonial rule through a review of the regulations on handling secret documents of the Government -General of Chosen and the regulations on the police department. At the same time, it was found that various chiefs (subsidiaries) that could know the status of documents to be retained or the status of preservation according to the governmental regulations revealed that there was no single book, and this was directly related to the massive destruction of official documents by the Joseon Governor-General immediately after defeat.
In archival science studies, personal archives is a relatively unexplored field. In particular, it is difficult to find a way for ordinary individuals to organize an archive for themselves. This study suggests how individuals organize archives for themselves and suggests life memory composition as a way to utilize them. For the structure and metadata design of life-time narratives archives, this study refers to Narratologie studies and memory studies of psychology, which are combined with the concept of hierarchy and collectivity of archives. In addition, the plot concept of the narrative was proposed to form a life narrative, which was used as a tool to construct one’s own life narrative. Research into the composition and utilization of these life-time narrative archives may be helpful when individuals want to create archives for themselves in the future.
The purpose of this study is to analyze how the “memory approach” has affected archival methodology and activities, and suggest the directions of archival activities in each field. Although there have been many discussions on the memories and collective memories in Archival Studies, it is necessary to analyze them more practically from the viewpoint of archival activism. In this study, the memory approaches in archival discourse are classified into four categories in terms of archival activism; i) the role of archives as social memory organizations, ii) the memory struggle for finding out the truth of the past, iii) archival activities of restorative justice for people who suffer from trauma memories after social disasters and human rights violations, and iv) the memory process of communities’ archiving for strengthening community identities. The meaning and issues are analyzed for each category, and the practice based on archival expertise and political and social practices are examined together as necessary competencies for archival activism.