A multi-point touch input sensor having different sizes or different capacitance touch points connected by only one pair of signal transmission lines was fabricated using a polyimide film coated with a thin copper plate. The capacitance increases with the decrease in the number of sheets of fabric spacers placed between the two sheets of the polyimide film. Therefore, the touch input sensor could be manufactured without fabric spacers, which was possible by the action of the polyimide film as a dielectric material in the capacitor. On the multi-point touch sensor, higher capacitance was obtained when pressing wider-area touch points with 10mm to 25mm diameter on average. However, the capacitance of a system comprising two sheets of touch sensors was considerably low, causing a serious overlap of the capacitance values according to the data collected from the reliability test. Although the capacitance values could be increased by stacking several sheets of touch sensors, the overlap of data was still observed. After reducing the size of all touch points to 10mm and stacking up to eight sheets of sensors, reliable and consistent capacitance data was obtained. Five different capacitance signals could be induced in the sensors by pushing touch points simultaneously.
To improve rubbing fastness of the printed fabrics, the binder polymers for Digital Textile Printing(DTP) pigment inks were synthesized with miniemulsion polymerization using various acrylic monomers, which are MMA(Methyl methacrylate), BA(Butyl acrylate), and Self-crosslinking monomers, such as NEA(N-Ethylol acrylamide) and MAA (Methacrylic acid). The acrylic monomer compositions were varied when synthesizing the binder polymers and their particle size distributions, average molecular weights, and Tgs were investigated. The prepared binder polymers were applied to prepare Cyan, Black, Yellow and Magenta pigment ink for DTP and the prepared inks were used to dye cotton fabrics. Then, color strength, and rubbing fastness were also investigated to study the effect of the comonomer compositions of the binder polymer on the color strength and rubbing fastness of the resulting pigment inks.
In this study, when printed on a nylon material, the color strength and fastness are lower than that of a polyester material, and the nylon material shrinks due to heat and pressure, resulting in poor design and poor compatibility. To overcome this problem, we investigated the possibility of transfer DTP by adding pre-treatment process to nylon transfer DTP process. For the basic study of pre-treatment preparation, we used pure nylon material which is not compounded and dispersion ink and transfer paper applied to existing PET transfer DTP. Pre-treatment preparations were classified into three types of acryl-base polymer and pre-treated with nylon and then applied to transfer DTP to confirm their color strength and fastness. The color strength of the pre-treated nylon material increased and poly-methyl-acrylate amulsion pre-treatment showed the best color at 210℃, 1.5m/min and 0.3MPa. The nylon material pre-treated with washing, friction, and light fastness was judged to be more excellent and stable.
The dyeability and fastness properties of super-hydrophobic navy dyes having different length of alkyl groups were investigated on ultra high molecular weight polyethylene fabrics. Those dyes exhibited strong color strength in the wavelength of mainly 550~650nm, which meant that they were navy color. From the results accomplished under various dyeing conditions, it can be concluded that those dyes have higher affinity on the fibers at 130℃ than at the lower dyeing temperature. Considering processing time and thermal damage of the fibers, one hour is good enough to obtain full strength of color. Maximum color strength was obtained at 2~3%owf of pure dyes. Except for the rub fastness under dry condition, all fastness such as to washing and light showed as good as of 4~5 ratings.
In case of pure rubber materials, the initial quality of the rubber materials would be excellent, however, the durability against external impact might be poor. In order to overcome the relatively low durability, textile cord could be employed with silicone rubber. We have studied the improvement of heat-resistant adhesion properties of silicone adhesives between silicone rubber and PET fibers by applying various conditions including dip solution recipe. The silicone rubber used was a platinum catalyst curing type and platinum catalyst type silicone adhesive was used as an adhesive to obtain an optimum adhesive force. Furthermore, the bonding mechanism between silicone and PET fiber was established.
This study aims to investigate the effect of polytriazolesulfone(PTS) addition on fracture toughness of diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A(DGEBA) and 4,4’-diaminodiphenylsulfone( DDS). Various amounts of PTS were added to DGEBA/4,4’-DDS in diazide and dialkyne monomer forms and polymerized during the epoxy curing process. Fracture toughness(K1C), tensile properties and thermal stability of the PTS added epoxy resin were evaluated and compared with those of PES, the conventional high Tg toughening agent, added epoxy resin. Fracture toughness of the PTS added epoxy resin was dramatically improved up to 133%, as the amount of PTS added increased, whereas that of the PES added epoxy resin was improved by only 67%. The tensile strength of PTS added DGEBA/4,4’-DDS was similar to the epoxy resin without PTS and tensile modulus was improved by 20%. And thermal stability of the PTS added epoxy resin was improved up to 14%. Therefore, PTS addition to DGEBA/4,4’-DDS, as a toughening agent, is very effective way to improve its fracture toughness without any lowering in other properties.