Cotton fabrics dipped in cationic agent(3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl trimethyl ammonium chloride) were irradiated with deep Ultra Violet Rays(UV), in the region of UV-C using the low pressure mercury lamp. The chemical changes of cationized cotton fabric surfaces were investigated by FT-IR analysis. The dyeabilities of the irradiated portions were investigated by dyeing with acid dyes. Deep UV(UV-C) irradiation broke O-H bonds in cotton fiber and oxidized the fibers. The dyeability of the UV irradiated portion were different from that of the portion not irradiated. Various pattern were gained from one bath dip dyeing by pattern mask. The tensile strengths of cotton fabrics were decreased in the UV irradiated portion. Washing fastness of cotton dyeings were good about 3∼4 grade and light fastness were fair about 2∼3 grade.
The interaction between berberine and tannin in aqueous solution was investigated spectrophotometerically. The dyeing mechanism of silk fabrics (control and tannin treated silk fabrics) with berberine was based on thermodynamic parameters obtained from equilibrium adsorption experiments.In adsorption spectra of aqueous solution of berberine and tannin mixture two isosbestic points (328㎚, 357㎚) were found and the mole fraction of reaction of components was 1:1. Initial dyeing rates were increased and the diffusion of dye was more effective by tannin treatment. Without regard to tannin treatment the adsorption isotherm of berberine was the langmuir type except high temperature, 80℃. By tannin treatment the saturation dye uptake was increased, the increase of dye uptake appeared to be a result of entropy change rather than enthalpy change.All these results can be interpreted by the hydrophobic interaction between berberine and silk treated with tannin and it is reasonable to conclude that not only the ionic force but also the hydrophobic interaction contributes to the binding of berberine and tannin treated silk treated with tannin.
A number of studies have been introduced on the use of quaternary cationic agents having various reactive groups, which can improve the substantivity of anionic dyes, specially direct dyes, towards cotton. In the case of direct dyes, it is well known that they are widely used due to their convenience to apply and low cost, whilst they display poor levels of fastness properties to washing. Thus many applications using direct dyes in the textile fields have been still enjoyed in the areas where a higher level of wet fastness is specially not required.This work herein comprises that in order to improve the substantivity of direct dyes towards cotton, cellulose-reactive allylamine polymer namely, triazinyl N,N'-dimethyl-N,N'-diallyl ammonium chloride was prepared and treated onto cotton to provide cationic properties within substrates. This application showed that even low concentration of electrolytes being present, the direct dyes were exhausted well on the cationized cotton and that the rate of dye uptake by treated cotton was faster than that of untreated sample. Furthermore the antimicrobial properties were observed from the cationized samples.
The purpose of this study is to investigate dyeing properties of wool fabric with walnut colorants. Walnut colorants were extracted with water from walnut hull and characterized by FT-IR analysis. Effects of dyeing conditions and mordanting on dyeing properties and colorfastness were studied.Results obtained were as follows；1. Higher K/S value was obtained at higher temperature and longer dyeing time, the highest K/S value was shown at 100℃, 60min.2. Dye uptake was increased with the increase in colorants concentration up to 2%. Higher K/S value was obtained at acidic condition. 3. Mordanting was not effective for improving dye uptake and colorfastness and for changing color of the dyed fabric.
A study has been made of the dry-jet-wet spinning of PAN copolymer fibers using 60% aqueous zinc chloride solution as solvent and 25∼40% aqueous zinc chloride solution as non-solvent. The technological characteristics of this method were that small streams of dope were extruded from the die and allowed to pass through a short distance of air gap(about 10mm) before entering the spinning bath for full coagulation. This work showed the importances which coagulation condition, stretch ratio and fiber tenacity up to 10.5 g/d could be obtained with elongation of 11∼16%.Individual fibers were evaluated on the basis of density and mechanical properties such as tenacity and elongation etc.
In order to remove the pollutants effectively in the dye wastewater by chemical precipitation process, coagulation and flocculation test were carried out using several coagulants on various reaction conditions. It was found that the Ferrous sulfate was the most effective coagulant for the removal of disperse dye(B79), and we could get the best result for the removal of disperse dye(B56) in the aspects of TOC removal efficiency and sludge yield. When the Ferrous sulfate dosage was 800㎎/ℓ, the sludge settling velocity was very fast(SV30=4%), and the color was effectively removed in the disperse dye(B79) solution. Although the color removal was ineffective when the Alum was used as a coagulant, the sludge yield was decreased in comparison with the Ferrous sulfate or the Ferric sulfate was used in the disperse dye(B56) solution. The general color removal effect for the disperse dye(B56 and B79) solutions, the Ferric sulfate was more proper coagulant than the Alum. It was showed that TOC removal was improved 5% and over by the addition of Calcium hydroxide, and 30㎎/ℓ of sludge yield was decreased(B79). When Alum or Ferric sulfate was used as a coagulant, pH condition for most effective color removal was 5 in B56 solution. In case of Ferrous sulfate as a coagulant, most effective pH condition for color removal was 9. When Ferric sulfate or Ferrous sulfate was used as a coagulant, pH condition for most effective color removal was 9 in B79 solution.