This paper aims to analyze and identify the morpho-syntactic features of the two-syllabic structure ‘X+rán(然)’(multi-parties of speech) in Modern Chinese and its Generation & Derivation.
The subjects of the analysis were divided into the multi-parties of speech words that include adjectives and the multi-parties of speech words that do not include adjectives. There are seven words belonging to the former: ‘ouran(偶然)’, ‘chunran(纯然)’, ‘lengran(冷然)’, ‘dangran(当然)’, ‘hunran(浑然)’, ‘duanran(断然)’ and ‘buran(不然)’. There are six words belonging to the latter: ‘yiran(已然)’, ‘yiran(依 然)’, ‘guoran(果然)’, ‘chengran(诚然)’, ‘biran(必然)’ and ‘ziran(自然)’. The analysis results are as follows.
First, contrary to the existing argument, it was found that ‘ran(然)’ of ‘X+rán (然)’ not only functions as suffixes of adjectives and adverbs, but also funtions as suffixes of verbs, nouns, disntinctives and conjunctions.
Second, ‘X+rán(然)’ does not function solely with the morphological features of structuralism, but rather generates and derives the syntactic structures flexibly after generating the synthetic compounds through the generation and projection of the Root Phrase.
In conclusion, multi-parties of speech ‘X+rán(然)’ consists of covert synthetic compounds of distributed morphology that has morpho-syntactic features and is connected to syntactic layers to express its identity.