China’s library culture has had a crucial effect not just on the government, personal, or private library, but on China’s civilization itself in many areas. Personal collection of books began at the beginning of the Chinese Warring States and Unity period and it has constantly advanced through the ages of Han, Wei, Liu Chao, Sui, and Tang dynasty. Since the Song dynasty, personal libraries have been leading the step of China’s library development along with national and private library as well. In addition, personal libraries are important providers that contribute a great amount to the nation’s collection of books. Therefore, not only is the volume tremendous, but in case if a war or social confusion arises, the damage will not be big compared to other library facilities,since it is scattered across the country. When taking a look at the successful generation of China’s personal library development process, the characteristics that played a beneficial factor to the advancement can be found as well as finding out the origins of their personal collection. The personal library business takes a great amount of proportion and importance in the Chinese culture and as a result, its accomplishments are very visible. When China entered the Chung Dynasty, the development in management of library and the information center along with historical science made many scholars take interest in the field and this stimulated them to research about the area, which brought out many literary works. The productions that were done in this area of study were focused on trying to raise the importance of library culture rather than how much of a proportion it takes in Chinese culture. That is why scholars have done the researches by examining the culture of libraries. In other words, the studies did not just deal with simple basic historical truths about personal collection of books, but it was trying to find the in depth coverage of the abundant cultural meaning that it was containing from the ancient times. As a result, in order to understand the role of the libraries in Chinese culture, the writing of this research will be focused on the culture’s background and characteristics that is included in the development process of libraries.