One of organic dye materials which have been long lasting investigated is rhodamine 6G dye series. This dye has been attracted with considerable interests due to the reason of its promising photochemical properties. In this study, a novel fluorescent dye compound based on rhodamine 6G derivative was synthesized through the reaction of rhodamine 6G hydrazide and indole-3-carboxaldehdyde. Absorption and fluorescent emission spectra of this dye were determined with the properties of solvatofluorochromism. Related electron energy states of the dye compound were also characterized by computational calculations.
Rhodamine dyes belong to xanthene family has excellent photostability and photophysical properties. In rhodamine dyes, Rhodamine 6G and its precursors also have xanthene chromophore and it shows high fluorescent quantum yield.
Rhodamine 6G derivates are simple to synthesis and its high sensitivity and water solubility are suitable as good chemosensor.
In this regard, Rhodamine 6G derivates which have selectivity to specific metal cation can used to detect various heavy metal ions. In this study, rhodamine 6G derivatives were synthesized by reaction of rhodamine 6G hydrazide and glyoxal and 4-phenyl thiosemicarbazide and it showed colorimetric and fluorescence sensing toward Hg2+ ion. This novel chemosensor was analyzed and measured on UV-Vis and fluorescence spectrophotometer. HOMO/LUMO values were also calculated by computational calculation.
The stability of yellow and red dyes prepared from safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) in aqueous solution and in solid state was investigated. External factors such as light irradiation and temperature on the stability were examined during storage. Changes in absorbance of dye solutions and the color changes of fabrics dyed after long time storage were measured.
Also, color reproducibility during storage was investigated by dyeing test on various fabrics. Red colorant in aqueous solution was very unstable to light, resulting that about 40% of absorbance were lost in 12hrs. The absorbance of yellow dye solutions was not decreased within 84hrs. In aqueous medium, yellow dye was much more stable than carthamin. Both dyes are relatively stable for long storage when they are stored in solid state compared to when in aqueous solution. Color changes are marginal in both dyes.
Silk fabric treated with fluorocarbon resins (Asahi Guard AG-7005 and AG-E061) were washed and subsequently heat treated varying the washing cycles and the temperature. After the processing, the water and oil repellencies, and contact angle to water were evaluated. The water and oil repellencies decreased by the washing and recovered by following heat treatment. Also ESCA measurement was carried out to investigate the surface chemical composition of the treated fiber. The F1s intensity of the treated fabric decreased by the washing and recovered by the subsequent heat treatment. On the other hand, the O1s intensity increased by the washing and decreased by following heat treatment. From the results, it is clear that change of the water and oil repellencies of the silk fabric treated with fluorocarbon resin occurred by the washing and subsequent heat treatment. Considering a change of the water repellency of the silk fabric treated with fluorocarbon resin, it seems likely that the fluoroalkyl group of the fluorocarbon resin rotates from surface to inside of the fiber by the washing to adapt to the hydrophilic circumstance, and the orientation of the fluoroalkyl groups of the resin disturbed by the washing recovers the orientation to the fiber surface after the subsequent heat treatment.
Following the reported study that showed the dyeability of diamino-anthraquinoid blue dyes substituted with relatively shorter alkyl groups, the longer aliphatic substituents than pentyl group were examined in terms of the color strength and fastness properties toward UHMWPE fibers. The color strength was increased up to pentyl group and then gradually decreased. However, the fastness properties were improved continuously to octyl group which was the longest alkyl substituent in this study. The most effective maximum color strength was obtained at 130℃ for 2 hours with 3% owf of dyes. The overall fastnesses to washing, rubbing, and light were good enough for practical uses.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the possibility of bamboo extract as natural dye having the effect on atopic dermatitis(AD). To investigate the effect of bamboo extract on AD in vivo, we applied bamboo extract to the AD-like skin lesion the backs of atopic of NC/Nga mice, an animal model of AD. NC/Nga mice were challenged with DNCB(2.4-Dinitrochlorbenzene) to develope AD-like skin lesions. The efficacy of bamboo extract in the NC/Nga mice was evaluated by measurement of the skin lesion severity(NC mouse score), the serum IgE level, epidermal thickness changes, and mast cell number. Bamboo extracts improved skin lesions in NC/Nga mice. The serum IgE levels were decreased after treatment with bamboo extract. Histological examinations revealed a decrease in epidermal thickness and mast cell number after treatment with bamboo extract. To conclude, the topical application of bamboo extract suppressed the progression of AD-like skin lesions.
The purpose of this study was to investigate usefulness of the pine needles extract on Atopic Dermatitis(AD)-like skin lesions. To investigate the effect of pine needles extract in vivo, atopic dermatitis (NC/Nga) mice using DNCB (2.4-Dinitrochlorbenzene) was used. NC/Nga mice were challenged with DNCB during 2 weeks to develope AD-like skin lesion.
After that, pine needles extract was applied to AD-like skin lesion on the backs of the NC/Nga mice during 3 weeks. The efficacy of pine needles extract in the NC/Nga mice was evaluated by measurement of the skin lesion severity(NC mouse score), the serum IgE level, epidermal thickness changes, and mast cell number. Blood was collected from the retro-orbital area and the level of IgE in the blood was measured. The epidermal thickness and mast cell number were observed by microscopic method after H&E stain. The serum IgE levels were decreased after treatment with pine needles extract. The epidermal thickness and mast cell number were decreased after treatment with pine needles extract. To conclude, the topical application of pine needles extract suppressed the progression of AD-like skin lesion.
This study was used a thermogravimetric analyzer to determine thermal characteristics, a hair analysis system to examine morphological changes of wefts-human hair, poly vinyl chloride(PVC) and polyethylene terephthalate (PET)-used in manufacturing wigs. According to a flammability test on human hair and synthetic wefts for wigs, the best results were observed in human hair. According to a thermal test, PET was the best in terms of thermal stability. Also good tensile strength was observed as well. In a scanning electron microscope observation, no human hair scale layer was found because of chemical treatment. In the PVC sample, homogeneous unevenness was observed. Due to a lack of human hair supply and increase in its price, recently, PET weft has emerged as a great substitution for human hair. Because it can be curled using an electric curling device and is more efficient than the conventional non-flammable material PVC in terms of thermal resistance, it will become the next-generation weft for wigs.
In this study, we investigated the effect of natural vegetable treatment agent on the bleaching and damage of human hair during permanent wave formation. The vegetable treatment agent was prepared by fermenting the mixture of tea leaves (10g), black rice (100g), black bean (100g), corn (100g), malt (50g), and water(500g) at room temperature for 1 week.
The degree of bleaching and damage was checked by Munsell value 'L' and morphological changes of hair in FE-SEM. When the hair was bleached, the Munsell value 'L' was almost same regardless of adding the vegetable treatment to the bleaching solution. But when the hair was permanently waved, the curl formation ability was high and the damage was low in the case of adding the vegetable treatment. This means that the vegetable treatment covers the scale of hair and protects the hair from the chemicals.
Rayon fabrics were treated with some commercial non-formaldehyde and low-formaldehyde resins, and then their effect on the physicochemical properties of fabrics, including formaldehyde release, tear strength, shrinkage, and wrinkle recovery, were investigated respectively. Rayons treated with non-formaldehyde resin, little formaldehyde release was observed.
Considering other factors, the optimal concentration of non-formaldehyde resin was shown to be 11-13%, and curing temperature was 170~175℃. In case of low-formaldehyde type, 9-11% resin concentration and curing temperature of 170~180℃ were recommended for optimal finishing condition. The choice and combination of resins and catalysts were also important factors,and preliminary considerations before resin-finishing of rayon are also important to get much better results.