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2005, Vol., No.15

  • 1.

    A Study on Songgo Kwon Young-Ok

    Soonyoel Kwon | 2005, (15) | pp.5~25 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Songgo Kwon Yong-Ok soothed his anger through poems under the rule of Japanese Empire and devoted his life educating his pupils to prepare for a new age. Also He didn't think about studying in Japan even though it would lead to successful life. He also refused to move to Manchuria to escape from the oppression of the Japanese Empire. He settled down in this area and lived with the nation like pine trees. Songgo's life shows well how conservative intellectuals prepared for and responded to the future of the nation in the age of the fetters. Songgo's life made a difference of the history of Korean spiritual civilization under the rule of Japanese Empire. Therefore, studying about him will be able to provide aid in the study of confucian life under Japanese rule and how to pursue it into the new century.
  • 2.

    The Beauty of the Language of the Travel Gasas about Mt. Geumgang

    Kim, Ki-young | 2005, (15) | pp.27~49 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    There are about thirty Travel Gasas about Mt. Geumgang. In the early period of the Joseon dynasty, we had only Gwandongbyeolgok and Gwandongsokbyeolgok for Travel Gasas about Mt. Geumgang, and they were short and lyrical. In the late period of the Joseon dynasty, there were a lot of long and descriptive works. While only bureaucratic literary men wrote them in the early period of Joseon, bureaucratic literary men, scholars out of office, Buddhist monks and others did so in the late period of Joseon. Then in modern literature, the group of writers expanded to include women. Long and short stories existed at the same time. In the Travel Gasas about Mt. Geumgang, Taoist, Buddhist and Confucian language was used to express the beauty of the language and they enhanced the emotion of the works and the beauty of literature. The beauty of the language in the Travel Gasas about Mt. Geumgang was realized through unique expressions such as presentation of speed and space of time, humoristic expressions, conversational statements, and insertions of Chinese poems. It was occasionally shown through realistic and lyric expressions.
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    The Formation Background of <Yeon-jeong-ga-sa>

    김팔남 | 2005, (15) | pp.121~143 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This paper tries to newly call love songs between male and female in Jo-seon Dynasty <Yeon-jeong-ga-sa>, in contrast to the conventional definition, namely <Ae-jeong-ga-sa>. In addition, it aims to investigate the background of formation of these songs. Until now, there has been a strong assumption that these kind of songs had been written in late Dynasty, in that there has been not nearly made love songs because the Jo-seon Dynasty adopted Confucianism as a common moral and a political philosophy. However, I found that there have been 71 love songs through investigating the related books and materials which have been still available. On the basis of above discussions, I categorized the formation background of <Yeon-jeong-ga-sa> in both early and late Jo-seon into two types. While I dealt with the general trend, that is open description of sex, in literature and art in the perspective of outside influences, I did the method of creation and narration in early love songs, and progressive emotion of female writers in the view of inside impact. Particularly, regarding the inside impact, I confirmed that <Yeon-jeong- ga-sa> was much influenced by the skill of praise in the <Mi-in-byeol -gok>, the recognization of feminism in the <Won-bu-sa> and the method of narration in the <Sa-mi-in-gok> and the <Sok-mi-in-gok>.
  • 7.

    A Research on the Translation of Kim Byeong-Yeon's poetry

    Yeonseok Ryu | 양동식 | 2005, (15) | pp.145~165 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Kim Rip Shi Jib is the original text of Kim, Byeong-Yeon's(1807~1863) collected poetry. The research about the original text of Kim Rip Shi Jib is based on Lee, Eungsoo's first, second, and final editions of which the title was changed into Satirist Kim, Satkat. The secondary texts that are used for the comparison with the main text are Kim Rip Shi Jib by Baek, Gilsoon, Park, Oyang and Chinese poetry written by Kim, Byeong-yeon and translated by Heo, Munsub, Keon, Yonghan, Kim, Yonghan, Lee, Myoungwoo which has the same contents as Kim Rip Shi Jib but only changed its title. Leaving the wrong words as unsolved led to serious mistranslation. Therefore, the wrong words handed down since Lee, Eungsoo should be thoroughly corrected. Questions can be raised about the authenticity of the poems in the collection given the problems mentioned above. Appropriate measures should be taken to solve the problem.
  • 8.

    Thought and Emotional Characteristics inspected in Heo-Gyun's traditional chinese poetry

    Park, Young Ju | 2005, (15) | pp.167~194 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Heo-Gyun(1569-1618) was a prominent literary man from the high class(Yangban) of Choseon Dynasty. The purpose of this study is aimed to find his human characteristics, poetic feature and literary meaning. This paper, therefore, has been to examine Heo-Gyun's characteristics in view of explaining best his life and specific features on his work in order to understand his thought and emotional freedom flowing under his complicate and unrestrained tendency of his literature. Heo-Gyun had a truly firm self-consciousness and a strong identity more than other poets at the same period and he tried to express his consciousness about emotion. Therefore he created a unique world of poetry that was difficult to compare with any other. The thought and emotion on his poems, first of all, so implied by experimental truth from his real life that they revealed more realistically. By pursuing his desire and emotion freely, he showed the feature that was filled with the sensibilities. The new perception of his private poetry expended to the degree of essential and efficiency of the literature in normal life. Consequently, Heo-Gyun's new trend as particular free thought and emotion broke the conservative system of Confucianism which made the routin life fixed strongly in the middle of Choseon Dynasty and founded a history of our modern literature.
  • 9.

    A Study on the literary style and the consciousness of the real of Choi-songsuldang gasa's

    PAIK, SUN-CHUL | 2005, (15) | pp.195~226 | number of Cited : 14
    Abstract PDF
    This study was prompted by the necessity that Kyubanggasa's in the 20's century should be researched in a literaty style and the consciousness of the real. The research implications of Choi-songsuldang gasa's in the Twentieth century run as follows : First, It might be understood that a consciousness and a role of the feudal women had an certainly influence in her literary style through A career of Choi-songsuldang and a writing process of 'Eunmunsajo' Second, The literary style of Choi-songsuldang gasa's expressed special features. those are the beginning style of things calling and the closing style of incompletion, it should be noted that Kyubanggasa's in the Twentieth century accept modern literary style. Third, of Choi-songsuldang's gasa expressed three the consciousness of the real. Choi-songsuldang had the attachment to family, nation and age of hers. but it should be noted that her consciousness is ditinguished women's feudal attitude. It might be understood that Kyubanggasa's in the 20's century is also the product of a reciprocal action of modernization and tradition through Choi-songsuldang's gasa. Why I placed special emphasis on a historical approach to Choi-songsuldang's gasa in the 20's century in this paper is that modernity should be considered separately in style aspect and conscious aspect.
  • 10.

    The Academic Traditions and Social Intercourse of Jonjae Baek-gyu Wi

    위홍환 | 2005, (15) | pp.227~251 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    This paper has been considered about Jonjae(存在) Baek-gyu Wi(1727 ~1798)'s academic traditions and his social intercourse, noting the changes taking place in the bottom of the 18th century world of letters. That, as part of this working, was because Jonjae was not only the most prominent figure in the practical and realistic literary world of the day but also a significant man having established such a historical beachhead as brings about the proper understanding on the approach to literature. His thought and literature has been handed down through Jonjaejip(存在輯) & Jonjaejeonseo(存在全書) written by his descendants without being taken any notice of by the history of literature and research. And he was no more than a country man getting along without making his debut in the literary circles. His thought and literature, however, has started to get generally known to the academic world since 1960s. Voluminous more than 400 poems in over 200 volumes are printed in the Jonjaejip(存在輯) and Jonjaejeonseo(存在全書), reflecting the characteristic of contemporary literary works [poetry and prose], and showing the social changes, the social status of writer, the awareness of self-experience and the changes of sensitivity, the reconstruction of literature, and the original and empirical literary circles coinciding with a poet's reason for being. And his works in the 18th century world of letters should be evaluated as one of subjects to be examined. Especially the skepticism of the existing literary circles and the new formation caused by it in the poems he wrote live together, as is the case shown by the process of self-renovation and new grope found in the 17th century Chinese poetry.
  • 11.

    A Study on Gweon-Pil's 「Chi-Si-Ga(The Song of Being Drunk)」

    Jung,Sang-Kyun | 2005, (15) | pp.253~273 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Gweon-Pil(1569~1612) was a great poet in the middle period of the Yi dynasty. His poetic talent was estimated as the highest class of the age by Heo-Gyun(1569~1618) who wrote a preface to Seok-Ju-So-Go (Collected Poems of Gwoen-Pil). In the days of the king Seon-Jo of Yi dynasty was the war Japanese invasion of Korea. At the time Gweon-Pil advocated war. However the war situation was bad. The general Kim-Deok-ryeong (1567~1596) was intrigued against and died on the scaffold. Taking the subject matter from this event, Gweon-Pil wrote the poem 「Chi-Si-Ga(The Song of Being Drunk)」. Once a day he looked a book in dream which was written by the general Kim-Deok-ryeng. In the book, he said, was the poem 「Chi-Si-Ga(The Song of Being Drunk)」. Gweon-Pil had a Kim-Deok-ryeong complex. He said in 「Chi-Si-Ga」 that “I do not want a great achievement and a beautiful woman but just a long sword”. The symbolism of ‘long sword’ is a power in general, ‘the imaginary phallus’ and ‘the phallic power of his father’ in psychological point of view The beauty of 「Chi-Si-Ga(The Song of Being Drunk)」 is a tragic one. The song contains the meaning that Gweon-Pil attempted to be the imaginary phallus for the mother (for his country) in dream which is impossible in real world.
  • 12.

    Park Je-ga's disposition of agreement between his poems and paintings

    정일남 | 2005, (15) | pp.275~294 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    As there is a saying that 'You can find poems in the paintings, and paintings in the poems', the disposition of agreement between poems and paintings is embodied especially well by Cho-jung Park Je-Ga, who is known as the expert of poems, writings and paintings. The following is dealing with the connections between poems and paintings shown in Cho-jung's writings, mainly talking about negotiations between Chun-gi, Hyung-sa and Sa-ii along with the connections between Ii-jang, Sang-chui, and kiunsangdong. In addition, I explained and supplemented the disposition of agreement between Cho-jung's poems and paintings by extracting some parts in his poems. The fact that his poems are highly picturesque, seems to have close relations with his disposition of agreement between poems and paintings.
  • 13.

    A Study on the Image of the moon, in the Chimgweng's chinese poems

    정혜란 | 2005, (15) | pp.295~326 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    Chimgweng was a Buddhist priest. He lived in the 17th century. He wrote 119 poems, 4 libretto, and 27 writings. This study is on his chinese poems, especially the image of the moon appears in his chines poems. Chimgweng's chinese poem is buddhist literature and has buddhistic color, but it is beautiful as a lyric poem. The moon appears forty-seven times in his poems. The moon, in his chines poems, comes out as a varied appearance and comes in sight in the evening, sometimes in the midnight, sometimes early in the morning. This study aims to make a study of the image of the moon, appeared in the his poems. Chimgweng train himself Zen. Therefore he stayed at a small room in temple or a valley alone. There was no person around him. He has no teather. He has no friend. He felt lonely and sad. Sometimes he met his friends, but had to go back to the temple soon. Separation from his friends made him sad. Or he was loath to part greatly grieved over the death of his friends. At the moment the moon consoled him. Chimgweng wrote a poem about this moon. In conclusion, the moon which appears in Chimgweng's chinese poems has a image of a teather, or a companion, or a friend.
  • 14.

    The aesthetic world of Kumkang-yuramga

    Choi,Doo-Sik | 2005, (15) | pp.327~369 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    In Kumkang-yuramga, the author creates the beauty of consensus, looking at Mt. Kumkang in the viewpoint of Buddhism or in the viwpoint of Zen, or in his own viewpoint of art. The author's aesthetic expression only gets near the approximation of absolute beauty, at its maximum. The absolute beauty is like the word "tob" in Hebraic bible. It doesn't mean the common visual beauty seen by human, but it means "It was good.", which refers to the perfect beauty seen by God. The original Hebraic biblical word for "It was good" is "tob". Before they became corrupted, men reached the state of "tob", the world of absolute beauty, but after they became corrupted they went blind and have been chasing after their own beauty ever since, looking at the other things in the viewpoint of various ideas. They even ended up looking at the state of God in the wrong viewpoint.