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2021, Vol.30, No.2

  • 1.

    Improvement of the Environmental Impact Assessment and Post-environment Impact Survey Reports Using Marine Environment Assessment Indices

    Eojin Lee | Tae-Yun KIM | 2021, 30(2) | pp.61~74 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, we used marine environment assessment indices to evaluate impacts of various development projects on the marine environment. TheWaterQuality Index (WQI) was applied in the field of marine water quality and the Cleanup Index of Harmful Chemicals (CIHC), the Cleanup Index of Eutrophication (CIET), the Enrichment Factor(EF) were used in the field of marine sediment. In the field of marine benthic organisms, the Benthic Health Index (BHI) and the Benthic Pollution Index (BPI) were utilized. Each assessment index was calculated using the data observed in the development project, and its characteristics and usefulness were evaluated. The assessment method and criteria were clearly defined for WQI, CIHC, and BHI. Furthermore, through these indices, an integrated environment impact analysis was possible. Apart from the indices presented in this study, there are various indices that can be used for evaluating the marine environment. Therefore, it is important to utilize appropriate indices according to the characteristics of each project.
  • 2.

    Water Quality Similarity Evaluation in Geum River Using Water Quality Monitoring Network Data

    Jeehyun Kim | Min-Hee Chae | Johee Yoon and 1other persons | 2021, 30(2) | pp.75~88 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Six locations in the automated monitoring network at the Geum River Basin were selected forthis study. The water quality characteristics at two of the locations in the water quality monitoring network that were identical, or nearby, were examined, and their correlations were evaluated through statistical analysis. The results of the water quality analysis were converted to the water quality index and expressed in grades for comparison. For the data necessary for the study, public data from four years, from 2016-2019 were used and the evaluation parameters were water temperature, pH, EC, DO, TOC, TN, and TP. Results of the analysis showed that the water quality concentrations measured in the automated monitoring network and the water quality monitoring network differed in some measured values, but they tended to register variation in a specified ratio in most of the locations in the network. The analysis of the correlations of the parameters between the two monitoring networks found that water temperature, EC, and DO showed high correlations between the two monitoring networks. The TOC, TN, and TP showed high correlations, with a 0.7 or higher (correlation coefficient r), with the exception of some of the monitoring networks, although their correlations were lower than those of the basic parameters. The water quality index analysis showed that the water quality index values of the automated monitoring network and the water quality monitoring network were similar. The water quality index decreased and the pollution degree increased in the downstream direction, in both networks.
  • 3.

    Citizens’ Perception on and Attitudes toward Use and Management of National Parks in South Korea

    Seonghun Lee | Kyung-Ah Koo | Changmin Im and 1other persons | 2021, 30(2) | pp.89~104 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study investigated the public opinion on the use and conservation management of national park, to manage the growing demand of national park visit and to support the policy direction of national park. So far, various surveys and big data analysis on the use and perception of national park have been conducted, but there have been limitations such as lack of survey questions on issues in park management and use. In addition, the object of the previous studies were limited to the national park visitors; therefore, this study expanded the object of survey from national park visitors to ordinary citizens. Unlike previous studies conducted only on national park visitors, ordinary citizens relatively prefered bottom areas rather than high-altitude ones. A policy to limit the visit to high-ridge area of mountain is being currently driven; however, the survey results of ordinary citizens suggested to maintain current policies or to increase visitor reservations system within narrow limits. On the other hand, the proportion of citizens who have used the visitorreservation system was very small. We discuss the difference between national park visitors and ordinary citizens and the policy conditions according to changes in park management principles and public attitudes toward national parks
  • 4.

    Analysis of Microclimate Impact According to Development Scenarios of Vacant Land in Downtown Seoul

    Baek Ji Won | Park Chan | Somin Park and 4other persons | 2021, 30(2) | pp.105~116 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In the city of high population density crowded with buildings, Urban Heat Island (UHI) is intensified, and the city is vulnerable to thermal comfort. The maintenance of vacant land in downtown is treated as a factor that undermines the residential environment, spoils the urban landscape, and decreases the economic vitality of the whole region. Therefore, this study compared the effects on microclimate in the surrounding area according to the development scenarios targeting the vacant land in Songhyeon-dong, Jongno-gu, Seoul. The status quo, green oriented, building oriented and green-building mediation scenarios were established and ENVI-met was used to compare and analyze the impact of changes in wind speed, air temperature and mean radiant temperature (MRT) within 1 km of the target and the target site. The result of inside and 1 km radius the targeted area showed that the seasonal average temperature decreased and the wind speed increased when the green oriented scenario was compared with the current state one. It was expected that the temperature lowered to -0.73 °C or increased to 1.5 °C in summer, and the wind speed was affected up to 210 meters depending on the scenario. And it was revealed that green area inside the site generally affects inside area, but the layout and size of the buildings affect either internal and external area. This study is expected to help as a decision-making support tool for developing Songhyeon-dong area and to be used to reflect the part related to microclimate on the future environmental effects evaluation system.
  • 5.

    Changes of Ecosystem Servicesin Agricultural Area According to Urban Development Scenario – For the Namyangju Wangsuk District 1, the 3rd Phase New Town –

    Sukyoung Kim | jaeyeon choi | Park Chan and 2other persons | 2021, 30(2) | pp.117~131 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Urban development is continuously being carried out to stabilize housing supply. The importance of ecosystem services assessments considering the various urban spatial structures is emerging as land use change in the wake of urban development has impact on the provision of ecosystem services. However, few studies are available as to the effects of land use transition in agricultural land due to urban development on ecosystem services. The purpose of this study is to examine the applicability of decision-making in the urban planning process by analyzing the impact of land use change on ecosystem services due to urban development. Therefore, the scenario was set on before and after the city development, targeting Namyangju Wangsuk Zone 1 and InVEST model was used to compare and analyze changes in value of ecosystem services. Analysis results of ecosystem services before the urban development, it turned out that habitat quality and water yield increased overtime but carbon storage and crop production decreased. Analysis results of ecosystem services after the urban development indicated that all items in ecosystem services by scenario decreased more than in 2018. Among the scenarios of urban development, compact city had the lowest value of water resource supply but had the highest value in terms of habitat quality, carbon storage amount, and crop production. The study results demonstrate that the compact city has positive effects on ecosystem services and is expected to be used as the basic data for supporting policy decision-making in the establishment of future urban development and management plans.
  • 6.

    Assessment of Peroxy-acid Oxidation for Reduction of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons(PAHs) in Field Soil

    Sang-Rak Jung | Yoon-Young Chang | 2021, 30(2) | pp.132~139 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Laboratory-scale experiments were conducted to assess the effect of oxidative decomposition of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in field soil using peroxy-acid. The study soil texture is sandy soil containing 19.2 % of organic matter at pH 6.8. Among polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the study soil, the concentration of benzo(a)pyrene is 2.23 mg/kg which is three times higherthan the Korea standard level. Therefore benzo(a)pyrene was selected as the target study PAH for the treatment by peroxy-acid oxidation using peroxy-acid coupled with hydrogen peroxide, and the efficiency of the oxidative decomposition of benzo(a)pyrene was assessed for the different organic acids and dosages of an organic acid and hydrogen peroxide. Propionic acid among the tested organic acids showed the highest efficiency of benzo(a)pyrene reduction in the peroxyacid oxidation treatment and finally satisfied the Korea standard level.