The Poetry of consilience - A Comparative Literary Approach of Qian Zhongshu錢鍾書’s “Poems Emblem Plaintiveness詩可以怨”
The theory that “Poems Emblem Plaintiveness” is very important in Chinese ancient literary criticism, and the research is one of hot debate in ancient literature. The so-called “The anger the poet”, By Confucius孔子 “Poems Emblem Plaintiveness” to Sima Qian司馬遷 “Out of Indignation Comes Writing”, and Han Yu韓愈’s “Injustice Provokes Outcry”, including the tragedy theories of Western Literature etc, makes it developed into ancient Chinese literary theories of a traditional system. This paper was performed to study of Poems Emblem Plaintiveness詩可以怨 written by Qian Zhongshu錢鍾書 and its implications. Specifically, this paper writing for “Poems Emblem Plaintiveness” of the formation, theoretical meaning and function are discussed and studied, strive for comprehensive and multi angle for “Poems Emblem Plaintiveness” have a clear understanding.
Based on this point, This paper is consisted of foreword, two body chapters, conclusion and the references.
Chapter one gave an introduction to this paper and reviewed the former research. On the basis of previous studies, in Chapter two, tried to discuss about the implication of Poems Emblem Plaintiveness. From ancient times to the present, Poems of pain and sorrow is a really ancient activity wherever in China or the west, Qian’s tried to seek the internal meaning of “Poems Emblem Plaintiveness” and the individual ideal, he also found there some common ground, which means that the literary mind and the heart of poetry. Chapter three used in theory of hermeneutic to read and analyze Poems Emblem Plaintiveness. As to Qian Zhongshu, it was not only a way of his scholarly expression, but also a method of communicate with tradition. For this reason, Qian was based on ancient and modern, Chinese and foreign, through the hermeneutics circle, and looked for meaning of “Poems Emblem Plaintiveness”.
This academic practice of Qian Zhongshu could ultimately see a deepening and expansion of the consciousness for Chinese literature. Because in academic life Qian Zhongshu of Chinese literature always there was some sort of theme he needed. Between Chinese Literature and Western Literature, Qian used in the theory of merging, tried to solve the fundamental problem of Chinese literature and literary theory. I think Qian’s Poems Emblem Plaintiveness will provide new insight into Qian’s academic achievement, include many faces of theory in Chinese and Western literature.