In order to give a silk-like touch to PET fabrics, the PET fabrics were treated with NaOH alkaline solution in various conditions. In alkaline treatment, the liquor flow type pilot weight reduction apparatus with magnetostrictive ultrasonic transducer was used for the study. The effects of ultrasonic application, treatment time and temperature at NaOH 4% and 6% solution on the decomposition rate of PET fabrics. From the results of the decomposition rate of PET fabrics, the qualitative and quantitative analysis of oligomer after decomposition of PET fabrics carried out by the HPLC. On the other hand, the surface pore characteristics of decomposition PET fabrics measured by porosimetery. The pore characteristics on the surface of treated PET fiber depended on the decomposition rate and did not depend on the ultrasonic cavitation. The pore diameter of alkaline untreated PET fiber were 15Å and those of treated PET fibers were 5∼6Å at the maximum pore volume. The average pore sizes of fiber before and after treatment were 141Å and 160Å, respectively. Total amount of oligomer of the untreated PET fibers were 1.70wt% and 67.7% of total oligomer occupied with PET cyclic trimer and PET cyclic tetramer. Total amount of oligomer of fiber with 26.9% and 48.0% of weight loss without ultrasonic application were 1.78wt% and 1.79wt%, respectively. Also total amount oligomer of fibers which were reduced 27.7% and 48.2% of weight loss with ultrasonic application were 1.74wt%. This result showed that the removal rate of oligomer in the process of alkaline hydrolysis with ultrasonic application higher than that of without ultrasonic application.