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2012, Vol., No.30

  • 1.

    Research on the Grammaticalization of the ‘Zhuo’ in Early Modern Chinese

    Leem, Young Taek | 2012, (30) | pp.3~36 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The main purpose of this study is to investigate how diversely the usage of ‘Zhuo’ was embodied in Shishuoxinyu & Zutangji, which is regarded as one of the most significant Chinese colloquial texts in the Early Modern Chinese, and whether the existence of the use of prepositions could be acknowledged at that time. Accordingly, the study attempts to describe the categorical characteristics and functions of multiple grammar usage among contemporary wording systems shown in ‘Zhuo’ through the comprehensive survey of Shishuoxinyu & Zutangji and to review the opinions of existing scholarship. Furthermore, it examines various features in the process of ‘Zhuo’ grammar usage through the empirical research, analysis, comparison and statistics using the relevant literary documents of that period and later times.
  • 2.

    Studies on categorization of expression-oriented Grammar Instruction

    Wui, SooKwang | 2012, (30) | pp.37~71 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    In the view of necessity of expression-oriented grammar system when foreign learners try to communicate, this study has examined the issues related to expression-oriented grammar in Chinese school grammar system as well as Korean. Also, the study comes to know that the current educational grammar system has established based on theoretical grammar system and literary educational grammar system by reviewing some educational grammar textbooks and syllabus of educational grammar used in Chinese teaching. That means it focuses on the comprehension of the Chinese language with piecemeal, partial and analytic features. Yet, more general, comprehensive and practical grammar system is required focusing expression-oriented system for Koreans who aim to learn Chinese for improving communication skills. Therefore, this study compared the difference between comprehension-oriented system and expression-oriented systems based on analysis of existing educational grammar system. The researcher also tried to understand more clearly expression-oriented grammar system by presenting existing grammar items to be extended to expression-oriented ones.
  • 3.

    The Chinese-Korean Marking System : The Perception of Korean People in general (1) Targeting the Chinese Plosive /p, t, k/

    양춘기 | 2012, (30) | pp.73~102 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purposes of this article were to review the several revisions of Chinses-Korean marking systems made by the National Insitute of the Korean Language and to experimentally investigate the auditory perception of the Chinese plosive /p/, /t/, and /k/ by 156 Korean people in general.The experimental process is that 156 participants had listened 30 disyllabic Chinese words, and selected one is regarded more similar to the sound between two Korean marking choices. Then, we did statistical treatment (X2 investigation) and analysed the result. The experimental results indicated that the participants perceived the chinese bilabial, alveolar plosive /p, t/ with the first, second, third, and forth tones as the Korean bilabial, alveolar tense plosive “ㅃ, ㄸ”, respectively, and perceived the Chinese plosive /p, t/ with the neutral tone as Korean lax plosive “ㅂ, ㄷ”. In case of soft-palate plosive /k/, the results of the present study were different from those of the previous research resultst. The Chinese soft-palate plosive /k/ with the first, second, fourth tone was recognized by Korean people in general as the Korean soft-palate tense plosive “ㄲ”; In contrast, the Chinese soft-palate plosive /k/ with the third tone and the neutral tone was recognized as the Korean soft-palate lax plosive “ㄱ”.
  • 4.

    On Cognitive Operation and Semantics of Complex Event Construction “V+cheng(成)”

    맹염화 | 2012, (30) | pp.103~121 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    On the framework of event integration theory(Talmy 2000) and aspect shifting theory(Pustejovsky 1991), the article analyzes the cognitive operation and semantic meaning of complex event construction “V+cheng(成)”. It is proposed that semantically the main verbs in the construction express either “activity”, or “achievement”, or “state” in Vendler’s (1957) system, and the whole construction render “accomplishment” events. In cognition, this construction represents event integration and semantic blending of two causally related simple events. They are realized as a grammatical integration on the language surface, that is, “V+cheng(成)” construction. These properties are specific for a language like Chinese as they are not observed in languages like English or French. The semantic meanings of the construction are also analyzed, which are: caused to be transformed, caused to be presented and caused to be existence, and the first one is its basic meaning, while the last one is its typical meaning.
  • 5.

    A Study of Songok(宋玉)’s <Godangbu(高唐賦)> <Sinnyeobu(神女賦)>

    Kim Inho | 2012, (30) | pp.125~145 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Songok(宋玉)’s <Godangbu高唐賦> and <Sinnyeobu神女賦> were not in Wangil(王逸)’s ≪Chosajanggu楚辭章句≫, additionally those were not compositions that offspring composited in ≪Jeonhanbu全漢賦≫. So chinese scholars who researched about Chosa(楚辭) and Hanbu(漢賦) didn’t research those two <Godangbu高唐賦> and <Sinnyeobu神女賦>. Additionally those compositions contain sensualitic contains, so chinese confucianists didn’t want to research those. But in the Cho(楚) province of Jeanguk(戰國) era and Han(漢) empire, sensualitic atmosphere was in fashion. Songok(宋玉)’s two compositions were obviously sensualitic contains. But a few chinese scholars analyzed as the relationships about king and retainers. Those two compositions are Songok(宋玉)’s answers about Cho(楚) Yang(襄) king’s questions. <Godangbu高唐賦> contained about beautiful scenery in the Godang(高唐) and <Sinnyeobu神女賦> contained about beautiful woman who lived in the Godang(高唐).
  • 6.

    A study on feature and relationship of “BI, XING” on Chu Hsi

    Sungjae Ahn | 2012, (30) | pp.147~179 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Chu Hsi is the first to classified “FU, BI, XING” of 《the Book of Odes》 and 《CHU CI》. Especially, his analysis and resulting from research about 《the Book of Odes》 had been set great store by scholars of the time and after ages. Because his commentation about 《the Book of Odes》 synthesized poem of Han dynasty and Tang dynesty, so he made best record at study about “FU, BI, XING”, also had a strong influence on study of after ages. Chu Hsi has argued “XING is consignation!” in 《A variorum of CHU CI》, also has argued “BI is compare! XING is bring about one’s mind!”. Rely on the testimony of this point, Chu Hsi not only agreed basically the opinions that “contact cause emotion” and “emotion and scene” is matched, but also rendered clearly concept and differentia between “BI and XING” in logical consistency
  • 7.

    “Yin and Xiu” Rhetoric Techniques Extracted from the Text of Liu Xie’s《Wen Xin Diao Long》

    박태덕 | 2012, (30) | pp.181~200 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The text of Liu Xie’s 《Wen Xin Diao Long》 is the most influential text in the history of Chinese literature critique as well as the theory of literature, Chinese writing and rhetorics after him. 《Wen Xin Diao Long》is not only the most influential theory of literal writing and critique but also the sentences expressed in his《Wen Xin Diao Long》themselves are master pieces and the example text of rhetorics. In the chapter <Yin Xiu> of Liu Xie’s 《Wen Xin Diao Long》he explained the rhetoric technique regarding <Yin> and <Xiu> in great detail. The rhetoric technique <Yin> can be summerized into the modern rhetoric “Qu Zhe”, “Wei Ci”, “Tun Tu”, and “Han Xu” and the rhetoric technique <Xiu> can be expressed “Ying Chen”, “Shi Xian”, “Ceng Di”, and “Ding Zhen”. Therefore, in this article it is explained <Yin Xiu> expressed in Liu Xie’s 《Wen Xin Diao Long》by applying “Yin” and “Xiu” in <Yin Xiu> of Liu Xie’s 《Wen Xin Diao Long》 into the modern rhetoric terms.
  • 8.

    The Girl of Ipanama Walks

    顾彬 | 2012, (30) | pp.201~211 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This essay starts from a personal anecdote with Bill Nienhauser, followed by a critical analysis of Shen Jiji’s The Tale of Lady Ren by briefing comparing with Edward H. Schafer’s The Divine Woman as well as the medieval narrative story. Although the world of men and women is not mutually exclusive, they have a crack. Male protagonist can enter the world of Lady Ren with ease whereas it is difficult for females to enter the secular world. The implicit connotation of Lady Ren’s white clothes is also examined, which it is associated with funeral in the literature of the Tang Dynasty. The first date of lovers is then analyzed with the motif of the mythic, divine, holy and sacred, alongside Western narrative theory and Hans Peter Duerr’s concept of ethics.
  • 9.

    The Description of Disease in The Whole Tang Poetry

    安佳琪,刘顺 | 2012, (30) | pp.213~241 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    As a metaphor, disease not only means the “un-normal” of body, but also reflects the interactivity of individual and sociocultural environment. Based on the “body and family-country” viewpoint of “Guoshentongyi” and the “Culture-Region” Theory of “Foreign Race”, the description of disease in The Whole Tang Poetry not only emphasizes the survival experience of “the frustration in life”, “self-adjustment” and “the metaphor for family-country”; but also accentuates exotic diseases in self-experience or imaginary to reconfirm poets’ identity. The description of disease means the initial efforts to balance “Xiuqinzhiping” and “private space” by the Ancient Scholar Bureaucrats in Mid-Tang Dynasty.
  • 10.

    On Jiayin Style and the Relations with New Literature : Focus on The Europeanized Prose of Classical Chinese

    맹경주 | 2012, (30) | pp.243~266 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    As a typical case of political essays in 1910s, Jiayin style undertook the new functions of classical Chinese prose, when the media of literature was changing. It showed the flexibility of the classical Chinese with the Europeanizing on the composition and the grammar of this written language. In spite of different positions, Jiayin style had many deep historical relations with the new literature. Because of pursuits of the logicality of written style and the Chinese grammar system, both of them used the same models and tactics of knowledge production, and both of them faced the same dilemma. The Grammar, as an example of western knowledge system, was lead into the context of late-Qing culture. This fact shows that the western knowledge how to arouse the inner vigor of knowledge forms of ancient China, and how to give the new knowledge system a great push forward.
  • 11.

    Ba Jin, Opening the window to the World

    Park, Ran Young | 2012, (30) | pp.267~290 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    After Ba Jin publicly announced that he became an anarchist at age 15, he bonded with numerous anarchists all over the world through exchanging letters, directly interacting with them in France, and translating and publishing anarchism books. At the time, Ba Jin was largely influenced by revolutionists such as Herzen, Kropotkin, Bakunin and Vanzetti rather than authors.He did not translate their publications for only literary purposes but saw the process as a valuable resource for developing his character. Hence, he may have dreamed of borderless interaction among humanity because he was open to the whole world. Having mastered English, French, German, Russian, Spanish, Japanese, and Esperanto, Ba Jin translated various pieces of work which covered vast spheres including literature, philosophy and social science. His work had a consistent theme of sympathizing with the hardships of people and supported their struggle. Anarchism, narodnism of Russia, and French Revolution are the main factors that impacted the formation of Ba Jin’s ideology. This paper will discuss the correlation between Russian and French theorists who largely influenced Ba Jin, while also examining his relation with fellow northeast Asians, Korean and Japanese intellectuals, whom he frequently interacted with. Anarchism is a ideological movement developed by philosophers around the world, which makes it difficult to differentiate national characteristics. Ba Jin’s political development is an evidential case of the internationality of anarchism. Because the ultimate ideal of this ideology is for all mankind to enjoy free and equal life, anarchists aim to practice global solidarity in their daily lives. Ba Jin’s life and literature are appropriate illustrations of this belief.
  • 12.

    Intertextual Reading: Dialogues traversing Yang Kui’s the Marriage of Mother Goose, two nursery rhymes of the Mother Goose, Kafka and Kafka’s the Burrow

    叶瑞莲 | 2012, (30) | pp.291~310 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    It is widely known that Yang Kui’s the Marriage of Mother Goose reflects the social phenomena of Taiwan under Japanese rule, and satirizes the hypocrisy of the colonial government and the privileged class. However, through intertextual reading, it is not without astonishment to find that Yang’s text embodies strong realism dropping across Kafka and his classic short novel, the Burrow which demonstrates the hopelessness and absurdity of the existence of modern men; the Mother Goose, a collection of nursery rhymes in the West even found its shadow in Yang’s text. Dialogues and inferences are extensively exchanged among these texts of different times and spatial locations.
  • 13.

    Rewriting the Old Materials : Why Lu Xun Created Mending the Heaven

    邹宇欣 | 2012, (30) | pp.311~338 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    As the first piece of Old Tales Retold, ‘Mending the Heaven’ is Lu Xu’s first work trying to rewrite the historical issues. It is obviously, through reading the text, the content of the novel echoes some of the columns published in ‘Sui Gan Lu’ in New Youth. Using the tales of Nv Wa as the narrative theme, Lu Xu put the old Chinese society in the background of great changes and revolution era with a metaphor method. Meanwhile, he criticized the bad habits of Chinese, such as bearing children without educating them, the ritual of looking for the God, sticking to the quintessence of Chinese culture and abusing the scientific knowledge, through retelling the story of Nv Wa’s creating the human being and mending the sky. The conclusion of this paper is the reason Lu Xun wrote ‘Mending the Heaven’ in 1922 is to show his regret feeling to the ceasing of New Youth and the splitting of the revolutionary camp.
  • 14.

    A Narratological Analysis of Crescent Moon

    勞保勤 | 2012, (30) | pp.339~358 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Lao She’s Crescent Moon depicts the the setback fate of a mother and daughter, who have no way out amid the bitterness of old society in China, descending into demimondaines how matter how they struggle and strive. This paper will delve into the setting of the plot by means of narrative perspective, Roland Barthes’ five codes, blanks, unreliable narration and irony with a view to realizing the construction of storyline alongside narratology.
  • 15.

    The Sing-Song Girls of Shanghai: the Continuation and Development of Chinese Classical Novels - And on Which is not the First Novel of Chinese Modern Literature

    王晶晶 | 2012, (30) | pp.361~379 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The Sing-Song Girls of Shanghai is not the first novel of Chinese Modern Literature, but the continuation of the traditional novel, which shares varieties of similarity with The plum in the Golden Vase, Dream of the Red Chamber and other classical novels in many small details and plots. Furthermore, The Sing-Song Girls of Shanghai is a work in succession to the tradition of two novels above, which reveal concrete human’s existence and contemplate inner and feeling world from daily life. And The Sing-Song Girls of Shanghai follows Dream of the Red Chamber to think the fate of female. This paper tries to go into space of the novel, through discussing the vividly dialect and slang, the world of whorehouse, the way to structure and textualize to recovery the world which novelist constructed. Meanwhile, this paper tries to access to the meaning of the work opens, a completed expression about thecomplex life.
  • 16.

    Ascent and Descent: the ‘Inspiration’ of Qin Zhong Shu and Menippean Satire

    黎活仁 | 2012, (30) | pp.381~399 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Gaston Bachelard pointed out in his ‘Air and Dreans: An Essay on the Imagination of Movemenmts’ that in the use of metaphor of ascemt and descent, the use of the later one is more prevalent than the earlier one. This essay is an attempt to summarize the research conducted by M.M. Bahkhtin in his book, the ‘Problem of Dostoevsky’s Poetics9’. In this book, Bakhtin said that the Menippean Satire is a research on the ‘Satire’, a short essay written by Qin Zhong Shu. The Menippen Satire is devoted to both Heaven and Hell, with special emphasis on the later. The ‘Inspiration’, on the other hand, mainly revolves around the hell, and is therefore, the literature of descent.
  • 17.

    Audio Pleasure between the Lines in Duanmu Hongliang’s fiction: Toward a Polyphonic Effect

    孔海立 | 2012, (30) | pp.401~420 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Among modern Chinese writers, Duanmu Hongliang’s narrative style in fictional writing is very unique and stylish. The aim of this article is to explore the audio effect in the narration of Duanmu’s fiction, which is one of his main features and aesthetic styles. Duanmu full utilizes his mastery skill in using the linguistic and rhetoric power so that his fiction contains a special flavor and multi-layered means hidden behind the lines. All the sounds or voices or noises, through using dialects, slang, and the sound of horses, birds, or other natural stuff or man-made noises, indeed creates a variety of polyphonic effects that only exist in a real human and natural world. Such an audio effect via written text offers a special pleasure to reader.
  • 18.

    Future Development & Tasks from Renaissance of Confucianism in China

    양승무 | 2012, (30) | pp.425~455 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study is prepared to; firstly understand the progress of China Confucianism, analysed by main concepts and other relative subjects, which were selected from 20, 422 academic papers. These studies were released over 414 academic conferences in China throughout 1978 to 2010, while lots of discussions were made on Confucius and Confucian thought. Consequently many of newly approached studies were also availed during this period and many academic Confucius Research Centers were established. These series of active movements haves been continued in Chinese Culture Society and Academics throughout 1980 to 2000s, that were led to booming of ‘Culture-holic(fever)’, ‘Confucian-holic(fever)’ and ‘Tradition Study-holic(fever)’, which were influenced to open traditional culture and Confucianism and to be understood by more people. Overall this progress attributed to lead Renaissance of Confucianism in China; secondly access how Renaissance of Confucianism in China influenced to academics in China and internationally. Over this period, we’ve seen many of newly set up international academic research centers, which spearheaded to spread Confucianism to publics’ understanding and acknowledgement. Beijing Olympic in 2008, Confucius Institutes Headquarter(孔子學院總部), international networking relationship done by Chinese Education and Confucian Culture in many countries of the world, Developments of 《Ruzang儒藏》Publication Project, Traditional Studies by Public, so called all Traditional culture philosophers platform(國學百家講壇) -inter study between academics and public are those outcomes from revival of Confucianism in China in recent years; thirdly this study is to thoroughly understand activities and developments done in China Confucianism. Like in China and other countries, revival of China Confucianism affected to setting up Confucianism Research Centers in China universities, holding domestic and international conferences and to bring up more students majoring Confucianism. Fourthly this study would like to contribute to raise issues for future development and tasks in Renaissance of Confucianism based on its current progressive movements via systematic, modern, informative and opened approaches. Lastly in this study Renaissance of Confucianism’s overall achievements and its limitations are discussed and expected for future success.
  • 19.

    Early Confucianism and the Question of Individual Rights

    유형규 | 2012, (30) | pp.457~469 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This essay explores ways in which early Confucianism may help address theoretical challenges faced in moral philosophical discourse dominated by the liberalist idea that the concept of individual rights is central in understanding human dignity. The liberalist perspective conceptualizes the existence of individual rights as something to be ascertained through the individual who makes a claim when his rights are infringed. Consequently, freedom becomes a central, indispensible value with respect to human dignity. The theoretical challenge arises from the obvious incompatibility between freedom and other values significant for conceptualizing human rights, such as justice. Responses from scholars of Chinese philosophy to calls for comparative ethical inquiries, the initial question of which was always if Chinese philosophy developed the concept of individual rights, was two-fold. They acknowledged that the concept of individual rights as defined in liberalist moral philosophy was absent in Chinese intellectual tradition, but argued that human dignity could be articulated without it. They further argued that Chinese culture could offer a model of “duty-centered” and “community-centered” moral conduct. This essay argues that such a response, while bearing some measure of truth, shows insufficient understanding of early Confucian teachings. It proposes that the Dao as a metaphor inspires the idea of conduct that is “process-centered” than “goal-centered.” It also argues that the “self” can be both the subject and the object of the cultivation and control, and that can lead to a new, different function of the individual in the course of cultivating moral conduct.
  • 20.

    Focusing on Hsun Tzu’s Theory about Human Subliming with Culture

    王丽萍 | 2012, (30) | pp.471~487 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper expounds Hsun Tzu’s humanistic view of human subliming with etiquette based on Hsun Tzu’s literature. At first , the article elucidates Hsun Tzu’s characteristic of emphasizing human effort in setting up his theory. Hsun Tzu selected man as his building direction between man and nature so he raised etiquette as the meaning of human effort. Next the article probes meaning of the word of civilization and connotation of Hsun Tzu’s paying attention to civilization. It indicates the characteristic of valuing external in Hsun Tzu’s theory elucidating the idea of etiquette as civilization of Hsun Tzu by item. Finally the article makes exposition regarding subliming summarizing Hsun Tzu’s thought about accomplishing human civilization by the promotion of etiquette and pointed out the significance that Hsun Tzu’ proposition is helpful to enhance understanding on the process of human civilization.
  • 21.

    Analyses Upon the Essence and Effect Thought of Creative Creativity and Psychology in the Book of Changes

    赖贵三 | 2012, (30) | pp.489~517 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The article is divided into four parts: the first part is the preface to introduce the approach and aim. The second part is focused upon the interpretation about the philosophical meaning and purport in the Book of Changes. Therefore I analyze three keypoints: inquiring the way of heaven into the matters of human beings, realizing the ethics and modeling the virtues of mankind, holding the the Doctrine of Mean and combining the three talents. The third part is the core of this paper. I name the topic as ‘The Thought of Creative Creativity and the Modern Applications’ and assay the six paragraphs to dig out the centric ideas about the Development-Psychology, Cogntion-Psychology, Education-Psychology, Management-Psychology, Society –Psychology and Counseling-Psychology. The conclusion is to summarize the view-points about the essence and effect thought of Creative Creativity in the Book of Changes.
  • 22.

    Some Thoughts on Romantic Comedy, Consumption and Marketing in Love is not Blind

    丁甫榮 | 2012, (30) | pp.519~537 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    When Love is not Blind (Shilian 33 tian, 失戀33天) premiered in 2011, it met with great public acclaim. From the point of view of the film production investment, it was a low-budget movie. This film is focused on a city woman, who is left by her boyfriend and describes her emotional change over the following thirty three days. This point created a bond of empathy with Chinese young people of the post 1980 generation. We can find two reasons this film was successful in the box office. One is the film’s content, a realistic description of ordinary life together with comedy elements and emotions the audience could relate to. Another is the way the film made use of external mediums of communication. When the film was made, focus was put on young women audiences within urban Chinese society who regularly make use of new media, including social networking websites. The film production company planned interactive activities that the audience could take part in on sites such as Sina Weibo. In addition, the film was also released in time for the once-in-a-century “ultimate singles day” (11.11.11). By analyzing both the film’s content and surrounding marketing techniques, this paper demonstrates the specific approaches taken to make Love is not Blind into a box office hit.