Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.74

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pISSN : 1225-7184
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2004, Vol.13, No.2

  • 1.

    A study on Methodology and Application of the School Eco-Audit System

    Nam Youngsook | 2004, 13(2) | pp.41~55 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to consider for the introduction of the school eco-audit system asan educational method for sustainable development. First of all, the concept and objective of theeducation for sustainable development(ESD) are reviewed in order to advance a theory onschool eco-audit system. ESD which under the premise of global inter and intra generationjustice, resolves to address a mixture of ecological, economical and social aspects, as well assafeguarding limited resources and protecting the environment from pollution and energy. Inorder to effectively structure uncoordinated environmental activities carried out by schools, theintroduction of school eco-audit system in Korea is suggested, which as the model for long-termdevelopment, has since been integrated into the school’s programme. Activities related towaste, heating, electricity and water are run by a ‘Management Team’. By combining all 3 fieldsof action - i.e. establishing basic organizational conditions, education, and individual ecologicalmeasures - the eco-audit proves to be the key to success. In particular, administration agencyand method, institutional improvement are presented.
  • 2.

    A Comparativ Study on the Local Governments' Environmental Impact Assessment System between Korea and Japan

    성현찬 , 강명수 | 2004, 13(2) | pp.57~71 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to review the environmental impact assessment systems of Japanese local governments, to compare its outcome with the systems of Korean local governments, and to suggest the development direction for the environmental impact assessment systems of Korean local governments based on the result. The study results showed that, first, due to distinction in the political systems of Japan and Korea, while Japan has bottom-up environmental impact assessment systems, Korea has topdown environment impact assessment systems. Second, although introduction of national systems on planning was put on hold as a future initiative, local governments including Tokyo and Saitama are experimenting evaluation procedures tailored to local features by legislating them as regulations. On the other hand, while ‘prior environmental review system’ was in effect as a national system, nothing was practiced at all by local governments. Third, in a total of 47 Japanese local governments, about 45 projects and 44 assessment items were added to local government environmental impact assessment only and designated as target projects and assessment items. Fourth, in both national and local environment impact assessment systems in Japan, screening procedures to determine assessment by separating into Type 1 projects and Type 2 projects and scoping procedures to discuss assessment items in advance were introduced and in effect. This Japanese EIA system may serve as a good reference to the Korean national and local government EIA systems.
  • 3.

    Application of contingent valuation method for estimating willingness-to-pay in planning the intergrated sewerage system in the catchment of Dam Chung-Ju

    정동환 , Kyoohong Park , 진영선 and 1 other persons | 2004, 13(2) | pp.~ | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    The objective of this research was to estimate residents’ willingness-to-pay using contingent valuation method and to investigate their environmental sensibilities prior to conduct the costbenefit analysis on the watershed management program of integrated sewerage construction and operation in the catchment of Dam Chung-Ju. A set of questionnaire was prepared and asked to 1,200 residents at downstream area as well as upstream area of Dam Chung-Ju. As a result, environmental sensibility of the residents living in the catchment of upstream of Lake Chung-Ju seemed very high. However, the substantial practice in their own life for conserving their environment was inactive, although residents’ efforts trying to collect and dispose garbages in separate containers and to minimize the waste discharge load were actually made. The willingness-to-pay on each month for 20 years was estimated as 4,841 wons for the openended question and 3,411 wons for the close-ended question. Factorial analysis was also performed to obtain correlation among the questions asked. Seven groups of the correlated questions were identified and their contribution to the estimated willingness-to-pay was analyzed.