Korean | English

pISSN : 1225-7184

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.51
Home > Explore Content > All Issues > Article List

2011, Vol.20, No.4

  • 1.

    Study on Noise and Low Frequency Noise generated by Wind Power plant(Wind Farm)

    Park Young Min | 정태량 | 손진희 | 2011, 20(4) | pp.425~434 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The energy produced by wind power generation is a clean energy product because it is acquired by using renewable resource. Wind power plants( “wind farms), in Korea, have been built and operated as 345.6MW facilities from 2001 until now 2009. Nevertheless,environmental issues regarding construction of wind power plants have arisen. accordingly it is time to consider the environmental and social issues of wind power in accordance with the government’s policy objectives of increased wind power production. In this study, we investigated the influence that noise and low frequency noise caused by Wind power plants have on neighborhood and residents. We also sought solutions to these issues. In order to analyze the issues of wind power facilities, we compared and examined precedents and the solutions for noise and low frequency noise in Europe, the United states and Japan. We intended to examine the influences of wind power facilities and propose alternative in dealing with these issues.
  • 2.

    Development of the Inflow Temperature Regression Model for the Thermal Stratification Analysis in Yongdam Reservoir

    안기홍 | 김선주 | DONGIL SEO | 2011, 20(4) | pp.435~442 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, a regression model was developed for prediction of inflow temperature to support an effective thermal stratification simulation of Yongdam Reservoir, using the relationship between gaged inflow temperature and air temperature. The effect of reproductability for thermal stratification was evaluated using EFDC model by gaged vertical profile data of water temperature(from June to December in 2005) and ex-developed regression models. Therefore, in the development process, the coefficient of correlation and determination are 0.96 and 0.922, respectively. Moreover, the developed model showed good performance in reproducing the reservoir thermal stratification. Results of this research can be a role to provide a base for building of prediction model for water quality management in near future.
  • 3.

    Development of a Noise Map in Neighboring Areas Around Korean Train Express Line and Analysis of the Related High Speed Railway Noise Influence

    이진영 | Kil, Hyun Gwon | Lee, Chan and 1other persons | 2011, 20(4) | pp.443~453 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of present study is to develop a noise map around Korean Train Express (KTX)line. It is also to evaluate the high speed railway noise influence in neighboring areas around KTX. In order to develop the noise map, noise source modeling and 3-D noise radiation simulation have been performed by means of SoundPLAN program. The result of the noise map has been verified in comparison with the measured noise level. Noise measurements have been performed at 15 locations around KTX line. At each locations, 6 microphones were located 1.5m and 3m above the ground at each of 25m, 50m and 75 m distances from a center of the KTX track. The noise map showed clearly the high speed railway noise influence in neighboring areas around KTX line. The present study has also showed the noise could be reduced by using noise barriers constructed at severely noise-exposed locations.
  • 4.

    Soil Environment`s Impact on the Growth of Pinus thunbergii by Season in Urban Forests

    김석규 | 2011, 20(4) | pp.455~464 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to clarify correlations between soil environments and the growth of trees in forests and thereon analyze effects of seasonal changes in such environments on such growth. To determine seasonal factors of soil affecting the Tree Vitality of Pinus thunbergii, first of all, the study designated the Tree Vitality as a dependent variable and soil hardness,moisture, pH, K, Na, Mg and Ca as independent variables. Then the study performed Pearson’s coefficient analysis. To clarify what soil factors influence the seasonal growth of Pinus thunbergii multiple regression analysis is carried out, and findings are as follow; the growth of Pinus thunbergii was basically influenced by pH, followed by soil hardness in spring, K, followed by moisture in summer, and by soil hardness in winter. However, no soil factors affected the vitality at the significance level of 5% for t.
  • 5.

    Comparative Evaluation of Electric Power and LNG Load according to Floor level of Tower-Type Apartments

    김준현 | Choi, Jin Ho | Um, Jung Sup | 2011, 20(4) | pp.465~475 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    It is known that energy consumption in bottom floor of typical Korean-style apartment is the highest. Previous studies for energy consumption in accordance with floor level appear to be very limited due to the dependence on single energy variable such as electric power or LNG separately, based on past flat type of apartment. Acknowledging these constraints, an empirical study for a tower type emerged recently as new style of apartment in South Korea was conducted to demonstrate how a comprehensive evaluation for both electric power and LNG consumption can be used to assist in monitoring the total energy consumption in terms of floor specific settings. It was possible to identify that energy consumption in bottom floor is lesser than that of top floor, to the contrary, fact known from previous study. Also electric power consumption in top floor was identified as 15% higher than that of floor in the least. It is anticipated that this integrated utilization of electric power and LNG data would present more scientific and objective evidence for the energy load among floor level of tower type apartment by overcoming serious constraints suffered from the past single variable investigation. Ultimately, the result in this paper could be used as a valuable reference to providing priority for energy saving activities in top floor such as cool roof or green roof.
  • 6.

    A Comparative Study on Estimation Methodologies of Carbon Sequestration Amount by Vegetation for Environmental Impact Assessment on Development Projects

    Sangil Hwang | 박선환 | 2011, 20(4) | pp.477~487 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, we deduced the best estimation methodology for amount of carbon sequestration by vegetation, through the case study using the data obtainable from the environmental assessment procedure. Our results showed that the estimation methodology using the national vegetation map was the best for the strategic environmental assessment,whileas those using the vegetation growth equation were applicable for environmental impact assessment procedure. Furthermore, we found that the amount of carbon sequestration by farmland and/or grassland, not by vegetation, was not negligible. Therefore, we concluded that the area of farmland and/or grassland need to be taken into account during the landuse planning.
  • 7.

    The Assessment of Water Pollution Accident on Dam Watershed using GIS

    명광현 | Jeong, Jong Chul | 2011, 20(4) | pp.489~496 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The water pollution such as oil spill from stream and river because of car accidents have been frequent cases in the watershed of Dam. However we don’t have any simulation methods about flow modeling on the watershed and stream tree. In this study aims to analyze water pollution accidents area on impact range for ANDONG-Dam. The focused watershed and the risk range of path analysis model was designed by GIS database. The frequency of transportation accidents which may occur from road accidents in the level of quantitative and qualitative analysis to map flow analysis using ArcHydro Model and Open Geospatial Consortium(OGC) API. and the path way from the accident point to the reservoir stayed on the path was simulated. The area of risk accessment index was displayed with cell and grid of dam area.
  • 8.

    Human Health Risk Assessment of Benzene from Industrial Complexes of Chungcheong and Jeonla Province

    Yong-Chul Jang | 이성우 | Yongseung Shin and 2other persons | 2011, 20(4) | pp.497~507 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    This research studied human health risk assessment of benzene from industrial complexes of Chungcheong Province (Seosan industrial complex) and Jeonla Province (Iksan industrial complex and Yeosoo industrial complex). The residents near the industrial complexes areas can be often exposed to volatile organic compounds (e.g., benzene, toluene, xylenes) through a number of exposure pathways, including inhalation of the organic pollutant via various environmental matrices (air, water and soil), contaminated water, and soil intake. Benzene is well known to be a common carcinogenic and toxic compound that is produced from industrial and oil refinery complexes. In this study, a number of samples from water, air, and soil were taken from the residential settings and public school zones located near the industrial complex sites. Based on the carcinogenic risk assessment, the risk estimates were slightly above 1.0×10^(-6)at all three industrial sites. According to deterministic risk assessment, inhalation was the most important route. The distribution of benzene in the environment would be dependent on vapor pressure, and the physical property influencing the extent of the potential risks. Noncarcinogenic risk assessment of benzene shows that the values of Hazard Index(HI) were much lower than 1.0 at all industrial complexes. Therefore, benzene was not a cause of concern in terms of non-carcinogenic risk posed to the residents near the sites. When compared to probabilistic risk assessment, the CTE(central tendency exposure) cancer risk values of deterministic risk assessment were close to the mean values predicted by the probabilistic risk assessment. The RME(reasonable maximum exposure) values fell within the range of 95% to 99.9% estimated by the probabilistic risk assessment. Since the values of carcinogenic risk assessment were higher than 1.0×10^(-6), further detailed monitoring and refined risk assessment for benzene may be warranted to estimate more reliable and potential inhalation risks to receptors near the industrial complexes.
  • 9.

    Application Analysis of HSPF Model Considering Watershed Scale in Hwang River Basin

    최현구 | Han Kun Yeun | 황보현 and 1other persons | 2011, 20(4) | pp.509~521 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to estimate overall reliability and applicability of the watershed modeling for systematic management of point and non-point sources via water quality analysis and prediction of runoff discharge within watershed. Recently, runoff characteristics and pollutant characteristics have been changing in watershed by anomaly climate and urbanization. In this study, the effects of watershed scale were analyzed in runoff and water quality modeling using HSPF. In case of correlation coefficient, its range was from 0.936 to 0.984in case A(divided - 2 small watersheds). On the other hand, its range was form 0.840 to 0.899 in case B(united - 1 watershed). In case of Nash-Sutcliffe coefficient, its range was from 0.718 to 0.966 in case A. On the other hand, its range was from 0.441 to 0.683 in case B. As a result, it was judged that case A was more accurate than case B. Therefore, runoff and water quality modeling in minimum watershed scale that was provided data for calibration and verification was judged to be favorable in accuracy. If optimal watershed dividing and parameter optimization using PEST in HSPF with more reliable measured data are carried out, more accurate runoff and water quality modeling will be performed.
  • 10.

    Changes of the Forest Types by Climate Changes using Satellite imagery and Forest Statistical Data: A case in the Chungnam Coastal Ares, Korea

    Kim Chansoo | 박지훈 | Dong-Ho Jang | 2011, 20(4) | pp.523~538 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This study analyzes the changes in the surface area of each forest cover, based on temperature data analysis and satellite imagery as the basic methods for the impact assessment of climate change on regional units. Furthermore, future changes in the forest cover are predicted using the double exponential smoothing method. The results of the study have shown an overall increase in annual mean temperature in the studied region since 1990, and an especially increased rate in winter and autumn compared to other seasons. The multi-temporal analysis of the changes in the forest cover using satellite images showed a large decrease of coniferous forests, and a continual increase in deciduous forests and mixed forests. Such changes are attributed to the increase in annual mean temperature of the studied regions. The analysis of changes in the surface area of each forest cover using the statistical data displayed similar tendencies as that of the forest cover categorizing results from the satellite images. Accordingly, rapid changes in forest cover following the increase of temperature in the studied regions could be expected. The results of the study of the forest cover surface using the double exponential smoothing method predict a continual decrease in coniferous forests until 2050. On the contrary, deciduous forests and mixed forests are predicted to show continually increasing tendencies. Deciduous forests have been predicted to increase the most in the future. With these results, the data on forest cover can be usefully applied as the main index for climate change. Further qualitative results are expected to be deduced from these data in the future, compared to the analyses of the relationship between tree species of forest and climate factors.
  • 11.

    Wind Field Change Simulation before and after the Regional Development of the Eunpyeong Area at Seoul Using a CFD_NIMR_SNU Model

    조경미 | 구해정 | 김규랑 and 1other persons | 2011, 20(4) | pp.539~555 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Newly constructed, high-rise dense building areas by urban development can cause changes in local wind fields. Wind fields were analyzed to assess the impact on the local meteorology due to the land use changes during the urban redevelopment called“ Eunpyeong new town”in north-western Seoul using CFD_NIMR_SNU (Computational Fluid Dynamics, National Institute of Meteorological Research, Seoul National University) model. Initial value of wind speed and direction use analysis value of AWS (Automatic Weather Station) data during 5years. In the case of the pre-construction with low rise built-up area, it was simulated that the spatial distribution of horizontal wind fields depends on the topography and wind direction of initial inflow. But, in the case of the post-construction with high rise built-up area, it was analyzed that the wind field was affected by high rise buildings as well as terrain. High-rise buildings can generate new circulations among buildings. In addition, small size vortexes were newly generated by terrain and high rise buildings after the construction. As high-rise buildings act as a barrier, we found that the horizontal wind flow was separated and wind speed was reduced behind the buildings. CFD_NIMR_SNU was able to analyze the impact of high-rise buildings during the urban development. With the support of high power computing, it will be more common to utilize sophisticated numerical analysis models such as CFD_NIMR_SNU in evaluating the impact of urban development on wind flow or channel.
  • 12.

    Sudden rise of fine particle concentration after Typhoon USAGI and NARI passage in Busan

    Jeon, Byung-Il | 2011, 20(4) | pp.557~564 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study was conducted to investigate the sudden rise of fine particle concentration after the passage of typhoon USAGI and NARI in Busan. Nocturnal inversion layer was formed at atmospheric boundary layer and wind direction changed from southerly wind to northeasterly wind after USAGI passed through Busan. Fine particle concentration in Busan rapidly increased by subsidence of air pollutants released from sources and dust transported from in the vicinity of industrial regions. Wind direction changed from northeasterly wind to southeasterly wind, wind velocity increased and lower atmosphere became extremely unstable after NARI passed through Busan. PM10 concentration of Busan increased sharply because of surface dust dispersed by strong wind. Fine particle concentration generally decreases by precipitation and wind after typhoon passes through. However, the concentration can also go up not only by subsidence and transportation in nocturnal inversion layer but also by surface dust which temporarily occurs by strong wind.