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pISSN : 1229-0033 / eISSN : 2234-036X

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.36
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2020, Vol.32, No.4

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  • 1.

    A Quinoline carboxamide based Fluorescent Probe’s Efficient Recognition of Aluminium Ion and its Application for Real Time Monitoring

    Ramalingam Manivannan | Jiwon Ryu | Young-A Son | 2020, 32(4) | pp.185~192 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    A novel binding site for metal ion made by designing molecule with tetrazolo quinoline with hydrazine carboxamide (TQC) and the designed molecule successfully synthesized. The probe works by selectively detecting Al3+ ion via both fluorimetric and colorimetric approach. The probe’s effectiveness towards aluminium ion detection is highly sensitive and selective with no substantial interference with other competing ions. The added Al3+ ion to TQC fetched a rapid change of visual color to yellow from colorless, also the response of fluorescence turn-on. The fluorescence turn-on and color change visibly by the probe TQC with Al3+ ion credited to the ICT phenomenon (intramolecular charge-transfer transition). The likely interaction of the probe with aluminium ion has also been there predicted from ESI-MS spectral analysis results. The usefulness of the probe confirmed by practical utility by making a test kit to monitor Al3+ ion in water which showed a naked eye detection by notable color change.
  • 2.

    Utilization of Food Waste Extract as an Eco-friendly Biocatalyst for Indigo Reduction

    Kyunghee Son | Dong Il Yoo | Younsook Shin | 2020, 32(4) | pp.193~198 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, the validity of extracts from food waste as biocatalyst for indigo reduction was examined. Dried food wastes such as apple peel and corn waste were water-extracted and freeze-dried. The reducing power of extracts for indigo was evaluated by the oxidation-reduction potential(ORP) measurement of reduction bath and color strength(K/S value) of the fabrics dyed in the indigo reduction bath. Total sugar contents of the apple peel and corn waste extracts were 60.56% and 62.36%, respectively. Antioxidant activity was 64.78% for the extract of apple peel and 7.96% for the extract of corn waste. Indigo reduction took place quickly with both extracts, and maximum color strength was obtained up to 15.91 and 12.11 within 1~3 days, respectively. The oxidation-reduction potential of reduction bath was stabilized in the range of -500 ~ -620 mV according to the kinds of food waste and the extract concentration. At higher concentration of the extracts, reduction power was maintained for longer time and stronger color strength was obtained. Compared to sodium dithionite, the reducing power of the studied extracts was lower, but the reduction stability was superior to it. The studied extracts were effective biocatalyst as biodegradable and safe alternatives to sodium dithionite for indigo reduction.
  • 3.

    Development of Filter Replacement Type Mask by Natural Dyeing of Gallnut

    Minseo Kim | Hyunjoo Song | Sohee Lee | 2020, 32(4) | pp.199~207 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Recently, as the demand for masks increases, the use of filter-replaceable cotton masks is increasing. A filter-replaceable cotton mask is one of the ways to solve the environmental problems of a disposable nonwoven mask because only the filter can be replaced after washing. Cotton fiber products are known to be environmentally friendly, but cotton products dyed with general synthetic dyes are not safe for humans. In this study, to prepare of cotton mask applied with natural dyeing, the optimal dyeing conditions are set when dyeing with gallnut extract. A polychromatic natural dye that changes color by mordant, and the functionalities of gallnut dyeing fabrics are evaluated. The experimental method is dyed the gallnut by temperature and time by concentration to set the optimal conditions. The color fastness rating grade of aluminium potassium sulfate dodecahydrate, copper(ll) sulfate pentahydrate, and iron(ll) chloride tetrahydrate were evaluated after the pre/post mordanting.
  • 4.

    Washing Fastness of PET Fibers according to Supercritical CO2 and Aqueous Dyeing Methods

    Jiyeon Oh | Changpyo Park | Sam Soo Kim and 1other persons | 2020, 32(4) | pp.208~216 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, C.I. Disperse Red 60 (DR60), C.I. Disperse Yellow 54 (DY54) dyes were used to investigate the washing fastness characteristics of PET fibers according to supercritical CO2 and aqueous dyeing process. The changes in K/S values and L* values before and after washing of dyed PET fibers were observed according to the KS K ISO 105 washing fastness measurement method. In addition, it was confirmed by changing the ΔE* and ΔL* values of control PET fibers. Overall, it was confirmed that both the supercritical CO2 and aqueous dyeing process had excellent washing fastness ratings of 4-5 for DR60 and DY54 dyes. Comparatively, the K/S and L* values for before and after washing of PET fibers with supercritical CO2 dyeing process was higher than that of the aqueous dyeing process and the ΔE* and ΔL* values of the control PET fibers were low. From the results, we observed that the supercritical CO2 dyeing process of PET fibers has better washing fastness characteristics than the aqueous dyeing process.
  • 5.

    Dyeability of Nylon Fabrics with Dyestuff for Supercritical Fluid Dyeing (1) : C.I. Disperse Red 167, C.I. Disperse Violet 93

    Hyunseuk Choi | Shin Park | Taeyoung Kim | 2020, 32(4) | pp.217~225 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, the dyeing characteristics of nylon fabric which is dyed with supercritical fluid were investigated. There were two dyes used in the dyeing experiment: C.I. Dispersed Red 167 and C.I. Dispersed Violet 93. Dyeing temperature, pressure, and leveling time were fixed at 110°C, 250bar, 60 minutes, and the experiment was conducted with dyeing concentration of 0.1, 0.3, 0.5, and 0.85% o.w.f. The analysis of the experimental results was found out through the measurement of washing fastness and color coordinate. In addition, the calibration curve of each dye was drawn up and the amount of remaining dye was checked by measuring the absorbance of the residual dye. As a result of color difference measurement, as the concentration increased, the L* value decreased and the K/S value increased. However, the increase in K/S value compared to the amount of input decreased as the concentration increased. The comparative experiment on the amount of residual dye(C.I. Disperse Red 167) in the pot showed that 99.14% of the amount was dyed at the concentration of 0.1% o.w.f, while it rapidly decreased to 77% at 0.85% o.w.f. C.I. Disperse Violet 93 dye also decreased from 0.5% o.w.f to 93.91%. In the washing fastness experiment of both dyes, the level of washing fastness began to decrease from samples dyed at 0.5% o.w.f. It may be because the simply absorbed dye was produced instead of completely being fixed in the amorphous region of the nylon fiber.
  • 6.

    Effect of Particle Sizes of Polymer Binders for Pigment Inks on Touch of Fabrics

    Seongmin Park | Minwoo Han | Euigyung Jeong | 2020, 32(4) | pp.226~231 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study investigated effect of particle sizes of polymer binders for digital textile printing(DTP) pigment inks on touch of fabrics. The polymer binders were synthesized via miniemulsion polymerization of methyl methacrylate(MMA), butyl acrylate(BA), N-ethylolacrylamide(NEA) and methacrylic acid(MAA). The prepared binders were applied to black pigment inks and those black pigment inks were used to dye cotton fabrics. Then, color strength, rubbing fastness, stiffness, surface and bending properties of the dyed fabrics were investigated. Depending on the particle size of the polymer binder used, color strength, friction fastness, stiffness, surface and bending properties change. Generally, the larger the particle size of the polymer binder, the softer properties.
  • 7.

    Antibacterial and Deodorant Processing to Remove Odor Substances from Duck Down

    Bum Hoon Lee | Hang Sung Cho | 2020, 32(4) | pp.232~238 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Duck down is a feather of waterfowl and is used as an accessory for bedding products such as evil, pillow and outdoor sleeping bags due to its soft and bulky characteristics. Down is used mainly for winter outdoor such as padding and jumpers because of its excellent thermal insulation effect. Down wear is known as a product with high added value. Down is processed and sanitized because a large amount of oil and fat, bacteria, dust, insects, and soil are mixed. In particular, if the proper amount of oil and fat is not removed, it may cause odor or bacteria, and since the fishy smell peculiar to down and harmful VOCs (toluene, benzene, etc.) are released, there is a need to suppress the occurrence of bacteria through the provision of antibacterial function. In this study, we investigated the substances that cause the fishy odor of down, and confirmed the effect on the deodorization and antibacterial properties of down according to processing agents and processing conditions in order to impart deodorant and antibacterial properties to down.
  • 8.

    Preparation of Polyethylene Micro-fibers by High Speed Centrifugal Melt Spinning

    Seong Baek Yang | Jungeon Lee | Byung Chul Ji and 2other persons | 2020, 32(4) | pp.239~244 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Polyethylene (PE) micro-fiber have been prepared at different hot air temperature (60, 80 and 100 ℃) and different pressure (20, 40, 60 and 80 kPa) by melt centrifugal spinning technique. The parameters of melting centrifugal spinning including polymer contents, rotational velocity, temperature of hot air and pressure were optimized for the fabrication process. The study showed that 8000 rpm rotational velocity, 80 ℃ heated hot air and 40 kPa air pressure are the best condition to obtain uniform and strong PE fiber. The prepared PE fibers were analyzed by field emission scanning electron microscope and universal testing machine and found that fibers with reduced diameter and improved tensile strength are obtained at hot air condition.
  • 9.

    Study on Properties of Carbon Sheet Molding Compound(C-SMC) according to Resin and Carbon Fiber Ratio

    Dae-kyung Seo | Suk-gon Yang | Ki Young Kim and 5other persons | 2020, 32(4) | pp.245~254 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The sheet molding compound composite has been applied divers section. This paper reports processing of carbon fiber reinforced thermosetting composite with diverse resins and which was composed of chopped carbon fiber (30~60 wt%). Normally the paste that the viscosity is over 15,000 cps has been used in traditional Sheet molding compound (SMC) machine. In this research, SMC machine was designed to make Carbon-sheet molding compound (C-SMC) prepreg which was composed with low viscosity resin (1,800~2,500c ps increase up to 10,000 cps after aging). In order to confirm the optimal processing condition. Mechanical strength tests including tensile test, shear test, impact test, flexural strength test were conducted on C-SMC composites. Plus we identified the correlation between the mechanical properties and prepreg processing condition (carbon ratio and applied resin).
  • 10.

    Analysis of Natural Pigment Indicator Components of Natural Dyed Cotton Fabrics Using HPLC-DAD-MS

    Won Kyoung Lee | Jong Hoon Kim | Moon Jung Kim and 2other persons | 2020, 32(4) | pp.255~264 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    With the development of synthetic dyes, excellent dyeing properties and massive production became possible. On the other hand, natural dyeing technology has gradually disappeared. However, the international environmental and human safety requirements of the apparel and textile industry are increasing, and there is a growing interest in safer and more environmentally friendly products. Accordingly, the public`s interest in natural dyeing is increasing. To meet these demands, it is first necessary to clarify the stages of production and distribution of natural dyes. It is necessary to evaluate whether the product is a natural dye product and study the suitability of the natural dye product through qualitative and quantitative assessment of the indicator components of the natural dye. Typical of three natural dyes did qualitative and quantitative analysis by HPLC-DAD and HPLC-MS. Products dyed using natural dye three products were analyzed, and the presence or absence of detection of each indicator components was confirmed to confirm whether the product was dyed using natural dyes.
  • 11.

    Antimicrobial and Water Repellency Effect of Functional PET Fibers with ODDMAC(octadecyldimethyl(3-triethoxy silylpropyl) ammonium chloride)

    Heejin Yang | Hyeji Jeon | Sang Oh Lee and 1other persons | 2020, 32(4) | pp.265~273 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, octadecyldimethyl(3-triethoxy silylpropyl)ammonium chloride (ODDMAC) incorporated with Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) fabrics with different environmental conditions such as various temperature and time intervals. First, ODDMAC (15 weight %) was dissolved in ethanol. Then PET fabrics immersed in the ODDMAC solution at 25 ℃ for 10 minutes and dried at 80 ℃ for 5 minutes. The dried PET/PDDMAC fabrics carried out for curing process out at 110 ℃ ~ 190 ℃. The treated PET/ODDMAC has examined the surface and side coating properties through SEM analysis and elemental analysis. PET/ODDMAC fabric washed with water up to 50 times and studied the durability of the materials. It was confirmed that the treated PET fabric also exhibited good water repellency. In addition, the antimicrobial activity against the gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli were studied by the disc diffusion method on the treated fabric.
  • 12.

    Comparative Study on Mechanical Properties of Sonicated Bamboo and Kenaf Fiber Composite

    Su Kyoung Lee | Eun Young Park | Tae Sung Park and 1other persons | 2020, 32(4) | pp.274~280 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study compared the mechanical properties of bamboo fiber composites and Kenaf fiber composites through physical treatment (ultrasonic treatment). Kenaf, a composite of PP reinforced with bamboo fiber, was made using injection molding technology. PP was used as a binder and the ultrasonic treatment time of bamboo and Kenaf was increased by 30 minutes to compare and study various mechanical properties of bamboo and Kenaf composites through physical treatment. Interfacial properties such as internal cracks and internal structure of the wave cross section were confirmed using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). As a result of the ultrasonic treatment, most of the characteristics were fragile as the ultrasonic treatment time was increased, and it was confirmed that the natural characteristics of the twisted fibers had a great influence on the characteristics of the composite material.