The purpose of this study is to investigate the transformation of archival appraisal theories in the digital environment. It is clear that the archival appraisal in the degital information technology era, characterized by the mass production of data type records on the information infrastructure will be fundamentally different from before. As the meaning of selecting in appraisal will be reduced, the existing archival appraisal theories need to be reviewed again. We can expect the decentralization of appraising centered on the national archives, considering the social proliferation of digital information technology. Meanwhile, expertise in archival appraisal will also be changed to a new professional acceptance model for digital technology. Digital technology will give us opportunities for a paradigm shift that may be difficult to understand with existing thinking of archival appraisal.