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2019, Vol.28, No.5

  • 1.

    A Study on the Ecosystem Services Value Assessment According to City Development: In Case of the Busan Eco-Delta City Development

    CHOI JIYOUNG | 이영수 | Lee, Sang-Don | 2019, 28(5) | pp.427~439 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Natural environmental ecology ofthe environmental impact assessment(EIA)is very much lacking in quantitative evaluation. Thus, this study attempted to evaluate quantitative assessment for ecosystem service in the site of Eco-delta project in Busan. As a part of climate change adaptation, this study evaluated and compared with the value for carbon fixation and habitat quality using the InVEST model before and after development with three alternatives of land-use change. Carbon fixation showed 216,674.48 Mg of C (year 2000), and 203,474.25 Mg of C (year 2015)reducing about 6.1%, and in the future of year 2030 the value was dropped to 120,490.84 Mg of C which is 40% lower than year 2015. Alternative 3 of land use planning was the best in terms of carbon fixation showing 6,811.31 Mg of C. Habitat quality also changed from 0.57 (year 2000), 0.35 (year 2015), and 0.21 (year 2030) with continued degradation as development goes further. Alternative 3 also was the highest with 0.21(Alternative 1 : 0.20, Alternative 2 : 0.18). In conclusion,this study illustrated that quantitative method forland use change in the process of EIA can helpdecision making for stakeholders anddevelopers with serving the best scenario forlow impact of carbon. Also it can help better for land use plan, greenhouse gas and natural environmental assets in EIA. This study could be able to use in the environmental policy with numerical data of ecosystem and prediction. Supplemented with detailed analysis and accessibility of basic data, this method will make it possible for wide application in the ecosystem evaluation.
  • 2.

    A Study on Perception Change in Bicycle users’ Outdoor Activity by Particulate Matter: Based on the Social Network Analysis

    김보미 | Lee, Dong Kun | 2019, 28(5) | pp.440~456 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The controversy of the risk perception related to particulate matters becomes significant. Therefore, in order to understand the nature of the particulate matters, we gathered articles and comments in on-line community related to bicycling which is affected by exposure of the particulate matters. As a result, firstly, the government - led particulate matter policy was strengthened and segmented every period, butthe risk perception related to particulate matters in the bicycle community has become active and serious. Second, as a result of analyzing the perception change of outdoor activities related to particulate matters, bicycle users in community showed a tendency of outdoor activity depending on the degree of particulate matters ratherthan the weather. In addition, the level of the risk perception related to particulate matters has been moved from fears of serious threat in daily life and health, combined with the disregard of domestic particulate matter levels or mask performance. Ultimately, these risk perception related to particulate matters have led some of the bicycling that were mainly enjoyed outdoors to the indoor space. However, in comparison with outdoor bicycling enjoyed by various factors such as scenery, people, and weather, the monotonous indoor bicycling was converted into another type of indoor exercise such as fitness and yoga. In summary, it was derived from mistrust of excessive information or policy provided by the government or local governments. It is considered that environmental policy should be implemented after discussion of risk communication that can reduce the gap between public anxiety and concern so as to cope with the risk perception related to particulate matters. Therefore,this study should be provided as an academic basis for the effective communication direction when decision makers establish the policy related to particulate matters.
  • 3.

    Marine Environmental Characteristics around the Test Phase of Offshore Wind Farm in the Southwestern Coast of Yellow Sea

    서진성 | Tae-Yun KIM | Junho Maeng and 3other persons | 2019, 28(5) | pp.457~470 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to present the characteristics of marine physics, water quality, and sediment quality around offshore wind farm near the Gochang and Buan sea areas through the analysis of monitoring data. The relationships between suspended solid and wave height as well as suspended solid and flow velocity were analyzed. We found that Correlation Coefficient values of 0.61~0.69 between wave height and suspended solid, and suspended solid concentration reaches 75 mg/L or higher when wave height of more than 1m occurred in the spring (1 month). The water quality index (WQI) was used to identify the status of the water quality in the study area. Most of the measured points were rated first grade (very good). The variation of chlorophyll-a was relatively hight compared to the other criteria, indicating that it is a major factor affecting the quality index. In the sediment column, all heavy metals were detected below the Threshold Effects Level(TEL), and ignition loss and grain size show a positive correlation.
  • 4.

    Estimation of Water Quality Improvement and Reduction of Influent Pollution by Installation of Water Treatment System Filled with Bio-stone Ball

    Sunhwa Choi | Heung-Seop Kim | Chung, Se-woong | 2019, 28(5) | pp.471~482 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Water treatment system filled with Bio-stone Ball (BSB) have been developed for the purification of polluted water in many rivers and lakes. The real-scale plants of BSB water treatment system was constructed for field application test and water purification evaluation in Maewha reservoir. The average water purification efficiencies of BSB watertreatment system shows BOD 70.3% (47.2~97.4%), COD 45.3% (26.1~64.7%), TOC 19.2% (8.5~50.0%), SS 82.8% (73.1~92.7%), Chl-a 80.4% (57.2~91.8%), TN 23.2% (6.4~39.5%), and TP 51.8% (-1.1~80.1%). BSB water treatment system shows very high at 70~80% in the water purification efficiencies of BOD, Chl-a, and SS. The average of pollution loading reduction by installation of BSB treatment system shows 39.2% for COD and 16.8% for TP. The water quality improvement rates (%) of the Maewha reservoir shows TOC 14.5%, COD 14.5%, Chl-a 12.5% and TP 25.1%. The BSB watertreatment system can be applied to many agricultural reservoirs and major rivers to deal with serious water pollution issues.
  • 5.

    Improvement of EIA Associated with Greenhouse Gases Subject Matterforthe Preparedness of Post-2020

    Hong Sangpyo | 2019, 28(5) | pp.483~491 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In orderto cope with the post-2020 in accordance with the Paris Agreement, green house gas (GHG)reduction in Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and its contributions to post-2020 were discussed. The 26 Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) administered by Geum-River Basin Environmental Office from 2010 to 2019 were analyzed for reviewing GHG mitigation measures. From the case study, it was found that the assessment of GHG emissions reduction and climate change adaptation were not appropriately performed. In this study, the following measures are proposed to improve the inappropriate assessment of ‘GHG subject matter’ associated with EIA according to post-2020, 1) allotment of enforced charge on GHG emission during the EIA process, 2) addition of the ‘GHG subject matter’ in ‘establishing permissible discharge standards’ which is based on 『Act on the Integrated Control of Pollutant-discharging Facilities』, and 3) the participation of stakeholders in early EIA stage for governance. Also the details on the EIA for the preparedness of post-2020 were discussed here.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Application of Physical Soil Washing Technology at Lead-contaminated Shooting Range in a Closed Military Shooting Range Area

    Jaeyun Jung | Yoon-Young Chang | 2019, 28(5) | pp.492~506 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Heavy metal contaminants in the shooting range are mostly present in a warhead circle or a metal fragment present as a particle, these fine metal particles are weathered for a long period of time is very likely that the surface is present as an oxide or carbon oxide. In particular, lead which is a representative contaminant in the shooting range soil, is present as more fine particles because it increases the softness and is stretched well. Therefore, by physical washing experiment, we conducted a degree analysis, concentration of heavy metals by cubic diameter, composition analysis of metallic substances, and assessment of applicability of gravity, magnetism and floating selection. The experimental results FESEM analysis and the measurement results lead to the micro-balance was confirmed thatthe weight goes outless than the soil ofthe same size in a thinly sliced and side-shaped structure according to the dull characteristics it was confirmed that the high specific gravity applicability. In addition, the remediation efficiency evaluation results using a hydrocyclone applied to this showed a cumulative remediation efficiency of 71%,twice 80%, 3 times 91%. On the other hand, magnetic sifting showed a low efficiency of 17%,floating selection -35mesh (0.5mm)target soil showed a relatively high efficiency to 39% -10mesh (2mm) efficiency was only 16%. The target treatment diameter of soil washing should be 2mm to 0.075mm, which is applied to the actual equipment by adding an additional input classification, which would require management as additional installation costs and processes are constructed. As a result, it is found that the soilremediation of shooting range can be separately according to the size of the warhead. The size is larger than the gravel diameter to most 5.56mm, so it is possible to select a specific gravity using a high gravity. However, the contaminants present in the metal fragments were found to be processed by separating using a hydrocyclone of the soil washing according to the weight is less than the soil of the same particle size in a thinly fragmented structure.