Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.74

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pISSN : 1225-7184

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2016, Vol.25, No.4

  • 1.

    Change of Flora of Damaged Land in Juwangsan National Park for Five Years (2010~2014)

    You Ju Han , Mi-Jin Kim | 2016, 25(4) | pp.233~247 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to offer the basic data for management of National Park by surveying and analysing the change of flora of damaged lands in Juwangsan National Park, Korea. In cause of occurring the damaged lands, site-1 was the vegetation damage by stamping, the removing Gwangamsa of site-2, 3, 4 and the removing Naewon village of site-5, 6, 7. Whole sites are caused by the artificial disturbance and interference. The numbers of flora were summarized as 135 taxa including 52 families, 109 genera, 116 species, 2 subspecies and 17 varieties in whole sites. The status of flora by sites, site-6 is the largest number of 52 taxa, site-1 is the lowest of 23 taxa. The rare plant is 1 taxa, 4 taxa of endemic plants, 10 taxa of specific plants by floristic region, 9 taxa of naturalized plants and 1 taxa of invasive alien plant. In the results of analysis about the change of coverage ratio, for this shrub layer, site-7 was changed to the most 0%→50%, and the herb layer, site-5 was changed to the most 75%→95%. In case of the change of species numbers, most sites tended to increase in the sites introduced different species or generated by the growth. It is contemplated that is similar to the restoration with the surrounding natural vegetation that is in progress is a transition occurs with the passage of time. In the dominant species, the shrub layer is Fraxinus sieboldiana, Lespedeza bicolor, Rhus javanica, Lespedezamaximowiczii, Salix koreensis and Zelkova serrata, and Miscanthus sinensis var. purpurascens, Oplismenus undulatifolius, Artemisia princeps, Bothriochloa ischaemum and Erigeron annuus of herb layer. In the results of analysing Naturalized Index(NI) and Urbanized Index(UI), NI was increased or decreased this phenomenon with the lapse of time, UI was the most increase. In particular, the increase in UI is due to the transition process, the pioneering plant, naturalized plant was imported to continue.
  • 2.

    Effect of Pollutants Control Measures in So - oak Watershed on the Control of Algae Growth in Daecheong Reservoir

    Hyungseok Park , Chung, Se-woong , 윤성완 and 1 other persons | 2016, 25(4) | pp.248~260 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This study was aimed to assess the effect of diverse pollutants control measures suggested in the Chuso basin and its upstream of So-oak stream watershed where are the most concerned areas on the control of algal bloom occurring in Daecheong Reservoir. The control measures were classified as watershed measures and in-reservoir measures, and their effects were simulated using a two-dimensional hydrodynamic and water quality model. The watershed measures were made up of 1) point sources control, non-point sources control, and their combinations. The in-reservoir measures were supposed to treat sediment at Chuso basin and to install a phosphorus elimination plant (PEP) at the end of So-oak stream. The results showed that the effect of each measure was influenced by the hydrological condition of the year. In wet year, as the contribution of non-point sources increased, the non-point source control measures (NPS1~NPS4) showed more effective compared to other measures, while, the PEP system to eliminate phosphorus from So-oak stream showed better performance in dry year. In particular, the scenario of NPS1, in which all livestock manures were collected and treated but only chemical fertilizers (NPS1) were used for agriculture fields, showed the best performance for the control of algal bloom in Chuso basin among the watershed measures.
  • 3.

    Trend and Prediction of Environmental Resources Consumption in the Korean Peninsula

    Min Ju Yeo , Yong Pyo Kim | 2016, 25(4) | pp.261~279 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Trends of food and energy consumptions in South Korea, North Korea, and the Korean Peninsula were shown and consumptions of food and energy for the integrated Korean Peninsula with several Cases were predicted, and the directions for the environmental resources management were suggested in this study. The Food Supply Quantity, the Protein Supply Quantity, and the Food Supply of North Korea were less than those of South Korea, the Eastern Asia, and World after 1990s. However, it is expected that the food consumption in North Korea will increase, if two Koreas are integrated. If the Food Supply Quantity of North Korea is the same as that of South Korea with the maximum projected population of integrated two Koreas by 2055, the food consumption in the Korean Peninsula would increase by 25% compared with the 2011 food consumption of integrated two Koreas. Thus, the choice of diet should be carefully considered and the increase of agricultural productivity is required. Energy consumption in North Korea is very small comparing to that of South Korea and fraction of coal in energy usage of North Korea is very high. If the energy consumption per capita of North Korea after integration be the same as that of South Korea in 2011, the energy consumption in the Korean Peninsula would increase by 45% compared with the 2011 energy consumption of integrated two Koreas. To minimize the environmental effects caused by energy consumption, the energy plan with the reduced fraction of coal in energy supply of North Korea should be adopted and advanced technology with higher efficiency should be applied to establish or expand the energy facility in North Korea.
  • 4.

    Trend and estimation of the ecological footprint from the consumption of bovine meat in Korea

    Min Ju Yeo , Yong Pyo Kim | 2016, 25(4) | pp.280~295 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Influences on the environment from the consumption of livestock have increased drastically during the last 50 years in Korea. Reduction of bovine meat consumption is one of the alternatives as sustainable food supply. The consumption of bovine meat and the ecological footprint (the sum of the cropland, grazing land, and carbon footprint) from the consumption of bovine meat have increased over 13 and 12 times over the last 50 years. Especially, the consumption of imported bovine meat and the ecological footprint from the consumption of imported bovine meat have increased significantly about 346 and 369 times over the last 40 years. If the consumption of bovine meat decreased by half in Korea in 2023, the ecological footprint from the consumption of bovine meat would be reduced by 40~65% depending on the scenarios. The supportable population number for the consumptions of environmental resources (food (crops, livestock, and fish), energy, forest, and built-up land) and the crops were 0.57~1.56 million and 3.42~6.83 million, respectively, depending on the scenarios and the nationality of the supported people.
  • 5.

    The Characteristics and Improvement Directions of Regional Climate Change Adaptation Policies in accordance with Damage Cases

    안윤정 , Youngeun Kang , Park, Chang Sug and 1 other persons | 2016, 25(4) | pp.296~306 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    There is a growing interest in establishing a regional climate change adaptation policy as the climate change impact in the region and local scale increases. This study focused on the analysis of 32 regions on its characteristics of local climate change adaptation plans. First, statistic program R was used for conducting cluster analysis based on the frequency and budgets of adaptation plan. Further, we analyzed damage frequency from newspapers regarding climate change impacts in eight categories which were caused by extreme weather events on 2,565 cases for 24 years. Lastly, the characteristics of climate change adaptation plan was compared with damage frequency patterns for evaluating the adequacy of climate change adaptation plan on each cluster. Four different clusters were created by cluster analysis. Most clusters clearly have their own characteristics on certain sectors. There was a high frequency of damage in ‘disaster’ and ‘health’ sectors. Climate change adaptation plan and budget also invested a lot on those sectors. However, when comparing the relative rate among regional governments, there was a difference between types of damage and climate change adaptation plan. We assumed that the difference could come from that each region established their adaptation plans based on not only the frequency of damage, but vulnerability assessment, and expert opinions as well. The result of study could contribute to policy making of climate change adaptation plan.