Works of changheshici (男女唱和詩詞) in Chinese classical literature are rare and precious materials that show aspects of communication men and women in feudal society as well as important basic data of ancient history of their exchange.
The body text discussed three of the background that works of Changhwasisa by male and female writers were created, aspects of communication between male and female writers shown in them, and characteristics of the creation.
Chinese classical literature has tradition of creating wooing poems (求愛詩) and antiphonal poems (聯句詩) and there was gentry culture of acceptance and respect through intelligent conversation in man-woman relationships of elite groups who could create works of sisa. In addition, there were many female writers who asked their husbands for everlasting love because of marriage culture of polygamy in feudal society. Against this backdrop of the creation, the male and female writers left a lot of works of Changhwasisa. The methods of communication found in these works can largely classified into 4 types, which are receptive communication to agree with partners' feelings as much as possible and accept all of them, blaming communication to show dissatisfaction with their partners and their own inner anxiety, social communication to go beyond personal feelings, and congruent communication to be flexible and open for changes in circumstances.
The male and female writers' personal feelings are animatedly described in these works. And especially, positive feelings including criticism and official announcement are well shown in the works by the female writers. And these works are characterized by composition art because they include the reasons and acient events that the male and female writers got to exchange them with each other.