Since the approval of the “Pinyin Scheme” on February 11, 1958, Pinyin has been implemented in China for 60 years. In the past 60 years, Pinyin has been continuously revised and standardized. It has also played an important role in the auxiliary reading of Chinese. Pinyin has become an indispensable part of Chinese learning. In recent years, with the rapid economic growth in China, More and more people around the world are keen to learn Chinese. With the publication of the "Declaration on the Resurrection of Chinese Characters" by South Korean President Kim Dae-jung, more and more Koreans realize the importance of Chinese and many Chinese training classes are set up in Korea. Even in 2016, the Chinese language was listed as second foreign language by the Korean Ministry of Education and it has already been opened as a class in primary, secondary, and junior high schools of Korea. Since the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and South Korea in 1992, phonetic symbols have been replaced by Pinyin. And also, Pinyin has been implemented in Korea for 25 years. Regardless of China or Korea, the teaching work of Pinyin has been done for decades. Therefore, it is necessary to do a summarizing research on the Pinyin education in both China and Korea. Through the research of current status of Chinese and Korean Pinyin education, the drawbacks of Chinese and Korean Pinyin study can be found. And it is helpful for finding a good improvement scheme. At the same time, China and Korea can learn educational experience from each other so that to promote the communication of each cultural.