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pISSN : 1738-0502 / eISSN : 2635-4373

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2022, Vol., No.66

  • 1.

    A Brief study on Translations of Chinese News Reports in Korea

    Kim Seon-Ah | 2022, (66) | pp.3~32 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    on the 30th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between Korea and China, Korea-China relations are being tested as anti-Chinese and anti-Korean sentiment. Conflicts between the two countries, which have made rapid progress in economic exchanges since establishing diplomatic ties, are intensifying in the political, historical, and cultural fields that have been relatively neglected. The impact of news reports on the public in understanding the other country is absolute. Therefore, this paper analyzes the translation patterns of Chinese news by media companies in the Korean media and examines how this report correlates with the formation of anti-Chinese sentiment. To this end, the Chosun Ilbo and Hankyoreh newspaper articles representing conservative and progressive ideologies in Korea compared the translation patterns of the two newspapers on the same issue. In a specific way, the top three negative perceptions, such as the COVID-19 outbreak, THAAD retaliation, Korea-China history, and cultural conflict (Northeast process), were analyzed to analyze the difference in frame formation, heading, and vocabulary selection according to anti-China narratives. As a result, in the case of the Chosun Ilbo, all articles related to China are reported based on anti-Chinese narratives, and in the case of the Hankyoreh newspaper, it was striving to objectively analyze, solve, and present alternatives for each case. Given the media's influence on bilateral relations, future translation reports should reduce antipathy as much as possible and strive to write objective and friendly reports.
  • 2.

    A Contrastive study on conjunctive sentences between Korean and Chinese: with special attention to ‘Spec Construction’

    Tan Hongda | 2022, (66) | pp.33~65 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    ‘Spec Construction’ is a construction with a specifier(Spec) phrase and X' in X-bar theoretical terms. In this paper, I examine Chinese conjunctive sentences corresponding to Korean conjunctive sentences with ‘-geodeun, -geoniwa, -ja, -deoni, -neunde, -jiman, -euna, -gireul, -gie, -eundeul, -deorado, -euljirado, -eulmangjeong, -giroseoni, -ji’ which were characterized as ‘Spec Constructions’ by Yang(2010a). I find that there exist three types of ‘Spec Constructions’ in Chinese conjunctive sentences, which are ‘...erqie...’ sentences, ‘yaoshi...’ sentences and ‘suiran...danshi...’ sentences. And there also exist three types of ‘Adjunct Constructions’ in Chinese conjunctive sentences. Among Chinese conjunctive sentences corresponding to the Korean conjunctive sentences with the conjunctive endings considered in this paper, are ‘yinwei...suoyi...’ sentences, ‘jishi...ye...’ sentences, and marker-less conjunctive sentences, i.e., sentences without conjunctive words.
  • 3.

    A Western Rhetorical Methodology Analysis of Yanfùs “About rapid changes in the world”

    Lim, Ji Sun , Na, Min Gu | 2022, (66) | pp.67~91 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Rhetoric is one of the oldest disciplines in the world that originated in ancient Greece, and was created not simply to study the techniques and tricks of persuasion, but to create a system to realize community development and social justice. Rhetoric is a traditional study that originated in the West, but its core, ‘persuasion’, has so far been recognized as a very important ability. This study aims to expand the subject of rhetoric research, which was limited to speeches, to prose with an important value of the times, and analyze it from a rhetorical perspective, and to study Yanfu’s (1854-1921), a Chinese intellectual. “About rapid changes in the world” is an article that persuades the reader of his views on the path to a true wealth and strength while at the same time bearing the anguish and longing of intellectuals toward the salvation from the crisis of the country. In ancient times, the importance of rhetoric has emerged due to the development of a participatory democratic political system, but in modern society, individuals themselves have become a brand, and the ability to persuade others by expressing their opinions in various forms and platforms such as speeches, prose, interviews, and social network posts is increasingly emphasized. This study is meaningful in that it expands the research subject limited to speeches into prose with important value of the times, analyzes it from a rhetorical perspective, and further applies to modern persuasion.
  • 4.

    A Cognitive Semantic Study of Chinese ‘Lián ’sentences and Korean Auxiliary Particles based on Scalar Model

    单清丛, Shan Qing-Cong | 2022, (66) | pp.93~117 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The Chinese ‘Lián’ sentence is a typical syntactic means to express the semantic scalar, and it directly corresponds to the Korean auxiliary particles such as ‘-Jocha, -Kkaji, -Majeo, -Do’. This paper mainly uses the related concepts of the scalar model to compare and analyze the expressions of Chinese and Korean hyphenated sentences at two semantic levels:  benchmarking extreme, and counter-expectation. Specifically, the following conclusions can be drawn: first, the related expressions of Chinese and Korean ‘Lián’ have a one-to-many relationship on the language surface, but we can divide Chinese ‘Lián’ into four parts based on Korean expressions; second, in terms of benchmarking extreme, the vertical re-categorization of Chinese ‘Lián’ sentence corresponds to Korean, but there are differences horizontally, and there is an arrangement ‘type2>type4>type3>type1’ in expressing extreme semantics. Third, in terms of the level of counter-expectation, it roughly presents the ‘type4>type1> type2>type3’ arrangement.
  • 5.

    A Comparative Analysis of the Metaphors of "Han, Bite" and "물다" in Chinese and Korean

    Yu Yuan , Han, Yong Su | 2022, (66) | pp.119~141 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    "含", "咬" in Chinese, and "물다" in Korean are just a few of the many verbs that denote oral feeding. The content of this paper is to collect, analyze and compare their metaphorical expressions through corpus. The source domains of "含" and "물다" are different, so the two words are mapped to completely different target domains. "含" is mapped to "include" and "with emotion", "물다" is to "continuous", "no change in attitude or direction", "Close and tight in position, score, etc." mapped. This difference is due to the fact that the relationship, the content, embodied in the two etymological domains is completely different. The source domains of "咬" and "물다" are inclusive, and the source domain of "咬" contains the source domain of "물다". The overlap of the two source domains allows both words to map to the target domains of "no change in attitude or direction" and "Close and tight in position, score, etc.". The unique sense of separation in the source domain of "咬" allows it to be mapped to "to pronounce a word accurately, clearly, or with emphasis", "to learn, study", "to hold or separate an object by a machine, etc.". The mapping of "물다" to "continuous" reflects the unique understanding of Korean. The mapping of "咬" to "cause harm" reflects the difference in the focus of the two words.
  • 6.

    Representation of Doctor‒Patient Verbal Conflict in News Discourse of the Social Media Era : Based on Discourse Analysis of Microblog News in Mainland China

    Zou Manyun | 2022, (66) | pp.143~174 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Conflict is the most popular topic of the news media. It is the responsibility of the news media as an institutional social watchdog to report social conflicts, promote conflict settlement and reduce the possibility of their recurring. Verbal conflicts are quite common in doctor‒patient communication. If well managed, they may contribute to the development of a constructive doctor‒patient relationship, but if neglected or ill‒managed, they may lead to disasters to both sides in the clinics. Accurate and objective reporting of doctor‒patient verbal conflicts can enhance the public understanding of the conflicts and in turn help improve the quality of doctor‒patient communication. By applying Leech and Short’s (1981/2001) spectrum of discourse patterns for reporting speech and speech act theory, this paper analyzed the discourse of microblog news reports covering doctor‒patient conflict talks by mainstream news media in Mainland China. Among other findings, the Narrative Reporting of Speech Acts (NRSA) is the most common pattern used to report the speech of doctors and patients. Directives‒Expressives and Directives-Negations are the most highly frequent inductive-responsive speech act pairs to form interactive structures in reported doctor‒patient arguments. These discursive patterns are the rhetorical strategies used by the news media to improve communication efficiency in an environment of the social media era. However, some of the discourse patterns imply problems that may undermine the objectivity and accuracy of the news media in representing real doctor‒patient conflicts. The author raises discursive suggestions accordingly.
  • 7.

    New year’s hope and the woman in it-A study on the female shape in new year picture in the Ming and Qing dynasties

    Kihoon Lee | 2022, (66) | pp.177~201 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study examines the meaning and value of women's shapes in new year picture, and examines cultural implications by type. The use of women as the subject in a painting has different characteristics compared to previous literati paintings. First, it presented the scalability of creative materials, Second, it reflects the reality of ordinary people's lives. In the case of woman figures, they have diversified compared to previously monolithic beauties, However, it still does not deviate much from the appearance of a woman that men want. In the case of the beauty figures, it is characterized by strengthening the function of prayer and depicting the heroine of popular novels and plays. In the case of the goddess figures, it has a more familiar image and reflects the reality related to the wishes of the common people such as immortality and filial piety. In the case of the heroine figures, it well describes an active woman who has a strong self-assertion and plays her role faithfully according to the demands of the times. New year picture well depict the realistic wishes and desires of the general public, helping to understand the social status of the Ming and Qing dynasties in themselves.
  • 8.

    The Meaning of Historical Reality as a Subject in the Novel of Tsu Li - A Focus on『You are a River』and『The Murder Attempt』

    PARK JEONG TAI | 2022, (66) | pp.203~226 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study analyzes two novels based on historical reality that were published in the early 1990s by the contemporary Chinese writer Tsu Li. The background of the two works is the Chinese Cultural Revolution, the Second United Front, and the Chinese Civil War, which reveals the true modern history of China that is not represented in official Chinese historical discourse. Tsu Li gives representation of the times to proletariat class who can not experience social enlightment, and depicts changes in their lives, conflicts and confusion, transformations, positive and negative circumstances, indifference and remorse, and predictions for the future. The historical reality of these periods is still selectively regulated in the current politics and society of modern China. Therefore, Tsu Li wanted to recreate the pain of this period through the stories of those who had experienced hardships during the revolution and war, leaving the specific issues of historical reality unchained, while showing the painful scars left by this period to the time.
  • 9.

    A Comparative Studies between Crescent Moon and The fire

    YOU,JAE-SUNG , Yongtae Lee | 2022, (66) | pp.227~252 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper is a research method that compares and examines the universal characteristics that appear in common even when there is no mutual influence or exchange between works of Oriental literature. The paper studied the works of Lao She and Hyun Jin-gun. In this comparative study, I focused on how tragic factors influenced the lives of women at that time, and intensively analyzed common motifs. In their respective works, Lao She and Hyun Jin-gun realistically portrayed the tragic life of a fragile woman with traditional values through 'I' born in an urban underclass and 'Shunyi', a woman from a rural poor farm.
  • 10.

    Scientific Metaphysics in the Writings of Hu Shih: strengths and limitations

    Han, Jiyeon | 2022, (66) | pp.253~274 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper intends to become an entry point for analysis and research on Hu Shih’s way of thinking about science and limitations regarding his scientific metaphysics. Hu’s disbelief in ghosts and gods and his advocacy for the abolition of feudal superstition became a theoretical foundation for his atheism, which undergirded both his scientific way of thought and his belief system. This paper highlights Hu’s ideas regarding “science” and “worldview” to discover the meaning behind his perspective on science and specify limitations in this way of thought. It is a matter of common knowledge that Hu was deeply influenced by science and firmly believed that science would bring about fundamental changes in China, even to the point of completely changing the old ideas and concepts of the Chinese people. Hu’s scientism amidst the difficult process of China’s modernization showed its own unique ideological characteristics, which were more clearly manifested in the debate between science and metaphysics in 1923. Hu’s science-focus was mainly reflected in his emphasis on basing everything on a “scientific perspective” and on utilizing the “scientific method,” taking science as the foundation for people’s “worldview.” It is noteworthy that while Hu’s Scientific Metaphysics is not only limited to the level of Hu’s knowledge and understanding of science, it can also be an important strategy for advancing in “ideological enlightenment.” However, Hu’s Scientific Metaphysics also has its own limitations. First, his idea of Scientific Metaphysics could have come to be regarded as the Chinese people’s view of life and the ideological consciousness of the modernization of Chinese culture. Yet, the sharing of his idea of Scientific Metaphysics was mainly limited to the circle of intellectuals, and was used to oppose the ideological propositions and related activities of the metaphysics school. In effect, it was not widely recognized by the people at that time. Secondly, although Hu’s Scientific Metaphysics did have remarkable significance for progress, it could not completely eradicate traditional elements of Chinese culture. In addition, Hu’s Scientific Metaphysics is based not only on Ding’s religious view and Wu’s naturalistic cosmology, but also on his own “social immortality theory.” Therefore, Hu’s Scientific Metaphysics also inevitably falls into a traditional Confucian ideology. I argue that Hu used “science” to reshape a new “outlook on life,” which opened up a new path for ideological enlightenment, but he could neither entirely break from traditional thinking nor completely eliminate the tension between “science” and “metaphysics.” Hu could not perfect his scientism and failed to gain the general recognition and support of the people at that time. As a result, science became merely Hu’s own personal belief system.
  • 11.

    Gwanje Belief in East Asia and the Modern Meaning of the Faithful(信義) spiritin

    Lu Chen | 2022, (66) | pp.277~303 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Existing research on Gwanje(Guan di) belief is largely confined to the study of one region. In order to overcome this limitation, the current article reviews its history and present situation, exceeding the scope of East Asia. It is found that while there are some similar aspects between Korea and China in terms of Gwanje belief’s tradition, propagation, its divinity and believers, the differences from Southeast Asian countries and Japan can be easily witnessed. Primarily, Gwanje belief was naturally introduced to many East Asian countries, accompanying the Chinese immigration. On the contrary, it was imposed in Korea by improper external influence. Secondly, Gwanje belief was chiefly propagated among those at the bottom in Southeast Asian countries and Japan, whereas it was imbued and spread in a top-down way in both Korea and China. Thirdly, similar to China, Gwanje has been respected as the god of wealth in many East Asian countries. However, due to the existence of various religions, it does not serve the same role in Korean society. Last but not least, whilst Gwaje’s believers are comprised of overseas Chinese and ethnic Chinese in many countries, they are mainly constituted by the locals in Korea, usually with little influence.
  • 12.

    A Comparative Study of the novel Wei renmin fuwu and the movie Serve the People

    LEE HYUK | 2022, (66) | pp.305~324 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study compare the full-length novel Wei renmin fuwu, which was written by Yan Lian Ke, with the Korean movie Serve the People. One of the new trends in literature research these days is the shift from interest in novels to interest in movies in expanding the field of interest of researchers. By making Chinese novels into movies, research based on the intertextuality between novels and movies is still actively underway. In this article, we will examine the similarities and differences between novels and films through a comparative study of the Korean movie Serve the People based on the recently released Chinese novel Wei renmin fuwu. Power does not suppress desire, but it already exists where desire exists. Without worrying about what other people think of Mu-kwang and his wife Su-ryeon, they sometimes use telescopes to monitor Mu-kwang's movements and sometimes appear in Mu-kwang's dreams to enhance the movie's immersion. Yan Lian Ke a prolific writer, wrote many novels despite his poor health. He drew a great response from Chinese society by describing his family, love, society and history, and even the intellectual's view of reality with his own handwriting. The world of literature in Yan Lian Ke, which he refers to as the mythological literature, will be a mirror reflecting the reality of China. I hope that Chinese literature will go to other stages of maturity in this kind of pain.
  • 13.

    A Study on Chinese Internet buzzwords “involution”, “lying flat,” and “tanking” according to Hofstede’s Cultural Dimension Theory

    王璇(Wang Xuan) , Daegeun Lim | 2022, (66) | pp.325~340 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Language is the carrier of cultural heritage. With the rapid development of network technology, network buzzwords have become the most intuitive and general carrier to reflect the changes in social times and people's lifestyles. The study of Internet buzzwords can not only detect the language characteristics of a certain period, but also reflect the spiritual world and social outlook of Internet users. In today's China, Internet buzzwords emerge in an endless stream, and the word "involution", which was selected as one of the top ten Internet buzzwords in 2020, shows the strong uncertainty avoidance, long-term orientation, and self-restraint tendencies in contemporary Chinese society. But in just 2 years, "laying flat", which was selected as one of the top ten online buzzwords in 2021, and the new hot word "tanking" in 2022 showed completely opposite tendencies. The purpose of this article is to investigate whether Chinese youth are really "lying flat" and "rotten" through questionnaires? To explore the evolution of Chinese youth mentality and value orientation.
  • 14.

    Audience Participation and Trans-identity in a New Media Landscape

    WU JUAN | 2022, (66) | pp.341~360 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In the new media environment, the traditional audience identity has changed. They no longer passively receive information, but actively seek out information that interests them and interact more with the production of information, becoming a new "text poacher". With the development of online dramas, the unique comment function of online videos like bullet screen has been loved by more and more young people. This article attempts to use the theory of Trans-identity which has been used for narrative analysis in audience analysis, focus on the bullet screen of the Web Drama The Bad Kids. First analyses the Trans-identity of the characters in the story, and then combines the bullet screen with the story to explain the interactivity of the audience with text. The communication of the bullet screen from the audience formed an interactive ritual chain, and a sense of self-identification was formed by role substitution during the interaction process. The result of the ceremony presented the collective identity. Trans-identity is the foundation of storytelling, and the discussion of Trans-identity becomes the foundation for the audience to form an interactive ritual chain.