Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.74

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pISSN : 1225-7184

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2006, Vol.15, No.3

  • 1.

    A Study on the between Environmental Imact Assessment and Environmental Management System in Korea

    ImSoon Kim , Seon-Hong Kang , 한상욱 and 2 other persons | 2006, 15(3) | pp.165~178 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Environmental Management Systems (EMS)are perceived by many to be separate environmental tools. EIA serves as a systematic andpredictive tool for assessing the potentially significant impacts of developments on theenvironment. An EMS, on the other hand, is used to consider the key impacts of operationalbusinesses on the environment. The main difference to note is that during the EIA processimpacts on developments are predicted. A proposed development has yet to be built andtherefore an element of uncertainty is associated with these assessments. With an EMS, thebusiness or organization’s processes are already in operation. Even though there is also anelement of prediction involved, it is a comparatively easier task to investigate what theenvironmental impacts of these processes are.However, in contrast with the orientation of EIA to further development actions, EMSinvolves the review, assessment and incremental improvement of an existing organization’senvironmental effects. EMS can thus be regarded as a continuation of EIA principles into theoperational stage of a policy, plan, program and project.EIA may be carried out without fully supporting necessary informations to EMS.
  • 2.

    Visualization of Asthmatic Distribution Patterns in accordance with Administrative Dong using GIS: a Case Study of Daegu

    Um, Jung Sup , 신기동 | 2006, 15(3) | pp.179~191 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The authors argue that the current Government Information System for asthmatics appearsto be non-user friendly due to lack of the cartographic representation for the text basedstatistical data. Acknowledging these constraints, an operational, user-friendly map forasthmatic prevalence has been generated by combining existing statistical data with theadministrative Dong boundary map under GIS environment. The Geographical User Interface,in particular, were ideally suited to deriving the major distribution patterns that more asthmaticprevalence tends to be occurred on conventional commercial district and industrial complex. Avisual map using spatial modelling technology were generated to show the fact that somedegree of increasing or decreasing trends of asthmatic prevalence already exists in theexperimental sites. It could be used as an evidence to restrict initiation of development activitiescausing negative influence to asthma such as road construction. The result of this study wouldplay a crucial role in improving the quality of environmental health information service if it isoperationally introduced into the Government since the highly user-friendly interface providesa completely new means for disseminating information for asthmatics in a visual andinteractive manner to the general public.
  • 3.

    A Simulation of High Ozone Episode in Downwind Area of Seoul Metropolitan Using CMAQ model

    Chongbum Lee , 송은영 | 2006, 15(3) | pp.193~206 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Recently, high ozone episode occurred frequently in Korea. Moreover ozone episodeoccurred not only in the city but also in background area where local anthropogenic sources arenot important. It analyzed frequency exceeding 100ppb ozone at air quality monitoring stationsin Seoul and rural area during 1995-2004.This paper reports on the use of the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) modellingsystem to predict hourly ozone levels. Domain resolutions of 30km, 10km, 3.333km (innermost)have been employed for this study. Summer periods in June 2004 have been simulated and thepredicted results have been compared to data for metropolitan and rural air quality monitoringstations.The model performance has been evaluated with measured data through a range ofstatistical measures. Although, the CMAQ model reproduces the ozone temporal spatial trendsit was not able to simulate the peak magnitudes consistently.
  • 4.

    The Spatial Distribution and Change of Frequency of the Yellow Sand Days in Korea

    Lee Seung Ho , Sunyoung Kim | 2006, 15(3) | pp.207~215 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the spatial distribution and change of the frequency ofYellow Sand days and to examine their relationship with atmospheric circular characteristics atthe surroundings of the Korean peninsula. Yellow Sand days data are used by intensity,Siberian High Index and monthly mean temperature of the Northern Hemisphere.In the Middle-western region, the occurrence frequency of Yellow Sand days was higherduring the study period (1973-2004). Also, the occurrence frequency of Yellow Sand daysincreased to latter half 16 years compared with the first half 16 years, and be clearer in Middle-west regions.Yellow Sand days frequency increased, and the trend was distinct in the Jungbu regionduring the study period. Increasing trend of Yellow Sand days frequency was significant for therecent 22 years. Yellow Sand days had a negative relationship with Siberian High Index inFebruary and March. Therefore, Siberian High Index became weaker in the spring, andpossibility for the occurrence of Yellow Sand days was generating larger. Yellow Sand days hada positive relationship in monthly mean temperature of the Northern Hemisphere. Especially,the case of the strong Yellow Sand days is significant. Recently, global warming might beaffecting the occurrence of strong Yellow Sand days.