Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.74

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2011, Vol.20, No.2

  • 1.

    Effect of the Changes in Neighboring Building Layout onto Natural Ventilation Force in Buildings

    김미정 , Lee Hee-Kwan | 2011, 20(2) | pp.97~105 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    도시의 일상생활에서는 시가지의 바람이 나무, 집 등 낮은 건축물 군에 의해 방해되어 보통은 전원의 바람보다 풍속이 저감되는 경우가 많다. 이러한 기존의 바람 흐름이 있는 곳에 건축물이 세워지게 되면 기존의 풍환경은 크게 변화되어 풍속이 약한 곳과 강한 곳이 조성되어 이와 같은 바람이지표부근의 구조물에 의해 받는 영향은 도시지역에서 강하게 나타나게 된다. 이는 교외나 시골지역은 상대적으로 도시지역에 비해 영향을 적게 받게 된다. 임의의 지역, 특히 도시지역의 경우 기존의건물이 증축되거나 혹은 새로운 건물이 신축되면 이로 인하여 기존의 바람흐름이 달라지며 이는 인접건물들의 확보하고 있던 자연 환기력의 변화를 야기 시키는 원인이 되기도 한다. 이러한 현상은건축물에 의해 자연 환기력이 바뀌게 되는 일종의 기존 환경으로 부터의 변화를 의미한다. 본 연구에서는 수치해석을 이용하여 이와 같이 건물의 주변 환경변화, 즉 신축, 증축 등과 같은변화를 고려하여 그 영향을 예측/분석하였다. 그 결과로 건물의 자연환기력을 전면에서 바람에 의한압력증가와 후면에서 바람의 흡입에 의한 압력감소로 인해 전면의 풍속에 의해 발생하는 동압보다큰 압력차가 발생하고, 그로 인해 환기량이 발생하는 것을 알수 있다. 주변 변화에 의해서는 동일한규모의 건물이 추가되는 경우에 기존의 경우에 비해 35~45%의 자연환기격이 감소되는 것으로 나타났다.
  • 2.

    The Effect of Climate Change on Water Quality Analysis in a Dam River Basin

    정제호 , 김동일 , 최현구 and 1 other persons | 2011, 20(2) | pp.107~121 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    To assess the impact of climate change on water quality in an impounded river basin, this study estimated future air temperature and rainfall in the years of 2020, 2050 and 2080 by statistically downscaling the simulation results from two GCM models combined with two emission scenarios (A2 and B1). Both scenarios were selected from the Special Report on Emission Scenarios (SRES) suggested by IPCC. The A2 scenario represents an extreme condition whereas the B1 scenario represents a clean and energy efficient condition which is similar to that of study basin. With the results of estimated climate factors and land use data,the discharge and the concentrations of BOD, TN and TP in the Andong dam basins were simulated using the SWAT model. The change in BOD concentration for the B1 emission scenario was greater than the A2 scenario in the annual increase range and the pollution level. The concentration of TN was decreased during March ? June which is drought period and increased again afterward. In contrast to TN, the concentration of TP was generally decreased. The change in TP concentration was greater for the B1 scenario than the A2 scenario.
  • 3.

    Establishment on Management Plan of Environmental Noise with Noise map

    선효성 | 2011, 20(2) | pp.123~131 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The objective of this study is to prepare the effective management plan of environmental noise with a noise map, and the guideline on the management plan of environmental noise was suggested through the review of existing application examples. The management plan of environmental noise with a noise map includes the practical contents in the stages of subdivision of management areas, establishment of reduction measures, opinion collection,post investigation, and reformulation of management plan. First, the classification of management regions is performed considering the excess degree of noise standard and the facility type in the phase of subdivision of management areas. Second, the optimal management plan is established through the investigation of regional characteristics and various noise reduction measures in the phase of establishment of reduction measures, which includes the examination of noise reduction effects with a noise map and the budget planning with the costing of noise reduction measures. Third, the opinion survey with a local resident and a expert is carried out in order to prove the validity of the management plan in the phase of opinion collection, and the management plan is modified with gathered opinions. Fourth, the post examination plan with noise measurement is performed in order to verify the real effect of noise reduction measures according to the management plan in the phase of post investigation. Finally, the amendment of the management plan as well as the improvement of a noise map is carried out at a regular cycle in the phase of reformulation of management plan.
  • 4.

    An Analysis of Local Wind Field based on Urban Development

    Song Dong Woong | 2011, 20(2) | pp.133~140 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    A numerical study with Envi-met model is experimented to investigate the characteristics of wind pattern in Gangwon innovation city. In all case, most conditions such as wind speed,temperature, and surface are considered as the same, but wind direction is the only different factor. The wind directions considered in this study have a meaning of prevailing wind direction. When the prevailing wind with the direction of 247°blows into the city, the ventilation passage toward the outside of city is formed and the stagnation of air is not expressed. In case of having the direction of 270°, most evident ventilation passages are composed. When the inflow wind direction is the north, 0°, there is some possibility of stagnation phenomenon. The case where the representative wind direction of three kind will flow with development, in compliance with the building is caused by with screening effect of some and shows a true stagnation phenomenon, wishes in the park and flowing water and the greens area to be for a long time formed and the wind direction is maintained.
  • 5.

    Environmental Assessment and Environment-Friendly Development in Mountainous Area in Constructing Photovoltaic Complex

    Ahn Se-Woong , Hyun-Soo Joo , 이희선 | 2011, 20(2) | pp.141~150 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The construction of photovoltaic complex in mountainous area is quickly increasing recently so that the environment assessment in constructing photovoltain complex in mountainous area was performed by cpmparison of CO_2. reduction and forest damage. The case studies for environmental value assessment, which construct photovoltaic complex in mountainous area,show that the losses of around 5.1billion won arise during 15 years. The government’s official target for spreading photovoltaic energy until year 2030 can be satisfied when considering other alternative sites, improvement of technology and the alternative sites of an idle space of a building or a disused site, etc, except an undeveloped mountainous area. The construction of photovoltaic complex in mountainous area can cause the great damage to the environment,especially undeveloped mountainous area such as Baekdudaegan, and this defeat its own purpose of using photovoltaic energy. Therefore, the spread of photovoltaic complex through the additional damage of forest should be sublated.
  • 6.

    Vegetation Restoration Model of Pinus thunbergii in Urban Areas

    김석규 | 2011, 20(2) | pp.151~162 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is suggest to restoration model of Pinus thunbergii in Saha-gu,Busan Metropolitan City. The result of this study is summarized as follows;As the results of this study, vegetation restoration model is presented by separating community planting and edge planting. The community planting species of tree layer were Pinus thunbergii and Quercus acutissima and Quercus dentata and Quercus serrata and Quercus alienna and Quercus variabilis. The community planting species of subtree layer were Platycarya strobilacea and Prunus sargentii and Styrax japonica and Eurya japonica and Morus bombycis. The community planting species of shrub layer are Ulmus pavifolia and Ulmus davidiana and Lindera obtusiloba and Elaeagnus macrophylla and Mallotus japonicus and Ligustrum obtusifolium and Sorbus alnifolia and Rhus trichocarpa and Zanthoxylum schinifolium and Rosa wichuraiana and Rhus chinensis and Viburnum erosum and Rhododendron mucronulatum and Rhododendron yedoense and Indigofera pseudotinctoria. And the planting species of edge vegetation are Japanese Angelica and Symplocos chinensis and Pittosporum tobira and Lespedeza maximowiczii and Lespedeza bicolor and Rubus coreanus and Rubus idaeus and Vitis thunbergii and Ampelopsis brevipedunculata and Rosa multiflora. Considering the population of individuals up to layers in each 400m^2 area, it was composed of 24 in tree layer, 35 in subtree layer, 410 in shrub layer and 34% herb layer in the Pinus thunbergii community. And the average of breast-high area and canopy area was 10,852cm^2 in tree layer, in subtree layer 1,546cm^2, in shrub layer 1,158,660cm^2. The shortest distance between trees was calculated as 2.0m in tree layer, 1.9m in subtree layer.
  • 7.

    A Study on Eco-friendly Plan by Analysis of Tourism Development Trend and Example

    주용준 , 사공희 | 2011, 20(2) | pp.163~174 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Interests in tourism and leisure have increased with the quality of life in Korea. The government takes the lead in development of tourism for balanced development between regions and local governments use development of tourism as a means for vitalization of local economy. The sustainable and eco-friendly development plan is required for the tourism development, because it needs effective use of limited natural resources and consideration of environmental capacity in the region. This study analyzed the trend of tourism development during nine years, and problems with respect to planning and environment aspects on the basis of four examples which follow recent development trend. We suggest improvement plan that 1) establishment of consistency and systematics of tourism development, 2) enforcement of setting up regional tourism development plan, 3) comprehensive and systematic plan establishment in consideration of private sector, 4) reasonable adjustment and environmental management for development project of approval organization, 5) removal of duplicate regulations for development project. Application of the improvement plan while setting up tourism plan could contribute to vitalization of local economy, and environmental preservation and management.
  • 8.

    Comparative Evaluation of Indoor Temperature in Spring according to Sitting Orientation of Tower-Type Apartments

    김준현 , Um, Jung Sup | 2011, 20(2) | pp.175~185 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    It is usual for energy consumption in accordance with facing and sitting direction of towertype apartments to be calculated by the official statistics or computer simulation. Previous studies for energy consumption appear to be very limited due to the dependence on flat type of apartment. Acknowledging these constraints, an empirical study for a tower type apartment was conducted to demonstrate how a on-site indoor temperature measurement in spring can be used to assist in estimating the total energy consumption in terms of facing and sitting orientation specific settings. The results indicate that maximum temperature difference in spring was identified as 1.16℃ between south and eastern direction. It is known that raising 1℃indoor temperature require 7% more energy consumption than normal. The 1.16℃ difference means that sitting direction of tower type apartment is a crucial explanatory variable as unit of analysis for energy consumption. It was demonstrated that the indoor temperature could be used effectively as an indicator to estimate energy consumption among various sitting direction of tower type apartments. It is anticipated that this research output could be used as a valuable reference to support more scientific and objective decision-making for facing and sitting orientation of tower type apartments.
  • 9.

    Assessment on Ecological Characteristics of Vegetation in the Trail of Adjacent to Molundae

    남정칠 , 서정범 , 오주성 | 2011, 20(2) | pp.187~198 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The objective of this study is to analyze the flora and forest vegetation of trails with high visitor density at Molundae. Nine quadrats of 20 X 20m were selected for the survey. The survey was conducted from April to October 2010. The obtained results are summarized as follows. Plot1, plot2, plot3, plot4, plot6, and plot7 were located at slopes of 5~20˚, 17~40m above sea level, and were formed with the colony of Japanese black pine(Pinus thunbergii Parl) and Japanese black pine(Pinus thunbergii Parl)-white oak(Quercus aliena Blume). Tree layer had the height of 8~20m, and the coverage of 50~70%, while subtree layer had the height of 3~8m,and the coverage 30~80%. On the other hand, shrub layer had the height of 2~4m, and the coverage of 10~30%, and herb had the height of 0.2~1m and coverage 5~20%. Plot5, plot8, and plot9 were located at the summit areas of 57~78m above sea level, and 0˚slope. Japanese black pine(Pinus thunbergii Parl) formed a community there. Tree layer was 8~20m high, and covered 60~70%, of the area, and subtree layer was 6~8m high, and coverage 30~40%. Shrub layer had the height of 2~6m, and the coverage of 30%, while herb layer had the height 0.2~2m, and the coverage 20-80%. Succession does not occur in the surveyed areas which have high visitor density. Artificially planted sawtooth oak(Quercus acutissima) trees were found to disturb succession and formation of multi-layer vegetation, resulting in the ecologically unstable forest. Therefore, the researcher suggested the strategy of managing the vegetation in the conclusion. This study has the limit in that the plots selected for the survey reflected only part of various trails in the Molundae area. It is necessary to suggest the vegetation management plans by selecting more diverse trail areas in consideration of the visitor density and behaviors, and analyzing the changes in vegetation quantitatively in order to manage the vegetation in urban areas damaged by visitors more effectively.
  • 10.

    The Change Detection of SST of Saemangeum Coastal Area using Landsat and MODIS

    Jeong, Jong Chul | 2011, 20(2) | pp.199~205 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The Saemangeum embankment construction have changed the flowing on the topography of the coastal marine environment. However, the variety of ecological factors are changing from outside of Saemangeum embankment area. The ecosystem of various marine organisms have led to changes by sea surface temperature. The aim of this study is to monitoring of sea surface temperature(SST) changes were measured by using thermal infrared satellite imagery, MODIS and Landsat. The MODIS data have the high temporal resolution and Landsat satellite data with high spatial resolution was used for time series monitoring. The extracted informations from sea surface temperature changes were compared with the dyke to allow them inside and outside of Saemangeum embankment. The spatial extent of the spread of sea water were analyzed by SST using MODIS and Landsat thermal channel data. The difference of sea surface temperature between inland and offshore waters of Saemangeum embankment have changed by seasonal flow and residence time of sea water in dyke.
  • 11.

    Investigation on Physical Habitat Condition of Korean Chub (Zacco koreanus) in Typical Streams of the Han River

    Hur, Jun Wook , 서진원 | 2011, 20(2) | pp.206~214 | number of Cited : 17
    Abstract PDF
    In order to establish fundamental data for stream restoration and environmental flow, we investigated physical habitat conditions of Korean chub (Zacco koreanus) in the typical streams of Han River. Field monitoring including fish sampling was conducted from September 2008 to April 2010. A total number of fish caught in the 8 sites was 3,421 representing 8 families 31species, and 17 species (54.8%) including Korean shinner (Coreoleuciscus splendidus) and Z. koreanus were Korean endemic species during the study period. The most frequently found species in number was pale chub (Z. platypus, 25.7%) followed by Z. koreanus (22.8%) and Microphysogobio longidorsalis (16.8%). Numbers of Z. Koreanus ranged from 8 to 10 cm of total length were the highest in size distribution of their population in all sites. They were widely found in ranges of flow velocity (0.2~0.9 m/sec, 89.6%), water depth (0.3~0.9 m, 91.6%), and different types of substrates except for silt, and they tended to prefer run (58.1%) and riffle (33.7%) with cobble bed (47.0%) microhabitat. Most of upper streams in Korea consist of riffles and runs that are repeatedly followed by another one. However, stream channelization and leveling have caused reduction of habitat diversity. Therefore, it is necessary to make an effort on stream rehabilitation with evaluation of physical habitat condition by indicator species in order to maintain biodiversity and perform ecological restoration.
  • 12.

    Evaluating Vehicle Emission Reduction (CO, VOC and NOx) Using Real-time Traffic Information

    김준형 , Um, Jung Sup | 2011, 20(2) | pp.215~224 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper was inspired by the fact that Real-time Traffic Information Service could play a key role in reducing incomplete combustion time remarkably since it can provide traffic jam information in real-time basis. Emission characteristics of experimental engines were studied with variable travel distances and speed of car in terms of traffic information provided. 12 Km distance road of Susung district in Daegu is taken as an experimental area to examine this new approach. The emission was tested while the driving was done at 8 AM, 3 PM, 6 PM which represents various traffic conditions. The reduced emission has been measured for a travel distance running at different loads (conventional shortest route and Real-time Traffic Information) and various loads (CO, VOC and NOx) are all inventoried and calculated in terms of existing emission factors. The emission has been shown to reduce linearly with travel distance : carbon monoxide (20.56%), VOC (29.21%), NOx(8.86%).
  • 13.

    Effect of Hydroelectric Power Plant Discharge on the Turbidity Distribution in Dae-Cheong Dam Reservoir

    서세덕 , Jae Il Lee , Ha, Sungryong | 2011, 20(2) | pp.225~232 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    In the study, CE-QUAL-W2 model was used and its examination and correction were conducted targeting 2001 and 2003 when the condition of rainfall was contradicted. Using the proved model in 2003, a scenario was implemented with management of locations for dewatering outlets and actual data for dam management in 1987 when inflow and outflow level were almost same. In case of the scenario which the location of dewatering outlets was 5m higher than usual location, exclusion efficiency for turbid water inflow at the beginning of precipitation was good. In case of the scenario which the location of dewatering outlets was 10m lower than usual location, exclusion efficiency for excluding turbid water remained in a reservoir after the end of precipitation. However, the scenario applying dam management data in 1987, exclusion efficiency was relatively low. In the scenario, power-generating water release spot at EL.57m for first four days after the beginning of precipitation, EL.52m for 5th to 8th and EL.42m from 9th days.An analysis of the scenario reveals that both excessive days exceeded 30NTU and average turbidity levels were decreased comparing before and after the alteration on outlets. The average turbidity levels were decreased by minimum of 55% to maximum of 70%and 30NTU exceeding days were decreased by 45 days at maximum. Also, since it could exclude most of turbid water in a reservoir before the destatifcation, the risk for turbid water evenly distributed in a reservoir along with turn-over could be decreased as well.
  • 14.

    Environmental Impact Assessment for Development Projects Considering Carbon Sink and Sequestration(III) - Focused on a Bogeumjari Housing Project -

    Sangil Hwang , 박선환 | 2011, 20(2) | pp.233~246 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, we investigated the effect of carbon sequestration and sink on the environmental impact assessment of a Bogeumjari Housing Project. Through the case study, we found that, if the project is implemented, the amount of carbon stock tends to decrease greatly whileas the amount of the carbon emission tends to greatly increase. Furthermore, we found that the future land use should be planned in detail in order to maintain the soil carbon stock prior to development. Also, enlargement of undeveloped forest land area would be more efficient than that of newly planted area in terms of carbon sequestration.