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2007, Vol., No.19

  • 1.

    The Viewpoint of Research to the Classical Korean Poetry and the Future Prospect

    ByungHeon Chung | 2007, (19) | pp.1~21 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    The Viewpoint of Research to the Classical Korean Poetry and the Future Prospect Chung, Byung-heon The Society of Korean Classic Poetry was established as a first academy which specifies only on single category, ancient poetry on 1990 February. It has formed the basis of study of ancient poetry by 18 books of collection of papers. The purpose of this study was to organize types of papers that were done, and from that tried to establish desirable direction of research. There are four types of papers, which are; 1. Intensifying research on the author, 2. Relation between works and the world, 3. Discussion on the structure of work, and 4. Collecting material and Interpreting. Research on the writer, which has a long history in the area of literary research, takes up a large quantity. It is useful on that researchers can enrich interpretation of works by research on the writer. Discussion on the environment which surrounds the works is mostly done on the space where the work takes place. Many researches are done on writers and works that are related to the Honam area, and the reason seems to be the easy access to the subject. However, discussion on the structure of works have not been done as much. This can be explained on that researchers have been more interested in research of the world and collecting materials based on the region. Collecting and presenting new materials are necessary for activation of literary research. Recognizing and preventing loss of hidden materials are just as necessary. Another lesson from this research was that research of ancienty poetry should be done from now that researchers should regret reconsider research on the readers' adopting attitude and interpretation based on radical nationalism.
  • 2.

    ‘Dong-Dong’ in Korean classical music

    김세종 | 2007, (19) | pp.23~46 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    ‘Dong-Dong’ in Korean classical music Kim, Se-jong This paper focused on 'Dong-Dong'. 'Dong-Dong' is classified as 'folk music entertainments' in Koryosa(高麗史). Therefore I examined documentary records closely related with 'Dong-Dong', out of that I argued about the meaning, the origin and the flow into folk music of Koryo(高麗). Besides I looked around the song of 'Dong-Dong', the dance of 'Dong-Dong' and the instrumentation of 'Dong-Dong'. In consequence of that I derived following conclusions. ① Up to now 'Dong-Dong' has recognized as an onomatopoeic word of the sound of a drum. But I defined it as an expression of the motions. ② 'Dong-Dong' can't be restricted as a 'folk music entertainments' in Koryo. It was a composite art of songs and dances which was wide-spreaded in Mahan(馬韓) area. Henceforth it was incorporated into folk music of Koryo, and court music of Chosun(朝鮮). ③ The words of that song had influence on the various genres of music in after ages. ④ The dance of 'Dong-Dong' performed on A-Bak(牙拍) dances until the latter period of Chosun, but can't be initiated any more. ⑤ The music of 'Dong-Dong' was recorded in Daeakhoobo(大樂後譜), furthermore it was correlated to 'Jeong-Eup', while the use of these two musics are different.
  • 3.

    The Rythms of Unit phrase in Hyangga Observe get through a Music book

    Kim,Jong-Kyu | 2007, (19) | pp.47~70 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The Rythms of Unit phrase in Hyangga Observe get through a Music book Kim, Jong-Gyu Hyangga was a main origin of korean classical lyrics. Although there have been many researches on its form, not much has been achieved. The reason is mainly beacouse there have not been enough materials left in korea for studying korean classical lyrics. On the otherhand, japan has many materials for this. Among those, there are materials closly related to Sanoyga. We can figure out the features of Sanoyga particularly by studying music books of japan in the late 10th century. We also see the later development of Sanoyga. Based on this development, we can show that lirics and rythms of Koryeogayo, which is a later development of Sanoyga, has developed to Sijo. We claim that it is possible to build up a main branch of korean classical lyrics which originated in Hyangga and developed to Sijo.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Hyangga, <Wonwangsaegga>

    김진욱 | 2007, (19) | pp.71~91 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    It is well recognized that, in discussing a Hyangga based on {Samgukyusa}, it cannot be completely free from its background narrative. Thus, although there has been an effort to emphasize the independence of Hyangga from the word, background narrative, itself, as long as the essential notion that examining a work of Hyangga is a matter of its understanding and interpretation does not change, the understanding of it cannot be made except through its background narrative. The understanding of the hyangga, <Wonwangsaegga>, can also be effectively made when based on the <Gwangduk · Umjang> narrative. This study has developed its point perceiving that the <Gwangduk · Umjang> narrative is a typical character narrative which maintains the basic narrative frame, not recognizing the particularity that it is a background narrative of <Wonwangsaegga> based on {Samgukyusa}. By examining its structure and analyzing the characters using leitmotif, the most basic methodology in narrative study, I understood that the <Gwangduk · Umjang> narrative is a folklore that follows the structure that Umjang, the hero, overcomes trials and conflicts and fulfills <Wonwangsaeg>. Through this examination I concluded about the matter of the author of <Wonwangsaegga> that it is a song sung by Umjang.
  • 5.

    The Significance of Compiling Kim Rip Shijip

    Yeonseok Ryu | 양동식 | 2007, (19) | pp.93~110 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The Significance of Compiling Kim Rip Shijip Ryu, Yeon-seok / Yang, Dong-sik Although Kim, Byeong-yeon, well known to people as a nickname Kim, Sat-gat was born in the noble class, he made fun of the corrupt noble class and social absurdities, and satirized them in his works throughout his life. His poems didn't affect the contemporary schools of though and the struggling of the people, but his satiric poetry were well-received by a great number of people. The works of Kim, Byeong-yeon, which had been passed down orally were collected and edited as Kim Rip Shijip with comments by Lee, Eung-soo. But his achievements couldn't be credited properly due to his expatriation to North Korea. In North Korea, the works of Kim, Byeong-yeon were exploited to attack capitalism and the noble class, which were the enemy of the people. Although Lee, Eung-soo went away to North Korea, the satire on the society of Kim, Sat-gat is still hailed by many readers. The social conditions had been changed through the feudal times in the 19 century, the colonial period in the early 20 century, and the Korean War in 1950. Nevertheless, throughout those political and historical turmoils, Kim, Sat-gat's humor and satire have had a great influence on the public.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Retrospective Tendency of Gyunam Ha Baek-won's Travel Poetry

    Park Myeong Hui | 2007, (19) | pp.111~138 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    A Study on the Retrospective Tendency of Gyunam Ha Baek-won's Travel Poetry Park, Myeong-hui This study speculated the retrospective tendency of Ha Baek-won's travel poetry. Mr. Ha wrote travel poetry after he traveled. It focused on his writing as he described the local nobles carefully, reflecting the past instead of describing simple lyric feeling. The subjects of reflection in his travel poetry were categorized as follows: ancestors, teachers and historical facts at historic sites. Mr. Ha travelled the places where he could understand ancestors' tracks and tried to deliver his understanding through his poetry. It indicates that it was an aspect of a local Confucian scholar who did not achieve his ideals. And he wrote poetry which reflected ancestors' tracks, which were written in his academic period. Ha Baek-won recognized the importance of our history. He travelled historic sites because he was interested in history and reflected history to show an aspect of his recognition. So, what did he seek for through reflective travel poetry? First, he sought for his root by reflecting ancestors; Second, he desired to recover Confucianism that was gradually declining through visiting historic sites. And this study concluded that he intended to earnestly look at national territory that had been forgotten through travelling of historic relics.
  • 7.

    A study on Bunjaegi(分財記) of Myeonangjeong(?仰亭) Song, Soon(宋純)

    Park,Joon-Kyu | 2007, (19) | pp.139~166 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    A study on Bunjaegi(分財記) of Myeonangjeong(俛仰亭) Song, Soon(宋純) Park, Jun-gyu Bunjaegi(分財記), the focus of this paper, is the old document written by Song, Soon who is one of the most famous writers in Chosun Dynasty. It describes the inheritance of properties including land, houses and servants to his offspring. Bunjaegi is based on Chinese characters. However, it includes the creative description with sound and meaning borrowed from Chinese characters. The two writing systems were Idu(吏讀) and Vicarious Character. Idu letters were made in the same way the Korean sentences were formed. Vicarious Character, which remarked Korean substantives, was used in giving a servant's name or geographical name. The aims of this paper are to list Idu letters in Bunjaegi and to study on people's perception of giving a name to a servant by interpreting the borrowed Chinese character used in person's name. Therefore, I will provide ten types of giving a name and attempt to define the perception of giving a name by investigating implied ideographic nature about three typical types of Appearance image, Speech-behavior and personality, Supplies and appliance.
  • 8.

    A Study on the Status of and the Characteristics of <Gaeam-sibigok(개암십이곡)> in the History of Poetry

    Lee, sang-won | 2007, (19) | pp.167~192 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    A Study on the Status of and the Characteristics of <Gaeam-sibigok(개암십이곡)> in the History of Poetry Lee, Sang-won <Gaeam-sibigok(개암십이곡)> is a work of Kim, U-goeng(김우굉) in the late of 16 C and included in a copy, Gaehojamrok(개호잡록). Gaehojamrok(개호잡록) was revised in the early of 18 C based on the edition by Kim, Chu-im(김추임) in the middle of 17 C. The written year of <Gaeam-sibigok(개암십이곡)> is assumed between 1585-1587 and the period was Kim, U-goeng's later years. The motive of <Gaeam-sibigok(개암십이곡)> is understood in two ways. First, the relation with 'the settlement of Naesungsajok(내성사족)' can be one of reasons, while Kim, U-goeng's move from Seongju to Sangju was remembered. Second, the other could be the succession of Toe Gye School(퇴계학), when it was regarded that <Gaeam-sibigok(개암십이곡)> succeeded to the pattern of <Dosan-sibigok(도산십이곡)>. What is paid attention to is that <Gaeam-sibigok(개암십이곡)> is 'Yukga style sijo(육가형 시조)', as the succession of <Dosan-sibigok(도산십이곡)>. However, although both Eonji and Eonhak appeared in <Dosan-sibigok(도산십이곡)>, <Gaeam-sibigok(개암십이곡)> was organized only with Eonji. It was a starting point regarding the direction of 'Yukga style sijo(육가형 시조)' after <Dosan-sibigok(도산십이곡)>.
  • 9.

    A Study on <Seobang-ga> and <Anyang-chan>

    Yeonsuk Cho | 2007, (19) | pp.193~212 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    A Study on <Seobang-ga> and <Anyang-chan> Cho, Yeon-sook <Seobang-ga> and <Anyang-chan> share the basis of 'Amita-gyeong' as a common, however, they are different in the work structures and the ways of shaping a sutra. The first chapter of <Anyang-chan> functions as a prologue, while that of <Soebang-ga> functions as a body. Those functions set the fundamentals of the characteristics for a piece of work. In addition, both of the work take in some parts of a sutra yet its relative importance varies. <Anyang-chan> gives more weight on beautifying, idealizing, and praising the Buddhist paradise. On the contrary, <Seobang-ga> emphasizes more on enlightening a Buddhist sermon and devoting oneself to practicing. Moreover, when it comes to accepting a sutra, <Anyang-chan> reflects it objectively but <Seobang-ga> accepts it and leads to recommendation and. Furthermore, the significance in the history of literature can be found in that Buddihistic Kyunghiche-ga, including both <Seobang-ga> and <Anyang-chan>, have laid the groundwork of producing Buddhisitc gasa following the Beopmoon-ga‘s tradition which have started from Kyun-Yu's <Bonhyeon sibwon-ga>.
  • 10.

    A suggestion for Sijo(時調) educationin primary, middle and high school

    Jo, Taeseong | 2007, (19) | pp.213~233 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    A suggestion for Sijo(時調) education in primary, middle and high school Jo, Tae-seong This paper reports the analytic study on present status of Sijo in the textbooks of primary, middle and high schools and suggests some methods for instruction of Sijo. Analyzing Sijo text, it seemed inappropriate for the learning objectives and to be used redundantly. I also argued for the problem with the acceptance of Eoboo-Sasi-Sa. The biggest problem is that the existing Sijo education makes the students learn without the intrinsic comprehension of Sijo. Furthermore, it is being carried out without any connection. In order for Sijo text used for instructional purposes to achieve the general intrinsic comprehension of Sijo, I will accept the conception of 'the continuity of learning'. In other words, the sequential learning successfully shows the effect in Sijo education by making the students learn the musicality, the literariness and the modernity of Sijo, in order.
  • 11.

    Present Subjects and Views in Studyingon Songsun(宋純)

    최재남 | 2007, (19) | pp.235~251 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Present Subjects and Views in Studying on Songsun(宋純) Choi, jae-nam The Aim of this Article is to check the latest tendency in studying on Songsun(宋純, 1493~1583) and to make manifest several view points. We will consolidate latest tendency in studying on Songsun as follows. First, A focus on Myunangjeongga(면앙정가)> as a Kanghogasa(강호가사). Second, A deep touch on the lives of Songsun. Third, A study on the background of Myunangjeong. Forth, the contrast study on works. Fifth, An interest on Honamgadan(호남가단). And Sixth, A study on Sino-Korean poetry of Songsun. I make manifest several view points as followings. First, We should consider third joint uncle Songheum(宋欽, 1459~1547) as a literary foundation of Songsun. Second, We must read and interpret every text exactly. Third, We are able to appraise his lives based on objective materials. and Forth, We should scrutinize the change of inner mind through the Sino-Korean poetry of Songsun.
  • 12.

    Expression Aspect in Poetry of Maecheon

    황수정 | 2007, (19) | pp.253~275 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Expression Aspect in Poetry of Maecheon -focusing on use of cheopja(疊字)- Hwang, Su-jeong This study expression aspect in poetry of Maecheon. It focuses on use of cheopja(疊字). First, it examines use of acoustic image. He used a variety of onomatopoeic words for cheopja(疊字). That is, he evaded repetition of onomatopoeic words to pursue originality of poetic words. He also used natural sounds. It indicates that he has outstanding linguistic sense and abundant observation. And he used dental sounds and Ipseongja to secure strong accent of acoustical effects. Next, this study examines use of visual image. First, it finds that Maecheon recognized things in various angles, which doubled dynamic senses of poetic words. He also maintained consistent virtue in expression of his feeling. That is, his poetry is full of depressed and calm feeling. Finally, this study examines use of time and space image. He also used various compounds on time. It emphasizes different contents of poetry. Therefore, it helps reinforce acoustical aspect and meaning at the same time. Based on the results above, Maecheon's repetitive technique was used as an alternative to overcome his descriptive and awkward poetic world as demonstrated in the theses on his poetry. That is, it can be suggested that it was used as a poetic device to acquire flexibility of poetry.