Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.74

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pISSN : 1225-7184

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2013, Vol.22, No.4

  • 1.

    The Social Value of Ham-Pyung Butterfly Festival - Through the Travel Cost Method -

    이경진 , Myung Gyu,SONG | 2013, 22(4) | pp.291~302 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    The aim of this study is to assess the social value of Ham-Pyung Butterfly Festival in the year of 2011. The tool for the assesment is the zonal travel cost method. The result of the study can be summed up as follows; First, the average individual consumer’s surplus measures approximately from 29,700 to 30,100 Won. Second, the total consumer’s surplus, that is the social value of the festival, ranges approximately from 7.6 to 7.7 billion Won. The most beneficiary of the event is turned up to be the people who are living in the outside of Ham-Pyung and go on a tour there. For that reason, the central government looks to have the obligation to support and to sponsor the festival.
  • 2.

    Naturalness Assessment of Trails in Urban Area of Gyeongju National Park - Focused on Sogeumgang, Hwarang and Seoak District -

    문성주 , You Ju Han | 2013, 22(4) | pp.303~317 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to offer the raw data for restoration and management of trails by assessing the physical environments, the types of deterioration and the naturalness on trails located in the Sogeumgang, Hwarang and Seoak districts of Gyeongju National Park, Korea. The Sogeumgang was 5.9m, 1.1m of the Hwarang and 1.8m of the Seoak district in trail width. In the bared width of trail, the Sogeumgang was 3.9m, 0.9m of the Hwarang and 1.7m of the Seoak district. In the depth of erosion, the Sogeumgang was 37.1cm, 14.2cm of the Hwarang and Seoak district. The Sogeumgang was 16.8°, 13.1° of the Hwarang and 12.2° of the Seoak district in longitudinal slope. In the left and right of transect slope, the Sogeumgang was 18.3° and 12.6°, 18.0° and 21.3° of the Hwarang and 15.3° and 22.7° of the Seoak district. In the left, middle and right of soil hardness, the Sogeumgang was 29.9mm, 34.7mm and 31.1mm, 27.6mm, 35.0mm and 27.2mm of the Hwarang and 27.1mm, 30.8mm and 28.0mm of the Seoak district. The type of deterioration in trails were 10 types of the Sogeumgang, 11 types of the Hwarang and 9 types of the Seoak district. The trail erosion, rock exposure and root exposure were substantially observed in the types of deterioration. In the results of the naturalness assessment, the Hwarang district was a good condition, but the Sogeumgang district was bad. The indicators of the Sogeumgang district were mostly poor.
  • 3.

    Water Quality Characteristics Evaluation by Flow Conditions Using Load Duration Curve - in Youngbon A Watershed -

    박진환 , Kapsoon Kim , 정재운 and 4 other persons | 2013, 22(4) | pp.319~327 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    This study was conducted to identify runoff characteristics of pollutants using flow duration curve(FDC) and load duration curve(LDC) in Youngbon A watershed during 2009~2011. A flow rate and pollutant load in the study watershed were estimated by equation of stage-discharge and discharge-loads rating curve. From these methods, BOD, T-N, and T-P have evaluated whether water quality standards would have attained. Results showed that BOD loads of about 50% plotted above the LDC, while T-N and T-P loads of about 50% plotted below the curve. It means that BOD of about 50% have exceeded the water quality criteria, while T-N and T-P of about 50% have complied with the water quality standards. Meanwhile, BOD, TN and T-P loads plotted above the LDC of low flows, implying that they were more affected by point pollution sources than nonpoint pollution sources in the study watershed.
  • 4.

    Forecasting the Effect of Global Warming on the Water Temperature and Thermal Stratification in Daecheong Reservoir

    차윤철 , Chung, Se-woong , 윤성완 | 2013, 22(4) | pp.329~343 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    According to previous studies, the increased air temperature can lead to change of thermal stratification structure of lakes and reservoirs. The changed thermal stratification may result in alteration of materials and energy flow. The objective of this study was to predict the effect of climate change on the water temperature and stratification structure of Daecheong Reservoir, located in Geum River basin of Korea, using a three-dimensional(3D) hydrodynamic model(ELCOM). A long-term(100 years) weather data set provided by the National Institute of Meteorological Research(NIMR) was used for forcing the 3D model. The model was applied to two different hydrological conditions, dry year(2001) and normal year(2004). It means that the effect of air temperature increase was only considered. Simulation results showed that the surface water temperature of the reservoir tend to increase in the future, and the establishment of thermal stratification can occur earlier and prolonged longer. As a result of heat flux analysis, the evaporative heat loss can increase in the future than now and before. However, the conv ctive heat loss and net long wave radiation from water surface decreased due to increased air temperature.
  • 5.

    A study on the improvement measures of livestock manure management and organic fertilizer use in Nonsan area

    Dong-Hwan Jeong , 신진수 , Chulgu Lee and 2 other persons | 2013, 22(4) | pp.345~359 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    The Ministry of Environment established a plan for advancement of livestock manure management in July 2011 and finalized the “Comprehensive Measures for Advancement of Livestock Manure Management” in May 2012 complementing and strengthening the plan. In this process, it was necessary to investigate the status of discharge of livestock manure and its environmental impact, for example on rivers, groundwater, arable outflow water and soil. We investigated types of livestock husbandry, discharge of livestock manure, and production and use of organic fertilizers and presented the improvement measures of livestock manure management and organic fertilizer use. First, it is necessary to come up with measures to calculate appropriate density and numbers of livestock animals and prevent overcrowded breeding. Second, as many of the private livestock manure treatment facilities are out-dated and their long-term aerated reaction tanks are not regularly managed, it is necessary to find ways to improve those facilities through inspection and diagnosis. In addition, since existing public treatment facilities are designed to add clean water to belt filter press, additional water is needed. Therefore, it is necessary to improve belt filter press in order to decrease the extra water. Finally, although large-scale organic fertilizer plants and resources recycling centers produce good organic (liquid) fertilizers with proper components, it is necessary to establish standards for maturity of liquid fertilizers in order to facilitate efforts to turn livestock manure into resources.
  • 6.

    A study on the improvement for installation guide of soundproofing facilities in construction site

    Park Young Min , 김경민 | 2013, 22(4) | pp.361~367 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Noise and vibration occurs during construction intermittently, but with the most arise complaints. There is a need to efficiently manage the construction noise and vibration problems because in case a residential facility that requires calmness around the construction site adversely affects the living conditions of nearby residents. The ministry of environment has mandating the installation of soundproofing facilities for the management of construction noise. In order to enforce a particular construction, the mandatory install with soundproofing facilities before the start of construction, and after construction. However, Installation guide of soundproofing facilities for construction sites were not considered affected areas by noise and there is no provision of performance evaluation for soundproofing facilities. In this study, investigated the status and problems of the installation guide for soundproofing facilities in construction sites, we propose an efficient installation guide of soundproofing facilities for the reduction construction noise.
  • 7.

    A Study on the improvement plan of regulatory standard for construction noise and vibration

    Park Young Min , 김경민 | 2013, 22(4) | pp.369~379 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Noise and vibration problems at the construction site, expansion of construction scale and frequency of urban construction is increased, has given the damage to local residents. Also, the result of civil complaint about noise and vibration that occurred in 2011 was 56,244; it is showing an increasing trend of more than 4% annually. In particular, the construction noise and vibration, the civil complaints of around construction site accounts for 64.6%(36,353), are harmful to the tranquility of living environment. As a result, the government has managed to strengthen the regulatory standard of construction noise (65dB(A), Day-time) from 2011. However, the regulatory standard of construction noise and vibration does not meet and also complaints related the construction noise and vibration not decreased. Because the management system can be applied to the construction site is insufficient and a shortage of manpower. In this study, investigated the status and problems of the regulatory standards related to construction noise and vibration, we propose an efficient management plan of construction noise and vibration.
  • 8.

    A Study on the Vibration Reduction by the Position of Borehole using Experimental Waveform and Finite Element Analysis

    송정언 , Kim,Seung-Gon , 박훈 and 1 other persons | 2013, 22(4) | pp.381~387 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    In order to improve the environmental vibration, it is necessary to method for not only reduce the vibration source, but also control the vibration path. In this study, we used borebole for estimate the vibration reduction. And also, we analyzed displacement and vibration velocity caused by the position of borehole as well as the condition of borehole in ground structure. Visual FEA(Finite Element Analysis) program was used in this numerical analysis. The results are as follows : The displacement magnitude and X, Y direction displacement were represented to different results due to the condition and position of borehole, and were represented to the lowest values when the position of borehole is the most close condition from the vibration source. And also, the vibration velocity was decreased as using borebole in ground structure. The isolation efficiency of the vibration was calculated to maximum 18.40% when borehole was established to the most close position from the vibration source and the receive point.
  • 9.

    The Analysis of GOCI CDOM for Observation of Ocean Environment Change

    Jeong, Jong Chul | 2013, 22(4) | pp.389~395 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Geostationary Ocean Color Imager(GOCI), the World’s first spaceborne ocean color observation satellite operated in geostationary orbit, was successfully launched on May 2010. The main missions of GOCI is the coastal environment monitoring of GOCI in order to meet the necessity of long-term climate change monitoring and research. The GOCI have higher spatial resolution than MODIS, 500m × 500m, and 8 spectral ocean color channels. GOCI have a capability for observation on the coastal environment change, GOCI perform the observation with 8 times a day. In this paper, we presented the more improved results for observation on the coastal environment change than MODIS ocean color sensor and detected the spatial difference of CDOM for monitoring coastal environment change.