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2012, Vol., No.28

  • 1.

    Linguistic thought of Choi, Sok-Jong

    So-hee Shim | 2012, (28) | pp.3~22 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Choi Suk-Jong(1646-1715) was highly reputed bureaucrat who held prime minister posts 8 times during King Sookjong’s reign. Ruling scholars were impassioned to rebuild the nation and accomplish the Joseon Junghwa Ideology(朝鮮中華主義) after the Japanese invasion of 1592(壬辰倭亂) and the Manchu’s invasion in 1636(丙子胡亂). Intellectual Choi tried to recover self-esteem as a guard of the Junghwa Ideology(中華主義) by writing the 《Kyeongsae Hunminjungumdoseol (經世訓民正音圖說)》. 《Kyeongsae Hunminjungumdoseol (經世訓民正音圖說)》was hand copied and not in good condition to understand cryptic sentences and letters. However, his insight on correct pronunciation was outstanding. He criticized So-ong(邵雍)‘s Theory of Yi(易), theorized 《訓民正音準皇極經世四象體用之數圖》 and wrote 《聲音律呂唱和全數圖》. Evolutinary process of culture was shown through acceptance-modification-recreation.
  • 2.

    A Study ons'The King Said'Part of the Bronze Inscription of Hu Gui

    Kim, ShinJoo | 2012, (28) | pp.23~51 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In May 1978, Hu-Gui was unearthed in a cache from the Western Zhou Dynasty in Qijia Cun, Famen Zhen, FuFeng Xian, SahnXi Sheng. Hu-Gui, which weighs 60kg, is one of the largest bronze Guis from the Shang & Zhou Dynasties ever, thereby called the king of Guis. A bronze inscription with 124 characters of 12 lines was cast into its inside bottom. The writing in the inscription is elegant and genteel with an extraordinary spirit. As for this ritual vessel, there are two competing views over whether it was made in King Zhao’s reign or King Li’s of the Zhou Dynasty. This paper carries out a comprehensive analysis and interpretation by exploring a large body of research conducted by many scholars with regard to the bronze inscription of Hu-Gui, an important ritual vessel belonging to the royal family, which provides criticalreference materials for research into the Western Zhou Dynasty. Judging from its pattern and wording, I consider Hu, the producer of this bronze vessel, as King Li of Zhou.
  • 3.

    A study on the vocabularies ‘the morpheme 東+another morpheme 某’ in the Oracle-Bone Inscriptions

    Kyung Il Kim | 2012, (28) | pp.53~86 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The aim of this article is to explore the cultural meaning in the vocabularies that consists of ‘the morpheme 東+another morpheme 某’. I have been researching the trace related to the ‘Dongyi(東夷)’, and in a previous article “A Study on the Word ‘Dongshi(東尸)’, the Origin of the Name ‘Dongyi(東夷)’ in the Oracle Bone Inscriptions of the Yin Dynasty”, I proved that the name ‘Dongshi(東尸)’ in Yin Oracle Bone Inscriptions was the origin of ‘Dongyi(東夷)’. During the research, I found that ‘the morpheme 東+another morpheme’ vocabularies are intimately linked with the record of ‘Dongyi(東夷)’, and is crucial to dig into the real history of ‘Dongyi(東夷)’. In this context, I collected ten ‘the morpheme 東+another morpheme 某’ vocabularies like ‘Dongtu(東土)’, ‘Dongfang(東方)’, ‘Dongbang(東邦)’, ‘Dongmu(東母)’, ‘Dongqin(東寢)’, ‘Dongshi(東室)’, ‘Dongbi(東鄙)’, ‘Dongdan(東單)’, ‘Dong*bei(東)’, ‘Dongwu(東巫)’ and analyzed them. ‘Dongtu(東土)’ means the east territory of Shang. In terms of usage, ‘Dongfang(東方)’ seems to be compared with ‘Dongtu(東土)’, but unlike ‘Dongtu(東土)’, it is used in the divine field. ‘Dongbang(東邦)’ is a name of a tribe located in ‘Dongtu(東土)’ area. ‘Dongmu(東母)’ is the maternal divinity. ‘Dongqin(東寢)’ is the place located in ‘Dongtu(東土)’ where the king of Shang performs sacrifices to the ancestors. ‘Dongshi(東室)’ is the royal place where the instruments are played, and the king of Shang performs sacrifices to the gods. ‘Dongbi(東鄙)’ is a group of village. ‘Dongdan(東單)’ seems to be a place related with the agriculture. ‘Dong*bei(東)’, the pronunciation of can not be sure, is the small effluent from Yellow river which is located in the east of Yellow river. ‘Dongwu(東巫)’ is the divine power which controls specially the East. These ten ‘the morpheme 東+another morpheme’ vocabularies will be valuable for exploring the ancient culture of ‘Dongyi(東夷)’ further.
  • 4.

    The Contrastive Study about the words of locality between Korean and Chinese

    김선아 | 2012, (28) | pp.88~120 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This article, through it’s examination of the spatial location reference in Modern Chinese and Korean, explores the basic theory of location reference from the perspective of Cognitive Linguistics. Spatial relations are the most important and basic relations in the objective world. Korean and Chinese belong to different types of language, but there are the words of locality in both languages to express the spatial relations. However there are some similarities and differences because of the different types of language and cognitive styles. In using the method of contrastive linguistics, this article describes and contrasts the similarities and differences of Korean and Chinese spatial relations on the both-way. And with the usage of cognitive functionalism for reference, the paper explains the similarities and differences.
  • 5.

    Relationship of Chinese Character and Chinese traditional literature

    유원춘 | 2012, (28) | pp.121~141 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Traditional Philology is the foundation of humanities, such as Literature, History, Philosophy, Archaeology, Art, Sociology, and so on. From this point on, the relationship between Chinese character and Chinese traditional literature was very closed and complicated. In this paper, the basic characters----belonging to the system of the ideograph of Chinese character still maintained is the foundation of characteristic of literature image. Meanwhile, the artistic beauty of poetry will be strengthened constantly with the help of hieroglyphic of Chinese characters. Sometimes, the traditional literature works with long history and profundity can be only understand and interpret by analysis of the structure and form of Chinese character. Besides, the genre of Chinese traditional literature always pays attention to neat antithesis. And either neat lines or Ping-ze and antithesis in the metrical, could highlights the capability which Chinese character as a syllabic language provide for the unique form of Chinese traditional literature. Several types of literature and patterns of rhetoric such as couplet, part related, palindrome, acrostic in the end. Because poetry is the basic style of Chinese traditional literature, this article mainly studied the poetry to reveal the important relationship between Chinese character and Chinese traditional literature.
  • 6.

    Error Analysis of Overseas Students’ Whole-referent Universal Quantifier

    张静静 | 2012, (28) | pp.143~160 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In modern Chinese, whole-referent universal quantifier includes “全”、“整”、“满” and so on. These words have similar lexical meanings, but on the other hand they have different syntax and semantic limits. That pose a great challenge to Chinese-learning overseas students. The paper investigates several types of grammatical errors made by Chinese-learning overseas students concerning the use of whole-referent universal quantifier, exploring the causes of such errors from multiple perspectives: interlingual difficulty, intralingual developmental difficulty and misleading classroom instruction. On basis of the analysis, pedagogical suggestions concerning the teaching of whole-referent universal quantifier are thus put forward.
  • 7.

    A Study on value of Tang Poem and Accommodation Pattern in Chinese Poetic Literature of Korea

    손복 | 2012, (28) | pp.163~213 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Tang (Dynasty) poem in Chinese literary history is positioned as the supreme poem as well as the great literary and cultural heritage of China and therefore, it should not be assessed simply as a poetic genre in the history. The reason why reading and appreciating Tang poem in order to understand Chinese culture and thought is meaningful is that the background of Chinese consciousness is implied in Tang poem as China itself. In particular, Tang poem is not just limited to Chinese literature. Tang poem, as a great human cultural heritage, had also influenced over our literature directly and indirectly. And there has been a lot of controversies so far while discussing over what signifies Tang poetry style in a differentiated perspective with Song (Dynasty) poem in connection with so-called Tang poetry style that was our classic poetry following Tang poetry style. In this regard, this study reviewed a pattern as to how literary historic value and features of Tang poem had been accommodated in our Chinese poetic literature and influenced over our such literature. Poetic achievement of Tang poem that was assessed as the greatest value in Chinese literary history had underwent accommodation, transformation and development process in connection with our Chinese poem. Overall current of our Chinese poetic history had shown its own unique pattern depending on each times or poets along with their tendency of learning Chinese Tang poem or Song poem. It goes without saying that strenuous effort of our ancestors who tried to improve poetic level qualitatively of their own by modeling Chinese superior poems in advance was imbued in this issue of learning Tang (poem) or Song (poem). In our Chinese poetic history, Chinese poetry style has an aspect of having partly accommodated Chinese poetic achievements as they are or further developed them partly as well and its summary is as follows. First, our Tang poetry style succeeded poetry school mainly based on Jeol-gwi (절귀), not a verse (율시), in its style. There were a lot of poets who left master poems even in verse among the poets of early poetry school (학당) but while passing through early 16 century, as its style was gradually concentrated on Jeol-gwi in general, we could not find any outstanding works in particular in addition to Jeol-gwi. In addition, most of this Jeol-gwi was also concentrated on 7-lettered poem instead of 5-lettered poem. Second is accommodation of romantic features. Romantic features is the one that could be seen mainly in Lee, Baek’s poems in terms of the fact that it expressed poem motivated by imagination of poets, not by their experience, like unworldly expression or royal poem (궁사), Boudoir lament poem (규원시) or Frontier poem (변색시). These features could be seen conspicuously in our Chinese poetry style as time passes and it is considered that this trend may be mainly influenced by poems of Lee, Hu-baik who worshipped poems of Lee, Baek. Third is accommodation of sensual, splendid (염려) and luxurious (기미) expressions. In the early poetry school, such expression was prominent and gradually, its expression had been steadily imbued with refined and delicate touch strongly. Fourth is accommodation of introvert, static expression. This way of expression is to show poetic emotion implicitly with understated sense without directly exposing its emotion. Therefore, such poems have a tendency of naturally introvert and static pattern. As these features are elements harmonized with our emotion, it is hard to regard such elements as a specific poet’s influence. Fifth, elements like maximization of image exploitation and strengthening accustomed Tang poem and reading poem (소리 시) could be enumerated and these elements are evaluated to be a unique poetic achievement of our poetic school that was almost impossible to be found in Tang poem and an early poetic school. Learning Tang (poem) of our country had been succeeded by starting from Go-wun Choi, Chi-won who mastered late Tang’s poetic style at the end of Tang Dynasty to Choseon Dynasty through Koreo Dynasty continuously. Even though our poetic school concentrated on learning Song poem rather than learning Tang (poem) during Koreo Dynasty and early Choseon Dynasty but it is considered that in its hidden side, concern over learning Tang and volition for its poetic creation had been actually thrived all the time so much as not to be disappeared at all. This study exerted its effort in order to enhance a comprehensive understanding for Tang poetry style that was not systematic and scattered in the existing study and it is considered that a foundation, through which accommodation aspect of Tang poem in our Chinese poetic literature and its poetic characteristics could be understood, has been provided to a certain degree.
  • 8.

    A On-site research of Koreans Wang Si-li seen in Du Fu’s “Poems for Eight Memorable People”

    简锦松 | 2012, (28) | pp.216~253 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    There were many Korean ancestors who took up the posts of government officials in China. Wang Si-li, who lived in the Tang Dynasty during the reign of Xuanzong and Suzong, was regarded as a figure with the highest official status and the most important achievements, and also the Korean respected most by Du Fu. The person who was mentioned the most by Du Fu’s well-known“Poems for Eight Memorable People” was Wang Si-li. This article will adopt the “On-site Research of Tang Poems” to reconstruct clearly the whole life of Wang Si-li based on “Poems for Eight Memorable People - for the King Wang Si-li”, and allow us to recognize this great personage originated from the ancient Korea.
  • 9.

    A study on transformation of Ryunosuke Akutagawa’s Du Zichun

    张伟雄 | 2012, (28) | pp.255~268 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Ryunosuke Akutagawa is a representative writer during the Taisho time in Japan. He was interested in reading Chinese classical literature in his childhood and had a deep understanding about Chinese literature. Over 10 articles of his works are related with China or Chinese classical literature. And Du Zichun is one of them. Du Zichun written by Ryunosuke Akutagawa has drawn its material from Du Zichunzhuan, legend of Tang dynasty. However, Ryunosuke Akutagawa didn’t indiscriminately imitate the original article, but gave his article a new story and a new explanation by transformation. The transformation is engendered by different words from those in the original article. Du Zichunzhuan, the original article, tells a story about alchemy and immortality of Taoism and uses words about Taoism. But Ryunosuke Akutagawa’s Du Zichun simplifies some key words and at the same time adds new words to the article. There are not only words of Taoism, but also some words of Buddhism in Ryunosuke Akutagawa’s Du Zichun. This paper will try to analyze different words between Du Zichun written by Ryunosuke Akutagawa and Du Zichunzhuan, the original article, and to discuss the relation between words’ transformation and articles’ transformation.
  • 10.

    The Interpretation of the Theory of the Confucian Musical and Poetic Education

    | 2012, (28) | pp.269~289 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The Confucian Musical Education in modern China; the original Confucian poetic education is the musical education; the basic concepts and principles of the Confucian musical education; Confucius’ musical education is from the Zhou Culture; the reasons that Confucius regards music highly, the Confucian musical education is the ideal governing methods; in the ancient times, poetry is the same as music, the arguments about the form of ‘the Book of Songs’ and all sides reach an agreement that ‘the Book of Songs’ accompanies music; the combination of the poetry and the music is very important to the Confucian Musical and Poetic education
  • 11.

    On the emerging and developing of the tradition of Fujian poetry in Ming dynasty

    陳廣宏 | 2012, (28) | pp.291~311 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper mainly attempts to give a detailed review and investigation on Fujian poets’ purposely construction of their native poetry tradition in Ming Dynasty, such approaching will not only be a perspective to contemplate the evolution of Fujian literature, but also raising reflection on pre-modern Chinese literature regional research methods.
  • 12.

    The Study on the Works of Ci Spread in Song Dynasty

    王兆鹏 | 2012, (28) | pp.313~335 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This article mainly researched the seventeen works of Ci who published and Spread in Song Dynasty, These writers were included Yang Wu-jiu,Cao Xun, Liu Zi-hui, Hu Quan, Sun Dao-xun, Zhong Bing, Kang Yu-zhi, Huang Gong-du, Ni Cheng, Wu Fu,Wang Zhi-wang, Ge Li-fang, Dong Ying, Mao-Jian, Hong Shi, Han Yuan-ji, Zeng Xie. This article will provide the basis of the literature for the communication of Ci in Song Dynasty.
  • 13.

    Poetic Thinking Cross-Border: Du Yunxie and the Dialogue between Center and Periphery

    许文荣 | 2012, (28) | pp.337~361 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Du Yunxie(1918-2002) despite is a main representative of Jiu Ye Poetic Group in China, but at the same time, he also affiliated closely with Malaysian Chinese identity. Some regard him as the China writer who used to come and stay in Southeast Asia; Some even dividing him to two stages which saying that Wu Jin belongs to Malaysian Chinese writer while Du Yunxie belongs to China’s poet. All these studies are inconsistent with the fact. This paper is means to manifest Du as a real historical figure and to conclude his achievement in literary arena which begin with a few important era of Du Yunxie’s life, then combine various interviews, field works and literary research methods and employs plenty of primary resources for the purpose. The peripheral character of Du and his constantly wavering emotions, literary writing is a way out for him to transcend the restriction of reality. His cross bordering experience in today globalization context has been more and more common, especially in the case of Malaysian writers who sojourn in Taiwan. However the case of Du is still unique. As an oversea Chinese, he has made important achievement in China poetry territory, but emotionally he still attached to his born place. Oversea Chinese identity has been given trouble to him, but this experience made his writing style different from other China’s poets. As an important poet, he is worth to be further study. His creative work and life experience would certainly inspire many future generations.
  • 14.

    Establishment of the Female Literary Canon in Chǒsun Dynasty

    장백위 | 2012, (28) | pp.363~393 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper made a more detailed description of the establishment of a female literary canon in the Chǒsun Dynasty. It could enhance us the general awareness on this issue. For example, the value of literary works, affirmation by authority, role of the anthology, the impact of ideology, the number of printed, critics reviews and imitation of future generations, these are all helpful the canon’s formulation, but its not ultimate goal of the paper. Since the late twentieth century the Western theoretical circles caused a Canon transformation, on the road of the opening-up the canon, there were full of sharp crying, provocative declaration and bitterest scorn. In contrast to this, the canon’s formulation or transformation in the Chinese cultural circle, it always showed a gentle, friendly manner. The world of today full of clash of sex, race and different civilizations we could get some inspiration from the establishment of the canon in the East Asia literature.
  • 15.

    Research on the Social Significance of the Buddhist monks and nuns in “San Yan”

    Eunsun Ham | 2012, (28) | pp.395~412 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The background of the Buddhist monks and nuns in “San Yan” is the respect of the rulers of the Ming Dynasty to the Buddhism. The prevailing of the Buddhism in the Ming Dynasty not only promoted the connection between the Buddhist cause and effect concept and the Confucian ethnic to form an assistant religious force to maintain the social ethnic and morality, but also caused a great number of people to enter into Buddhism to form an important Buddhist monk and nun estate in the society. The Buddhist monks and nuns in “San Yan” have the social significane in two hands. In the one hands, the social moral examples set up by those monks and nuns who have strong belief and work hard to help common people showed the social function of the religious ethnic. In the other hand, the monks and nuns who lost themselves in sex and had strong greed for money also reflected the influence of the anti-asceticism trend of thought cansed by the criticism of the Yang Ming philosophy on the Li Xue in the middle and later Ming Dynasty, as well as the social ethos of sex indulging and luxury of this time.
  • 16.

    Repetitions in Liu Naou’s Fiction

    黎活仁 | 2012, (28) | pp.413~437 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Various forms of repetitions appear in the fiction by Liu Naou. This paper attempts to examine this feature by referring to different types of narrative theories, including those exemplified in Tzvetan Todorov’s Grammar of Decameron (and also his essay on The Figure in the Carpet) and Robert Alter’s Art of Biblical Narrative, as well as those in the works of Victor Shklovsky.
  • 17.

    The triumph of a modern Zhuangzi

    刘剑梅 | 2012, (28) | pp.439~456 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper argues that Gao Xingjian, the 2000 Nobel Prize laureate in literature, has brought Zhuangzi’s spirit of absolute liberation and freedom to the highest level by writing the novel Soul Mountain and the poem “As Free as Bird.” Gao Xingjian insinuates that the soul mountain is not external, but internal. Only through inner awakening can one find the soul mountain. That is to say, freedom is not bestowed by others, but is self-given. Freedom hides in everyone’s heart and only by relying on oneself can it be discovered. Gao Xingjian’s spirit of self-salvation is deeply linked with Zhuangzi’s spirit. Not only does Gao Xingjian go back to nature, like other contemporary writers such as Han Shaogong, Ah Cheng, and Yan Lianke, he also re-creates a nature, and realizes that literature carries the possibility of recreating such a nature. In reality there is no freedom: only in the field of literature can writers transcend all kinds of restrictions, and gain the life of spontaneity, freedom, and joy. Therefore, Gao Xingjian’s triumph is the triumph of a modern Zhuangzi.
  • 18.

    A Study on Cao Wenxuan’s “The Straw House”

    NamYong Park , 한글 | 2012, (28) | pp.458~492 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Cao Wenxuan(曹文軒), a chinese author of children’s fiction has written many great novels since 1980’s. One of his novels called “The Straw House” was included in the textbook for middle school students, and became a bestseller with amazing circulation record in China. In 1998, this book was even made into a film by director Xu Geng(徐耿), and won many film awards in 1999. In this paper, I studied the types of characters and description in the “The Straw House” which is Cao Wenxuan’s major work among his novels. This paper is divided into three main parts. In the first part, I dealt with Cao Wenxuan’s opinions on the children´s literature theory. He thinks that the children are the future of china, so the character of the future of their nation will be created by children’s literature. Also, he emphasized the importance of storytelling and the suitable written style for young readers. In the second part, I looked through the types of characters by classifying them as Sangsang(桑桑), Baique(白雀) and Zhang yilun(蒋一轮), and Xima(细马) and Du xiaokang(杜小康). The author described the childhood which innocent hopes and dreams coexists with poverty and difficulty through these characters. In the third part, I analyzed description of “The Straw House”. Cao Wenxuan wrote his own childhood by talking about the worlds of dream and fantasy, and of nature and human, beautifully and lyrically. In conclusion, I expect to find Cao Wenxuan’s position and his influence in the history of children’s literature through studying “The Straw House” from various points of view and understanding its values and impacts on this field.
  • 19.

    Loneliness in the Perplexity and Salvage in the Selection —— On the Existentialism’s Influence upon the Creation of Contemporary Minority Novels

    구염 , 도홍 | 2012, (28) | pp.493~510 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Existentialism is an ideological tend of philosophy and literature that occurred in western countries during the first half of the twentieth century and has a deeply and extensive influence on society. Since the 1980’s, due to the deep and acute society’s transformation from tradition to modernization, Chinese contemporary minority authors have been influenced consciously or unconsciously by the ideological tend in the tenacious and rebelling selection. Standing on modern civilization’s ruins, they follow the road of the topic of the ancient people’s existence and try to salvage themselves from the dilemma caused by civilization in the eye of spirit. They endeavor to pursue and construct human’s life. The exploration on reality, existence and selves which make them to be caught in the perplexity of not being recognize themselves and not being control the society,therefore,they try their best to show the absurdity and tragedy of life, and deny the loftiness of mankind’s existence by way of literature,at the same time, they reflect, realization and establish the reality from the viewpoint of art.
  • 20.

    Journey of Chinese Martial Arts Taijiquan and Taoist Qigong Practice

    Na, Min Gu | 2012, (28) | pp.514~526 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    I simply have no idea. It is truly maddening – not knowing where I came from, why I’m here, where I’m going. I don’t know what’s what with any of these things! When I open my eyes and when I shut them, when I move, when I’m still – at every moment I feel the torment of not knowing. I decided to explore the traces of passion, emptiness and ego present within me over the course of this “harsh life” spent digging my way through what is not yet known. I have chosen two overarching themes for doing so. The first is the “body,” which sustains each human being as a biological phenomenon. Then there is the “mind,” which connects with that body to form a non-material psychological world. What I present here is my own account of a life spent passionately seeking to learn about these two aspects. It may be viewed as a kind of “training journal,” describing a process in which I have struggled with body and mind because of what is not yet known, because I do not know. The one who creates a perfectly ideal body and mind is a saint and a superman. He has reached the state of total knowing and total capability. In Chinese history, there is one master of the utmost mystery. He went by the name of Guiguzi (390—320 BC) and is referred to as “the man called God.” Guiguzi, who lived during China’s Warring States Period, spent his whole life on life-threatening military campaigns, experiencing the most extreme situations in human history. Eventually, he retired and formulated his theory into a book; he also taught pupils. The eponymous text he left behind is a “training guide for becoming an all-knowing, all-powerful holy man.” It offers the way to cultivation, discipline and training combining “body, heart and word.” Guiguzi provides guidance on how to understand all the principles of the universe and how to practice those principles oneself, in order to transform into a “superman” capable of manifesting powers in military campaigns or any other fighting – a holy man. Ironically, the Daoist method that I studied shared a deep connection with Guiguzi. It had been transmitted over thousands of years from ancient times until today, by way of Huangdi and Laozi in the Spring and Autumn Period, and Guiguzi in the Warring States Period. As an ordinary citizen living in the 21st century world, I do not know the extent to which I will be able to achieve discipline. But I am dedicating my life to working to escape from this “confusing not-yet-knowing.” Becoming an all-knowing, all-powerful superman is truly a dream of an ideal. I simply harbor another resigned irony, that you must be ignorant to go on living, and even though the unknowing drives me crazy, I live my life. Still, if there is one thing I must trust in and pursue, it can be summed up in the word “xiu (修)”: practice!!
  • 21.

    The Cultural Implications of the Korean Wave : Its Cultural Origin and Impacts on Chinese Lifestyle in Modern Society

    朴光海 | 2012, (28) | pp.527~543 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF