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2016, Vol.25, No.2

  • 1.

    Vegetation Classification and Distributional Pattern in Damyang Riverine Wetland

    Ahn, kyunghwan | Lim, Jeong-Cheol | 이율경 and 7other persons | 2016, 25(2) | pp.89~102 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    Damyang riverine wetland was designated as a wetland protected area in 2004; that is located in the Yeongsan river mainstream. Total 30 phytosociological releves at field studies were classified with 22 vegetation types including of 101 species (unidentified 1 species). Legends of actual vegetation map were separated by 6 types; riparian forest, substitute vegetation, synanthropic vegetation, wet meadow vegetation, open water, an area of wetland vegetation is about 35 % (386,841.86 m2). Results of this study area as follows. The plant society of Damyang riverine wetland was conjectured that it was formed by rapidly water environment change with installed weir on the upstream of protected area and operating of Damyang dam on top of the basin. Until recently, the terrace land on the river was used to cultivate, but that would be formed fallow vegetation scenery on riverfront caused by no cultivation after designated protected area. Paspalum distichum var. indutum community designated as invasive alien plant by Korea Ministry of Environment was widely developed and Myriophyllum spicatumunrecorded in the country as newly alien species was discovered in the study zone. The plants as lapped over developing environment for Leersia japonica must be occupied habitat of native plant species having similar niche. The various plant society in Damyang riverine wetland should be developed because of environmental changes, disturbances and damages of stream.
  • 2.

    Study on Flora and Comparative Example of Gulup - do in Ongjin, Incheon

    OH, HYUN-KYUNG | 한윤희 | Eun Ok Kim and 1other persons | 2016, 25(2) | pp.103~123 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    This study is a comparison of the flora and case studies distributed in Gulup-do Ongjingun, Incheon. The numbers of vascular plants were summarized as 282 taxa including 81 families, 201 genera, 252 species, 3 subspecies, 22 varieties and 5 forms. The Raunkiaer life forms are analyzed in hemicryptophytes were 66 taxa (23.4%) in dormancy form, non-clonal growth (R5) were 160 taxa(56.7%) in propagation form of radicoid form, having no special modification for dissemination (D4) were 197 taxa (48.6%) in propagation form of disseminule form, erect form (e) were 117 taxa (41.5%) in growth form. The halophytes were 23 taxa including Salsola collina, Asparagus oligoclonos and so on. The rare plants were 7 taxa including Pyrrosia hastata (VU), Senecio nemorensis (VU) and so on. The Korean endemic plants were 5 taxa including Hepatica insularis, Lespedeza maritima and so on. In the specific plants by floristic region were 38 taxa, a degree I were 23 taxa (Dictamnus dasycarpus, Vitex rotundifolia and so on), 6 taxa of a degree II (Morus cathayana, Euphorbia esula and so on), 8 taxa of a degree III (Pyrrosia hastata, Rhodotypos scandens and so on), Senecio nemorensis of a degree V and degree IV were not found. The naturalized plants were 17 taxa including Robinia pseudoacacia, Bromus tectorumand so on. Of those Ambrosia artemisiifolia is a invasive alien plants. Naturalization rate (NR) was 6.0% of all 282 taxa of vascular plants and urbanization index (UI) was 5.3% of all 321 taxa of naturalized plants. Gulup-do and adjacent Baega-do were locally investigated field work and it summarizes the results of a total of 41 islands literature in Ongjin-gun and Ganghwa-gun, Incheon including uninhabited islands, Baengnyeong-do, Daecheong-do and so on. The average number of species were each analyzed in about 89 taxa, rare plants are about 2 taxa, endemic plants are about 1 taxa, naturalized plants are about 4 taxa. This study was the comparison of the flora and literature distribution case that the Gulup-do maintain the naturalness and continuously conducted to explore the future conservation measures the adjacent islands.
  • 3.

    An Analysis of the Effects of Water Pollution on Life Satisfaction in Korea

    Soojung Kim | Kang, Sung Jin | 2016, 25(2) | pp.124~140 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Using the Korea Labor Institute Panel Study(KLIPS), this study investigates the impacts of water pollution on life satisfaction in Korea. Panel random-effects ordered probit model is used to consider the ordered property of life satisfaction data and heterogeneity of panel data. The proxy variables to reflect the degree of water pollution are biochemical oxygen demand(BOD) and total phosphorus(TP). In addition to the environmental variables above, other determinants used in various studies on life satisfaction such as economic, social, and demographic characteristics are included. Estimation results show that water pollution is negative and significant for life satisfaction. Other indicators such as income, age, house ownership, gender, education are positively related while urban residence and own business are shown to be negatively related.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Estimation of Environmental Carrying Capacity and Sustainability in National Land using the Emergy Synthesis

    김남국 | Yoon-Young Chang | 2016, 25(2) | pp.141~154 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    differently according to the subjective views of respective researchers, and the situation which needs in-depth evaluation on the interaction between nature and economy which becomes the fundamental of sustainable development. This study also aims at groping for correct direction for the national land development by calculating the environmental carrying capacity and index value which is appropriate to the national land and providing the framework for preparing the policy to induce the sustainable use and management of the national land. The concept of emergy synthesis which is used for the evaluation of environmental carrying capacity and sustainability in the national land, as in this case, can notify the information on current situation of the national land as well as explain how the national land transforms according to time pass (the role of information synthesis), and gives knowledge if the national land policies advances toward the direction of sustainable development (the role of policy evaluation and observation). Emergy synthesis also can take role for selecting best policy on the process of decision making on the exploitation of the national land (the role on the process of decision making).
  • 5.

    Strategic Environmental Impact Assessment for Development Basic Plan Considering complex Characteristics of Soil - Focused on the Bogeumjari housing supply plan and an urban management plan -

    Jihoon Yang | Sun Hwan Park | Keunje Yoo and 2other persons | 2016, 25(2) | pp.155~164 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Soil has been recognized as an important resource due to its finitude and valuable functions. Therefore, many countries have adopted soil quality related indicators in Strategic Environment Impact Assessment(SEIA). However, Korean SEIA has used limited indicators such as soil contamination until now. In this study, the SEIA on “Development Basic Plan” was modified for considering complex characteristics of soil and applied to “Bogeumjari Housing Supply Plan” and “Urban Management Plan”. The performance of the SEIA considering soil characteristics was evaluated using a checklist for assessing consistency with upper plan, adequacy of alternatives, and feasibility of siting. Soil organic matter and soil erosion were derived as main indicators for “Basic Development Plans”. The proposed SEIA technique equipped with soil indicators is proved to contribute to the soil resource conservation.