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2016, Vol.25, No.1

  • 1.

    Contingent Valuation of Wildlife - Vehicle Collision Prevention Projects

    Lee, Namhyung | Park, Sang Soo | Inchul Bae and 1other persons | 2016, 25(1) | pp.1~14 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    With the continuous expansion of highway network and its traffics, neighboring wildlifes' habitats are splitted into smaller and more isolated patches. The infrastructures contribute to the wildlife-vehicle collision by creating barriers to animal movement. This kinds of traffic accidents are dangerous factors to the drivers' safety and the facilities on the highway as well as to the wildlife themselves. One of the most common ways to prevent habitat fragmentation are fauna crossings and fences. The cost of the mitigation measures to prevent wildlife-vehicle collision could be monetized. However their economic benefits are difficult to be measured. Using contingent valuation method, this study tries to estimate the economic valuation of wildlife collision prevention projects on the Korean highways. The result shows that 43.88% of Korean household had the positive willingness pay to the projects. Moreover, we found that the recognition of the project or the favourable attitude to the environmental issues could raise the willingness-to-pay. Therefore, active public relation on the project could make the friendly public opinion and increase the number of the household which has the positive willingness-to-pay on the project.
  • 2.

    Trend Analysis of Development Projects in Gyeonggi Province - Focusing on the Target Projects of Environmental Impact Assessment -

    KIM SU RYEON | Sung Hyun Chan | 2016, 25(1) | pp.15~24 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This study was analyzed the distribution tendencies and statuses of development projects for EIA projects. According to the result of this study, in the annual analysis, a number of consultations and areas have shown increasing trend across the board. In the project type analysis, there are development project types; urban development, industrial complex, sport facility installation, resort complex development, road construction, which have a lot of developments. In the cities analysis, a number of consultations were about 53% on the top 5 cities, the areas were focused on 75%, and the development projects were concentrated in the southern distribution of Gyeong-gi province. The development axis, from 2004 to 2006, was C-type, but it was extended to O-type until 2010. Therefore, the development will expand into nature conservation zones and forest areas to the east. The development restriction area will be disappeared gradually because the development density of the surrounding Seoul city is more advanced, and we could predict that may be accelerated conurbation between the neighboring cities. Thus, when the development project is located, it would be reviewed difference in existing development project type, project size, and concentration in each city on the basis of environmental capacity.
  • 3.

    A Basic Study on the features of LID - related Ordinance Enactment conducted by Local Government - mainly on Seoul City, Suwon City and Namangju City

    Mihong Lee | Yanghui Han | Kyounghak Hyun and 1other persons | 2016, 25(1) | pp.25~40 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    This study suggests direction of new ordinance establishment for the future national application of Low Impact Development(LID) by analyzing current LID-related regulations of local governments, substantial agents to install and maintain a facility, through qualitative and quantitative methodologies. Four key words related to LID were derived from advisory conference and then ninety nine ordinances as the LID-related regulations were extracted to analyze. The study shows that rainwater-related ordinance passed in the middle of 2000s are being merely converted to the law on the promotion and support of water reuse. Regulations on water cycle and LID exist only in three cities nationwide(Seoul City, Suwon City and Namangju City). Interview with administrators of three cities to have LID-related regulations revealed following results. First, both rainwater and water reuse related regulations have not considered regional characteristics such as rainfall intensity, effects of impervious and merely followed guidelines by Ministry of Government Administration and Home Affairs. Second, existing ordinance is confined to specific facilities and thus cannot include the concept of LID which covers land and space utilization. Therefore, for proper application of LID, this study proposes issue of ordinance that resembles Seoul City ordinance and a new guideline that can reflect regional characteristics such as rainfall and location.
  • 4.

    Study on the soil related assessment factors in Korean Environmental Impact Assessment

    Jihoon Yang | Sun Hwan Park | Tae Heum Kim and 1other persons | 2016, 25(1) | pp.41~50 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Environmental impact assessment has been implemented for more than 30 years in Korea. During that period, various amendments were carried out about target plan and assessment factors. However, in current environmental impact assessment act, only a few factors has been considered for soil environment assessment. This study analyzes the national and foreign environmental impact assessment guidelines on soil related factors and figures out the problems and implications of Korean environmental impact assessment. In Korea, water quality, topography and geology, hydraulics and hydrology, and soil contamination were analyzed as a soil related factors. The main assessment targets were pollution related factors such as soil pollution levels, amount of rainfall runoff, and non-point sources. However, in the case of foreign guidelines, soil compaction, soil sealing, and soil salinization is being analyzed for evaluating function and quality of soil environment. The revision of soil-related factors are needed for sustainable development of Korea.
  • 5.

    Strategic environmental impact assessment proposal in consideration of the complex characteristics of the soil - Around the dam construction long - term plan -

    Tae Heum Kim | Sun Hwan Park | 황상일 and 3other persons | 2016, 25(1) | pp.51~62 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Recently, soil has been recognized as a crucially important resource that even can change the quality of life. Also, recent studies have gradually mentioned the importance of assessing soil impact induced by development plans and projects. In this study, after detailed soil assessement items were selected from our national environmental policies and international agreements, they were tested for the long-term dam construction planning in order to ensure more suitable implementation of strategic environment assessment(SEA). We found that soil resources can be impacted by diverse factors such as soil erosion, soul organic matters, soil moving, soil biodiversity, and others. Such detailed factors are found to be overlapped with the pervious EIA factors. Accordingly, additional studies would be required for finding out more reasonable connection between assessment factors during any SEA progress.
  • 6.

    Implication Measures between Strategic Environmental Impact Assessment and Sustainable Development Indicators

    Hong Sangpyo | 2016, 25(1) | pp.63~76 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    In 2015, Summits of State and Government at United Nations General Assembly agreed to set the world on a path towards Sustainable Development(SD) through the adoption of the 2030 Agenda. 2030 Agenda adopts 17 Sustainable Development Gooals(SDG) to achieve 3 pillars of social security, economic efficiency and environmental integrity. Sustainable Development Indicators(SDI) which are suggested by UN SDSN(United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network), have been developed for measuring SDG implementation, by which Sustainability Assessment(SA) can be accomplished to check through more holistic approaches to poverty alleviation, social inclusion and environmental management. In Korea, Strategic Environmental Impact Assessment(SEIA) has been applied to PPP(policy, plan, program) by ‘Ministry of Environment’, whereas ‘National Land Planning Assessment(NLPA) which is one sort of SEA has been implemented to evaluate PPP of Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport’. Although SEIA and NLPA have been utilized as decision-making support tools for stakeholders including high authorities, the reference criteria of these institutions are not considered as convincible and communicable. Evaluation criteria of alternatives which are core principles for SEIA and NLPA seem so ambiguous and unscientific. Through incorporation of SDI into SEIA, a convenient, quick and credible diagnosis of the key dimensions of SD comprising social equity, economic development and environmental management, can help develop a shared understanding of priorities of implementation of SDG.
  • 7.

    Predicting change of suitable plantation of Schisandra chinensis with ensemble of climate change scenario

    이솔애 | Sang-Hyuk Lee | 지승용 and 1other persons | 2016, 25(1) | pp.77~87 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Predicting possible distributed area of Schisandra chinensis which has long term cultivation period among non-timber forest products is needed to be studied to deal with climate change. Hence, distribution of Schisandra chinensis in the 2050s and 2070s was predicted under two scenario, RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5, with ensemble of 5 climate models used in IPCC AR5. According to estimation using RCP 4.5, distribution of Schisandra chinensis in 2050s appeared to decrease 43% of current area and appeared to decrease 57% in 2070s respectively. Moreover, According to estimation using RCP 8.5, distribution of Schisandra chinensis in 2050s appeared to decrease 55% of current area and appeared to decrease 85% in 2070s. As a final outcome, Schisandra chinensis was estimated to extinct in the future except Gangwon-do and Gyeongsangbuk-do when analyzing change between current distributed area and future distributed area. As a result, those areas were classified as vulnerable areas to climate change. Therefore, Gangwon-do and Gyeongsangbuk-do were thought to be ideal for growing Schisandra chinensis. The result from this study can be used to provide basic information for selecting proper area of Schisandra chinensis considering climate change effect.