The process of learning languages involves acquiring and comprehending linguistic knowledge. Much debate has been conducted on the topic of language input and output in Chinese language teaching at the college level in China, but not in Korea, where the method of providing Chinese language education has been somewhat unbalanced. To elaborate, Chinese language education in Korea has focused on acquiring the language itself rather than on teaching students how to put it into practice. This study, which is based on teaching theories pertaining to foreign languages and constructivism, divided Chinese language classes into in- and out-class training activities. This study also discussed theoretical and practical studies to advocate the establishment of a student-centered teaching mode in which in- and out-class training activities are created and conducted. A way to reform the mediums and methods of teaching and to carry on the second class room activities is to set up an environment for Chinese language learning in which students are provided opportunities to practice their language and to participate in communication activities; this way, they can acquire the ability to actually use the language. To prove that it is feasible to apply a combination of language input and output in language teaching for students in Korea, the author conducted an experiment, lasting one semester, with 23 students of two classes for advanced learners in a certain college’s Chinese language department. The Chinese teacher was the author herself. The result of the general examinations with a common test paper for all the students from advanced learners in our school is feasible with actual and scientific data. The outcome of the experiment shows that it is feasible to use a combination of language input and output in Chinese language teaching for students in Korea.
According to the results of the survey, both learners and teachers should pay careful attention to certain details of both input factors and output factors. On the one hand, from the viewpoint of input, teachers should ensure learners’ favorable quality, quantity, reliability, and significance of the input language. On the other hand, from the viewpoint of output, teachers should provide a relaxed and ordered setting for learners to practice their output. Both input and output are implemented in different modes in Chinese language teaching at the college level. Different teaching modes can be applied to different teaching contents. Therefore, it is necessary to research input and output in different teaching modes. Combining all the positive elements of different teaching modes leads to ideal and effective teaching. Additionally, a better understanding of input and output theories can facilitate Chinese language teaching and learning.
This study, on the basis of the fact that Korean students are more competent in reading than in writing and speaking, analyzes how language input and output are used in Chinese language teaching at the college level in Korea. It also points out that language input and output must be balanced. Additionally, using language input and output theories, this study stresses the importance of practice in language output. Finally, it also suggests some ways to make students achieve a balance with regard to linguistic competence. The aforementioned analysis shows that language input and output theories can help improve the state of Chinese language education in Korea.