In the Yuan Dynasty, there were many prostitutes with excellent literary talent, and some of them created their own literary works. Those works are containing the life joys and sorrows of prostitutes in the Yuan Dynasty, so they are not only important data in the cultural history, but also that they have been alienated in Chinese literature as they are scattered here and there, which requires the researchers’ interest. Especially, in the Yuan Dynasty, the talented prostitutes had many chances to exchange with gentry officials. Together with the development of folk literature, the conventional expression was allowed, so the prostitutes could become the literary creators in various genres. This thesis, first, briefly understood the contents and themes of poetry and Sanqu by prostitutes in the Yuan Dynasty. The main theme of those works is life joys, sorrows, despair, and lamentation of prostitutes. With the use of conventional and blunt words, the purpose of creation is clearly shown.