Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.74

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pISSN : 1225-7184
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2022, Vol.31, No.6

  • 1.

    Evaluating Implementation Rate of Wildlife Mitigation Measures in the Environmental Impact Assessment

    Lee Jihoon , Eunsub Kim , MO YONG WON and 1 other persons | 2022, 31(6) | pp.359~368 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    It is essential to increase the implementation rate in order to increase the effectiveness of mitigation measures that can mitigate the negative impact of development projects. In the case of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA),research on the implementation evaluation of development projects is insufficient, even though the effectiveness of mitigation measures has been steadily raised. Therefore, this study evaluated the implementation rate of the mitigation measures and identified the cause of the difference in the implementation rate for each mitigation measures in order to understand the current status of the ecological mitigation measures. The implementation rate of urban and road development projects mitigation measures was 56.0% and 64.4%, respectively. the implementation rate of ‘Monitoring’ mitigation measures was the highest in all development project. But, ‘Habitat creation’ and ‘Accident prevention measures’ were low. In addition, it was found that the implementation rate of the mitigation measures were high when the contents of the mitigation measure described in the report were specific. Through this study, it was found that in order to increase the implementation rate of the EIA ecological environment animal mitigation measures, it is necessary to reflect the environmental and geographical characteristics of the target site in detail. Furthermore, it is judged that this study can be used as a basic basis for enhancing the effectiveness of the EIA system introduced to mitigate the negative impact on the environment.
  • 2.

    Urban Heat Mitigation Effect Analysis based on the Land Use Location Distribution by Using an Ecosystem Service Valuation Model

    Sangjun Kang | 2022, 31(6) | pp.369~377 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to explore whether open spaces with land use characteristics of forest green areas can have different influence on the urban heat reduction depending on the location distribution, through the case of Gangneung-si downtown area. As a research method, the InVest Urban Cooling Model, which is a thermal phenomenon analysis model, is employed based on the most recent data available in 2018. In order to focus on the effect of location distribution of open space in the city, the downtown area is set as the observation area, not the entire city. The analysis of the land use location distribution scenarios shows that large-scale forests or clustered forests are more effective in reducing atmospheric heat in the region than several small-scale forests.
  • 3.

    Consistency Analysis between Predicted and Measured PM10 and NO2 Air Quality During Environmental Impact Assessment of Linear Construction Projects

    Lim, No Ol , Sung, Hyun-Chan , Sun Jeong Kim and 2 other persons | 2022, 31(6) | pp.378~387 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Since air pollution has become a global issue to be managed, the Republic of Korea (ROC) is protecting air quality by predicting the air condition before a construction project starts through EnvironmentalImpact Assessment (EIA) and measuring the air condition afterwards the construction project ends through Post-environmental Impact Assessment (PEIA). The aim of this study consists on verifying the predicted and measured concentration data and analyzing their consistency in order to deduce improvement directions. Linear EIA projects which the investigation during operation period have been concluded between years 2017 and 2019 were used. As a result, the following improvement directions were suggested: reduction of EIA air quality standards, strengthen the management of projects with construction duration longer than 5 years, incorporation of first or second quarter (winter or spring) into the investigation period, consideration of construction equipment or conditions for better prediction. The strength of this study is that we arranged and utilized EIA predicted and PEIA measured data to understand the present EIA procedure and made meaningful suggestions through the consistency analysis contributing to air quality maintenance and investigation methodology enhancement.
  • 4.

    Study on Plant Indicator Species of Picea jezoensis (Siebold & Zucc.) Carrière Forest by Topographic Characters – From China (Baekdu-san) to South Korea –

    Park, Byeong-Joo , Tae-Im Heo , Byeon, Jun-Gi and 1 other persons | 2022, 31(6) | pp.388~408 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study was conducted to select the indicator species (plant) according to the topographical characteristics in the Picea jezoensis forests, endangered subalpine coniferous trees. In South Korea and China (close to Baekdusan), the southern tree line limit of Picea jezoensis has meaningful geographical and latitudinal values for analyzing the ecological characteristics of P. jezoensis forests. Latitude greatly affects the geographical values of plant ecology, and the difference in latitude and habitat affects the change in species composition in forests. With prolonged environmental change, the habitat of subalpine plants will become smaller, and the plants may become extinct. As the P. jezoensis forests of South Korea and China, in particular, are in danger of disappearing without protection, it is important to monitor the population and develop a conservation strategy. Eighty-seven circular plots were established in P. jezoensis forests in South Korea and China. Through processes such as MRPP-test and NMS ordination, indicator species were selected based on this, and basic data for biodiversity assessment were presented. As a result of the Indicator Species Analysis (ISA), 5 taxa were selected from the upperstory vegetation and 18 taxa from the understory vegetation at the altitude(p<0.05). Indicator species by aspect were analyzed as 3 taxa for upperstory vegetation and 16 taxa for understory vegetation (p<0.05). In the case of indicator species according to the slope, 6 taxa for upper vegetation and 24 taxa for understory vegetation were selected(p<0.05). As for the indicator species according to their habitat, 8 taxa in upper vegetation and 65 taxa on understory vegetation were selected. As a result of MRPP-test, it was analyzed that the species composition was heterogeneous in the group of understory vegetation than that of upperstory vegetation. As a result of NMS ordination, the correlation with environmental factors of indicator species was analyzed by rock exposure for upperstory vegetation and latitude for understory vegetation (cut off level=0.3).
  • 5.

    Characteristics of the Species Composition by Plant Community in the Shincheon Wetland of Mangyeong River, Jeonbuk

    Cho, Kwang-Jin , Jung-A Lee , Jeoncheol Lim and 1 other persons | 2022, 31(6) | pp.409~422 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Riverine wetlands are an important element of the river ecosystem and account for approximately 38% of the inland wetlands surveyed so far. The Shincheon Wetland located in Mangyeong River is also a channel wetland as the flow rate is slowed by the constructed weirs, leading to sediment accumulation. To identify the conservation value and ecological characteristics of Shincheon Wetland, its vegetation and plant diversity were identified using a phytosociological method, and a total of 45 vegetation-related datasets were collected. Overall, 24 plant communities, comprising a total of 153 taxa (49 families, 117 genera, 146 species, 2 subspecies, 5 varieties) were identified. The plant with the highest appearance rate in the communities was Humulus japonicus Siebold & Zucc. In addition, annual herb species, including Rumex crispus L., Bromusjaponicus Thunb., Erigeron annuus (L.) Pers., and Artemisia indica Willd. were frequently observed to be growing in the secondary grassland. Naturalized plants were surveyed in the 38 taxa; the urbanization index was 10.3% and the naturalized index was 24.8%. Plant communities were largely classified into submerged vegetation, floating and floating-leaved vegetation, annual and biennial vegetation, perennial herb vegetation, and woody vegetation. The distribution of plant communities reflecting various habitats, including the lentic and lotic zone maintaining a constant water depth, littoral zone experiencing intermittent water level fluctuations, and dry floodplain environment was also confirmed. Overall, plant community development plays an important role in the habitat for wild animals; therefore, it is expected to positively impact biodiversity enhancement.
  • 6.

    Analysis and Improvement of Soil Physical and Chemical Properties for Transplantation of Damaged Trees

    Hyesu Kim , Jungho Kim , Yoonjung Moon and 1 other persons | 2022, 31(6) | pp.423~437 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Parts of damaged trees are being transplanted in accordance with the Environmental Impact Assessment Manual. Problems such as death or poor growth are constantly being addressed in the process of transplanting trees from the forest they originally inhabited to temporary and final transplant sites. The purpose of this study is to analyze the differences in soil properties in the surrounding forest, the temporary transplant site, and the construction site and to suggest methods for improving the soil to make it suitable for the growth of transplanted trees. For 10 development projects, 2 soil samples were sampled from the surrounding forest, temporary transplant site, and construction site. A total of 60 soil samples were analyzed for physical and chemical properties. Among the physical properties such as coefficient of permeability, available moisture, and hardness, and chemical properties such as acidity, organic matter content, total nitrogen, and available P showed significant differences among groups. The soil of the construction site is harder than the surrounding forest because of construction equipments, the coefficient of permeability is higherthan the surrounding forest because of high sand content, and the available moisture was low. It does not retain the moisture necessary for plants in the soil and drains immediately. It is necessary to implement tillage to improve the physical properties and structure of the soil. In addition, it is necessary to cover the surface with wood chips or fallen leaves after adding mature organic matter to improve the physical and chemical properties of the soil together.
  • 7.

    An Expert Opinion Analysis Study for Improvement of Biotop Area Ratio Index

    Byeong-Hwa Song | 2022, 31(6) | pp.438~448 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study is to improve the quantitative estimation index of biotop area ratio, which is an environmental planning index and environmental ecological planning technique, as a planning means that can induce the improvement of ecological soundness in the spatial planning stage. It is intended to identify the relative importance of space types and calculation indicators currently in operation, and to find alternatives through opinion analysis on improvement of space types and weights. As the method of this study, AHP analysis was performed to evaluate the relative importance of spatial types for in-depth analysis of spatial types and calculation indicators. In order to secure the reliability and objectivity of the study, 50 experts participated. Through this study, it can be linked with the improvement of technologies and construction methods, maintenance efficiency, economic feasibility, and construction technology, which are developed through analysis on the limitations and improvements by type of biotop area ratio. And it is expected to contribute to the improvement of the urban environment and vitalization of the biotop area ratio through the application of the biotop area ratio.
  • 8.

    A Study on Implications and Improvement Plans for the Developing Consultation Guidelines for Environmental Assessment of Offshore Wind Power Development Projects

    Lee Hae Mi , Junho Maeng | 2022, 31(6) | pp.449~464 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study reviewed the development process of the consultation guideline for the environmental assessment of offshore wind power. Based on this, implications and improvement plans for a future revision of the guidelines. Domestic and foreign case studies reviewed the consulting cases on domestic offshore wind power development projects, environmental location consulting cases, and guidelines related to overseas offshore wind power and analyzed location characteristics and significant environmental issues by project. Major environmental issues related to offshore wind power include birds, noise and vibration, marine animals and plants, marine physics, marine water quality and sediments, marine landscapes, and other auxiliary facilities installed on land. Implications and improvements for revising the consultation guidelines for evaluating offshore wind environments require data and clear guidelines at the central government level to determine areas where offshore wind projects can be located. In a situation where the importance of cumulative impact assessment is emphasized, guidelines for cumulative impact assessment methodologies for each item that reflect the domestic situation should be prepared for a cumulative impact assessment on offshore wind power environmental issues. In addition, when revising the consultation guidelines, empirical research cases should be reflected through the accumulation of environmental surveys and monitoring data of offshore wind farms by sea area.
  • 9.

    Patent Trend Analysis of Carbon Capture Storage Utilization

    Yoon June , Jin-Oh Kim | 2022, 31(6) | pp.465~474 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In orderto achieve carbon neutrality, itis necessary to commercialize and popularize carbon dioxide capture technology, so the purpose ofthis study is to putforward the design of public facilities suitable for public environment. In the design direction of public facilities for carbon capture and environmental purification,the application of carbon capture technology in air,the application of carbon capture and adsorption materials, and carbon reduction recycling are selected for development. In order to achieve carbon neutrality, this study develops a new concept of public facility design which is different from the existing public facilities in public space. From this point of view, it has great enlightenment significance. Public facilities adopting carbon-neutral technology are environmentally friendly public facilities that conform to the times, and can be installed in parks, roads and other spaces. With the rest of citizens and the role of communities, it is expected to contribute to popularization and activation.