study were carried out to investigate the effects of mordants and mordanting methods under the various dyeing conditions such as temperature, time, pH, repetition of dyeing in the silk fabrics with Petasites japonicus leaf. It was the most high K/S values of the silk fabrics dyed with Petasites japonicus leaf according to co mordanting and used cupric sulfate, ferric sulfate as mordanting agents. K/S values of the silk fabrics dyed with Petasites japonicus leaf were increased gradually with dyeing temperature, dyeing time, repetition of dyeing was higher and the optimum pH was pH 7. Silk fabrics were colored yellowish orange and surface color(munsell value) was changed from 8.3YR to 2.0Y by using mordanting agents and those of the silk showed high tone when mordanting with cupric sulfate but decolored and darked when mordanting with ferric sulfate. Washing fastness of silk fabrics were good in 45 grade, so washing fastness of the silk fabrics was significantly improved when washed with the neutral detergent.
and intense UV irradiation on PTT film using two types of UV bulbs at different irradiation power level was carried out to modify surface characteristics of the film including zeta potential, wettability, surface energy, and dyeability. ESCA analysis of the irradiated film showed higher O/C ratio than the untreated film indicating photooxidation of outer surface layer. ATR analysis showed that the ester bonds were broken and some new groups were produced such as carboxylic acid, phenolic hydroxy, and other esters, implying that ester bonds of PTT was responsible for the observed photooxidation effect. The surface of the treated PTT film became more hydrophilic and wettable to water, coupled with increased surface energy. Polar component of the surface energy increased and nonpolar component decreased with increasing irradiation energy. The treatment also decreased zeta potential of the modified surface and nanoscale roughness increased with increasing irradiation. The dyeability of the treated films to catonic dyes was significantly improved by electrostatic and polar interaction between dye molecules and the anionic film surface. The UV irradiation seems to be a viable polymer surface modification technology, which has advantages such as no vacuum requirement and continuous process unlike plasma treatment.
on the use of enzymes for textile wet processing has been very active. The exploratory research conducted herein is related to the bioscouring process for cotton fabric. The optimum concentration of alkaline pectinase(BioPrep) was in the range of 0.05~0.2 g/l, the proper treatment time was 30∼60 minutes, the appropriate treatment temperature was 60℃ for both the batch method and the padding method. The simultaneous desizing/bioscouring by padding method did not give water absorbency as good as the bioscouring after desizing. Color of fabrics which were bioscoured and dyed with direct dyes and a reactive dye was just a little darker than that of NaOH scoured one. K/S and Lab values of the bioscoured fabrics, regardless of the degree of water absorbency, were quite similar to each other.
fabric was treated with a reactive anionic agent in order to have anionic sites(-SO3-) on it, which made it possible for the fabric to adsorb various cationic materials.In this study, the adsorptivity of various heavy metal ions such as Pb(Ⅱ), Cd(Ⅱ), Cr(Ⅲ), Co(Ⅱ), Cu(Ⅱ), Ni(Ⅱ) and Cr(Ⅵ) on the cotton fabrics treated with anionic agent was examined at the various conditions; concentrations of heavy metal ions, pHs of solution, reaction time and temperature. As a result, the adsorptivity of the heavy metal ions on the cotton fabrics treated with the anionic agent was highly increased comparing to that of untreated cotton fabrics. The order of the adsorptivity was as follows : Pb(Ⅱ)＞Cd(Ⅱ)＞Cu(Ⅱ)≥Ni(Ⅱ)≥Co(Ⅱ)＞Cr(Ⅲ)≫Cr(Ⅵ). The adsorption amounts of most heavy metal ions were increased in weak alkaline conditions and were reached to an adsorption equilibrium within 10～30 minutes. The maximum adsorption ratios of Pb(Ⅱ) and Cd(Ⅱ) were respectively 99% and 80% of the initial concentration of heavy metal ions.Therefore the anionized cotton fabrics seem to be utilized as an adsorption fabrics for the removal of heavy metal ions in the waste water.
tensile properties, acetic acid solubility and degree of swelling in distilled water of cellulose/chitosan and sericin/chitosan film blended by mixing chitosan acetic acid solution with cellulose solution or sericin solution were investigated and the effect of crosslinking agent on solubility and degree of swelling were also considered. From the experimental results, the model of intermolecular bond is proposed.Tensile modulus of 100% cellulose film is high but the tensile strength and elongation are low. The elongation of 100% chitosan film is high but tensile modulus and strength is low. But it is possible to make film having same or higher tensile strength and modulus compared to that of 100% cellulose film by mixing cellulose and chitosan or by mixing sericin and chitosan. Chitosan is solved in 5vol% acetic acid solution but cellulose and sericin are not solved. Degree of swelling of chitosan in distilled water is higher than that of cellulose and sericin. Lower than 40wt% chitosan content, the solubility of cellulose/chitosan film in 5vol% acetic acid solution shows lower expected value but higher in case of sericin/chitosan film.
method was used to extract S-keratose from wool. Wool was treated with performic acid and soluble fraction(S-keratose) was collected by evaporating the solvent. S-keratose and Nylon 6 were dissolved in formic acid at the ratio of 100/0, 80/20, 50/50, 20/80, and 0/100, and S-keratose/Nylon 6 web of sub-micron size was made by electro-spinning technique. SEM, EA, FT-IR, XRD, and TGA were used to characterize the properties of S-keratose/Nylon 6 solutions and electrospun fibers. As the Nylon 6 content increased, viscosity, conductivity of the electrospinning solution and the diameter of spun fiber increased. Electrospun nonwoven webs have the same S-keratose/Nylon 6 ratios of the spinning solutions. The crystalline structures of S-keratose and Nylon 6 existed separately in the electrospun webs. Thermal stability of the webs increased due to Nylon 6 content.
keratose(S-keratose) could be obtained by oxidizing the wool keratin with performic acid. S-keratose/PVA solutions were made by dissolving them in the formic acid and S-keratose/PVA web of sub-micron size was made by electro-spinning technique. SEM, elemental analysis, FT-IR, X-ray diffractometry, and TGA were used to characterize the properties of S-keratose/PVA solutions and fibers. As the S-keratose content in S-keratose/PVA solution increased, viscosity of solution decreased while electrical conductivity has increased. The fiber diameter has decreased with increasing the S-keratose content. S-keratose/PVA ratio in fibers were similar to the ratio in the solutions. The crystalline structures of S-keratose and PVA existed separately in the electrospun webs. Thermal stability of the web increased with the PVA content increasing.
purpose of this study is to establish the scientific data of cotton fabric pretreated with skim milk powder and to improve the dyeability. The suface monophology, add on, whiteness, stiffness, air permeability, moisture regain and absorption of cotton fabrics were evaluated by varying concentration of SMP to get the optimal conditions in pretreatment. FT-IR of cotton fabrics pretreated with SMP were measured. Amino acid compositions, viscosity of SMP were evaluated. The K/S values by varying concentration of cinnamon cassia and subtract of dyed SMP-C were measured. I attempted to evalute the color fastness of untreated and Al.The results are as follow; The optimal concentration of SMP was 9%(w/v) to be pretreated with cotton fabrics. From FT-IR spectrum, formation of -NH2 and -COOH was verified by SMP-C. Denaturalization of protein and condensation of carbohydrate, fat, etc. were found in a measurement of amino acid and viscocity. The K/S value of cotton fabrics pretreated with SMP was higher than that of untreated. Most of the color fastnesses were great.