Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.74

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pISSN : 1225-7184

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2012, Vol.21, No.4

  • 1.

    The Basic Study for Developing Plant Ecological Indices of Sacheon-si, Gyeongsangnam-do

    OH, HYUN-KYUNG , You Ju Han | 2012, 21(4) | pp.509~523 | number of Cited : 15
    Abstract PDF
    This basic study is to present the methods and raw data for carrying out to objectively assess an ecosystem by developing the plant ecological indices. The results are as follows. The plant ecological indices were 7 units including RI (Rare Index), EI (Endemic Index), SI (Specific Index), NI (Naturalized Index), UI (Urbanized Index), Pte-Q (Pteridophyta Index) and HI (Halophytes Index). The vascular plants in Mt. Waryong, Mt. Bongmyeong and Bito island were summarized as 471 taxa including 104 families, 294 genera, 419 species, 3 subspecies, 41varieties and 8 forms. We surveyed 5 taxa of rare plants, 7 taxa of endemic plants, 38 taxa of specific plants by floristic region, 40 taxa of naturalized plants, 1 taxa of invasive alien plant, 19taxa of pteridophyta and 14 taxa of halophytes. Bito island had the highest RI was 1.2%. Mt. Bongmyeong was 1.4% higher than other sites. If the SI of 2.9% was the highest in Bito island. Bito island was the highest NI, and the UI was the hightest in Mt. Waryong. Mt. Bongmyeong was the lowest NI and UI. In Mt. Waryong and Bito island, the highest DI was 9.1%. The Pte-Q of Mt. Waryong was 1.3 higher than the other sites. Bito island, the highest HI was 8.1%. Overall, 1.5% of RI, 1.9% of EI, 2.3% of SI, 8.5% of NI, 14.3% of UI, 9.1% of DI, 1.0 of Pte-Q and 3.0% were analyzed with HI.
  • 2.

    The Possibility of Investor-State Dispute under Korea US FTA in relation to Korean Environmental Impact Assessment: A Lesson from Bilcon v. Canada Case under NAFTA

    Taehwa Lee | 2012, 21(4) | pp.525~541 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to investigate the possibility of Investor-State Dispute under Korea US FTA in relation to Korean environmental impact assessment scheme. The study analyzes the Investor-State Dispute case between Bilcon of Delaware and the government of Canada. The case study shows that Bilcon challenged Canada with violations of NAFTA 1102, 1103 and 1105, arguing that Canada treated Bilcon in an arbitrary and discriminatory manner. The study analyzes two different scenarios that Korea could face with arbitration for alleged breach of its obligations under the Korea US FTA in relation to EIA scheme. From analyzing the case study in relation to two different scenarios, the study finds that problems previously identified and associated with EIA scheme in Korea could directly or indirectly cause Investor-State Dispute Settlement process between Korea and American investors. The study concludes that the risk of violating Korea US FTA related with Korean EIA could be reduced by creating Korean EIA scheme in a transparent and unarbitrary manner which guarantees fair public participation and elaborating the concrete meaning of sustainable development in EIA law.
  • 3.

    Water Quality Prediction and Forecast of Pollution Source in Namgang Mid-watershed each Reduction Scenario

    유재정 , Suk-Ho Shin , Youngsam Yoon and 1 other persons | 2012, 21(4) | pp.543~552 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Namgang mid-watershed is located in downstream of Nakdong river basin. There are many pollution sources arround this area and it’s control is important to manage a water quality of Nakdong river. A target year of Namgang mid-watershed water environment management plan is 2013. To predict a water quality at downstream of Namgang, we have investigated and forecasted the pollutant source and it’s loading. There are some plan to construction the sewage treatment plants to improve the water quality of Nam river. Those are considered on predicting water quality. As results, it is shown that the population is 343,326 and sewerage supply rate is 79.2% and the livestock is 1,662,000 in Namgang mid-watershed. It is estimated that the population is 333,980, the sewerage supply rate is 86.9% in 2013. The milk cow and cattle were estimated upward and the pigs were downward by 2013. The generated loading of BOD and TP is 75,957 kg/day and 4,311 kg/day, discharged loading is 18,481 kg/day and 988kg/day respectively in 2006 . It were predicted upward the discharged loading of BOD and TP by 4.08% and 6.3% respectively. The results of water quality prediction of Namgang4 site were 2.5 mg/L of BOD and 0.120 mg/L of TP in 2013. It is over the target water quality at that site in 2015 about 25.0% and 9.1% respectively. Consequently, there need another counterplan to reduce the pollutants in that mid-watershed.
  • 4.

    The Prediction Of Low Salinity Water Behavior Caused By Tidal Gate Extension In Yeongsan-River Estuary

    Chul-Hui Kwoun , 권민선 , Hoon Kang and 4 other persons | 2012, 21(4) | pp.553~565 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    영산강 하구에서 담수유입에 따른 저염수의 거동을 파악하기 위하여 EFDC 모델을 수행하였다. 모델의 수행은 홍수기 배수갑문 확장 전·후로 나누어 수행하였으며, 모델의 마지막 담수유입시점으로부터 16일 후 해역이 준 정상상태에 도달하기까지 저염수의 확산양상을 시간 경과순으로 살펴보았다. 그 결과, 담수유입이 멈춘 후에 저염수는 방류시점으로부터 약 6시간 경과 후에 배수갑문 전면 해역으로부터 해측으로 최대의 확산을 보였으며, 약 2~7일 후 염분의 분포 양상은 담수가 유입되기 전으로 회복되는 경향을 보였다. 한편, 배수갑문을 확장하기 전보다 배수갑문을 확장한 후에 담수유입 후 해역이 준 정상상태에 도달하는 시간이 더욱 짧았는데, 이는 시간당 방류량의 증가가 난류혼합을 강하게 하고, 해측으로 더 멀리 확산된 저염수는 외해수에 의해 보다 쉽게 혼합되기 때문인 것으로 판단된다. 따라서, 본 해역에서 일정한 양의 담수가 유입되는 경우, 저염수의 확산은 시간당 방류량이 크고 방류지속시간이 짧을수록 해역이 준정상상태에 도달하는 시간이 더욱 짧아질 것으로 사료된다.
  • 5.

    A Study for Assessment Scope Set-up of Road Noise in EIA

    최준규 , 선효성 , 정태량 | 2012, 21(4) | pp.567~572 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper suggests the set-up plan of the assessment scope in road noise considering road characteristics with the prediction model of road noise. The RLS90 prediction model with some assumptions is used to establish the assessment scope of road noise. The main contents of the applied assumptions are smooth drive of cars, flat region, location of all noise sources in one lane, drive in design speed, and set-up of assessment scope according to traffic volume and car speed. The information of traffic volume to predict road noise is obtained by the distribution of small cars and full-sized cars in road. In this study, the total traffic volume in road is computed by adding the number of small cars to the conversion number of small cars, which means the number of small cars making the same noise as one full-sized car. The prediction result of road noise with the influence factor of traffic volume, car speed, distance between road and receiver is presented. The resultant assessment scope of road noise is obtained by combining road noise prediction data with the set-up standard of road noise assessment scope
  • 6.

    The Analysis of a Potential Solar Energy Resource Map

    Jeong, Jong Chul | 2012, 21(4) | pp.573~579 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Many countries have recently been expanding efforts for low-carbon global economy to solve the problem of global warming. Development and research for various types of new reusable energy is on the rise throughout the world. The most promising source of energy is the solar photovoltaic energy and the government take an initiative to establish both short-term and long-term policies to develop the solar energy potential resource map. The solar energy and industrialize area researched by GIS methods for optimum site for solar power transfer system. This study attempts to address the hot issue of the development and suitability of the solar photovoltaic energy site using GIS spatial analysis. We need to analyze and describe the solar technology, green energy policies and the energy market trend of the field.
  • 7.

    Characteristics of wintertime Asian Dust occurrence at Busan

    Jeon, Byung-Il | 2012, 21(4) | pp.581~591 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristics of fine particles concentration and meteorological parameters, and long range transport of wintertime Asian dust at Busan. Also we studied occurrence frequency and tendency of wintertime Asian dust from 1961 to 2010 in Korea. Asian dust occurred most frequently in the spring, the next to winter in Korea.Wintertime Asian dust is steadily increasing recently. Asian dust in Busan was the most occurred in 2001 with 21 days, followed by 12 days in 2002, and 10 days in 2006. The annual mean frequency during the past 12 years(1999∼2010) was 7.5 days, and it was two times more than that during the past 50 years(3.8 days). Wintertime Asian dust in Busan has occurred 6 episodes since 2008, and it all occurred in December except for 20 Feb. 2009. The highest concentration of wintertime Asian dust was recorded mostly at Hakjangdong and Jangrimdong which are industrial area. Maintenance time of Asian dust at Busan was from 1hr 30min to 9hr 20min, it was shorter than in the spring. It took from 10 to 15 hours move to Busan after Asian dust was first detected in Korea. Wintertime Asian dust originated from Gobi desert in Mongolia and inner Mongolia near China, except for 9 Dec. 2008 at Busan.
  • 8.

    A Study on the Species Distribution Modeling using National Ecosystem Survey Data

    Ji-Yeon Kim , 서창완 , 권혁수 and 2 other persons | 2012, 21(4) | pp.593~607 | number of Cited : 33
    Abstract PDF
    The Ministry of Environment have started the ‘National Ecosystem Survey’ since 1986. It has been carried out nationwide every ten years as the largest survey project in Korea. The second one and the third one produced the GIS-based inventory of species. Three survey methods were different from each other. There were few studies for species distribution using national survey data in Korea. The purposes of this study are to test species distribution models for finding the most suitable modeling methods for the National Ecosystem Survey data and to investigate the modeling results according to survey methods and taxonominal group. Occurrence data of nine species were extracted from the National Ecosystem Survey by taxonomical group (plant, mammal, and bird). Plants are Korean winter hazel (Corylopsis coreana), Iris odaesanensis (Iris odaesanensis), and Berchemia (Berchemia berchemiaefolia). Mammals are Korean Goral (Nemorhaedus goral), Marten (Martes flavigula koreana), and Leopard cat (Felis bengalensis). Birds are Black Woodpecker (Dryocopus martius), Eagle Owl (Bubo Bubo), and Common Buzzard (Buteo buteo). Environmental variables consisted of climate, topography, soil and vegetation structure. Two modeling methods (GAM, Maxent) were tested across nine species, and predictive species maps of target species were produced. The results of this study were as follows. Firstly, Maxent showed similar 5 cross-validated AUC with GAM. Maxent is more useful model to develop than GAM because National Ecosystem Survey data has presence-only data. Therefore, Maxent is more useful species distribution model for National Ecosystem Survey data. Secondly, the modeling results between the second and third survey methods showed sometimes different because of each different surveying methods. Therefore, we need to combine two data for producing a reasonable result. Lastly, modeling result showed different predicted distribution pattern by taxonominal group. These results should be considered if we want to develop a species distribution model using the National Ecosystem Survey and apply it to a nationwide biodiversity research.