Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.74

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pISSN : 1225-7184

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2008, Vol.17, No.2

  • 1.

    Analysis of Coastal Area Utilization by Consultation of MarineEnvironmental Impact Assessment Related-Systems

    Dae-In Lee , Eom ki-hyuk , Kee-Young Kwon and 3 other persons | 2008, 17(2) | pp.97~103 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    This study presented politic proposals and diverse utilization-type in coastal areas by analyzing results of reviewed related-statements of marine environment during the one year period of 2007 by Marine Environmental Impact Assessment Center. Total of 358 cases were reviewed, which was a significant increase from 270 in 2006. Consultation on the utilization of sea areas (CUSA) accounted for the largest number of 165 (46.1%) and it was followed by 104 cases of environmental impact assessment (EIA) (29.0%) and 89 cases of prior environmental review (PER) (24.9%). As such, evaluation statements (EIA+PER) related to consultations of the Ministry of Environment accounted for approximately 54% of the entire cases reviewed. To analyze the overall results of reviewing marine-related evaluation statements, utilization and planning were conducted by 47.9%, 38.4% and 13.7% in the South Sea, West Sea and East Sea of Korea, respectively. In evaluation statements (EIA+PER), port construction, industrial complex construction, urban management plan and road construction took up most of the part by 40.9%, 20.2%, 10.4% and 7.3%, respectively. In terms of CUSA-statement, it was evaluated that consultations were mostly carried out on use and reclamation of public water surface in coastal areas and on sea aggregate extraction process in EEZ. The largest number of plans for coastal use were established for Jeollanam-do, followed by Gyeongsangnam-do, Chungcheongnam-do, Gyeongsangbuk-do and Gyeonggi-do. In particular, development plans were concentrated on Jeollanam-do and Gyeongsangnam-do with stable marine environment and outstanding view of the nature. In most cases, these regions are adjacent to the areas designated as a sea area for environmental management and fisheries resources protection zone. Therefore, conflicts exist between development and preservation. Also, rather than random development, more detailed marine environmental impact assessment, gathering of public opinions and politic harmony are essentially required. For efficient coastal management and environmentally sound and sustainable development, fulfilling consistent and transparent coastal policies as well as active and reliable decision making to center on coastal environment by management bodies will be important.
  • 2.

    The Spatial Distribution Analysis of Coastal Wetland Vegetation in Sihwa Lake

    Jeong, Jong Chul , Hong-lae Cho | 2008, 17(2) | pp.105~112 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Human activity has been the major threat to wetlands. Agriculture, industrial development,and urban and suburban sprawl have caused the greatest losses of coastal wetlands. In fact,riceland agriculture, because of the flooding that goes with it, provides some additionalwetland habitat not otherwise available. The biggest current source of loss for freshwatercoastal wetlands is from urban sprawl.In this study, spatial analysis method such as landscape index were applied to Sihwa area inAnsan city. The SMA (Spectral Mixture Analysis) method using Landsat image showed thechange distribution of wetland vegetation from 1996 to 2004. The southern part of Sihwawetland have been changed with Suda japonicaof 24% and reed vegetation of 34% on coastalwetland which were covered with tidal flat.
  • 3.

    A Study on Integrated Approaching Factorsof Environmentally-Friendly Companies Certification Schemeand Environmental Impact Assessment of Korea

    홍준석 , Kyu Yeon Kim , 권오상 | 2008, 17(2) | pp.113~124 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    A worldwide trend of permitting system for industrial installation to achieve a high level of protection of the environment has been moved from single media to multimedia in approach. The Council of the European Community issued the Directive 96/61/EC, the IPPC Directive, concerning integrated pollution prevention and control in 1996. The IPPC Directive is one of the most ambitious legal measures that the European Union (EU) has initiated with a view to applying the prevention principle for industrial activities. The IPPC aims to achieve the integrated prevention and reduction of environmental pollution emitted by those industrial installations with a higher potential of emissions to the environment. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) recommended on Environmental Performance Reviews of Korea in 2006 that IPPC permitting concept should be considered for large stationary sources at the national and regional levels. Any Korean law doesn’t provide for integrated pollution control with a single process covering all pollution from economic activities. However, one exception might be the “environmentally-friendly companies” certification scheme, introduced in 1995, in which participants agree to meet targets beyond the legal emission limit values in exchange for government technical and financial support to operate environmental management systems. The other exception might be Environmental impact assessment (EIA) of projects, in 1977,which has been strengthened and reinforced to be more preventive through development of the prior environmental review system (PERS) in 1999. The aim of this work is to introduce the contents of IPPC Directive at the viewpoint of Korea policy and to survey the integrated approaching concept of Environmentally-Friendly Companies (EFC) Certification Scheme and EIA policy of Korea. The study will be helpful in the future to prepare the infrastructure of integrated permitting system and to enforce the integrated permit which the authorities of local government issues on industrial activities. It can be said that the data calculated through both EFC Certification Scheme and EIA will be discussed as worthful information to determine Korean BAT reference notes for integrated permitting process.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Method of Implementation Assessment forTotal Maximum Daily Load Management

    박준대 , Doughee Rhew , 박주현 and 1 other persons | 2008, 17(2) | pp.125~132 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    It is desirable that implementation assessment (IA) should be carried out efficiently in orderto make successful progress of Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) in watershed management.There are many difficulties in the process of the implementation assessment because of the earlystage in the application of TMDL in Korea. This study reviewed the present status of IA andproposed the methodology of its improvement such as flexible application of TMDL ledger,and standardization of assessment index and criteria. The deficient time for assessment periodcould be corrected by the consideration of the post-procedure after the submission of IA report.
  • 5.

    Analysis of Wildlife Moving Route with Landscape Characteristics

    Lee, Dong Kun , Song, Wonkyong , Park Chan | 2008, 17(2) | pp.133~141 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The loss, alteration, and fragmentation of habitat have led to a reduction of biodiversity. Thegrowing awareness of the negative effects of habitat fragmentation on natural systems hasresulted in conservation strategy that is concerned with not only population and habitat levelbut also ecosystem and landscape level. Especially, ecological network to link core areas ormajor habitat patches is one of the most important issues. Recently, landscape connectivity isincreasingly used in decision making for fragmented landscape management in order toconserve the biodiversity in the regional scale. The objective of this study was to find potentialforest as a ecological corridor in Go-yang city, Gyung-gi province using cost-distance modellingmethod that can measure connectivity based on animal movement. ‘Least cost-distance’modelling based on functional connectivity can be useful to establish ecological network andbiodiversity conservation plan. This method calculates the distance modified with the cost tomove between habitat patches based on detailed geographical information on the landscape aswell as behavioural aspects of the animal movement. The least cost-distance models are basedon two biologically assumptions: (1) dispersers have complete knowledge of theirsurroundings, and (2) they do select the least cost route from this information. As a result of thisstudy, we can find wildlife moving route for biodiversity conservation. The result is very usefulfor long-term aspect of biodiversity conservation plan in regional scale, because this is reflectionof geographical information and behavioural aspects of the animal movement.