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2011, Vol.20, No.1

  • 1.

    Assessment of Degree of Naturalness of Vegetation on the Riverine Wetland

    전승훈 | 2011, 20(1) | pp.1~11 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    This study was carried out to suggest the baseline data necessary for vegetation restoration at riverine wetland within stream corridor. We used the prevalence index for wetland assessment by applying the method of weighted averages with index values based on five hydrophyte indicator status as defined by estimated probability occurred in wetland. We selected near nature and urbanized reach of Gap and Yanghwa streams as experimental site. Although two sites have some different disturbance and characteristics of watershed, they showed that similarity of vegetation community including three dominant species - Salix koreensis,Phragmites communis, Miscanthus sacchariflorus - was very high. But in case of Yanghwa stream,various kinds of emergent plants along wetted condition were distinctly occurred, resulted from difference of hydrological regime and substrate, etc. Degree of naturalness of vegetation at the sampled areas indicated that near nature area of Gap stream and all area of Yanghwa stream were fitted as riverine wetland, while urbanized area of Gap stream has changed into upland condition. In conclusion assessment system using prevalence index would be considered an effective method for evaluating of natural states of riverine wetland, but further integrated consideration of physical, hydrological, and biological factors of stream process, and also with considering the difference between those qualitative data of vegetation community.
  • 2.

    Analysis of Ecological Characteristics and Selection of Target Species for Restoration of Wildlife Corridor at Galmachi of Sungnam City

    전승훈 | Lee, Sang-Don | Ha, Sungryong | 2011, 20(1) | pp.13~24 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study was carried out to analyze ecological characteristics and select target species for effective restoration plans of wildlife corridors at Galmachi of Sungnam City. The actual vegetation in study area was physiognomically mixed with deciduous broad leaved forests dominated by oaks and artificially planted species. And it is a secondary forest formatted by sprout originated stand and being on early succession stage as a young stand. So study site was regarded as not suitable for the habitats for wildlife. The number of mammal species at study site was total 22 species, but most of these species were found as not so many in individual numbers. The individual number of hare was approximately 4 to 8, while the raccoon dog and water deer with 2 to 3 and 1 to 2, respectively. As such, it was estimated as a low population density due to discontinuation of ecosystem and the man-made impacts. In this study, raccoon dog and water deer were selected as the target species because of their migration patterns and ecological value in local ecosystem. It was suggested to establish a wildlife corridors of an over-bridge type at the peak area of Galmachi, known to be the mostlyused migratory route for 2 target species.
  • 3.

    Non-point Source Impact Analysis through Linkage of Watershed Model and River Water Quality Model

    최현구 | 김동일 | 김지은 and 1other persons | 2011, 20(1) | pp.25~36 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, the accurate water quality analysis in rivers, including the non-point source is performed. First of all, watershed model, SWAT(Soil and Water Assessment Tool) was applied to analyze the impact of the non-point source in study area. And then, water quality analysis integrating the point source and the non-point source is implemented using QUALKO model. For more exact simulation, it should be the calibration and verification of variables and parameters which are needed for simulation. In addition, the importance of considering the non-point source was confirmed in river water quality simulation. BOD, TN, TP were analysed,and the results shows that BOD, TN and TP concentration was increased to 16.8%, 8.2% and 25.8% respectively. The more accurate estimate will be carried if use of reliable measurements and watershed simulation be done in models linking process. The suggested technique will improve the accuracy of the water quality analysis. The methodologies presented in this study will contribute to basin-wide water quantity and quality management.
  • 4.

    Application of Three-Dimensional Model to Evaluate Stream Discharge Capacity due to Vegetation

    Noh, Joonwoo | 이진영 | 안기홍 | 2011, 20(1) | pp.37~48 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Recently, the social and environmental functions of nature river are important due to the increase of expectation for river restoration. So it should be considered the effect of vegetation affecting the conveyance capacity and hydraulic resistance. However, it has not yet proposed a objective standard and modeling method to estimate the effect of conveyance capacity according to vegetaion distribution in the watercourse such as water level or velocity. Therefore, this study simulates the variations of water level and velocity using 3-dimensional hydrodynamic model, EFDC, to consider a conveyance capacity in downstream of the Soyang Reservoir. The simulation results were validated using statistical index such as F-test and T-test. As results, the water level rises about 0.01 to 0.47m and velocity difference are about -0.95m/s to 0.23m/s.
  • 5.

    Analysis on Air Quality Characteristics through Air Quality Monitoring Stations in urban Background and High Altitude in 2005~2006 in Seoul

    Seung Sung Yoo | 전재식 | 정권 and 5other persons | 2011, 20(1) | pp.49~59 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The results of comparing PM_10 concentration between ‘Namsan’ and ‘Yongsan-gu’ air quality monitoring stations show similar values with averaged concentration in the whole Seoul. The correlation factors in both sites were 0.865, 0.828 in 2005, 2006, respectively. For ‘Bukhansan’ and ‘Gangbuk-gu’ air quality monitoring stations, different from the results mentioned above, they showed clear differences as altitude changes. PM10 concentration in ‘Bukhansan’ monitoring stations was 10 mg/m^3 lower than ‘Gangbuk-gu’ monitoring station which is located near the ground. Also, averaged PM10 concentration in ‘Bukhansan’ and ‘Gangbuk-gu’ monitoring stations was lower than that in the whole Seoul. When comparing NO_2 concentration between ‘Namsan’ and ‘Yongsan-gu’ monitoring stations, NO_2 concentration in ‘Namsan’ monitoring station was lower than ‘Yongsan-gu’monitoring station. For NO_2 concentration in ‘Bukhansan’, ‘Gangbuk-gu’ and ‘the whole Seoul’, there were the same pattern in ‘Gangbuk-gu’ and the ‘the whole Seoul’ and low values in ‘Bukhansan’monitoring station. The correlation factors of NO_2 concentration in ‘Bukhansan’ and ‘Gangbukgu’was 0.525, 0.549 in 2005, 2006, respectively, which stands for low correlationship
  • 6.

    Studies on the Integrated Stream Naturalness Assessment Based on Abiotic and Biotic Factors

    표재훈 | 문형태 | 2011, 20(1) | pp.61~69 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Integrated stream naturalness based on abiotic and biotic factors were developed. Abiotic factors considered in this study were types of land use in the riparian area, river bank and high water bed streamside, revetment, bed substrate and artificial construction of streamside. Biotic factors included types of vegetation, assemblages of fish, macroinvertebrate, bird and mammal(Otter) in streams. The presence/absence of legal species and biological assessment index were also weighted as important parameters in this study. Scoring criteria selected for each matrix was five rating system; 1=poor, 2=moderate, 3=fair, 4=good, 5=excellent. Numerical ratings for the matrix were then summed. This resulted in a minimum score of 13 if all matrix at a site were poor, and a maximum score of 65 if all matrix were excellent. Five grade system from poor(I) to excellent condition(V) was employed. To verify its validity in natural environment, the evaluation system was applied to the Gapchun stream which is a test bed selected. Our result showed that stream naturalness of each reach was clearly distinguished by biotic and abiotic characteristics. Determination of correlation coefficient between abiotic and biotic factors was also high (R^2=0.96, p<0.05). In conclusion, assessment for stream naturalness reflecting abiotic and biotic factors was useful method representing stream integrated.
  • 7.

    Assessing Impact of Reduction of Non-Point Source Pollution by BASINS/HSPF

    배다혜 | Ha, Sungryong | 2011, 20(1) | pp.71~78 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    This paper aims to assessing impact of reduction of non-point source pollution in the Bokha Stream watershed. The BASINS/HSPF model was calibrated and verified for water flow and water qualities using Total Maximum Daily Load 8days data from 2006 to 2007. Accuracy of the BASINS/HSPF models in simulating hydrology and water quality was compared and there were somewhat differences of statistical results, but water flow and water quality were simulated in good conditions over the study period. The applicability of models was tested to evaluate non-point source control scenarios to response hydrology and water quality in the Bokha stream using various measures which include BMPs approach and change of landuse. The evaluation of reduction of non-point source pollution was developed using load-duration curve. Despite strong reduction of non-point source, there are not satiated target quality at low flow season.
  • 8.

    Environmental Impact Assessment for Development Projects Considering Carbon Sink and Sequestration(II) - Focused on a Housing Redevelopment Project -

    Sangil Hwang | 박선환 | 2011, 20(1) | pp.79~87 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, we investigated the effect of carbon sequestration and sink on the environmental impact assessment of a housing redevelopment project. Through the case study,we found that the amount of carbon sequestration and sink increased with the increase of the area of park and green space and, furthermore, the amount of carbon emission decreased slightly with implementation of district heating and renewable energy. Therefore, it is necessary for its land use plan to be established to minimize the amount of net carbon emission, taking account of both the amount of present carbon emission and the amount of the future carbon sink, sequestration, and emission.