Korean | English

pISSN : 2466-1759

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.36
Home > Explore Content > All Issues > Article List

2008, Vol., No.21

  • 1.

    A Study on the Nuljae Park, Sang

    Soonyoel Kwon | 2008, (21) | pp.1~26 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    Nuljae Park Sang, a poet of the middle period of Joseon Dynasty, made many literary achievements. He is considered as one of the Four Great Writers along with Seong, Hun, Shin, Geong-Han, and Hwang, Jung-Wook since Seo, Geo-Jung. The most innovative events in his life were presented as follows: First was an event named Wooburi Jangsal in Geumsunggwan, Naju in 1506. Park Sang arrested Woburi and made him beaten to death. Then this event was justified and further glorified. Next was the event relating to an appeal for restoration of Shinbi in 1515. Park Sang decided to prepare 'an appeal 'relating to Shin at Samindae, Gangchon, Soonchang. It has a symbolic meaning to show they were prepared for death for their fidelity. Park Sang's poetry is aesthetics of indignation. Because of his upright nature, he had serious conflicts with political opponents. Such poems have been considered as outstanding. His life had an inseparable relations with his poetry and completed even part of his duties to write poetry. Honam poetry circle bloomed brightly in the middle period of Joseon. Park Sang is a representative poet who raised poetry of Honam to the best level. In this aspect, it is suggested that Park Sang is a founder of Honam poetical circle.
  • 2.

    Kasa and Poetics of Attitude

    Kim, DaeHaeng | 2008, (21) | pp.27~56 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    Although kasa has been known as the poetry of didactic genre, it should be regarded as the result of narrow observation to the factual subject matters and extended poetic style. This observation had insisted that the character of kasa is insisting through informing. However, as far as we have examined, most of kasa poetry works are expression of the mind, and it is confirmed in various types of kasa poetry. The fact that kasa is the expression of mind is accord with the definition of literature. In general, literature is defined as the expression of thoughts and emotions, and we can accept the kasa as the one type of literature not as document of recording in spite of the character of listing facts. Various expressions of mind can be categorized in the types of like or dislike, and favor or disfavor. These characters of kasa are agreed with the definitions of attitude. The comprehensive definition of attitude is 'a mental or neural state of readiness, organized through experience, exerting a directive or dynamic influence upon the individual's response to al objects and situations with which it is related.' Otherwise, the definition of attitude of emphasis on evaluation is 'a psychological tendency that is expressed by evaluating a particular entity with some degree of favor or disfavor.' And a definition of emphasis on learning and consitency is 'a learned predisposition to respond in a consistently favorable or unfavorable manner with respect to a given object. An attitude is a single entity but that it has three aspects or components: affective, behavioral, and cognitive. An affective component refers to the feelings and emotions one has toward the object, a behavioral component consists of noe's action tendencies toward the object, and a cognitive component consists of ideas and beliefs that one has about the attitude object. On the base of the definitions of attitude we can recognize what basic nature of kasa is a poetics of attitude.
  • 3.

    A Study on the life and companionship of Haseo Kim Yin-hoo

    Kim Dong-ha | 2008, (21) | pp.57~80 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Haseo Kim Yin-hoo was a Confucian scholar who was excellent in learning, integrity, and writing. He was singled out as one of the 18 wisest men in Korean history. Moreover, he was a central character in Honam poetical circles in the sixteenth century. He wrote more than 1600 poems throughout his life. And most of his poems were directly or indirectly connected with companionship which resulted from meeting and parting with others. In this paper, I examined the characteristic of his poems, dividing them into two large parts. that is, life part and companionship part. The conclusions are as follows: Firstly, about Haseo's lifetime, he devoted most of his life to the study of Sung Confucianism, teaching students, and writing books on Confucianism except for the period when he entered and later resigned government office. Secondly, concerning Haseo's companionship, I could discern the characteristics worthy of mentioning. 1. The poems that dealt with relatives by marriage accounted for more than 17% of all his works. 2. In case of his colleagues of the national school and reading club during his sabbatical year, his poems were mainly about Lee Hwang, Ro Soo-shin, Ra Se-chan, and Rim Hyong-soo. 3. In case of men of refined taste in valleys and mountains, most of his poems were written thorough Sosoewon poetical circle and Myonangjeoing poetic circle after resigning from the government. Haseo had many sorts of companionships with famous scholars and writers who met there, and he put such delicate feelings into his unique poems.
  • 4.

    A study on the musical discourse found in Dasan's agricultural rhymes

    김세종 | 2008, (21) | pp.81~108 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Jeong Yak-yong (Dasan) is widely known as a scholar of practical science in the 19th century. However, he also had a profound knowledge about musicology. His musicology is based upon the study of Confucian classics. His musicology was established in the literary works including <Akron 1․2>, <Akseogojon>, and several other administrative poems. He argues penalties and wars were prevalent because the world had lost poems, songs, and rhymes after the Jin and Han eras when <Akgyeong> was destroyed. He understood the restoration of <Akgyeong> as a revival of the spirit of poems and the harmony of rhymes. In an effort to restore that, Dasan created several pieces of agricultural rhymes called "Chonyo," village rhymes. He left 10 pieces of Jangginongga, 20 of Tamjinchonyo, 20 of Tamjinnongga, and 10 of Tamjineoga. Therefore, the historical value of folk rhymes transmitted by word of mouth can be understood when we examine the musical passages in Dasan's agricultural poems. We can get a glimpse of rice-planting and barley-threshing rhymes of Janggi in Jangginongga. In Tamjinchonyo, the trace of military music in Gangjin can be found. Tamjinnongga gives us clues to understand ploughing or harrowing, rice-planting, spading, weeding, and weaving rhymes in Gangjin. This literary study, by closely examining the relationship between the literature and the word of mouth, is expected to lead to an academic achievement in understanding the music transmitted by word of mouth.
  • 5.

    The Formal Variation and Modern Acceptance of Ga-sa(歌辭)

    Kim, Shin Chung | 2008, (21) | pp.109~129 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    The most dominant difference between Ga-sa and the others is the external form. So, I inquired into the modern acceptance of Ga-sa in connection with its external form. Ga-sa have repeated the change every moment because it is historical. The external form of Ga-sa is classified into four type and I will mention it first. Next, boon-ryeon(分聯) compositon, gyeol-sa(結辭) form, and the method of enjoyment will be revealed in conjunction with acceptance at the present time of Ga-sa. In result, the writing model of modern Ga-sa will be two models ; the successive type that has gyeol-sa form ; the non-successive type that has boon-ryeon composition. However, this writing doesn't include the whole aspect of the modern acceptance of Ga-sa. It includes only the partial aspect of Ga-sa, the external form, and the subject about internal description is excluded.
  • 6.

    Jong-chul of the Korean siga research beauty of the literary art

    김진욱 | 2008, (21) | pp.131~152 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Jong-chul of the Korean Open Market the history of literature Richard Rawlins, we will phase in which no matter how insufficient emphasis will not be combined. So far from being on the pendejo Richard Rawlins is a cigar Jong-chul of the Korean beauty literary language, the beauty of it has been clarified by the work of many scholar. However, the assessment of most of the vocabulary used jeongcheol Richard Rawlins linguistic qualifications regret that this issue remains to advancei failed. Therefore, in this paper, the language of Richard Rawlins jeongcheol specifically discuss what beauty. Literature has to be rescued. The structure of the literature is a fun story and the plot of the difference between the combined good analogy. Therefore, any work songgang Jeong-chul of the Korean market structure is discussed. How are these structures work in the US to form a literary discussion altogether. The Korean market is giving us a jeongcheol Richard Rawlins enjoyment of these claims, originating in terms of formal and linguistic aspects.
  • 7.

    The Characteristics of Gasa as a Genre and the Meaning of Its Existence in Present Society

    KIM, HAKSUNG | 2008, (21) | pp.153~189 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to examine the concept of Gasa, its characteristics as a genre, and its contemporary possibility and meaning of existence. Gasa should not only meet the formative condition of being a four sound meter continuum but also be narrated in the form of discourse as a didactic mode. As to the characteristics of Gasa as a genre, this study clarified that Gasa is a style creating an aesthetic feeling by accepting and fusing two confronting pursuits, namely, the pursuit of singing and the pursuit of complete recitation, and sentimental composing and thoughtful composing, and a genre showing the discourse method for informing and conveying certain facts (topics). In addition, this study showed that Gasa is latent in people’s in depth aesthetic sense as the most natural and general form among the meters of Korean poems, so it has high possibility of being revived into a contemporary genre. What is more, this study suggested that the meaning of Gasa in today’s individualistic and heartless society is found in its usefulness for character building, sentimental persuasion, and the sharing and various appreciations of delicate sense of beauty.
  • 8.

    Thirty pieces of poetry at Myeonangjeong and admiration for natural features -On the basis of Kim Inhu, Go Gyeongmyeong, Im Eoklyeong, and Park Sun

    박병익 | 2008, (21) | pp.191~221 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    Thirty pieces of poetry at Myeonangjeong is the poems about beautiful natural features from a pavilion, Song Sun's Myeonangjeong. It includes the works of Kim Inhu, Go Gyeongmyeong, Im Eoklyeong, Park Sun, Yang Daebak, and Lee Hongnam, and the writings of the former four writers are written in Myeonangjip. I place an emphasis on the background of composing poems and admiration for beautiful scenery in the writings of the writers in Myeonangjip. Kim Inhu first recited Thirty pieces of poetry at Myeonangjeong, and he wrote poems on thirty natural features around Myeonangjeong. These thirty natural features were the same as those of Myeonangjeongjangga written by Song Sun. It is thought that Kim Inhu, Im Eoklyeong, Go Gyeongmyeong, and Park Sun composed poems one after another after rebuilding Myeonangjeong. Unlike other poems about beautiful natural features from a pavilion, they wrote those poems which were dedicated to Song Sun. Natural features in Thirty pieces of poetry at Myeonangjeong are not only complementary goods for their lives but also important themes of their works created by depicting them delicately. Therefore, they sublimated internal beauty into poems by describing the natural features around Myeonangjeong realistically. In other words, Thirty pieces of poetry at Myeonangjeong is an elegant work seeking the internal truth by depicting the beauty of natural features round about.
  • 9.

    The Tones of Korea Sockyo and the Genre Customs

    서철원 | 2008, (21) | pp.223~244 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This paper is to systematize the variety classes of Korea Sockyo focussing on the endings of the sentences. The study is separated the singular verse poems and the plural number verse poems. Some singular verse poems have the same tones of Hyangga. Others have a form of repetition of 'crowdings' consist of some different endings of the sentences. They are ahead of other Korea Sockyo in the time. The 'crowdings' also appears in some plural number verse poems. Some plural number verse poems have the consistency tone. Others have variants. The 'flexions' of feelings is expressed by the arrangement of many tones of the poetic egos. Chungsanbyulgok, the most lyrical poem in Korea Sockyo, has one tone in each verse, but has many tones and the 'flexions' of feelings in the text itself. The discrimination of the lyrics of Korea Sockyo can be found by the the endings of the sentences. Over the fragmentary of the form, more three-dimensional illumination will be needed.
  • 10.

    Modern Transmutation From Seodongyo

    유육례 | 2008, (21) | pp.245~263 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Seodongyo is Hyang ga found in the king mu of Samgukyusa by Ilyeon. Seodongyo is the love story between the ordinary man Seodong and the princess Seonhwa. Our Korean people have enjoyed reading this story. Besides, they can enjoy the musical Seodongyo on the stage. The oniginal Seodongyo differs from the musical seodongyo on the stage according to the modern media techniques. The musical Seodongyo transmutates into the detailed story from the poem seodongyo which touches the sentimental emotion simply. The musical Seodongyo keeps the unchangeable theme and intention from the original Seodongyo. The theme of Seodongyo is the romantic story between the ordinary man Seodong and the princess Seonhwa which surpasses asocial status and nation. The theme of seodongyo measures the story of Romeo and Julet even though it ends a happy ending.
  • 11.

    New Understanding and Canonization of Sijo (時調) in 1920~30's

    Lee, Hyungdae | 2008, (21) | pp.265~293 | number of Cited : 31
    Abstract PDF
    These days, Sijo is regarded as the representative one of Korean Canon. This paper tries to explain the canonization of Sijo. Commonly canon is made up in the public education system, which is controlled by state power. But this course was impossible in Korea under the rule of Japanese imperialism. So canonization of Sijo went through the more complicated course. There were 6 primary factors in canonization of Sijo - ①the Sijo revival movement by cultural nationalists in 1920~30's ②the modern studies of Sijo ③the publication of Sijo anthologies ④the public lectures on Sijo by researchers ⑤the institutionalization of literary circles and Sijo poets' appearances ⑥the popularization of Sijo by game which is called as ‘Katunoli’.
  • 12.

    Present Condition of Gasa Education and Necessity of Creation

    ByungHeon Chung | 2008, (21) | pp.295~318 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract PDF
    This study focused to inspect the actuality of Gasa education which is become accomplished, with recognition of the problem point which it is having to reach and in order to search the method to solve it became accomplished. Gasa has a important role in the Highschool language education. In spite of this importance the result does not grow differently. I think that reason which brings about like this is that we recognized Gasa with history style and there is no way to accept the literature with creation. The creation of Gasa is not necessary simply to accept the right comprehension of Gasa. Gasa is the literature which good case has the meter which goes to extremes modern poetry. It is an essential element which meter that it will do to be having but certainly. The care regarding hereupon did not become accomplished, today in the poet entrusted the meter which is a right time essence with history. It lost the common base of that result literature fragrant. Today there is a possibility of searching a right time difficult result individual decrease from here. Establishment of the Metrical Community hazard it stands but the creation of Gasa is necessary. The culture of Gasa creation is one which recovers the cultural heritage which the traditional time which writes the essay which had become poem is valuable. The creation of Gasa makes our literature culture to be rich.
  • 13.

    A Stydy on the Spread of the <Hunminga(訓民歌)> and Its Significance

    ChoiJaeNam | 2008, (21) | pp.319~343 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    The aim of this Article is to check the process of the spread of the <Hunminga(訓民歌)> and to explain its significance. The <Hunminga> was composed by Jeongcheol(鄭澈, 1536∼1593) in his provincial governor of Kangwondo at 1580. After this work was produced, the standing of his family and the Party of Seoin·Noron(西人 · 老論) took much pains to spread this work. A tendency of this constant efforts is to redress a grievance being divested of a government office and court rank. The <Hunminga> is composed of 16 poems or 18 poems. Every work is discoursed as smooth as possible. Author or speaker, Reader or addressee whoever is considered very carefully. So this didactic plot is to be prepared to the emotional sympathy based on collective experience. So we are familiar to read and song this work. And we are going to receive the author of the <Hunminga> as a well-wisher as possible. I make manifest several view points as following. First, every literary work is to be understood in historical context not only its day but also the future generation. The gap of this understanding is filled up through exact reading and objective research. Second, When we read and appreciate every literary work cheerfully, we are able to understand the author of every literary work as good as possible. And third, A compared study between the personality of author and the usefulness of every literary work is to be continued in the Siga research.
  • 14.

    A Study on the Life and Poetry of Yudang Yun Dong-Gyun

    Soojeong Hwang | 2008, (21) | pp.345~368 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract PDF
    This study speculates Yun Dong-Gyun's life (1861∼1941) and authenticity in his poetry. His family origin is Haenam. He was born in Dangchon, Seomyeon, Sunchon, Jeonnam and wrote poems mainly in Gurye. He experienced a bitter life in the middle of main historical change. It leads to a highlight of a local poet at that time and will provide more abundance for achievements in Korean literature in Chinese classics in late Joseon period. Therefore, through historical mind and emotional communication for literary communication, we can identify the flow of Chinese poetry at that time exactly. That is, Yudang has delicate and abundant consciousness on poetry by writing for his whole life, and through exchanges with famous literary people at that time, he could have a sharp insight to face up to reality. It is a product obtained through exchanges of the literary people he associated with. Specifically, his poetry shows love and interest in his hometown delicately and records its natural landscapes exactly and specifically by adding history and features. It is a poetic representation of the love to his hometown, through which we can identify authenticity of his poetry.