The vulnerability analysis of climate change driven disaster has been used as institutional framework for the urban policies of disaster prevention since 2012. However, some problems have occurred due to the structure of vulnerability analysis, such as overweighted variables and duplicated application of variables of similar meaning. The goal of this study is to examine the differences of results between the method of current guideline and the method of weight equalization. For this, we examines the current structural framework of the vulnerability analysis, and performs empirical analysis. As a result, the extent and magnitude of vulnerability showed different spatial patterns depending on the weighting methods. Standardized weighting method relatively represented wider vulnerable areas compared to the pre-existing method which follows the current instruction manual. To apply the results of vulnerability analysis to urban planning process for disaster prevention, this study suggests that the reliability of the results should be ensured by improving analytical framework and detailed review of the results.
While over 90 percent of fishways are made up with concrete material, nature-like fishways are started to be established as a form of small stream using natural materials. Recently, the central government in collaboration with a university has proposed a ‘Standard Model of Nature-like Fishway’ with a purpose to provide as a national design standard of nature-like fishway.
This study aims to criticize the proposed design model of nature-like fishway and to propose improvements by examining other international cases. As a result, we found problems and limitations of the proposed design model due to the lack of research and experience about making nature-like fishway in Korea. Especially, for designing bypass nature-like fishway we found the lack of studies about structure management strategies, establishment of rocks or pebbles inside the stream, and natural materials. In this sense, more studies about nature-like fishway design adaptable to our environment need to be conducted. In addition, since the proposed design standard for nature-like fishway has been created based on the limited examination of existing domestic cases, it is desirable to improve the design standard on the basis of hydrological and biological research so that they could be adapted effectively to regional and local contexts.
Recently, Discussion about BIM based LID (Low Impact Development) facilities management system is activated because interest of LID technique for urban water cycle restoration is increasing. For this reason, this paper developed the auto-checking module of the BIM (Building Information Model) based supply output table. This module will be the foundation of the BIM based LID facilities total management system. The research order is composed like next follows: ① Select target area, ② Make BIM model of LID facilities and extract supply output table, ③ Develop comparison module, ④ Analysis results. As a result, the authors made 27 LID facilities and developed the supply output table comparison automation module. So, the authors could find differences of 2D design documents based supply output table and BIm based supply output table.
So, the authors made an improvement suggestion of the design plan and could construct foundation of the BIM based LID facilities total management system.
Several bioassays have been performed for assessment of the impact of polluted sediments. The direct exposure method using sediments is limited by difficulty controlling feeding and its effects on organisms. Furthermore, only macro-organisms and benthic organisms are used.
To evaluate the potential application of sediment elutriate as a complementary strategy for impact assessment, copepods, small organisms with a short life cycle, were exposed to sediment elutriates, and several end-points were measured. As a result, sediment elutriates prepared from polluted sites caused growth retardation in marine copepods. In terms of molecular biomarkers, antioxidantrelated and chaperone protein gene expression levels were increased in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Thus, we suggest that sediment elutriate tests can provide an effective alternative for toxicity assessment using whole sediment samples. Further studies are required to obtain sufficient data for future applications.