Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.74

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pISSN : 1225-7184

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2007, Vol.16, No.2

  • 1.

    A Study on Application of Strategic Environmental Assessment Method to Environment-friendly the Harbour Plan

    ImSoon Kim , 박주현 , 한상욱 and 3 other persons | 2007, 16(2) | pp.107~120 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The introduction of strategic environmental assessment (SEA) has strengthened andextended the value of environmental impact assessment (EIA) as a foundational tool forsustainable development. In particular, SEA helps to overcome the limitation of project EIA as a‘stand alone’ approach, applied relatively late in the decision making cycle. SEA is applied topolicy, plan and programme (3P) proposals, when major alternatives are open and systematicconsideration can be given to their environmental effects. This process also corresponds tooptions appraisal of development proposal to find the best practical outcome having regard toall potential impacts.There are imperatives for sustainable development (SD) that are shaping future directions forEIA and SEA internationally, regionally and locally. There is a shift toward more integrativeapproaches of using EIA and SEA as sustainability tools in cooperated environmentalmanagement system (EMS).Korea has established and applied EIA for over twenty years for various projects. Given itscoverage, the current EIA system is SEA exclusive. The Prior Environmental Review System(PERS), which is a SEA-type of system, was applied in the late 1990s, mainly for variousdeveloping planning programs. The current PERS has been modified as a SEA type system, butin general, policy is not going to be covered.
  • 2.

    Spatial and Temporal Analysis Methods of Red Tide Using HABAS

    Jeong, Jong Chul | 2007, 16(2) | pp.121~127 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    본 연구의 목적은 한반도 연안해역에서 적조로부터 양식장을 보호하기 위한 연안환경모니터링시스템을 구축하는데 있다. 1995년 이후 적조의 발생은 한반도 남부 연안해역에서 빈번하게 발생하고넓게 확산되었다. 따라서 적조연구의 가장 중요한 점은 유해성적조의 발생 초기단계에 적조를 탐지하는 것이다. 지리정보시스템 기술은 적조발생의 공간적, 시간적 변화를 분석하는데 필요한 적조모니터링 시스템을 만드는데 적합하다. 유해성 적조 분석시스템 프로그램은 매일 매일의 적조 분포범위, 적조 생물 종, 적조 밀도 등을 제공해준다. 우리는 유해성 적조분석프로그램을 이용하여 적조로부터 양식장의 보호지역을 찾을 수 있다. 적조의 공간분석은 현장조사에 의한 참조자료를 바탕으로수행되었다.
  • 3.

    A Study on Introduction Scheme of Health Impact Assessment Compared to EIA System in the United States

    한영한 , ImSoon Kim , 한상욱 | 2007, 16(2) | pp.129~141 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    With its more than 35 years of experience with EIA of NEPA in United States, the extensiveknowledge base of EIA could be the most suitable place for initial field of HIA to explorelessons available for. However, caution is needed as the technical differences in analysis,different policy context, and distinct professional culture between EIA and HIA might be. Thesuccesse of EIA of NEPA is the integration of environmental goals into decision makingprocess, improved planning, and increased transparency and public involvement, whereasshortcomings of it were defined as the excessive volume and complexity of EIA documents, thelimited and adversarial public involvement, the procedural process (not substantive), focus onprojects (not on policies and programs), and the limited consideration of health impacts.Integrating HIA into existing EIA process is positive in two reasons that the human health isclosely related with natural environment and EIA process is a fully established process thateffectively cuts across bureaucratic and sectoral boundaries. Also, integrating of HIA into EIAmight be a way with least resistance for the widespread use. A freestanding HIA separatedfrom EIA is desirable in terms of excessive volume of EIA documents and the procedural andlegal focus of EIA. It is needed to develop the formulated methodologies for advancing HIAwhether it is a part of or separated from EIA, and to estimate the potential values of HIA in thesubstantial society context. When possible, HIA should be established on the ways that EIAshave been used successfully.
  • 4.

  • 5.

    Classification of Synoptic Meteorological Conditions for the Medium or Long Term Atmospheric Environmental Assessment in Urban Scale

    Kim, Cheol-Hee , 손혜영 , Ji-a Kim | 2007, 16(2) | pp.157~168 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In case there is a need to run the multi-year urban scale air qulaity model, it is a difficult taskdue to the computational demand, requiring the statistical approach for the long timeatmospheric environmental assessment. In an effort to approach toward long term urbanassessment, the sixteen synoptic meteorological conditions are statistically classified from theestimated geostrophic wind speeds and directions of 850 hPa geopotential height field during2000 ~ 2005. The geostrophic wind directions are subdivided into four even intervals (north,east, south, and west), geostrophic wind speeds into two classes(≤5m/s and >5m/s), and dailymean cloud amount into 2 classes(≤5/10 and >5/10), which result into sixteen classes of thesynoptic meteorological cases for each season. The frequency distributions for each 16 synopticmeteorological case are examined and some discussions on how these synoptic classificationscan be used in the environmental assessment are presented.
  • 6.

    Comparison of Water Characteristics of Cleaning Wastewater and Stormwater Runoff from Highways

    이주광 , Euisang Lee | 2007, 16(2) | pp.169~176 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The paved areas in nonpoint source are highly polluted landuses because of highimperviousness and pollutant mass emissions, such as sand, cereals, and dust from vehicleactivities. Most of them in highways are collected by cleaning trucks or discharged to theadjacent soil and water system through the drain ditch in stormwater. Therefore, it is necessaryto investigate the relationship between water concentration and total pollutant loadings fromthe paved areas.From the experiment, CODcr concentration of the cleaning wastewater was 17 times greaterthan that of the stormwater runoff. Also, concentrations of heavy metals (Cu, Fe, Zn) were 1.3 to1.5 times higher when compared to the stormwater runoff. While total discharged loadings wasinsignificant in the cleaning wastewater. In conclusion, these results provide some evidence thatthe stormwater runoff may be managed carefully to the aspect of total pollutant loadings andthe cleaning wastewater may be handled cautiously with the pollutant concentrations inhighways.