Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.74

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pISSN : 1225-7184

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2008, Vol.17, No.3

  • 1.

    Evaluation of Use Satisfaction for Tohamsan andNamsan National Parks in Kyongju - Focused on Importance-Performance Analysis -

    Yi, Young Kyoung | 2008, 17(3) | pp.153~165 | number of Cited : 20
    Abstract PDF
    Recently the use demand for national parks has been rapidly increased due to the change ofleisure patterns in Korea. The intensive use of national parks, however, can cause seriousmanagement problems both in resource conservation and in visitor satisfaction. In order toprepare the effective management plan for the sustainable use of national parks, it is essential toevaluate the visitor satisfaction.The purpose of this study is to provide important information for the management strategiesfor Namsan and Tohamsan national parks in Kyongju. Importance-performance analysis (IPA)was adopted to analyze the visitor expectation and satisfaction. The questionnaire survey wasperformed to the 420 visitors of the three sites (Namsan Sam-reung, Namsam Yong-jang, andTohamsan) that are the most popular areas in Kyongju national park.The IPA for the 18 satisfaction items shows that all the values for importance are higher thanthose for performance in the three sites. This results indicates that visitors’ satisfactions for the18 items are lower than their expectations. The IP matrix reveals that the management effortshould be concentrated on the educational opportunities for nature and culture in Yong-jang,on the convenient access to park in Sam-reung. and on the availability of cool drinking water inTohamsan. Based on the results, several suggestions for the management strategies weresummarized for the three sites in conclusion.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Improvement of Prior Environmental Review System(PERS)in a Administrative Plan & Program Including a Small-Scale Development- Focus on Hot Spring Hole Wildness -

    김정현 , ImSoon Kim , 한상욱 | 2008, 17(3) | pp.167~176 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Korea has made the rapid economical development under the condition with the highpopulation density and low available land. In this context, conservation of land environment,connected directly with living quality of human, has mostly ignored.Prior Environment Review System(PERS) is the one to investigate the locational validity,environmental impacts, harmony with surrounding environment, from the early stage ofadministrative plan or development project.PERS was amended to include SEA(Strategic Environment Assessment) system on June 1, 2006.But, several problems, including the loss of administrative ability, cost, and time, have beenappeared, since the system is applied to all administrative plans without any distinction andplans or projects are delayed generally.In this study, the weaknesses of PERS were indicated through the comprehensive analysisincluding literature survey, study of legal and internet database, and the recently publishedPERS reports.Based on that, the improvement schemes were suggested to be harmonized with the natureof SEA. This study was mainly focused on a PERS for the designation of conservational area ofhot-spring wells, conducted by authors.
  • 3.

    Development of Designation Criteria for Ecological Protected Areas and its Application Methodology

    Yong-Ha Park , Lee Gwan Gye , Jaeyong Choi and 4 other persons | 2008, 17(3) | pp.177~188 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract PDF
    Attempts to develope designation criteria for ecological protected areas were made forrational and scientific designation and management of ‘ecosystem and landscape conservationareas’, ‘wetland protection areas’, ‘special islands protection areas’, and ‘wildlife protectedareas’ which have been designated and managed by the Ministry of Environment. Throughanalysis of the requisites and criteria of IUCN, UNESCO, Natura 2000, the Ramsar convention,the United States, the United Kingdom, Japan, and Germany as well as various academicresearches, evaluation items of the protected areas were classified into naturalness, biodiversity,ecosystem, and scientific values. These classification titles are reflection of Korean lawsconcerning the 4 protected areas described above. Of these items ‘naturalness’ is composed of 3factors of wilderness, geomorphology and landscape, and vegetation. ‘Biodiversity’ iscomposed of the 5 factors of species diversity, endangered species, rare species, indigenousbiological resources, and habitat of wetland wild animals. ‘Ecosystem’ is composed of 5 factorsof typicalness, diversity, rarity, restoration ability, and degree of interference. All factors arescored using a 3 point scale of high, middle, or low and are then transformed into the numericalindex for designating and zoning purposes. Conclusively, it is expected that the developed methodology will be highly applicable with field verifications.
  • 4.

    Riparian Area Characteristics of the Middle and LowerReaches of the Nakdong River, Korea

    KANG DAE SEOK , KI JUNE SUNG , Chung Yong Hyun and 2 other persons | 2008, 17(3) | pp.189~200 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    As a transition zone between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, riparian areas of rivers andstreams play significant roles in production and decomposition for river and stream systems.Understanding of the physical and ecological characteristics of riparian areas are, therefore,important for the management of river and stream systems. It is especially important tounderstand the characteristics of riparian areas for the Nakdong River in Korea which has alarge watershed area and diverse land uses. This study aimed at collecting field data, accordingto stream types, which are essential for the management of riparian areas of the middle andlower reaches of the Nakdong River, Korea. Most riparian areas surveyed in this study hadroads within 100 meters from river edges. Distances from water edge to banks were less than1m for most riparian areas neighboring agricultural lands, indicating that those areas might bevery vulnerable to pollutant inputs from non-point sources. Water quality data indicated thatsoil erosion in the riparian areas could be a major source of phosphorus input to the NakdongRiver and land use patters might have a significant influence on nitrogen concentration in theriver. Heavy metal concentrations in soils of the riparian areas of the river were below soilquality standards, except arsenic and chromium. Vegetation surveys showed that therophyteswere the most frequently occurred riparian plants in the Nakdong River. Number of aquaticplant species increased downstream, with the most diverse aquatic plants observed in wetlands and irrigation canals of the West Nakdong River. Occurrence rate of naturalized plants and urbanization index were high in the survey sites adjacent to urban and agricultural areas.