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2007, Vol., No.20

  • 1.

    Ugo(又顧) Lee Tae-ro(李泰魯)’s ?Myeonamjipcho(勉菴集抄)? and the value of as a material

    Gu Sawhae | 2007, (20) | pp.1~25 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Ugo(又顧) Lee Tae-ro(李泰魯)’s ꡔMyeonamjipcho (勉菴集抄)ꡕ and the value of as a material Gu, Sa-whae When Myeonam(면암) Choi Ik-hyeon(최익현) died in Tsushima in November 1906, Ugo Lee Tae-ro began to collect materials related to Myeonam. The materials were compiled in two works ꡔMyeonam-seonsaeng-munjip-cho(면암선생문집초)ꡕ· ꡔMyeonamjip-cho-bujegaseo(면암집초부제가서)ꡕ, which are released along with this study. The former work consists of Myeonam’s writings that are already available to the public. The latter, however, includes hitherto unknown poetry and other materials that are related to Myeonam. In particular, the latter includes five pieces of gasa (narrative poem) that were written by a number of people after Myeonam’s death in Tsushima. The poems were written in Gaehwa - gasa (개화가사) style in which 4.4 meter is the basic form and two phase form one stanza. The poems praise Myeonam’s loyalty and mourn over his death. The collection also includes a handwritten version of <Maegukgyeongchukga(매국경축가)>. The version is different from the one published in the newspaper as it was revised by Ugo or some other person. The version published in the newspaper was composed of five stanza whereas the Ugo version has one more stanza at the end of the poem. There is no change in overall meaning of the poem. However, the new stanza changes the tone of the work and strengthens its meaning.
  • 2.

    A Study of Heung-Taryoung-Sijo(興打令 時調) in The Daehan-Maeil-Shinbo(大韓每日申報)

    Kuk Yun Ju | 2007, (20) | pp.27~63 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    A Study of Heung-Taryoung-Sijo(興打令 時調) in The Daehan-Maeil-Shinbo(大韓每日申報) Kuk, Yun-ju This study aims to explore the significance of Sijo in newspaper through drawing principles from the stylized characteristic of Heung-Taryoung-Sijo(興打令 時調) and the aspect of communication with subscribers in Daehan-Maeil-Shinbo(大韓每日申報). Daehan-Maeil-Shinbo spreaded the discourse of independence and patriotic enlightenment through various forms of Sijo. The editors designed an adaptation and acceptance of folk songs in order to enlighten the masses and Heung-Taryoung-Sijo derived from its various processes. Heung-Taryoung-Sijo is a mixture of a strong fixed form and open. It also shows us contrary attributes, the object of singing and reading. Heung-Taryoung-Sijo consists of traditional Sijo and Heung-Taryoung folk song. In Heung-Taryoung-Sijo whose structure is same to folk songs, there is a principle of identification which binds newspaper and the masses together through leading the masses to participate in text. Heung-Taryoung-Sijo was arranged at the bottom of the first page and functioned as a gateway of information based on its characteristic of form. So it strengthened the function of newspaper, the space of public opinion, and popularized indignation of the general public. In conclusion this study draws dynamic changes of Sijo from Heung-Taryoung-Sijo.
  • 3.

    A Study on Samguhoi

    Soonyoel Kwon | 2007, (20) | pp.65~89 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    A Study on Samguhoi Kwon, Soon-yoel Many associations were established in Honam under power of the Japanese imperialism. They were designed to find meaning of existence and prepare a new future by conservative intellectuals. Samguhoi was one of the associations. It was established by Lee Jong-taek, who came from Younggwang, Jeonnam, and its members were 56. In terms of regions, the majority of the members were from Younggwang, and the minority of them were from Gochang. The name of the organization means the members meet in March and September. It began from Fall of 1927 and was kept for 31 years till Fall of 1957. The members of Samguhoi met a total of 58 times and created 784 poems. And they published a poetry collection of ꡔSamguhoisigoꡕ on September 1957. Conservative intellectuals exchanged their information and frequently met to prepare a coming new world. They tried to practise what was taught on natural circulation by ancestors. They did not give up their hope for their bright future in spite of depressed circumstances. The association regulations include their longing for a new world of descendants through good relations with ancestors. In Fall 1939, Samguhoi members met in Songgojae, Hakchonri, Sungsongmyeon, Gochanggun, Jeonbuk. At that time, Kim Gon created an excellent poem. He described landscape of beautiful Hakchon and abundance of Fall. Gwon Young-ok represented beauty of prosperous season. They compared beautiful landscape to a bright future of Korea. Samguhoi members could not help facing poverty and despair as they lost their nation. However, they tried to stick to human reasons and justice for the generation and the association they belonged to. They prepared for a new world to come.
  • 4.

  • 5.

    A Study on the Daedongyeongseon(大東詠選)

    Kim seoktae | 2007, (20) | pp.119~151 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Literary activities are continued by Buddhist priests in the age of classical literature from the period of the Three kingdoms till in the early twentieth century. Hundreds of anthologies, particulary appeared after Daegakguksa's collection of works, enriched the realm of classical literatures. However, the anthology which shows the core of a korean Buddhist literature to descendants hardly existed. Of course 146 numbers of Buddhist-poetry was inserted in the Daedongsiseon which was compiled by Jang-Ji-Yeon in the early twentieth century, but that selection was just a view of confucianist not a view of Buddhists who had a discerning eye. Fortunately, there was Daedongyeongseon made by Geummyeongbojeong which is the selection of Buddhist-poetry, so it was possible to see the flow of the history of Buddhist-literature. Geummyeongbojeong was a representative sutra lecturer of that time. He was also an educationist and an author and a poet who create as many as eleven hundred chinese poems. Therefore, the poems of Daedongyeongseon selected by him were one of the greatest achievement of the history of Buddhist-literature because they represented th character of Buddhism well. Daedongyeongseon chose not only korean poems but also chose Chinese and Japanese poems. It also contained confucianist's poem as well as a Buddhist's. The contents of it could be classified into several parts. One is the part which has strong color of Buddhism, another is the historical part and the other is the part that stands on a high artistic level. This anthology has several meanings. First, by confirmed fact, Daedongyeongseon is the only anthology which was edited by Buddhist's discerning eye. We may know the character of Buddhist literature and the view of literature. It also include the poems of confucianists, so we can understand the value of Buddhism in the history. Finally, It offer the opportunity of appreciation of the beautiful poem which harmonize the view of buddhism and the literature.
  • 6.

    Study of the Rise and Fall of Chinese Poetry(漢詩) since Independence from Japan

    김영붕 | 2007, (20) | pp.153~180 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Study of the Rise and Fall of Chinese Poetry (漢詩) since Independence from Japan Kim, Young-bung Chinese poetry began to be considered the poems of Korea in the later part of the Chosun Dynasty. Three famous poets in particular, who were called "three master poets of Honam(湖南三傑)", led energetic creative activity mainly in Jeonbuk province. Thanks to them writing and reciting Chinese poetry became a cultural entertainment for ordinary people in Jeolla province. Zisan(芝山) and his son, Dunam(杜南), who lived in the period under the rule of Japan and after the independence from Japan respectively, left a collection of Chinese poems, concerned with the lives of the common people. Dachon(茶村) and Songnam(松南) have written Chinese poetry at Paesongsisa(沛城詩社) in Jeonju. We also know that Chinese poetry is still written across Korea through the Chinese poetry contest held recently in Jeongup city; however, it is not so popular as in the past. In the 1900s Chilanyulsi(七言律詩) was established with Maechon(梅泉) as the central figure and in the 1940s (the time of Zisan) Chilonyulsi(七言律詩) was popularized. In the 1980s(the time of Dachon and Songnam) many phenomena appeared; the trial to revive Chilonyulsi(七言律詩), the use of western rhyme and scientific analysis, its adoption as a major subject in colleges, and the establishment of Chinese poetry societies.
  • 7.

    Observation of Astronomical Calendar by Yijae(?齋) Hwang Yunsok(黃胤錫) and Poetic Inclusion

    박명희 | 2007, (20) | pp.181~211 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    Observation of Astronomical Calendar by Yijae (頤齋) Hwang Yunsok(黃胤錫) and Poetic Inclusion Park, Myoung-hui This study focuses on examination of astronomical calendar by Yijae Hwang Yunsok and poems involved in it. In particular, it speculates its poetic inclusion, centering on poems that are thought to be created after he observed astronomical calendar and identifies meaning of poetic inclusion and limits of consciousness. Hwang Yunsok was interested in astronomical calendar that was considered as miscellaneous learning based on his academic erudition and enthusiasm. In addition to his interest, he even observed it. Hwang Yunsok wrote poems after he observed astronomical calendar. He recorded astronomical phenomena such as solar and lunar eclipse and described them and his recognition on them in his poems. His poems is not much in quantity, but they showed his academic level in astronomical calendar, and confirmed that astronomical phenomena have inseparable relations with man based on the idea of unity between God and man. It is not certain whether most of his poems on astronomical poetry have artistic and literary values, but they showed his academic knowledge through the contents and obtained its purpose in maximum.
  • 8.

    A study about Kukhun Lim Ok-san's life and poetry world

    박병익 | 2007, (20) | pp.213~242 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    A Meaning of Yangjisaseok and Pungyo seen in the light of Euihae Park, In-hee Part Euihae[義解] of Samgukyusa[三國遺事] contains Pungyo[風謠]. So far, the Pungyo has been recognized as a sort of labor songs. However, it is not reasonable to understand Pungyo as labor songs alone, because the Part Euihae of Samgukyusa consists of stories about historic men who propagated Buddhism into ancient Korea, and Pungyo is contained in the Part Euihae. Pungyo is contained in Article Yangjisaseok[良志使錫] under the Part Euihae. Yangji has been known as a Buddhist monk who had excellent skills in making Buddhist statue. But from the logical viewpoints of Euihae, it is found that Yangji made Buddhist statues for the purpose of propagating Buddhism nationwide. In addition, Pungyo is understood as a song for propagating Buddhism, because it contains a key message that invites people to come to cultivate and practice virtue. It is undeniable that Pungyo was sung as favorite labor song in the era of ancient Korea. However, it may be not labor song due to the following reasons: First, Pungyo is contained the Part Euihae. Second, it is somewhat convincing that Yangj made Buddhist statues in order to propagate Buddhism. Third, Pungyo contains a key message, i.e. accept faith in Buddhism. For these causes, it is concluded that Pungyo is a missionary song for introducing Buddhism into ancient Korea, rather than just labor song.
  • 9.

    A Meaning of Yangjisaseok and Pungyo seen in the light of Euihae

    Park, Inhee | 2007, (20) | pp.243~267 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    A Meaning of Yangjisaseok and Pungyo seen in the light of Euihae Park, In-hee Part Euihae[義解] of Samgukyusa[三國遺事] contains Pungyo[風謠]. So far, the Pungyo has been recognized as a sort of labor songs. However, it is not reasonable to understand Pungyo as labor songs alone, because the Part Euihae of Samgukyusa consists of stories about historic men who propagated Buddhism into ancient Korea, and Pungyo is contained in the Part Euihae. Pungyo is contained in Article Yangjisaseok[良志使錫] under the Part Euihae. Yangji has been known as a Buddhist monk who had excellent skills in making Buddhist statue. But from the logical viewpoints of Euihae, it is found that Yangji made Buddhist statues for the purpose of propagating Buddhism nationwide. In addition, Pungyo is understood as a song for propagating Buddhism, because it contains a key message that invites people to come to cultivate and practice virtue. It is undeniable that Pungyo was sung as favorite labor song in the era of ancient Korea. However, it may be not labor song due to the following reasons: First, Pungyo is contained the Part Euihae. Second, it is somewhat convincing that Yangj made Buddhist statues in order to propagate Buddhism. Third, Pungyo contains a key message, i.e. accept faith in Buddhism. For these causes, it is concluded that Pungyo is a missionary song for introducing Buddhism into ancient Korea, rather than just labor song.
  • 10.

    Jookjirang, a handsome face reflecting the purity of his heart

    Youngmyoung Shin | 2007, (20) | pp.269~288 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Jookjirang, a handsome face reflecting the purity of his heart Shin, Young-myoung Deuko cherished the memory of Jookjirang because of the depth of his mind. Deuko respected the spirits of Joongsapoongmee(重士風味) and Seonkonghoosa(先公後私), which were found in Jookjirang. Joongsapoongmee upholds the mind that think highly of a man of virtue, while the spirit of Seonkonghoosa supports the attitude of putting the public interest before the private needs. When compared to the Yeekson's Amsebultong(暗塞不通) and Baegongyoungsa(背公營事), the spirits of Joongsapoongmee and Seonkonghoosa radiate the depth of profoundness and are in striking contrast. So Deukou gave high praise to a spirit found in Jookjirang's handsome face. He sought everlasting encounter with the spirit through death, which would transcend it. Though it might sound like a paradox.
  • 11.

    On the Life and Consciousness World of Yongho Cho Jon-seong

    오선주 | 2007, (20) | pp.289~317 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    On the Life and Consciousness World of Yongho Cho Jon-seong Oh, Sun-ju This is a kind of essayistic paper that is designed to observe concrete facts in political trials of Cho Jon-seong, and then to illuminate his consciousness world. Though Cho Jon-seong and his Sijo work of 「Hoagok(呼兒曲)」 had put the main position in the 16th~17th century, we have treated fragmentarily the actual discussion of Cho Jon-seong and his Sijo woke only when we have looked at the stream of Sijo history in the 17th century. It is based on fact that is introduced no a collection of his works or poems other than some of his Sijo works. Fortunately a collection of his works has been found recently. However we can not meet Cho Jon-seong's early works because of most works of this collection have been written since he has suffered political trials. Such being the case, this paper is focused on the process of his political trials and life of homecoming after his resignation from a government office. Consequently, I could identify that his attitude of submission to reason firmed in severe trials was based on life of submission to reason. While we proceed considerably to discussion about nature of Sijo history in the 17th century or appreciation about the status of Sijo, it is seemed to make slow progress to discussion about Cho Jon-seong. However now that is discovered a collection of his works, Yonghoyujip(龍湖遺集), I think that a aspect of literature in the 16th~17th century has to be done at this point.
  • 12.

    Exile Gasa on the apper of experience understanding and expression aspect

    Lee,Hyun-Ju | 2007, (20) | pp.319~359 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    Exile Gasa on the apper of experience understanding and expression aspect Lee, Hyeon-joo Up to now, observations were made to review the recognition of experience and the aspect of formation appeared on exile words. First, literature works such as <samiinkok사미인곡>·<sokmiinkok속미인곡>·<jadosa자도사>·<bulsamiinkok별사미인곡> including <manbunga> established imaginary spaces and descent hermit on the epics to describe longing feelings toward the separated lovers. In the main track the woman who separated from her lover became a story teller and so, it was unevitable to become that exile situations and experiences could not be a realistic, but a fictitious form. From the first piece of work <manbunga> done, this type of expression was used, and were shown to be much developed as in the works of Chung chul <samiinkok>·<sokmiinkok>. This formational usage through <jadosa> to <bulsamiinkok> continued for 200 years in the history, and resulted in one typical pedigree as a beauty-melody type of exile word. Next, observations were made on the works after the middle of the Chosŏn dynasty such as <bukkwankok북관곡>·<soksamiinkok속사미인곡>·<manumsa만언사>·<bukchunga북천가> and <chehqanjaijukga채환재적가> and reviewed about the experience recognition and an aspect of formation on those works. These works were based on the actual experiences of writers and described the lost and exiled situations in a real political world according to movement in places and by time sequences in reality. This expression style started from <bukkwankok> and lasted through <chehqanjaijukga> well known as last exile word. This may due to that exile words accommodated adequately social and literary changes after Imjin and Byungja confusion.
  • 13.

    A Study on a Process of Reception for Modern Literature

    chang Sun Hee | 2007, (20) | pp.361~388 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    A Study on a Process of Reception for Modern Literature -In the Case of Kim, Woo-jin- Chang, Sun-hee This study looks into the literary activities of Kim, Woo-jin who was both a playwright and critic during the transitional period to modern times in order to examine the process of reception for modern literature in Korea. In this study, the turning point to the modern stage is regraded as the period from 1860 to 1945. The author of this study prescribes this period as having characteristics of harmony and union which were achieved through a fierce conflict and discord between the old culture which had been preserving the order of society and a new society with its own influences. The intensity of conflicts between old and new cultures appears to differ according to each individual and situation. In the case of Kim, Woo-jin, it can be seen that old and new cultures had their intense conflicts because he could not find a solution to the problem of conflict between himself as a representative of the new society and his father who symbolized the old culture and consequently committed suicide. Until now, the studies on Kim, Woo-jin have only focused on his plays and theatrical activities, however, this study attempts to examine him as a poet, critic, playwright, novelist, and translator in order to comprehensively analyze his overall literary activities and achievements.
  • 14.

    The Recognition of Reality in Bulgyo-Gasain the Eighteenth and the Nineteenth Century

    Jo, Taeseong | 2007, (20) | pp.389~412 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    The Recognition of Reality in Bulgyo-Gasa in the Eighteenth and the Nineteenth Century Jo, Tae-seong Based on the results of the existing research, this study tried to bestow literary historical value on Bulgyo-Gasa(Buddhist lyrics) instead of focusing on the former study such as essays on authors or on works. The notion of "literary historical value" is defined only in one category of genre, Gasa. This value can be found in the process of making synchronic significance with common specialty of works produced at the same period and comparing/analyzing other works with the significance at the diachronic point of view. This article reckons that such common specialty is in the changing recognition of reality implied in Bulgyo-Gasa. In addition, the value is revealed in the process of observing the change of themes because the detailed aspect of this change is connected to the themes of works. For this investigation, Jeonseolingwagok written by Ji-hyeong and Gweonwangga written by Dongwha, the Zen priest, are chosen as the main works.