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2010, Vol.19, No.5

  • 1.

    Improvement of Marine Environmental Impact Assessment for Golf Course Projects in Southern Coastal Area of Korea

    Gui-Young Kim | Dae-In Lee | 유준 and 2other persons | 2010, 19(5) | pp.453~464 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    We evaluated the status and problems of golf course developments in the southern coast of Korea. It’s adjacent waters supports nursery and fishing grounds for commercially-important fisheries species, and various sites are designated and protected as marine protection area(MPA), fisheries reserve, or clean area(blue belt) for producing shellfish. We proposed key assessment items for environmental impact assessment(EIA) and checklists in selecting golf course locations. For the protected areas, we suggest that it is essential to limit golf course establishment while setting a minimal distance from the coast to secure a buffer zone for mitigating the environmental impacts. To efficiently utilize existing regional coastal management plans, it is necessary to diagnose how a golf course development will potentially modify geomorphology and scenery, amplify pollutant loads from non-point sources, and disrupt the functions of coastal ecosystem. Especially, continued monitoring and assesssing input loads of hazardous materials originating from agricultural chemicals should be obligatory. Finally, measures for improving the QA/QC analysis were discussed to enhance reliability of environmental data with respect to golf courses and adjacent coastal waters.
  • 2.

    Water Quality Modeling of Youngju Dam Reservoir by HSPF, EFDC and WASP

    Jae Chung Park | 최재훈 | Youngil Song and 2other persons | 2010, 19(5) | pp.465~473 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    This study was carried out to investigate the effect of EFDC hydrodynamic result on the WASP7.3 water quality modeling result in accordance with the change of number of grid for the dam reservoir to be constructed. The simulated flow and BOD, T-N and T-P loads by the HSPF watershed model was used for boundary conditions and the hydrodynamic modeling results was linked with WASP model to predict future water quality after dam construction. The scenarios for EFDC modeling were composed of Scenario 1(141 grid cells) and Scenario 2(568 grid cells). The results of Scenario 2 showed that BOD, T-N, T-P and Chl-a concentrations were decreased 0.073mg/L(8.5%), 0.032mg/L(2.6%), 0.003mg/L(6.8%), 0.644mg/L(4.2%)compared with those of Scenario 1, respectively. As number of grid cell increased, water quality concentrations were decreased and also it caused the longer running time. Therefore, this study suggests that the consideration of the geometry of water body is more important than the number of grid cells for the prediction of water quality of a dam reservoir in EIA.
  • 3.

    Evaluation and Design of Infiltration and Filtration BMP Facility

    최지연 | 말라 | Soyoung Lee and 4other persons | 2010, 19(5) | pp.475~481 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    Lots of pollutants typically originating from urban transportation are accumulating on the paved surfaces during dry periods and are washed-off directly to the river during a storm. Also, paved surfaces are contributing to increase in peak flows and volume of stormwater flows. These are the main reasons why the water quality of rivers and lakes remain polluted and still below standards. Currently, several management practices are being applied in developed countries but the design standards are still lacking. This research was conducted to develop a treatment technology that can be useful to address the problems concerning runoff quality and quantity. A lab scale infiltration device consisting of a pretreatment tank and media zone was designed and tested for various flow regimes characterizing the low, average and high intensity rainfall. Based on the experiments, the high intensity flow resulted to increase in outflow event mean concentration (EMC) of pollutants, about twice as much as the average outflow EMC. However, 78 to 88% of the total suspended solids were captured and retained in the pretreatment tank because of sedimentation. The removal of heavy metals such as zinc and lead was greatly affected by the vertical placement of woodchip layer prior to the media zone. It was observed that the high carbon content (almost 50%) in the woodchip provided opportunity for enhancing its uptake of metal by adsorption. The findings implied that the reduction of pollutants can be greatly achieved by means of proper pretreatment to allow for settling of particles with a combination of using high carbon source media like woodchip and a geotextile mat to reduce the flow before filtering into the media zone and finally discharging to the drainage system.
  • 4.

    The Effects of Technical Development, Market Expansion, Ecological Features, and Infirm Protective Policy on the Extinction of a Wild Life: A Case Study of Passenger Pigeons

    송명규 | 2010, 19(5) | pp.483~495 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The passenger pigeon (Ectopistes migratorius) was a species of pigeon that was once the most common bird in North America. According to some ornithologists, the number of passenger pigeons is estimated as many as five to six billions at the time when the first Europeans arrived there. But this species became extinct in 1914. There were a multiplicity of causes in the extinction; first, the extension of telegraph lines and railroads into the Middle West of the USA beginning in 1850s, second, the loss of vast feeding,nesting, and roosting sites of the passenger pigeon due to the massive deforestation, third, the rapid population growth of the USA during nineteen century, fourth, the commercial exploitation of the species, and finally, the infirm and weak protective efforts. Some important lessons can be learned from the extinction of the passenger pigeon. First, it shows how much critical the public interest is for a successful conservational movement. Second, it illustrates the need for strong laws and practices in the protection of an endangered species from going extinct. Third, the fate of the passenger pigeon proves a very important principle in conservational biology. That is, for each species (bird or other animal) there is a minimum population to sustain the species. Ecologists generally believe that the extinction of the passenger pigeon was due to the loss of their numbers below the minimum owing to overexploitation.
  • 5.

    Geochemical Behaviors and Environmental Changes of Bottom Sediments in Streams of Gwangju Metropolitan City

    SHINSANGEUN | Kangho Oh | 2010, 19(5) | pp.497~510 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Considering to the geochemical behaviors and environmental changes of bottom sediments in streams, Gwangju metropolitan city, this study focuses to analyses on grain sizes, metal elements and organic carbons in sediment samples from Yeongsan and Hwangryong rivers,and Gwangju stream. In the sediments, contents of Cu, Zn, Pb, P and TOC were highly variable, in the case of Gwangju stream particularly. Yenogsan and Hwangryong rivers are influenced by grain sizes and surrounding geological settings and Gwangju stream is connected to organic matters related to life fouls and so forth, with respect to the geochemical behaviorof bottom sediments. Li, Zn, Pb and Cu were enriched in Yeongsan and Hwangryong rivers and Li, Cu, Zn, Pb and P enriched in Gwangju stream, respectively. In the heavy metal contamination of above drainages, the site mutually connected Seobang(GJ 4) with Donggye(GJ 7) streams shows the highest values, in peculiar. It is inferred that those contamination values are mainly related with urban foul waters in the city.
  • 6.

    Assesment of Hydraulic Influence by Tree Planting in River

    권택훈 | 최승용 | Han Kun Yeun | 2010, 19(5) | pp.511~525 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Understanding of the hydraulics of flow over vegetation is very important to support the management of fluvial processes. The objective of this study is to assess the effects of hydraulic influence by tree planting in a compound channel with vegetated floodplain. This study analyzes the influence of tree planting on hydraulic features in Young-river in Munkyung city using HEC-RAS and RMA-2 model. The study results showed that there is a rise in water surface elevation and decrease in velocity near vegetated area. It is also ascertained that only negligible effects was seen within the feasible range of freeboard for the existing levees. However, as hydraulic features can vary depending on the aspect of flood inundation during each flood period, it is necessary to accumulate data through continuous data collecting.