Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.74

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pISSN : 1225-7184

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2018, Vol.27, No.1

  • 1.

    A Study on the Improvement of the EIA Items and the Operating System Based on the Analysis of EIA Items Usage

    Park ji Hyeon , 최준규 | 2018, 27(1) | pp.1~16 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    Selecting target items of EIA(Environmental Impacts Assessment) is very important process in conducting the EIA. In Korea, like other countries, the EIA Council selects the target items before starting the EIA process. However, the assessment items stipulated in the Enforcement Decree of the Environmental Impact Assessment Act is almost wholly applied to most businesses. Thus, the EIA is difficult to carry out reflecting the characteristics of the target business. Additionally, the items of EIA have a structure that is difficult to change, so that the items of EIA is easy to fall apart from the current social needs. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to suggest adjustment of the items of EIA by reflecting the changes in the assessment and social conditions based on analysis of the usage and effectiveness of the current EIA items. In addition, this study would like to propose a improvement of the operating system in order to ensure that EIA items can be selected effectively.
  • 2.

    Environmental Impacts of Brine from the Seawater Desalination Plants

    박선영 , 서진성 , Tae-Yun KIM | 2018, 27(1) | pp.17~32 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The need for seawater desalination is increasing in terms of securing various water resources, but few studies are available as for the environmental impact of hypersaline concentrated water (brine) discharged from desalination plants. Domestic studies are concentrated mainly on toxicity evaluation that phytoplankton, zooplankton larvae and green algae (Ulva pertusa) are negatively affected by concentrated water. The mortality of Paralichthys olivaceus showed a linear relationship with increasing salinity, and Oryzias latipes died 100% at concentrations above 60 psu. Foreign studies included monitoring cases as well as toxicity evaluations. The number of species decreased around the area where the concentrated water discharged. The hypersaline concentrated water affects the pelagic and benthic organisms. However, the fishes escaped when exposed to salinity, and the pelagic and benthic organisms resistant to salinity survived the hypersaline environment. The salinity limit and distance from the outlet was presented as the regulatory standard for bine discharge. There were differences in regulatory standards among country and seawater desalination plants, and these regulatory standards have been strengthened recently. In particular, California Water Boards were revised to ensure that the maximum daily salinity concentration does not exceed 2 psu above the ambient salinity level within 100 m of the outlet.
  • 3.

    Management System of Invasive Alien Species Threating Biodiversity in Korea and Suggestions for the Improvement

    Dong Eon Kim | 2018, 27(1) | pp.33~55 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    It has been noted that the main cause of biodiversity loss is influx of alien species. Specifically, habitats destruction, economic loss, and human injury are increasing due to invasive alien species. There were 2,167 alien species in Korea. 21 alien species of extraterrestrials including Lycorma delicatula, Solenopsis invicta, Myocastor coypus, and Spartina alterniflora at high risk through ecological risk assessment, are designated as invasive alien species. Alert species, which may have negative impact on ecosystems when they are introduced into the country, are assigned to 127 species through the ecosystem risk evaluation. To list such alien species to prevent invasion of alien species in advance, and to minimize damage caused by imported alien species, a national level management system called the Conservation and Use of Biological deversity Act was established, but there is a lack of a systematic management system in accordance with degree of risk. There is also a risk assessment chart should be developed that reflects ecological characteristics of each taxon and evaluation criteria in predicting the risk.
  • 4.

    Trend and Affecting Factors of Ecological Deficit in North Korea

    Min Ju Yeo , Yong Pyo Kim | 2018, 27(1) | pp.56~72 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    North Korea has been in ecologically deficit state since 1966, despite of lack of energy and food resources. Trends of the Biocapacity (BC), the Ecological Footprint (EF), and the Ecological Deficit (ED) of North Korea were shown and five factors influencing on the Overshoot Rate (OSR) which is the ratio of the BC and the EF in North Korea was analyzed in this study. The five factors consist of two factors affecting to the EF and three factors affecting to the BC in North Korea. Two of the five factors are affecting to the EF those are population, the EF per capita (EFPC) which indicates the individual environmental consumption intensity, and three are affecting to the BC those are the land area, the yield factor, and the value multiplying the equivalence factor and the intertemporal yield factor. The EF has contributed more than the BC to the OSR. From 1966 to mid- 1990s, the EFPC was the most contributing factor at about 60%, and after mid-1990s, population at about 40~60%. Contribution ratio of land area and the yield factor have increased after mid-1990s up to 15% and 18%, respectively. The BC of cropland which has decreased due to a decrease in productivity. In order to reduce the ED of North Korea, improvement of productivity of cropland and restoration of forest. Forest area has decreased significantly since 1990 in NK. And ways to solve the food shortage problem which influences on decrease of both productivity of cropland and forest area.
  • 5.

    Analysis of Pollutants Discharge due to the Change of Impervious Land in Urban Area Using Watershed Model

    Gong Seokho , Kim Tae Geun | 2018, 27(1) | pp.73~82 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is the evaluation of the impact of increase in impervious areas due to urbanization on the pollutant discharge using the HSPF model at Musim watershed. Model calibration and validation were performed based on the observed data 2015 and 2014, all simulation items have been successfully simulated such as flow, BOD, and TP. The land cover map used in the model reflected on the land use status of the Musim watershed in 2015 and the application of the development areas and locations. As a result of simulation, during rainfall daily pollutant load with the increased impervious land increased more than that before the development. However, the pollutant load decreased during the non-rainfall time. Annual pollutant load in rainfall time was significantly higher than that in non-rainfall time, BOD and TP increased. The simulation of nonpoint source pollutant load was applied under two assumptions, such as the increased area of impervious land and the non-change number of point source load before and after development. As the result of a simulation, the non-point source pollutant load after development was bigger than those before development. It was necessary to take measures to control non-point source pollution at the consideration status of development.
  • 6.

    Comparative Study on Biological Technology in Artificial Floating Island: Application of Media and Daphnia to Algal Biomass Control

    Mei-Yan Jin , Kwang-Hyeon Chang , 김태훈 and 1 other persons | 2018, 27(1) | pp.83~91 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Media (bio-stone), aquatic macrophytes (Oenanthe javanica) and herbivorous cladoceran (Daphnia similoides) have been used in artificial floating island (AFI) systems for water pollution control. Efficiency in chl-a concentration controlling of AFI was tested using different combinations of each device: G-BD-mixture bio-stone and Daphnia similoides, G-OB-mixture Oenanthe javanica and bio-stone, G-BOD-mixture bio-stone, Oenanthe javanica and Daphnia similoides, and the out-put water quality improvement was compared with G-C-control (no device was applied). We analyzed removal efficiency of chl-a concentration and nutrient concentrations in the artificially eutrophic water in the laboratory experimental facility. The results showed average removal rates of Chlorophyll a, TN and TP for different four groups: 69.24%, 16.61%, -0.61%; 68.39%, 14.11%, 10.52%; 78.30%, 6.69%, 25.09%; 35.42%, -3.47%, -25.18%, respectively. The results have suggested that the mixture of media, plants and zooplankton is the most efficient combination for Chlorophyll a control, while the mixture of macrophytes and bio-stone have better efficiency nutrient control.
  • 7.

    Analysis of Domestic and Foreign Local Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plan (LBSAP) using Semantic Network Analysis

    Hyeon-Jae LEE , KI JUNE SUNG | 2018, 27(1) | pp.92~104 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The loss of biodiversity has become a global issue. In order to cope with this problem, national biodiversity strategies and action plan (NBSAP) at national level as well as local biodiversity strategies and action plan (LBSAP) at local level have been established in many countries. In this study, we analyzed 8 domestic LBSAPs and 41 foreign LBSAPs through semantic network analysis to investigate the characteristics of domestic and foreign LBSAPs. The results showed that conservation and management were the most used keywords in both domestic and foreign LBSAPs but the ranking of other keywords used in vision, goal, strategy, and action plan sector was different. Thus, it has been found that there is a difference between domestic and foreign practical approaches to conservation and management of biodiversity. Results of the network analysis showed that the domestic network has a more detailed distributed network, while the foreign network has a more comprehensive and integrally configured dense network. These differences may be due to differences of threats to biodiversity, problem recognition, or differences in local circumstances. These results are expected to help establish LBSAP in other region or to assess the local roles to achieve the strategic goals of the Convention on Biological Diversity.