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pISSN : 1229-0033 / eISSN : 2234-036X

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2009, Vol.21, No.1

  • 1.

    Environment Corresponding Package by Quantitative Mixing System with Functional Inorganic Material and Polyolefin Resin

    Hisam Kim | Hyunju Lim | 박영미 | 2009, 21(1) | pp.1~9 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    A lot of research has been made over the recent decade to develop testing packages with antimicrobial properties to improve food safety. In this study, a new method, experimental device and technology for environmental corresponding packages of polypropylene (PP) film has been developed to provide effective temperature buffering during the transport/long-term storage of grains or foodstuffs from the supplier to the market. This quantitatively optimized mixing system enabled to produce PP films with the 700~1,400d (width;1.5~3㎜, thickness;0.01~0.5㎜). In the whole mixing systems, the finely-granulated inorganic illite and PP virgin chip for master batch (M/B) chip was calculated by digital measurement methods, and then the M/B chip for PP film was adapted through a air jet and PP grinding method. The prepared PP film was characterized with tensile strength and elongation, far infrared radiation (FIR) emissivity, antimicrobial activity and deodorization properties. The results revealed that the two differently grain-sized illite could be show homogeneously dispersed on PP chip surface, and as the increasing of illite content, the FIR emissivity and the anion emission rate of film was increasingly improved. In both of 325 and 1,500 mesh-sized illite contained PP chip, of course the antimicrobial activity was good. But the ultimate deodorization rate for ammonia gas of PP film were found to be approximately the same.
  • 2.

    Dyeing Properties and Storage Stability of Leaf Powder Prepared from Dyer`s Knotweed (Ⅰ) - by Freeze Drying method -

    Shin, Younsook | Kyunghee Son | YOO, DongIl | 2009, 21(1) | pp.10~20 | number of Cited : 14
    Abstract PDF
    The objective of this study is to investigate the efficacy of leaf powder colorants as substitutes for traditional fresh juice extract dyeing. Three kinds of leaf powder colorants were prepared by freeze drying method with or without deep freezing as pre-treatment: one powder colorant from fresh leaf juice with deep freezing; two kinds of powder colorant from fresh leaves with and without deep freezing. Their dyeing properties and storage stabilities were studied and compared with the traditional fresh juice extract dyeing. The presence of indigo in the powder colorants was confirmed by UV/Visible absorption spectra. They showed absorption peak at 602nm which was same with indigo absorption peak. Dyeing was done at low temperature around 6℃. All three powder colorants produced B colors on silk fabrics, showing similar color to the one dyed traditionally with fresh juice extract. The powder colorants from leaves gave higher color strength than the powder from leaf juice. The powder colorant prepared from leaves with deep freezing was the most stable for long term storage as its color and color strength were not changed after 360 days. So, this was used for further dyeing to study the effects of concentration and repeat dyeing on color strength and colorfastness. Fastnesses to dry cleaning and rubbing were fairly good above 4 rating. Further study is needed to improve light fastness. It was concluded that the leaf powder colorant with deep freezing could be used as a substitute for traditional juice extract dyeing at all seasons.
  • 3.

    Functional Improvement of the Clothing Material for Patients by Chitosan/Nanosilver Mixed Solution - The Assessment of Mechanical Properties and Hand Value -

    정경미 | Kang In Sook | Hyun Sook Bae | 2009, 21(1) | pp.21~29 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    In order to enhance the functionality of a cotton fabric actually used as a clothing material for patients, the fabrics were treated with a chitosan/nanosilver mixed solution. The nanosilver had excellent biocompatibility, provided expectation of an additional performance, did not harm human beings, and supplements chitosan, which was disadvantaged if used alone for fabric treatment. The nanosilver was mixed thereto and a treatment effect due to a mixing ratio was considered. This study was observed through mechanical properties and hand value which were the important function. The treatment of chitosan/nanosilver mixed solution gave a smoother surface than the treatment of chitosan alone. As a result of evaluation of the forms according to KES-FB system, Koshi was deduced, and both Numeri and Fukurami were increased. Thereby, the cotton fabric was a little smooth to provide elasticity, due to the treatment of chitosan/nanosilver mixed solution. THV of the treated fabrics calculated from this basis increased at all mixing ratio as compared with the untreated fabric. The fabrics treated with chitosan/nanosilver mixed solution were shown a better THV than the fabric treated with chitosan alone.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Super-hydrophobicity of Poly(ethylene terephthalate)Fabric by TiO2 Nano-particles Coating

    박성민 | 권일준 | Ji-Yeon Kim and 3other persons | 2009, 21(1) | pp.30~37 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Abstract― Studies on plants such as lotus leaf suggested that dual-scale structure could contribute to super-hydrophobicity. We introduced super-hydrophobicity onto poly(ethylene terephthalate)(PET) fabric with dual-scale structure by assembling TiO2 nano sol. PET fabric was treated with TiO2 sol, water-repellent agent using various parameters such as particle size, concentration. Morphological changes by particle size were observed using field emmission scanning electron microscopy(FE-SEM) and AFM measurement, contact angle measurement equipment. The contact angle of water was about 138.5°, 125.8°, 125.5° and 108.9° for PET fabric coated with 60.2nm, 120.1nm, 200nm and 410.5nm TiO2 particles, compared with about 111.5° for PET fabric coated with water repellent. When we mixed particle sizes of 60.2nm and 120.1nm by 7:3 volume ratio, the contact angle of water was about 132.5°. And we mixed particle sizes of 60.2nm and 200nm by 7:3 volume ratio, the contact angle of water was about 141.8°. Also we mixed particle sizes of 60.2nm and 410.5nm by 7:3 volume ratio, the best super-hydrophobicity was obtained. In this paper, we fabricated various surface structures to the water-repellent surfaces by using four types of TiO2 nano-particles, and we found that the nanoscale structure was very important for the super-hydrophobicity.
  • 5.

    Hydrophilic Finish of Polyester Fabrics using Sericin Finishing Agents

    In-Woo Park | Young-Ki Hong | Gye-Soon Hwang and 2other persons | 2009, 21(1) | pp.38~45 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    First of all, the properties imparted to PET fabrics are resistance to and recovery from creasing or wrinkling when wet or dry; high resistance to stretch in the filament yarns but not in the staple; high abrasion resistance; good texture and appearance; resistance to heat ageing; good chemical resistance and good resistance, behind glass, to sunlight. But, the low moisture regain of PET fabric conduces to static troubles in textile processing. Furthermore, garments made from PET may, during wear, develop electric charges which attract to the fabric particles of soil(dirt, swarf, dust) flying in the air, so that the cuffs of shirts, for example, become soiled quickly and are not easily laundered clean. The sericin constitutes 25∼30% of silk protein and surrounds the fibroin fiber with sticky layer that supports the formation of a cocoon. The useful biochemical properties of sericin protein are oxidation resistant, antibacterial, UV resistant, hydrophilic property, and good affinity with hydrophobic material. These properties can be used as an improving reagent or a coating agent for natural and synthetic fibers, fabrics, and other intermediate products. The sericin is also applied to cross-link, and can be blended with other materials. In this study, we modified the surface of PET fabric by mixture of sericin finishing agent; sericin, polyuretane binder and 1,2,3,4-butanetetracarboxylic acid (BTCA) cross-link agent. Also, we investigated the finshing effect; moisture regain, stiffness, handle, drape and electrostatic. The moisture regain of PET fabric treated with sericin finishing agent was higher than that of untreated PET fabric. As a result of evaluating influence about handle of PET fabrics treated with sericin finishing agent, it was confirmed that the sericin finishing agent could be use as a linen like finishing agent.
  • 6.

    Evaluation of Dyeing Properties of Modified Polypropylene Fibers by Electron Beam Irradiation

    Hongje Kim | 배진석 | 2009, 21(1) | pp.46~52 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Dyeing properties of hydrophobic polypropylene fibers using cationic dyes were investigated to improve dyeability by electron beam irradiation and sulfonic acid incorporation. The color strength of irradiated polypropylene fibers was examined according to the dyeing conditions including pH of dyebath, absorbed doses, and introduction of functional group to fiber substrate. The best dyeing result was obtained when sulfonic acid group incorporated polypropylene fibers after electron beam irradiation were dyed with cationic dyes at alkaline conditions and 30~75kGy irradiation ranges.
  • 7.

    A Defect Inspection Algorithm Using Multi-Resolution Analysis based on Wavelet Transform

    김경준 | 이창환 | Jooyong Kim | 2009, 21(1) | pp.53~58 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    A real-time inspection system has been developed by combining CCD based image processing algorithm and a standard lighting equipment. The system was tested for defective fabrics showing nozzle contact scratch marks, which were one of the frequently occurring defects. Multi-resolution analysis(MRA) algorithm were used and evaluated according to both their processing time and detection rate. Standard value for defective inspection was the mean of the non-defect image feature. Similarity was decided via comparing standard value with sample image feature value. Totally, we achieved defective inspection accuracy above 95%.
  • 8.

    Correlation between Levelness and Fabric Characteristics for Low Liquor Ratio Dyeing Processes of Polyester Fibers

    정종석 | 남창우 | Yongjin Lee and 3other persons | 2009, 21(1) | pp.59~66 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The seven kinds of polyester fabrics having different fabric characteristics were investigated in terms of their dyeing levelness under various liquor ratios. The levelness was evaluated statistically from color strength obtained at different sections of each piece of dyed fabrics. The color strength data were analyzed using a exponential decay function of 3 parameters, y=y0+ae-bx. The b value of the function was used as a index of sensitiveness of dependence on liquor ratio of levelness. The index, b value, showed a linear proportional relationship to thickness of fabrics. Average unlevelness of dyeings exhibited a inverse proportional relationship to both weight and thickness of fabrics.
  • 9.

    A Study on the Sericin Fixation of Raw Silk Fibers by Fixing with the Mixtures of Various Amines and Formalin

    Park Geon Yong | 2009, 21(1) | pp.67~72 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    To investigate the strong and effective sericin fixing agents and conditions, raw silk fibers were treated with the mixtures of urea-formalin, thiourea-formalin and melamine-formalin as sericin fixing agents, respectively. And the treated raw silk fibers were degummed by the degumming liquors of alkaline detergent and sodium carbonate to confirm the hardness of sericin fixation. The weight of raw silk fibers was decreased in the process of sericin fixation treating at 80℃ for 60min. The effective sericin fixation was obtained by treating at 60~80℃ for 15min with the mixture of melamine and formalin. The mixture of melamine and formalin showed an outstanding ability of sericin fixation because the three amino groups of melamine were able to cross-link the hydroxy amino acids of sericin such as serine with the assistance of formalin.