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pISSN : 1738-0502 / eISSN : 2635-4373

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2020, Vol., No.55

  • 1.

    A study about the Morphemization of the Borrowed-word from Japanese-“番”, from“X番”new word-family

    Zhang Liang , Heungsoo Park | 2020, (55) | pp.3~26 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Morphemization is an important way that loanwords integrate into Chinese vocabulary system, and it is also a significant performance of the strong vitality. With the development of society and the increasing popularity of the internet, Chinese character “番” get a new meaning——“Animation program” from Japanese. And the emerging structure of “X番”(include “番X”) has been used to widely and is very productive, this article by “X番” new words family have distinctive features clan word emerging as the main research object, on the basis of previous studies, to “X番” the structure of the new family, semantic, grammatical functions and programmatic value analysis, and further discusses the formation, development process and promote the development of reason. This paper makes a detailed analysis of the morpheme of “番” from four aspects: the semantic development of “番”; the structure and characteristics of “番” new words; the syllable morpheme of “番”; and the motivation of “番” new words. In the semantic development of “番”, this paper roughly analyzes the process that the original meaning of “番” was transferred from China to Japan, then returned to China, and the new meaning of “番” occurred in Chinese. In terms of structure and characteristics, this paper finds that “X” is mostly disyllabic morpheme and nominal morpheme. In addition to six verbs, all the new words of “X” are nouns. In addition, from the aspect of Chinese syllable morpheme, this paper analyzes the motivation of “番” as a Japanese borrowed morpheme. Through the semantics of “番”, “X番” can combine and derive new words according to the needs of users, which is visual, simple and easy to use, and can play a role of condensing language and drawing closer relationship in the animation circle. The analogy mechanism of language provides the rule basis for the development of these new words, while the economic mechanism provides the possibility for their development. Due to the short history of the development of the new words of “番” in animation programs, there is no complete research on this kind of words. This paper will sort out all kinds of new words combined with “番” through the knowledge of philology and lexicology, and try to further explore the morpheme of “番” in animation programs, and explore the reasons for the emergence of “番” new words, so as to we hope to complete the analysis of the morpheme of “番”.
  • 2.

    The Research About The Meaning Of The Construction From The Perspective Of Contextual Relevance

    Jiao, Yu Mei | 2020, (55) | pp.27~46 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper takes “A都A了” and “A也A了” as examples,which are common oral Chinese structures in spoken Chinese. Based on the researches of other critics, the paper tries to analyze the similar structures based on Construction Grammar. Firstly, we have analyzed the specific contexts of the two structures from multi-aspects by using contextual analysis method,and have compared their difference. Secondly, based on the semantic analysis and pragmatic analysis,we further have argued the reasons for the differences between the two structures . Finally, we have offered some teaching suggestion according to the results from this study.
  • 3.

    Analysis on National Rhetoric Strategy Of the Chinese Leader’s Communication Towards Africa under the“Belt and Road ”Initiative

    Jiang Baohong | 2020, (55) | pp.47~64 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The “Belt and Road” initiative has broughtnew opportunities for the development of China and Africa which also has greatsignificance for promoting the construction of modernization of China. Tocreate positive international opinion for the implementation of the Belt andRoad initiative, China needs to increase its communication power toward Africa,and plays down ideology, focuses on the development of people’slivelihood, shows “real China”and “Africa’sdevelopment” with “Chinastyle”, which is beneficial to construct China’sdiscourse system toward Africa, and responds powerfully to the frameinternational opinion from West countries, thereby advancing the identity from the international community toward China. In addition,the China’s national leaders have played an exemplary role for thecommunication toward Africa. Thus, it is of great theoretical and practicalsignificance to study the rhetorical strategies of Chinese leaders towardsAfrica. To provide theoretical support for China’s promotion of communication powertowards Africa, this paper attempts to analyze the strategy and significance ofChinese leader Xi Jinping's communication towards Africa from the perspectiveof national rhetoric.
  • 4.

    Study on the Widespread Phenomenon and Pragmatic Rhetorical Features of BaiJuyi's Poems

    Zhang Houyuan , Chen, Rudong | 2020, (55) | pp.65~84 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    BaiJuyi's poems reflected the mirror image of a passionate Confucian during theTang Dynasty's transition from prosperity to decline. His literary wordsclearly flashed the thoughts of Buddhism and Taoism in the scholar class at thetime.This is consistent with the spirit of multi-cultural tolerance, opennessand enterprising before the middle of the Tang Dynasty.His claim that"Articles are written for the times, poems are written for the currentaffairs" clearly  illustrates the purpose of pragmatics.The pragmatic rhetoric of his poems has formed a unique texture in ancient Chinese literary works: clear thinking, clear and fluent language, easy singing and singing, and easy to spread.The purpose of this article is to study the pragmatic rhetoric characteristics of his poems and to reveal the essential attributes of his poems that can be universally loved by readers at home and abroad.
  • 5.

    A Study on the alternative questions of Robert Morrison《Dialogues and Detached Sentences in the Chinese Language(1816)》

    Eunhee So | 2020, (55) | pp.85~100 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This article is based on the corpus of Morrisson's 『Dialoges and detached sentences in the Chinese Language』in 1816, combined with other literature materials such as 『Yuyanzierji 』(1886), 『Huyucuipian (Primary) )』(1916), the use of alternative questions, description, comparison, analysis of the use of choice questions in the 『Dialoges and detached sentences in the Chinese Language』, and further summed up between the early 19th century and the early 20th century Select the main features of the question. In these three literatures, after entering this century, it gradually became the most active, most vital, [V-neg-VP] alternative questions pattern such as "chi-bu-chi-fan" Sentence pattern have not been seen.
  • 6.

    A Study on the literary Quotation of Wen Tianxiang's 'Zheng qi ge' Poem

    Hwang Yeong-Hi , Kwon Ho-Jong | 2020, (55) | pp.103~134 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The ruler of Yuan(元) dynasty promised Wen Tianxiang(文天祥) high government positions, sometimes seducing him with profit, and sometimes persecuting him with duress. But he did not give in, swearing death. So he was detained in prison for three years. On December 9, 1283, he died proudly with a strong heart. The poem 「Zheng qi ge(正氣歌)」 was written in prison a year before his death under these circumstances. The poem can be divided into three paragraphs, depending on its content. "天地有正氣" to "一一垂丹青" is the first paragraph, "在齊太史簡" to "道義爲之根" is the second paragraph, and "嗟余遘陽九" to "古道照顔色" is the last third paragraph. In the first paragraph the poet preaches the power of ‘the Spirit, Zheng qi(正氣)’, saying "It has a great power to create the sun and stars in the sky and rivers and mountains in the lower part of the world, and in a peaceful times of the human world, it makes the palace happy." "In times of trouble, loyalty is revealed(時窮節乃見.)" runs through the whole theme of the poem. The second paragraph is largely divided into two parts. "在齊太史簡" refers to the exemplary loyalty of 12 historical figures, and "是氣所磅礴" to "道義爲之根" refers to the fact that all their actions are from the manifestations of the Spirit and the Spirit becomes the basis for maintaining heaven, earth and human beings. The third paragraph is largely divided into three sections. The first, "嗟予遘陽九" to "分作溝中瘠" describes the inhumane life at prison, and the second, "如此再寒暑" to "仰視浮雲白" depicts even in this miserable life the sombre place seems to e a haven under the influence of the Spirit. The third, "悠悠我心悲" to "古道照颜色," tells us that the poet aims to follow the formers who practiced this Spirit. In order to unite 55 non-Han minorities, not a single national hero in history could be considered to be an object of praise. But in New China, as far as Wen Tianxiang is concerned, positive assessments are still valid. Deng Biqing(鄧碧淸) says "It's completely different from the Mongols ruling group of those days and the hardworking and brave Mongols of today." Unless we fall into what is called "historical futility", he deserves to be praised as "his loyalty to the nation and its people is enough to break through the steel and reach the sky."
  • 7.

    Suggestions for Promoting Research on Humanistic Soft Power

    Wee Hangbok , Prof. Jong-Bo PARK | 2020, (55) | pp.137~166 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    'Soft Power' is a contrasting concept with 'Hard Power' which refers to physical power such as military and economic power. This was presented by Joseph S. Nye, who described it as "the power to get what you want by attracting peoples’ mind rather than coercion or reward." As the international status of the US began to falter after 1980s, Nye disputed the decline of the US by claiming that it has strong Soft Power. Nye proposed the concept of "Soft Power" as a means to maintain the supremacy of the US in post-Cold War era. 'Soft Power' uses tangible and intangible resources that can be universally sympathized without using oppression or appeasement. And in terms of seeking voluntary consent, cooperation and support through the path of 'inspiration', the concept contains many elements to improve human society. Due to highly developed globalization and hyper-connectedness of communications and media, various information can be exchanged almost unlimitedly at low cost and high speed. Countries with weak Hard Power is now able to raise their national image and power through the expansion of Soft Power. Enhancing “Soft Power” is becoming the focus of attention all over the world, and Korea is no exception. Soft power is a holistic concept composed of various elements. The Korean Wave, which focuses on popular culture such as K-drama, K-film, and K-pop, has greatly contributed to the development of Korea’s Soft Power. However, popular cultural products are less relevant to the nation's awareness, and it is a difficult way for a serious understanding of the humanistic values ​​of Korean society. Also, there is a risk that a scandal or excessive commerciality of individual pop stars could cause a negative effect on the national image. Therefore, Korea's cultural products, which are drawing attention from the international community, and the 'Humanistic Soft Power' resources of the Korean society must be distributed and spread together, in order to promote a long-term and stable Soft Power and raise the overall level and vitality of the 'Korean Wave'. In order to achieve a long-term and reach higher level of national image improvement, Korea needs to develop “Soft Power Humanities” by utilizing the humanistic resources of Korean as a source of Soft Power. In author’s opinion, 'Soft Power Humanities' is a practical humanistic study that re-examines Korean humanistic resources from the perspective of 'Soft Power', and conducts collaborative research that transcends the boundaries and activity fields of academic disciplines, as well as the boundaries of regions and countries. As a wide range of region and diverse culture are set as targets of Soft Power, the cultural disposition and characteristics of each, and the preferred contents and formats are also included in the interests of ​​research. Soft Power Humanities not only could be a process of deepening academic research, but also pursues ideas to solve problems faced by Korea and the world. The publicity of scholarship will also be enhanced by establishment and implementation of a system that reflects humanistic values ​​in the research. If we spread and practice humanistic values in Korean society in advance, and deliver it to the international community further on, it will not only enhance the national brand but also improve human life. If the Humanistic research in Korea discuss the concept of 'Soft Power Humanities' and promote related academic fields, it will not only encourage the expansion of the reflective study, but also be able to better respond to the social expectations. Based on the idea that further interest and research in this field need to be promoted for strengthening Korea's Humanistic Soft Power, I suggest rudimentary opinions to academia.