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2013, Vol., No.32

  • 1.

    Thinking through ‘wén ’(文) and ‘zì ’(字): The Possibility and Potentiality of Chinese Characters

    HA YOUNG SAM | 2013, (32) | pp.3~40 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This paper is an attempt to show the possibility and potentiality of Chinese Characters by tracing the process of their creation by the ancients before the foundation of classical learning and the elaboration of the technology of power in China. According to Xu Shen’s(許愼) Shuōwén Jiězì(說文解字), the oldest and one of the most important character dictionaries of ancient China, Chinese did not consider their writing system as a secondary sign system serving the sole purpose of representing vocal speech. Xu Shen draws a basic distinction between two types of characters, wén(文) and zì(字). Wén is those composed of a single graphic element and zì those containing more than one such element. Both terms are combined to the word, wénzì(文字) meaning Chinese character. Relying on the distinction, I would like to develop new ideas and concepts on Chinese writing in this paper. Firstly, ‘wén’(文) represents the great intellect of such a saint who does not have any interest in secular profit and interest, as Cang Jie(倉頡) who is known as a creator of Chinese characters. Chinese character invention was such a great event that could changes the rules of the situation. As he made the insensible sensible and the invisible visible in the process of creating Chinese characters, it is said the millet fell down like rain from heaven, and ghost cried during the night. In addition to the detailed interpretation of the myth, I try to investigate the singular sense of the word as a truth event, analyzing the etymological sense ‘wén’ in Oracle bone inscriptions more specifically. On the other hand, through compound characters called ‘zì’, I try to expose non-hierarchical and democratic properties of writing. Finally, I attempt to suggest a way of looking at the world through wénzì which is meant to be both destabilising and, at the same time, productive of new ideas.
  • 2.

    Consideration given to ‘Wenming Yuyan’

    Jung Yun-Chul | 2013, (32) | pp.41~63 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper was launched by the purpose of studying in depth on the concept of ‘Wenming Yuyan’. To this end, I have given a lot of thought to what implications the keyword of ‘civilization’(Wenming), which becomes a destination point for the current social development of China, has. It was found out that unlike ‘culture’, ‘civilization’ has a dynamic characteristic and has been projected into various fields since it was initially introduced to China in modern times. After ‘civilization’ permeated a linguistic area, resulting in ‘linguistic civilization’, it became a direction the public has to pursue in their language life. ‘Wenming Yuyan’ is one of the key elements that constitute language civilization. This paper was developed inductively into three components, namely accuracy, appropriacy and courtesy. In other words, based on accuracy, it features appropriacy in terms of usage and can lead both communication parties to a desirable relationship. Presently, various levels of schools, public offices, businesses etc. in China are conducting a campaign to promote ‘Wenming Yuyan’, which means Chinese people’s language life is now considerably polluted or destroyed. Scholars mainly attribute this problem to market economization in China society. Of course, this phenomenon, far beyond the language sphere, can be witnessed in the mental area such as a view of morality or order that is represented by the language. The slogans like ‘The Reconciled Society’(‘和諧社會’) or ‘The Chinese Style Socialism’(‘中國特色社會主義’) on which the current Chinese leaders frequently put emphasis are intended to restore the traditional ethics that are heavily damaged and combine it with the system of China’s own unique socialism. An enlightenment movement is commonplace in China. It is needed to keep our interest in how the enlightenment drive for using ‘Wenming Yuyuan’ will affect the public’s language life and also develop hereafter. In addition, it can be worth comparing and analyzing Korea’s policy on language use.
  • 3.

    Study on Balanced Development Design in the Language Input and Output of In-and Out-class Training Activities— Focusing on Chinese Language Teaching for Advanced-level Korean Students

    한재균 | CHUN,KEUNG | 2013, (32) | pp.65~85 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The process of learning languages involves acquiring and comprehending linguistic knowledge. Much debate has been conducted on the topic of language input and output in Chinese language teaching at the college level in China, but not in Korea, where the method of providing Chinese language education has been somewhat unbalanced. To elaborate, Chinese language education in Korea has focused on acquiring the language itself rather than on teaching students how to put it into practice. This study, which is based on teaching theories pertaining to foreign languages and constructivism, divided Chinese language classes into in- and out-class training activities. This study also discussed theoretical and practical studies to advocate the establishment of a student-centered teaching mode in which in- and out-class training activities are created and conducted. A way to reform the mediums and methods of teaching and to carry on the second class room activities is to set up an environment for Chinese language learning in which students are provided opportunities to practice their language and to participate in communication activities; this way, they can acquire the ability to actually use the language. To prove that it is feasible to apply a combination of language input and output in language teaching for students in Korea, the author conducted an experiment, lasting one semester, with 23 students of two classes for advanced learners in a certain college’s Chinese language department. The Chinese teacher was the author herself. The result of the general examinations with a common test paper for all the students from advanced learners in our school is feasible with actual and scientific data. The outcome of the experiment shows that it is feasible to use a combination of language input and output in Chinese language teaching for students in Korea. According to the results of the survey, both learners and teachers should pay careful attention to certain details of both input factors and output factors. On the one hand, from the viewpoint of input, teachers should ensure learners’ favorable quality, quantity, reliability, and significance of the input language. On the other hand, from the viewpoint of output, teachers should provide a relaxed and ordered setting for learners to practice their output. Both input and output are implemented in different modes in Chinese language teaching at the college level. Different teaching modes can be applied to different teaching contents. Therefore, it is necessary to research input and output in different teaching modes. Combining all the positive elements of different teaching modes leads to ideal and effective teaching. Additionally, a better understanding of input and output theories can facilitate Chinese language teaching and learning. This study, on the basis of the fact that Korean students are more competent in reading than in writing and speaking, analyzes how language input and output are used in Chinese language teaching at the college level in Korea. It also points out that language input and output must be balanced. Additionally, using language input and output theories, this study stresses the importance of practice in language output. Finally, it also suggests some ways to make students achieve a balance with regard to linguistic competence. The aforementioned analysis shows that language input and output theories can help improve the state of Chinese language education in Korea.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Literature Value of Books Referred to in “Beoncheonmunjibheobju” Published in Choseon Ages

    KIM, HO | 2013, (32) | pp.89~109 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims at developing logical discussions on the books referred to in “Beoncheonmunjibhyeopju” as the object of study in two aspects considering the insufficiencies in the previous studies. First, it investigates the literature value of the other books referred to in “Beoncheonmun jiphyeobju”, except the books such as “Sibdoji” and “Hyeonjongdorok” alluded to in the previous studies in the view of Jibil (republishing of lost books) and gyogam (revision of books published). Through this way, the literature value of old Chinese books referred to in “Beoncheonmunjibhyeonbju” can be more precisely described. Second, in the view of books exchange history between Korea and China and of the history of science, it examines the meaning of the fact that the Chinese books referred to in “Beoncheonmunjibhyeobju were possessed by the Korea Dynasty when “Beoncheonmunjiphyeobju” was published. Through these discussions, this study reviews the literature value of “Beoncheonmunjibhyeobju” published in Choseon ages more concretely compared with the previous studies
  • 5.

    Aesthetics of ‘Ghost’ and ‘Death’ in the Asian Romantic Novel.

    Kim, Sooyoun | 2013, (32) | pp.113~146 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Korea-China-Japan have shared common human problems through the relationship of humanㆍghost and birthㆍdeath in a Romantic Novel. I have done a comparative analysis about the method of formation of ghost and death, the fundamental element; first, the aspect and characteristics of ghost in the Korea-China-Japan Romantic Novel; second, the view of relation setting between human and ghost; third, the literary response and different world experience, discussing the origin and the essence of Korea-China-Japan novel, with the meaningful fictional biography as the center. In the process, the meaning of ghosts’ existence and the then awareness of the world of death were based on the correlative thinking understood as a communication between oneself and others, and the story made a narratological order by this thinking, so we assured that it eventually aimed for the relationship theory between 變ㆍ通 and 緣起.
  • 6.

    Jiaoxun’s Literature Review on the Use of Fiction and Non-Fiction Fact in History Plays

    Cho Mi-Yeon | 2013, (32) | pp.147~174 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Since Ming dynasty the issue about the use of fiction and non-fiction fact in History Plays has been studied by a lot of scholars. Among others, Jiaoxun, one of the top level Confusian scholars as well as a big fan of History Plays in Ching dynasty, built his own distinctive literature viewpoint on the problem of the use of fiction and non-fiction fact by combining his empirical research method, traditional thought of enlightenment in nobleman class, and his experience on Historical Plays in Yangzhou area. According to Jiaoxun, even in History Plays, not only non-fiction fact but also fiction are equally important for the purpose of education and enlightenment for lay people. In addition, he argued that even fiction for the purpose of amusement is important in Historical Plays. In this way, Jiaoxun’s viewpoint was quite different from both ordinary historian scholars and pure artistic writers’ one. Of course his thought that Historical Plays as a tool for enlightenment can hardly be accepted in these days. But his emphasis on a balance between fiction and non-fiction fact is still valid even in contemporary play literature.
  • 7.

    On the Reality of the Cabinet Officials in Collections of the Ming Dynasty

    簡錦松 | 2013, (32) | pp.175~213 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Regarding literatures of the Ming Dynasty, commentators in the past often compared the style of The Three Yangs’ Cabinet Officials to the styles of The school of Chaling-Li Dongyang and of The Seven Sages-Li Mengyang. However, it is inappropriate to exclude the style of Li Dongyang from the style of The Cabinet Officials whose connotation was entirely misunderstood this way. The present paper compares and contrasts over eight hundred pieces of collected works and observes the different behaviors of works during this period. This survey suggests that the style of The Cabinet Officials should be addressed as the style of The Scholar Officials instead, which is a special style shaped by the cohesion forces of system of Scholar Officials during Ming Dynasty. Moreover, around the time when Li Mengyang emerged, the works of these two schools appeared to show regular differences in terms of structure and content, and this phenomenon explains the significance of the dispute about style between the reversionaries and the scholar offices.
  • 8.

    Carving a Niche in History: Jin Fanguan and A Legend of Unusual Chastity

    ·Cheng Chun Wai | 2013, (32) | pp.215~241 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    There are plenty of learned female writers remain unknown in the history of Chinese literature. In general, this is because either their works have not been kept or the authorship is obscure due to the use of pseudo name. The work, in the form of tanci, titled A Legend of Unusual Chastity is attributed to “Wuhu Yishi” but no one knows who this author is. Thus, it receives no attention from the academics at all. By comparing the preface of A Legend of Unusual Chastity and a prolog written by “Junli Wanyun nüshi”, some identical contents are found in both texts. Together with other textual evidences, the author of this article considers that “Wuhu Yishi” is a pseudo name of “Junli Wanyun nüshi”, and “Junli Wanyun nüshi” actually is an alias of Jin Fangquan. With reference to those materials collected from local gazetteers, genealogy and bibliographic treatises, plus some uncollected work of Jin Fangquan, the author of this article analyzes the contents and beliefs in A Legend of Unusual Chastity, hoping that it can help us better understand the writing intention of this female writer and her narrated life story.
  • 9.

    Elegant indulgence:the collative and reading notes of the early works of Wang Zengqi

    裴春芳 | 2013, (32) | pp.245~257 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The thesis has corroborated two pseudonyms of Wang Zengqi: Ximen yu and Fang Baichen, and compared the eight lost writings with the relevant texts of Wang Zengqi in the way of textual mutual proof. It has discovered three tendencies in his 1940s works: realistic novel rebuilt the imagination of bloom and home, the prosaic novel about grass, tree, insect and fish fused the refined interests of classic literati and the scattered affections of his lonely bloom, and enfant novel of puerility, naughtiness and warmth with banter and childishness. There was a kind of elegant indulgence breath saturating in them, thereby novelist Wang Zengqi has made the Peking clique and the Shanghai clique be reconciled in a way.
  • 10.

    The Words and Politics of the Local Custom: Yi Chi’s and Haruyama Yukio’s Local Custom Writings on “Manchukuo”

    蔡佩均 | 2013, (32) | pp.259~278 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    “Manchukuo,” a political entity attached to Japan in the 1930s. This paper indicates that under colonialism, the most obvious feature in the literary field of “Manchukuo” would be the topics and change of styles generated by the custom discourse. Due to the stimulation and inspiration of the custom discourse, we could see the influence of the custom discourse on the cultural production such as the literary creation.No matter the topics are centered on ecological environments like nature, climate, and geography, or it is a novelwith the custom as its background, the influence is evidently visible. This paper will focus on the “Manchukuo” writer Yi Chi’s and the Japanese poet Haruyama Yukio’s local custom writings, exploring the following issues: How do the writers’ national identities and the nature of the politics and society they are in influence their perception and representation of local custom? Through what basic issues and literary constructions do these custom narratives represent the ecological and human resources? How does the custom in these two writers’ works become a symbolic signifier, carrying the desires of the empire, or that of the anti-empire, or the writers’ response and criticism of the planning economic development discourse in the empire?
  • 11.

    Poet Suicide.Schizophrenia.Poetry- The research on Haizi’s death writing

    李癸雲 | 2013, (32) | pp.279~304 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This article inquires by the energetic analytic expression understood that death of Haizi, hoped can return its achievement individual the special mind appearance, clarifies always narrates and comments approximately to die for directly death of the poet the poem. Simultaneously penetrates “the schizophrenia” the psychology significance extends consider poetry language’s distinctive quality, takes advantage of this echoes Haizi the poetry aspiration and the death writing.
  • 12.

    Folk Cultural Memories in Historical Changes—— China Chongqing Tujia writer Wu jiain novel “Lantern”

    张羽华 | 2013, (32) | pp.305~319 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The novel A Lantern not only excavated the cultural elements of Tujia folk, written the survival fate and love story of the Yan family for generations at the teasing age. Wu Jiamin’s soul is deeply rooted in the folk cultural memory, he feels the mental state of the lives of ordinary people, explores good wishes of the human, chase life surging spirit trajectory and thus insights into the fate of the roots in the folk on the meaning of existence.