In this study, the origin of the record continuum theory was analyzed in conjunction with the record management situation in Australia after the mid-20th century and record lifecycle model. For an in-depth understanding of the record continuum theory, it is necessary to consider the background and process of its formation, and to analyze the lifecycle model itself in terms of a theoretical system built with reflections on the lifecycle model. To this end, first of all, with the aim of analyzing the historical background of the formation of the record continuum theory, the background and process that led to intensive illumination of the US lifecycle model in the process of seeking an independent public records management system in Australia in the 1950s were reviewed. Then, the meaning and limitations of the lifecycle model were considered along with the background of the formation. In order to examine the main contents, significance, and limitations of the lifecycle model, it is necessary to analyze the circumstances under which it was formed. Based on this analysis, finally, the problems associated with the application of the lifecycle model in Australia’s new record creation environment, as well as the factors that were the origin of the newly born record continuum theory were examined.