Abstract: This review paper is a state of the art report of the development of high performance nano-composites with carbon nanotube. We investigate the research and development (R&D) trends of high performance nano-composites with carbon nanotube by analyzing technical trends in research institutes and industry. We report the R&D and technology trends for the properties and applications of fabrication of hybrid composites with aligned carbon nanotubes, multifunctional fiber/carbon nanotube composites. We discuss the specific topics including unidirectional carbon nanotube, carbon nanotube forests, transfer-printing carbon nanotube technology, deposition of carbon nanotube by electrophoresis, vapor grown carbon fiber (VGCF), cup-stacked carbon nanotube, bucky paper and carbon nanotube yarns in this review paper.
Abstract: Dyeing fabric weaved with two or more kinds of fiber in different section has various dyeing interactions caused by different material properties of them. Newly developed knit fabric was used in this study. It composited by two different blocks, each block is included PET fiber and CDP fiber separately. Build-up properties with cation dyes and disperse dyes were good having average 83% of dyeing exhaustion yield on 5% o.w.f. dye concentration. As depending on dyeing methods, there were not showed direct interaction between cation dyes and disperse dyes. This result could be considered their different dyeing mechanism. Compatibility was best in S-type disperse dyes investigated their critical absorption range as 120℃~130℃. Wash fastness was generally good in most dye.
Abstract: This study is to assess the photocatalytic degradation of PET and Nylon 6 films containing nano-sized TiO2 powders of anatase and rutile types. The PET and Nylon 6 films containing six kinds of the nanoparticles were prepared by melt casting method using a heating press machine. Reflectance in visible region and water contact angles of the irradiated PET and Nylon 6 composite films decreased with increasing UV/O3 irradiation. Also the enhanced hydrophilicity has a close relationship with the increase in the Lewis base parameter, which indicates more oxidized polymer surfaces. The photocatalytic degradation of the nanocomposite films increased with increasing TiO2 content and UV energy, which is more significant with the anatase types rather than the rutile types. The amide linkages in the Nylon 6 seemed to be more susceptible to the UV light compared to the ester groups in the PET, particularly in the presence of the TiO2 photocatalysts. The photoscission and photodegradation of the polymers in the composites produced more degraded structure assisted by the photocatalytic activity of the TiO2 nanoparticles. Also the composite films can bleach the methylene blue dyes more easily under the UV/O3 irradiation, suggesting the photobleaching activity of the TiO2 nanoparticles.
In this study, TiO2 and Ag powders were deposited on the PET fabric using an atomizer in order to study the characteristics of particle deposited fabric. To improve the particle deposition, the surface of the fabric was pre-treated with an electron beam and its effect was studied with the deposition of those elements on the fabric. The SEM was used to observe the morphology of the deposition fabric and through the EDS analysis, the deposition of TiO2 and Ag was confirmed. Also, the absorbance of the particle deposited fabric was measured using the Methylene Blue to verify the photolysis nature of TiO2. Moreover, the antibiotic nature of Ag on the surface of the PET fabric was identified through the antibiosis test.
Work-related falls are a major problem in the construction and roofing industries. To avoid serious injury to the worker caused by high decelerations or forces, different systems to absorb the energy of a fall are implemented in personal protective equipment. In this study, shock energy absorber lanyard protection tube was prepared using high tenacity PET fiber, P-aramid fiber, and UHMWPE fiber, respectively. Dynamic load test and static load test, bursting strength test based on the Korea fall protection equipment standard(Korea Occupational Safety & Health Agency standard 2013-13) or conformity European safety test(CE : EN355) were conducted. Especially maximum arrest force by dynamic load test of energy absorber showed below 6,000N.
This research investigated the physical properties of PET coolness filaments and their knitted fabrics including dyeing characteristics of these knitted fabrics according to the different dyeing time and temperature. The coolness filament(S) with non-circular cross-section and hydrophilic property was spun and another commercialized coolness(A) and regular(R) PET filaments were prepared for comparing coolness and another physical properties. Qmax of coolness knitted fabric made with S filament was higher than that of R-PET filament, and the maximum value of Qmax of S knitted fabric was shown at the dyeing conditions of temperature, 110℃ with 30 min. or 40min. It was shown that hand of S knitted fabric was a little harsh comparing to A and regular knit specimens, but shape retention and wearing performance of garment made with S knit specimen were estimated as good owing to high bending and shear rigidity. K/S of S knitted fabric was higher than those of regular PET and A knit specimens. Dyeing fastness of coolness knitted fabric showed between 4th and 5th grade.
The aim of this study is to utilize the algae extracts with functionalities such as antioxidant and antimicrobial properties for preparing lip balm. Functional properties of extracts from Dictyota coriacea and Ulva pertusa were evaluated in terms of DPPH radical scavenging activity and antimicrobial activity. Lip balms contained the algae extracts were tested its efficacy by measuring the moisture retention of lip skin after applying human subjects. According to the results of skin moisture retention measurement, lip balm was effective to increase the moisture retention of lip skin. It is considered that the utilization of colorants extracted from algae which are verified of antioxidant effect and antimicrobial activity is valuable and useful in developing the cosmetic products.
This paper was focused on investigating synthetic fabrics treated with persimmon juice by padding mangle repeatedly. The merit of dyeing by pad-dry method was easier color reproduction than dyeing by immersion method. With increasing number of padding, the dyed nylon fabrics showed deeper yellow-red colors, but dyed polyester fabrics had no uniform tendency. The dyed synthetic fabrics had a 3rd grade of ligtht, 4∼5th grade of perspiration fastness, 5th grade of stain washing fastness, and 3∼5th grade of rubbing fastness. As the number of padding and exposed time to sunlight or UV light increase, the value of K/S and △E increased and the colors become much deeper gradually. The color development had completed about 70 hours exposure to UV light. As the padding time of dyeing with persimmon juice increased, stiffness and water repellent property were enhanced, respectively. Also, the dyed synthetic fabrics had good antibacterial activity and deodorization.
The designed dye material, namely 2-(4-(9H-carbazol-9-yl)benzylidene) compound, was synthesized. After the reaction, the solid was filtered and purified by recrystalization with acetone/water. To confirm and analyze its synthesis and structural formation, the single crystal was prepared and its measurement was carried out. A yellow needle crystal of C22H13N3 were made on a Rigaku R-AXIS RAPID diffractometer using graphite monochromated CuKα radiation. All details were suggested and introduced to support and communicate this study.