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2016, Vol., No.42

  • 1.

    A Study of the Varient Characters between Zhangjiashan Hanjian Maishu and Mawangdui Boshu Medical books

    Kim Ae Young | 2016, (42) | pp.3~30 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study examined Varient Characters in sections covering the same topic from the two books, Zhangjiashan Hanjian Maishu and Mawangdui Boshu Medical books. Through a comparison of these two books, which are believed to have been written in the same year, this study could examine both the complementary effect between the two imperfect materials and the use of letters at that time. For a more in-depth investigation of the use of letters, each book should have been completely analyzed. However, as this was outside the scope of this study, only the sections covering the same topic were reviewed. Through the comparison of these two materials, the link between these two books and modern oriental medicine can also be found in the future.
  • 2.

    A Study on the ancient Chinese fishing and hunting through Hanzi

    Heungsoo Park | Ko, Eun Mi | 2016, (42) | pp.31~61 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this paper is to find out ancient Chinese fishing and hunting culture through Chinese characters. There are 18 Chinese words that related to fishing and hunting, this paper classified them by tool and method. After that, analyzed the shape if character and cultural meaning. 网, 弓, 矢, 射, 矦, 函, 單, 禽, the meaning of this 8 Chinese words is related to tool of fishing and hunting, 漁,隻, 䍜, 阱, 獸, 逐, 敢, 離, 隶, 焚, the meaning of this 10 Chinese words is related to method of fishing and hunting. Through the analysis of individual Chinese characters, the paper found that ancient people how to fish, hunt and cultural meaning.
  • 3.

    An Analytic Study on discriminate Meanings of the Same Explanation to Different Chinese character “잔(Jan)” in “Zileizhushi”

    KWAKHYUNSUK | 2016, (42) | pp.63~87 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    There are 6,885 Chinese characters of “different word with the same explanation” among the whole 10,968 in the dictionary of “Types of Chinese Character with Their Notes (ZILEIZHUSHI)”. The different words with the same explanation were from two words to three till fifty, adding to the number of Chinese characters, the whole number was over 7,000. The reason of which lay at: firstly, the variety and complexity of Chinese characters with their own form and meaning; secondly, the meaning of words with their variety and complexity caused the duplication and alternation of the type in the dictionary of “Types of Chinese Character with Their Notes”. Therefore, the different words with the same explanation which were so called referred to the different Chinese characters using the same explanation of Korean. The different words were Chinese, while the same explanation pointed to the Korean explanation. The different words with the same explanation helped to find the detailed and dialect meaning of each Chinese character with their explanation. The research object of this paper was ‘잔’ appeared in the dictionary of “Types of Chinese Character with Their Notes”. Those 13 Chinese characters like “‘斝, 爵, 卣, 罇, 罍, 罏, 櫑, 觶, 觴, 桮, 巵, 䀀, 𠁁’” had the same Korean explanation “잔”,all which held the basic elements of “category”, “size”, “use”, “design”, “material” according to their basic element of meaning and their components. Compared with Chinese characters in The Dictionary of Emperor Kangxi, we recognized carefully their different meanings. In addition, the distinction of each Chinese character in the dictionary of “Types of Chinese Character with Their Notes” had been inherited, from which we believed that there would be the same explanations like‘옥잔(斝), 젹은잔(㔶), 뢰문노흔술잔(罍) in the following compiling of “Main Explanations of Dictionary”, “New Yu Pian of Korean”, and “New Dictionary”. From analyzing of dialect meaning of “잔” with “different word with the same explanation” in the dictionary of “Types of Chinese Character with Their Notes”, it was not difficult for us to find that the Chinese explanation had kept the detailed and distinction meaning of each word though they had the same Korean meaning. Moreover, the Chinese notes appeared in the dictionary of “Types of Chinese Character with Their Notes” also presented in “Main Explanations of Dictionary”, “New Yu Pian of Korean”, and “New Dictionary”. Therefore, the research work of analysis between Korean and Chinese explanation made the great importance for exploring the exact meaning of each Chinese character.
  • 4.

    A diachronic study on word order variation of object and action-measure complement in Chinese

    Hyang Lan Park | 2016, (42) | pp.89~106 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The word order variation of object and action-measure complement is hot topic in chinese grammar. Based on the results of previous studies, this paper investigates the word order evolution of action-measure complement from diachronic analysis. This paper holds that the issue on word order selection of object and action-measure complement is determined by the evolution of the syntactic construction of ancient chinese and different word orders are selected because of different pragmatic restrictions.
  • 5.

    Distributional Characteristics and Semantic Shifts of Phonemic Loanwords in Modern Chinese

    Kim Sok Yong | 2016, (42) | pp.107~130 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This article aims to examine the validity of the known (widely accepted) tendency that the modern Chinese language prefers semantic loanwords to phonemic loanwords, by looking into the types and distributional characteristics of phonemic loanwords. It also attempts to study the loadwords that are still alive among the most commonly used words, focusing on the semantic shifts that they underwent in the process of becoming part of Chinese. To this end, this paper sampled 264 phonemic loanwords from the Lexicon of common words in contemporary Chinese (2008) and investigated the distributional features and semantic shifts of them, with the focus on their meanings and the fields they were used in. As a result, it was found that the majority of the loadwords were those used in specific areas, such as proper nouns (e.g., names of ethnic groups), units of measurement and currency, names of animals and plants, chemistry-related nouns, and religion-related vocabulary. Also, it was observed that most of these words did not go through significant semantic shifts in the process of getting adapted to the Chinese language. Apart from these words, semantic alteration was discovered in some loanwords, such as reduction, extention, transfer, deterioration, and amelioration.
  • 6.

    A Meaning Study on Rhetorical question of Alternative questions Type in Modern Chinese

    Yang Young Mae | 2016, (42) | pp.131~162 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The research aims to analyze and formulate meanings of rhetorical question of alternative questions through the sematic approach. For this purpose, the paper addresses the recognition conditions of rhetorical question of alternative questions and then, analyzes their meaning structures, and finally, reviews the meaning formation conditions. The results are as follows: First, through analyzing the recognition conditions of rhetorical question of alternative questions, the conditions can be divided into marked types and unmarked ones depending on markedness; marked types also can be classified into direct and indirect markedness. On the other hand, in unmarked types, situational, social morals, general common senses are considered. Second, in semantic structure analysis, based on semantic hierarchy theory proposed by Sebastian Löbner, 2002, the meaning of rhetorical question of alternative questions was analyzed in three ways: expressive meaning, utterance meaning, and communicative one. Additively, its formative structure is expressive plus utterance plus communicative meaning. Third, by analyzing meaning formation condition of rhetorical question of alternative questions, ‘negative meaning’ of rhetorical question of alternative questions, an expressive meaning, was derived from syntactic form of alternative questions, thus the ‘negative meaning’ takes syntactic form of alternative questions as the meaning formation prerequisite. Meanwhile, the others, the conditions of utterance and communicative meanings are mainly context, morality, common sense, etc.
  • 7.

    A Semantic Analysis on the Chinese Adverb HAI

    Lee, Eunsoo | 2016, (42) | pp.163~193 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The Chinese Adverb HAI has a lot of meanings, and some meanings seem to be contradictory to each other. So scholars have been interested in how these meanings are related. Scholars such as Liu(2000) and Gao(2002) often claim that the basic meaning of HAI is ‘persistent’, and that the proposition containing HAI makes a stronger statement. But we show that this claim cannot explain many other instances containing HAI, especially the instances in the ‘Bi(比) construction’ and the instances meaning ‘low in scale.’ In this paper, we try to relate various meanings of HAI. The basic meaning of HAI is ‘persistent through time.’ But we argue that HAI can also have an implicature of ‘not be changed to different state.’ These two meanings are related to other meanings of HAI. First of all, the ‘persistent through time’ meaning is related to ‘persistent through change of condition’ meaning. The instances of HAI in the ‘Bi(比) construction’ can be considered as the instances that have ‘conditional meaning.’ ‘Counter to expectation’ meaning also comes from this ‘conditional meaning.’ HAI can have an implicature which means ‘not be changed to different state,’ depending on the context. This meaning of HAI usually appears in the context which is associated with the different state after the reference point. In addition, the ‘low in scale’ meaning can also be considered to come from this meaning.
  • 8.

    A Study on Chinese Rhetoric in the Lines of Main Characters of The Face of Chiang Kai-Shek

    Na, Min Gu | Park Yunhee | 2016, (42) | pp.195~224 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Human beings use rhetoric for the more effective communication of their intentions or emotions in language. It is thus helpful for understanding what the speaker says in-depth to examine the rhetoric melted in his or her language. It is the same with play. One can understand the ideas, ideologies, psychology and intentions of characters more profoundly by analyzing the rhetoric in their lines. This study set out to investigate the figure of speech in the lines of the main characters in 『The Face of Chiang Kai-Shek』, a modern Chinese play, by examining the characteristics of the rhetoric mainly used by the types of characters and looking into correlations between the characteristics of characters and rhetoric. 『The Face of Chiang Kai-Shek』was chosen for the study because it was differentiated from the old plays in that it depicted the inner worlds of three main characters and the conflicts among them in a sophisticated manner while addressing human psychology as its topic. The analysis results of its script show that all of three characters have a distinctive individuality and that a variety of rhetoric is used to describe the ideas and emotions of each character. In a word, the play holds huge research value. The analysis results reveal that major rhetorical expressions found in the lines of three main characters were metaphor, parallelism, hyperbole, antithesis, quotation, and contrast. The text analysis results point to correlations between the characteristics of each character and rhetoric and indicate that the uses of rhetoric reflected the ideas, ideologies, personalities, and other characteristics of characters.
  • 9.

    Study on Chinese Language Teaching Plan Utilizing Augmented Reality Technology - Focusing on the children of KoreanㆍChinese bilingual speakers to Korea

    Jung, Yousun | Han Heejeong | 2016, (42) | pp.225~252 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    ‘Augmented reality’ technology that shows real time virtual information combined with real world has entered commercialization stage. As Boeing’s Tom caudell explained virtual image of plane wire assembly process by overlapping with the real screen in 1990, the term augmented reality was firstly used. Augmented reality stayed at research development and test application stage until mid 2000s, however it has entered commercialization stage recently as the smart phone with the functions as the terminal raised with camera and graphic treatment ability, radio communication with enough speed, and GPS, etc. Augmented reality is expected as a technology that could provide more improved immersion and sense of reality to user by providing real time combination of real world and virtual world, receiving high interest as a new education medium that could extend learning experience along with virtual reality as a type of mixed reality. To establish a virtual campus in a virtual reality and provide a virtual learning situation through avatar utilizing Second Life, etc., famous as an internet base virtual world is another representative case showing the barrier between reality and virtual world is gradually collapsing through technical development. Contextual learning of the reality is possible by providing virtual object by adding it to the real world simultaneously as enabling the user to see the real world of augmented reality. This enables us to do contextual learning related to real situation, and compose knowledge by ourselves not merely unilaterally receiving suggested knowledge given by the teacher passively by motivating learners’ positive operational activity. This is definite that learning contents service utilizing augmented reality technology would take center stage as a new alternative, which could promote sense of presence and immersion considering the educational paradigm of knowledge base information society based on bilateral communication requires high quality bilateral contents based on a new technology evading the existing unilateral educational contents.
  • 10.

    A Study on Liu-Yanshi’s actuality on current situation and personal sufferings

    Bae Daniel | 2016, (42) | pp.255~278 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This article was written to study on the aspects of Liu-Yanshi(劉言史)’s actuality on current situation and personal sufferings. Liu-Yanshi(劉言史) is one of the poets of Middle Tang Dynasty. There are a few articles on Liu-Yanshi(劉言史)’s poems by now, but still need study about his entire poems more deeply. To enlarge the research of Liu-Yanshi(劉言史)’s poems, I have noticed the actuality on current situation and his personal sufferings. The aspects of the actuality on current situation and his personal sufferings in Liu-Yanshi(劉言史)’s poetry can be summarized as that : The first, Liu-Yanshi(劉言史)’s poetry basically contained the sense of sorrow about social aspect of Middle Tang Dynasty and his own life story. In many part of his poem, he expressed his feelings of sadness, and the feeling make his poem melancholy style. There’s a pathos in his poems which he never lets slide into sentimentality. The second, Liu-Yanshi(劉言史) have expressed rich emotion about his personal sufferings and pains by using forthright vocabulary in his poem. That also means he have the intense aspirations toward human nature. Forthright vocabulary can provide truthful and emotional spray, so he can pursued more clear and fresh style in his poetry.
  • 11.

    A Study of the Relationship between the Momentum Pattern of the Tang-Song Prose Considered Through “Yin-Yang Zhangfa” and the Eight Trigrams of the Book of Changes

    Ko, Kwang Min | 2016, (42) | pp.279~307 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In the Book of Changes, changes in everything in the universe can be explained through the concepts of Yin and Yang (the two forms), Si-xiang (the four emblematic symbols), Ba-gua (the eight trigrams), and the sixty four trigrams. This study initially originated from the idea that the Chinese traditional prose can be considered as a part of objects and thus can be classified into Yin-Yang, Si-xiang, and Ba-gua. This research centers around the taxonomy of the Chinese Tang-Song prose subject to the symbolic representations of Ba-gua. This research attempts to examine the components of the structure by analyzing various factors of The Study of Zhangfa and thus find out about relevant factors for San-yao (three trigrams) that are comprised of Ba-gua (the eight trigrams). The first trigram is based upon the investigation about whether the subjects are clear and implicit dependent upon the evidence from Yin and Yang. The second and third trigrams are reasoned out of the aspects of Yin and Yang in relation to either the opposite or harmonious structures from each of the first and second structures of Zhangfa. On the basis of this evidence, the results of the structural analyses of Songdongshaonanxu by Hanyu and Shidexisanyanyouki by Liuzongyuan illustrate that the former is appropriate for Kan-gua and the latter is relevant for Zhen-gua. This finding partially supports the analytical method of the Ba-gua classification conducted by Zengguofan.
  • 12.

    The Technique of Time in Zhou bangyan Ci (词)

    LEE EUN JU | 2016, (42) | pp.309~329 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper examines temporal expressions in Zhou bangyan ci (词). The time-element in ci is of major importance, that in a large measure it determines the basic background and the structure of the ci, and at times, of curse, it itself could be a main subject of the text. The way the author arranges the time-element also has a significant impact on the way of describing certain emotion, which is widely considered as the typical feature of the ci genre. The purpose of this paper is to show the feature of time expression in Zhou bangyan ci, specially paying close attention to the stories told in text. The paper analyzes the main temporal characters used in Zhou bangyan ci, and how the whole technique of time expression is involved with the narrative feature. Zhou bangyan takes the methods of crossing of the dimensions of time, jumping time line, and through the way of overlapping and leaping between the reality and imaginary, ultimately forms the text in which the past-present-future time coexist together.
  • 13.

    The literary viewpoint and significance of Zhu Xi(朱熹), were presented through his evaluation about Han Yu(韓愈)

    AN CHANSOON | 2016, (42) | pp.331~356 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Zhu Xi(朱熹),a well-known moralist and litterateur of Chinese academic history, was extremely interested in literature. Therefore, he was active in literary creation as a professional writer, and always expressed his literary opinion in his works, which include evaluation about other litterateurs. As for his literary opinion, the evaluation of Han Yu(韓愈) (Tang Dynasty) attracts our attention mostly, since this persons was influential in Chinese literature history. It was necessary for Zhu Xi(朱熹) to evaluate him firstly because his opinion stood opposite against Neo-Confucianism,which was came up with by Zhu Xi(朱熹). However, because of the limitation of his status and argument, he evaluated Han Yu(韓愈) differently, which made an acute academic debate about the reason why this difference appeared among the later litterateur generation. Some people think that,as time went by,Zhu Xi(朱熹) changed part of his opinion,so he gave different evaluation. But other people disagree with that. Through this article, the author argues that the reason why this difference appeared is mainly because the distinguished status of moralist and litterateur. As mentioned above, Zhu Xi(朱熹) was a moralist but also a litterateur, which are supposed to be 2 opposite statuses. Therefore, there are some contradiction in his mind originally, which made this difference.
  • 14.

    Yuan dynasty GuanYu worship and change of Guanyu shape

    Mikyung Cha | 유연미 | 2016, (42) | pp.357~378 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Zaju(雜劇) is a genre representing culture during Yuan dynasty(元代) as mainstream of Chinese traditional opera and positioned as important status in Chinese traditional opera history. In particular, in case of Zaju during Yuan dynasty, a work based on historical ancient story or character as topic drew unusual popularity and at its center, ‘GuanYu(關羽)’ who was a general during ShuHan(蜀漢) was appeared. GuanYu was one of historical characters who received respect from all walks of life as well as writers of such Zaju and Chinese former dynasty regarded him as a symbol of faithfulness, bravery and a target of worship and further deified him. Particularly during Song dynasty, he was worshipped by giving him fenghao(封號). Even during Yuan dynasty followed by Song dynasty, GuanYu worshipping phenomenon was continued. Ruling class of Yuan dynasty who was originally Mongolian used GuanYu worshipping phenomenon as a means of reforming ruled class by combining it with religion (Buddhism). Ruled class also worshipped GuanYu under various private rituals and depicted him as diversified images by having him appear on Zaju stage. Zaju having GuanYu as main character is called as ‘Guanyuju(關羽劇)’ and character image of GuanYu appeared in this Guanyuju is not stereotyped and appeared in diversified images such as human being, ghost, god. In this study, GuanYu worshipping phenomenon that is creation background of Guanyuju was intended to be observed by dividing it into Yuan dynasty. In addition, exploring change of Guanyu shape.
  • 15.

    Study On Yi Kangno’s Hyŏnyŏk sŏsanggi

    Yoon Jiyang | 2016, (42) | pp.379~401 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Hyŏnyŏk sŏsanggi(1949) is a Korean version of Chinese Drama Sŏsanggi. In this study I focused on the features of translation and remaking of this book. Through Yi Kangno(1918~2012)’s epilogue we can find out that he translated Sŏsanggi to create a literary work that is more excellent than the original, not to switch every words in Xiangji in Korean precisely. This is the point that makes this book very different from other translations that appeared before. Because Yi sticked to his purpose of translation, there are many new stories that are not found in the original. But in fact, these new stories aren’t that very new, as Yi just recreated story, the clues of which are already hided in the original. Yi freely extends the peripheral stories in the original, and through this, Yi could depict the minor characters more vividly than in the original. Yi also narrated the inner sides of the characters, as are not described in the original. Because the narrator himself is omniscient, the depiction becomes more direct. Putting Yi’s work in the context of adaptation of Sŏsanggi in Korea, we can find two significance of it. Firstly, it shows continuity of the tradition of Sŏsanggi adaptation. Yi took Jin Shengtan’s version as the original script, and didn’t lay stress on the fifth part of Sŏsanggi, as is the same with the former recipients. Most importantly, through this book the long history of Sŏsanggi adaptation reaches the last station of culture adaptation; making the original fully mine.
  • 16.

    Ethical Literary Criticism and Writings are Conveying Truth

    liuhaimeng | 2016, (42) | pp.403~422 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    “Writings are for conveying truth”, it is the main idea of Chinese ancient literary theory. Its meaning is reflected in the literary works of Confucianism, in order to reflect the Confucian “rule of virtue”, “people‐oriented” as the focus of political ethics. Its essence is pays attention to the human conscience and social responsibility. The problem is that literature has become a tool for political service, the utility is too strong, ignoring its aesthetic and other characteristics. Chinese scholars Mr. Nie Zhenzhao, combine with Western literature theory, to create the “ethical literary criticism theory”, more applicable and contemporary significance in the study of comparative literature.
  • 17.

    Two Characteristics of Fictional Narrative in the Nineteenth-Century Protestant Missionary Chinese Periodicals

    Soon-Bang Oh | 2016, (42) | pp.423~443 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper provides analysis of how creation and translation of Chinese Fiction in two points. First, we find out that the periodicals have two narrative tendencies, Chapter-and-Section Format(話本章回體) and Allegory Short Sketch Format(寓言筆記體) based on eight periodicals published by Western missionaries, and translation of Western Christian fictions and creation of Chinese Christian fictions. We inspect how the publications of the periodicals and the Christian Chinese fictions were spread out, what narrative characteristics they had, and how they played a leading role in popularization and modernization of Chinese literature in the nineteenth century. Second, the translation of periodicals and Christian fictions made Christian missionary activities in the form of written works more influential. This paper reviews and analyzes periodicals (Chinese Monthly Magazine《察世俗每月統計傳》, Sino-Western New《中西聞見錄》, and The Sino-Western Church Report《中西敎會報》), and translation and creations of Chinese Christian fictions by Western missionaries, William Milne, William Martin, Timothy Richard, and John Young Allen as writers as well as editors-in-chief of the periodicals. Based on the study, it is turned out that the path of the missionary activities by written works overlaps with the path over which the nineteenth century Christian Chinese fictions were spread out, which supports that the translations fortified Christian missionary at that time.
  • 18.

    Translation and Reception of Western Literature in Modern China : The Short Story Magazine, 1921-1922

    Sojung Kim | 2016, (42) | pp.445~473 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Short Story Monthly is one of the most influential literary publications in republic of china. This article attempt to research translation and acception of western literary works in the magazine from 1921 to 1922. At this time, Shen yanbing, as editor of was the editor of Short Story Monthly, took over reform of this magazine. He affirmed literature for life, maintained the meaning of reflection of human life. Additionally, he proposed mission of author of new literature in China. Because he supported communistic revolution in China, it is natural that he refused imperial western civilization. At this time, the editor of Short Story Monthly especially introduced and translated western literary works by Russian and oppressed people’s authors.
  • 19.

    The Poetry of consilience - A Comparative Literary Approach of Qian Zhongshu錢鍾書’s “Poems Emblem Plaintiveness詩可以怨”

    Han, Jiyeon | 2016, (42) | pp.475~500 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The theory that “Poems Emblem Plaintiveness” is very important in Chinese ancient literary criticism, and the research is one of hot debate in ancient literature. The so-called “The anger the poet”, By Confucius孔子 “Poems Emblem Plaintiveness” to Sima Qian司馬遷 “Out of Indignation Comes Writing”, and Han Yu韓愈’s “Injustice Provokes Outcry”, including the tragedy theories of Western Literature etc, makes it developed into ancient Chinese literary theories of a traditional system. This paper was performed to study of Poems Emblem Plaintiveness詩可以怨 written by Qian Zhongshu錢鍾書 and its implications. Specifically, this paper writing for “Poems Emblem Plaintiveness” of the formation, theoretical meaning and function are discussed and studied, strive for comprehensive and multi angle for “Poems Emblem Plaintiveness” have a clear understanding. Based on this point, This paper is consisted of foreword, two body chapters, conclusion and the references. Chapter one gave an introduction to this paper and reviewed the former research. On the basis of previous studies, in Chapter two, tried to discuss about the implication of Poems Emblem Plaintiveness. From ancient times to the present, Poems of pain and sorrow is a really ancient activity wherever in China or the west, Qian’s tried to seek the internal meaning of “Poems Emblem Plaintiveness” and the individual ideal, he also found there some common ground, which means that the literary mind and the heart of poetry. Chapter three used in theory of hermeneutic to read and analyze Poems Emblem Plaintiveness. As to Qian Zhongshu, it was not only a way of his scholarly expression, but also a method of communicate with tradition. For this reason, Qian was based on ancient and modern, Chinese and foreign, through the hermeneutics circle, and looked for meaning of “Poems Emblem Plaintiveness”. This academic practice of Qian Zhongshu could ultimately see a deepening and expansion of the consciousness for Chinese literature. Because in academic life Qian Zhongshu of Chinese literature always there was some sort of theme he needed. Between Chinese Literature and Western Literature, Qian used in the theory of merging, tried to solve the fundamental problem of Chinese literature and literary theory. I think Qian’s Poems Emblem Plaintiveness will provide new insight into Qian’s academic achievement, include many faces of theory in Chinese and Western literature.
  • 20.

    A Study on the Folk Narrative of Yu-Jian’s Poems

    NamYong Park | 2016, (42) | pp.501~524 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper had studied the folk narrative issues appeared in the poems of Yu-Jian(于坚) who is the third generation poet in China. The world of Yu-jian’s poems was very different from that of MengLong(朦胧) poets who are the previous generation. MengLong poets tried to do the intellectual writing from the viewpoint of a major narrative which put emphasis on history and society. However Yu-Jian tried to do the folk narrative writing about the nature and ecology of YunNan(云南) based on the daily life of YunNan. This paper had researched his folk narrative in three aspects which are everyday narrative, nature narrative and ecology narrative. He has been creating poems based on the trivial story of daily life occurring in the ordinary world of YunNan. From this, it was possible to observe his creation world concerning nature and ecology. His poem not only had been shaped from the viewpoint of folk creation harmonizing everyday landscape and nature landscape of YunNan but also was expressed narratively making use of the tone of spoken language. Consequently, it was generally assumed that the world of Yu-jian’s poems had indicated not only the peculiar observation of poet which was lated to concrete everyday landscape, nature and ecology of YunNan but also the orientation and pursuit which was concerned with the harmonious life between human and nature.
  • 21.

    A practical study on the Chinese opinion expression behavior in the Internet

    Ju, Minuk | 2016, (42) | pp.527~557 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The research mainly focuses on the Chinese actions of expressing opinions on the Internet, and observes the Chinese groups-majority and minority- of public opinions in the Internet environment and how the formation of public opinions influences other’s opinion expression. It’s a very effective method to observe the relationship between the formation of public opinions and opinions expression in Internet boards. Ever since Noelle-Neuman put forward this theory, there are hardly any researches on the opinions in this space. The research results show that: first, as time goes by, both the majority opinions and the minority opinions show the tendency to express their own opinions which are useful for them. Although they realize the existence of the other party, they continue to express their own opinions to overcome the pressure of the other party. Second, the majorities and the minorities can both bring positive influence mutually. As time goes by, if a variable is stronger (weaker), the other variable is also stronger (weaker). From this results we know that in all research examples, the expression of the majority opinions and the minority opinions change forms similarly.
  • 22.

    The Practice of Headhunting by the Wa People in China and Its Mythological Significance

    YOONHEE Hong | 2016, (42) | pp.559~592 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The Wa people inhabiting the Awa Mountain area in southwest China practiced the headhunting ritual until the 1950s. They cut human heads twice a year, put them inside the wooden drums, which were placed in the wooden drum house, where the villagers came to hold a sacrificial ceremony. Such primitive custom of the Wa people could be preserved relatively well due to their closed geographical condition of being in the rugged mountain region located between the rivers. It was told in the creation epic named Siganglih that they had a nature worship and animistic religious belief, in which they believed that there are spirits dwelling in myriads of things. However, historically, the Wa people are never said to have accomplished a unification on a large scale, which means a strong tribal league never emerged among them. Hence, the versions of Siganglih that are handed down are also various. What this implies is that the myths involving the headhunting practice also display diverse aspects. This paper examines the procedure and method of the Wa people’s headhunting ritual and analyzes the types of myths pertainig to its origin. By doing so, the significance of the myth is illuminated in terms of its purpose and the objects of the worship. The primary purpose of the headhunting ritual is to ensure a good harvest, but it also serves the purpose of vengence, prosperity of the offsprings, prevention of natural disasters such as flood, eradication of disease, and the flourishing of livestocks. The object of worship is, prior to the god of crops, primarily,the hunted head itself. Secondary objects are the spirits of the myriad things that the Wa people worship. Wa people perceived that by offering the head that is the essence of human vitality to the nature and sacralizing it, they were renewing the vitality of the world in which they lived and helped promote the cycle and regeneration of nature.