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2006, Vol., No.17

  • 1.

    A Study of Sopa and Sulju's life and poetry

    KimDaeHyun | 2006, (17) | pp.1~24 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    A Study of Sopa and Sulju's life and poetry This thesis is a study about life, poetry and prose of Sopa(小波), Song, Myoung-hoe(1872~1953) and Sulju(雪舟), Song, Un-hoe(1874-1965). The two people are well-known as literature and calligraphy in modern Honam province in the 20th century. They made anthologies called Sopasimunsungo(小波詩文選稿) and Suljuyoogo(雪舟遺稿). They include a great number of Hansi(漢詩) and prose. From a preface and epilogue, especially Sopa had a theory of literature which attaches importance to inspiration. They mainly wrote poetry based on daily life. Therefore, here were many poems dealing with companionship and rural life. And also they created works criticising phases of the times. They changed various motives into beautiful works with their susceptibility. They are epresentative of Honam literary men who invented poetry and calligraphy as well as poets in the 20th century.
  • 2.

    The Value in Those Days and Modern Acceptance of Songgang Gasa

    Kim, Shin Chung | 2006, (17) | pp.25~41 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The Value in Those Days and Modern Acceptanceof Songgang Gasa We call the four Gasa literary work(“Gwandongbyeolgok”, “Samiingok”, “Sokmiingok”, “Seongsanbyeolgok”) written by Jeong-cheol(1536~1593), the poet of the Joseon Dynasty period, Songgang Gasa. Songgang Gasa was created about 400 years ago and it has been regarded as the greatest Gasa literary work. However the readers' values of the times caused them to be indifferent to Songgang Gasa now. So this paper is intended to consider what the value in those days of Songgang Gasa is and the matters concerning modern acceptance. Accepting and appreciating literary works are apt to be different according to the change of the time. There is two reasons why 400 years old Songgang Gasa leads modern readers to avoid it after a discussion. One is that it sticks to confucian morals extraordinarily, the other is that an enjoying form, singing, is faded out now. Consequently above all things, modern readers need to understand it in that surrounding environment and the theory of educating literature must be a guide to that understanding.
  • 3.

    A study on Hunhwaga(獻花歌) and a legendary aspect of Surobuin(水路夫人)

    Kim Eun-soo | 2006, (17) | pp.43~72 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract PDF
    This thesis is that research <Hunhwaga(獻花歌)>, Hyangga(鄕歌). Hunhwaga is a poem in Sungduk-king, the Silla dynasty. Nowadays, the poem have argue on various point. Who is Surobuin(水路夫人)? Who is Gyununoin(牽牛老人)? Why he did pluck off a royal azalea blossom above a cliff? What is theme of the poem? We need to research these subjects in a legendary point of view ; first of all, formally, we have to analyze from Hunhwa(獻花)-narrative litterature to Haega(海歌)-narrative litterature. Following is a result that researched in this way. Surobuin is only a noble woman, a peerage wife. Gyununoin is a village headman. He did pluck off the flower for loyality and devotion. The theme of poem is a paternalistic contents for harmony in nation and inhabitants.
  • 4.

    A Study on Anti-Japanese Resistance Poems of Seokjeon Hwang, won

    김정환 | 2006, (17) | pp.73~102 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    A Study on Anti-Japanese Resistance Poemsof Seokjeon Hwang, won Seokjeon Hwang, won was a patriotic poet who resisted fiercely against the Japanese rule during the Japanese rule of over 30 years. He didn't fear even death. The poems of poetical circles are mostly about enjoying while drinking, but those of his are rather tragic in the grief on the lost nation and wandering people. His poems are rather strong like his life trail, representing the resistance against the Japanese rule. This poetic tendency was greatly influenced by his elder brother, Maecheon. Though his poems are written in Chinese, they thoroughly express the hatred of the Japanese invasion, the love for his nation and people and the yearn for the independence of his country. He was a national poet who had constantly expressed his grief on the lost nation, wandering people and the concern about his nation in his poems, with the spirit of resistance and nobility like other modern resistant poets such as Han, yong-wun, Yi, yuk-sa, Yun, dong-ju and Yi, sang, in spite of the severe watch and oppression of the Japanese rule.
  • 5.

    Social History of Forming the Rural SHIJO[田家時調] in Seoul and Gyeonggi Area in the 17-8th Century

    김창원 | 2006, (17) | pp.103~130 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    Social History of Forming the Rural SHIJO[田家時調] in Seoul and Gyeonggi Area in the 17-8th Century The existing studies on the historical background of a rural SHIJO (a traditional Korean verse) overlook its regional characteristics. From the regional point of view, the rural SHIJOs are found across the country, but the importance of Seoul and Gyeonggi area is greater than that of other areas in terms of the number of works and writers. One of the major characteristics of the rural SHIJO in Seoul and Gyeonggi area is that its delineation focuses on the experience of independent farmers(自營農). It is a form of literature created based on the very concrete experience resulting from the cottage (BYEOLSE, 別墅) management. Under the delineations of the independent farmers and their experiences found in the rural SHIJO, there resided the power of Seoul, that is, a ‘center’. The rural SHIJO concentrates on depicting the naive sense of beauty and the rural world. SHIJO is full of romanticism, and all the independent farmers (main characters of SHIJO) exist in the romantic world called a “country”. This romantic space called as a ‘country’ is significantly different from the space of the independent farmers which local noblemen depict in poems or verses. The ‘country’ described in SHIJO exists in contrast with the Seoul which represents the culture, craving and worldly lives. At the same time, the ‘country’ also has the dualism, that is, it is ‘another Seoul in a different name’. The ‘country’ which the noblemen of Seoul described in the rural SHIJO refers to the cottage in Gyeonggi area, and this results from the fact that most of the cottages in Gyeonggi area resided at the riverside which had the developed ferries, or near a broad street which had the developed stations.
  • 6.

    A Study on Animals and Plants in Kim, Byeong-yeon's poetry

    Yeonseok Ryu | 양동식 | 2006, (17) | pp.131~161 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    A Study on Animals and Plants in Kim, Byeong-yeon's poetry The animals and plants in Kim, Byeongyeon's Chinese poetry in KimRipShiJib are classified into actual being, imaginary being, and the animals and plants described by hired letters. Because of the difficulty of grasping the real existence of some of them or wrong transformation of the cursive style of penmanship, some poetic words don't correspond to the theme of poems or poetic inspiration decreases. To make this matter clear, I intensely studied by dividing animals and plants in KimRipShiJib into three pieces. In consequence, 'Go' can be considered as a watermelon, 'Yukoh' as an imaginary animal and 'Binsagua' as an apple. In process of translating chinese poetry, to achieve refined translation beyond literal and free translation, the ecology and identification of animals and plants should be investigated.
  • 7.

    A study on the realistic tendency of Haegeum O-Dalun's Chinese poetry

    Park, Se-In | 2006, (17) | pp.163~186 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    A study on the realistic tendency ofHaegeum O-Dalun's Chinese poetry Haegeum O-Dalun experienced the country life in Haenam and NaJu for about 40 years, which made both his individual literary theory and reformatory thought. Haegeum's literary theory is throughly expressed in his realistic poems. First of all, I could realize that even though Haegeum had strived to maintain self-respect as a country scholar, he should feel a sense of alienation as getting his life worse due to exhausting living through ꡔHaegeumjip』(海錦集), included 210 Chinese poems. Furthermore, Haegeum illustrated the scenery of nature realistically in his poems. Haegeum regarded nature as not ideal place but that for daily life without any manipulation. This objective and cold-headed observation had an effect on his recognition that nature would be the actual spot of production. Last, Haegeum wrote specific poems with ordinary experience. In other words, Haegeum not only treated particular scenes instead of ideal and abstract statement, but also expressed different sides from poems of common noble men in the 16th century owing to his folk material of poems. To sum up, I could estimate that country scholars lived in Honam would have been active enough to contain contemporary social atmosphere as well as would have independently developed realistic academic tradition in the late Chosun by studying characteristics of Haegeum poetry.
  • 8.

  • 9.

    The Formation of Seodongyo Folklore and Its Background of Thought

    Seo, Cheolwon | 2006, (17) | pp.205~226 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    The Formation of Seodongyo Folklore and Its Background of Thought Seodongyo Folklore arrangged King Mu to the object as opposed to Princess Sunhwa to the subject. According to it, Princess Sunhwa licked King Mu into shape of politic and cultural hero by the rhetoric of conversion. The folklore consists of well-known motives of oral-tradition. But its characters' position is differ from typical roles of the subject and object. So we can take it as the author's aim. By this device the author intended to put his contemporary history into an imagination from his view. The author characterizeed historicall figures to a form of the view of the Shilla nation. For this view, the conversion also describe the connection of both countries (Paekjae and Shilla) as harmony differ from the real history. The connection of subject and object in Seodongyo Folklore reflected the view of Shilla about the religious belief of Maitreya(彌勒信仰). Shilla had accepted it from Paekjae in the 7th century when 'the war of unification' is about to start. Paekjae had deepened the understanding the religious belief of Maitreyaof since King Sung. Though Mireuksa(彌勒寺) was established successfully. in the end Shilla got the lead. due to the social and politic reasons. Shilla was very careful about the Symbolism of Mireuksa(彌勒寺), so they made the other background of the Symbolism. So through the folklore, Shilla is the subject and Paekjae is the object unlike the history.
  • 10.

    A study on Seok-Jung Lee Jung Jick's literary life and the feature of his poem

    Weolyoung Yee | 2006, (17) | pp.227~257 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    A Study on Anti-Japanese Resistance Poemsof Seokjeon Hwang, won Seokjeon Hwang, won was a patriotic poet who resisted fiercely against the Japanese rule during the Japanese rule of over 30 years. He didn't fear even death. The poems of poetical circles are mostly about enjoying while drinking, but those of his are rather tragic in the grief on the lost nation and wandering people. His poems are rather strong like his life trail, representing the resistance against the Japanese rule. This poetic tendency was greatly influenced by his elder brother, Maecheon. Though his poems are written in Chinese, they thoroughly express the hatred of the Japanese invasion, the love for his nation and people and the yearn for the independence of his country. He was a national poet who had constantly expressed his grief on the lost nation, wandering people and the concern about his nation in his poems, with the spirit of resistance and nobility like other modern resistant poets such as Han, yong-wun, Yi, yuk-sa, Yun, dong-ju and Yi, sang, in spite of the severe watch and oppression of the Japanese rule.
  • 11.

    A Study on Kim Manjung′s Seopomanpil (Random Essays)

    Jung,Sang-Kyun | 2006, (17) | pp.259~277 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    A Study on Kim Manjung′s Seopomanpil(Random Essays) Kim, Man-jung(1637~1692) was the most excellent writer and brilliant critic in the Yi dynasty. He wrote the novel Guunmong and the collected essays Seopomanpil. The doctrines of Chu Hsi(1130~1200) governed all spheres of thought in the first half of the Yi dynasty. In literary criticism Chu Hsi′s precedents were the standard of Confucianists of the time. However Kim Manjung criticised Chu Hsi′s thoughts and clarified Chu Hsi′s errors in his Seopomanpil. Kim Man-jung was an objectivistic rationalist and opened a new horizon for the Korean literary criticism. Kim Man-jung attached great importance to the Korean language for the Korean literature. He thought that it is impossible to translate a poem from one language to another and that the learning Chinese poetry of Korean is similar to the speakings of the parrot. He advocated that the true Korean literature was only Jeong Cheol′s Gwandongbyeolgok, Samiingok and Sokmiingok. Kim Manjung as an aestheticist criticized Chu Hsi′s moralism and supported the poetry of the experts. Kim Man-jung also evaluated the impressive power of the novel and interested in the novelistic imagination. Kim Man-jung however was in the irremediable traditionalism of Orient. This was the limitations of his faculty.
  • 12.

    A Study on the Beopjong(法宗)'s poets on the type of Japche(雜體)

    조태성 | 2006, (17) | pp.279~302 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    A Study on the Beopjong(法宗)'s poets on the type of Japche(雜體) To be skilled in making the poets on the type of Japche(雜體) is based on, especially making Chinese poets. From this point of view, Beopjong(1670~1733) is on the special standing in Buddhist poets. Beopjong is a Buddhist poet in Joseon Dynasty, and perfectly makes the poets on the type of Japche(雜體). Beopjong left 14 poets on the type of Japche(雜體). I think that these poets will help for understanding of Korean Buddhist Chinese poets and broaden ours outlook about the history of Korean Buddhist Chinese poets. In addition, the period of living Beopjong is the peak times of making poets on the type of Japche(雜體) in Buddhism[佛家]. Because of these facts, we must to think his poets on the type of Japche(雜體) and Korean Buddhist Chinese poets once more.
  • 13.

    A characteristic of Hyangga through comparison in the form of writing expressions

    최정선 | 2006, (17) | pp.303~332 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    A characteristic of Hyangga through comparison in the form of writing expressions. Choi, Jung-sun A research about Hyangga has been accumulated almost for half-centuries. Now, it is the exact turning point that can leads a jump for another step for Hyangga. Fortunately, a new and striking research which discuss of universality and individuality of Hyangga is tired. This thesis are foused on revealing characteristic of Hyangga through by comparison in the form of writing expression that introduce Hyangga into the context of story. Research conclusion are listed up as followings. Firstly, Hyangga was a song which was accompanied by musical tunes while Japanese one was recited and read. This unique character was expressed by the words like ‘曰’, ‘云’ and ‘唱’ in compare with ‘言’, ‘詠’ in Japanses writing expressions. It's special quality of Hyangga was inherited to next following Korean poetry such as Koryokayo, Shijo, Kyounggichega, and Akjang. Secondly, writer of Hyangga who is explained in the context of Hyangga is not a actual poet alive. Therefore the expression ‘作歌曰’ rather shows and put an emphasises on the fact that the song was sung by a specific purpose and then played active and practical role. Most ancient people did believe a power of song and then they gave an authority to song. That's why they have borrowed and sang a song that would match with their personal emotions regardless of who the writer was. Finally, Hyangga covers variety aspects of functions. For example, it expresses not only personal level of missing and caring but also pathetic pray and wishes. These various practical role was represented by the words like ‘辭’and ‘詞’. Ilyon put an great effort on writing Samgukyusa especially in terms of picking a exact word and wrting expressions. By examine writing expression carefully, the specific features of Hyangga must be exposed.